The Man in the Iron Mask (1939 film)
|The Man in the Iron Mask|
|Directed by||James Whale|
|Produced by||Edward Small|
|Screenplay by||George Bruce|
|Based on||The Vicomte of Bragelonne: Ten Years Later
by Alexandre Dumas
|Music by||Lucien Moraweck|
|Cinematography||Robert H. Planck|
|Edited by||Grant Whytock|
Edward Small Productions
|Distributed by||United Artists
Peter Rodgers Organization
The Man in the Iron Mask is a 1939 American film very loosely adapted from the last section of the novel The Vicomte de Bragelonne by Alexandre Dumas, père, which is itself based on the French legend of the Man in the Iron Mask.
The film is notable for being Peter Cushing's screen debut. It was also notable for being the source of several subsequent remakes. The film was directed by James Whale and stars Louis Hayward as royal twins, Joan Bennett as Princess Maria Theresa, Warren William as d'Artagnan, and Joseph Schildkraut as Nicolas Fouquet.
The 1939 adaptation alters history significantly by making Fouquet (Joseph Schildkraut) a thoroughly evil, scheming mastermind. He, Colbert (Walter Kingsford), d'Artagnan (Warren William) and the musketeers are the only ones who know of the existence of a twin brother, and Fouquet uses his influence to keep everyone silent. The main story was changed by portraying Louis XIV as selfish, cruel, and incompetent, and Philippe the kind-hearted brother who is raised by d'Artagnan and the musketeers and does not even know that he has an identical twin.
When the truth is discovered, Louis XIV has Philippe imprisoned with an iron mask placed on his head, hoping that Philippe's beard will grow inside the mask and eventually suffocate him. Philippe is rescued by the musketeers, who break into the sleeping Louis's chamber and imprison him in the mask. The guards drag off Louis and lock him in the Bastille, mistaking him for the escaped Philippe.
When Louis manages to get a message to Fouquet, he is freed, and a chase by coach ensues to stop Philippe from cementing an alliance with Spain by marrying Princess Maria Theresa (Joan Bennett), whom he loves, and taking Louis' place on the throne. The coach is waylaid by the musketeers, who all die heroically, but Fouquet and the real Louis XIV are also killed when the driverless coach plunges off a cliff. The mortally wounded d'Artagnan survives long enough to exclaim "God Save the King!" at Philippe's wedding, and then falls dead. Philippe finally assumes the throne.
- Louis Hayward as King Louis XIV / Philippe of Gascony
- Joan Bennett as Princess Maria Theresa
- Warren William as d'Artagnan
- Joseph Schildkraut as Fouquet
- Alan Hale as Porthos
- Miles Mander as Aramis
- Bert Roach as Athos
- Walter Kingsford as Colbert
- Marion Martin as Mademoiselle de la Valliere (as Marian Martin)
- Montagu Love as the Spanish ambassador
- Albert Dekker as King Louis XIII
The film was the third movie producer Edward Small made under his new agreement for United Artists. James Whale was signed as director in September 1938. Douglas Fairbanks, Jr., whose father had starred as D'Artagnan in the 1929 epic version The Iron Mask, was originally announced as male star and met with director James Whale. However producer Edward Small insisted on Louis Hayward, who had just made The Duke of West Point for him.
Louis Hayward played D'Artagnan in a gender-switched 1952 remake entitled Lady in the Iron Mask with Patricia Medina in the titular role and Alan Hale, Jr. as Porthos, the part his father Alan Hale, Sr. had portrayed in the 1939 version.
Frank S. Nugent called the film "a moderately entertaining costume piece" with "an overfondness for pageantry and stiff heroics." He criticized the casting of Marion Martin as "outright absurd" and called her performance "artless" and "rather hopeless". Variety called the film "a highly entertaining adventure" with "excellent" direction. Harrison's Reports declared it "good mass entertainment" with a "charming" romance. Film Daily called it "a vivid picturization of Alexandre Dumas' novel" with Hayward's "best screen work to date." John Mosher of The New Yorker wrote, "The piece belongs to the old school of things and the Douglas Fairbanks of 1929, but Douglas Fairbanks is not here, and the swordplay, the hard riding, the desperate escapes seem to demand him. Louis Hayward can give a modern effete touch when that is needed in the double role he has, but he can't compete with his rapier or his acrobatics."
The first film adaptation of Dumas' novel to allow for the lasting triumph of the good twin over the evil twin was Douglas Fairbanks' 1929 version of the tale, The Iron Mask (although in this case the good twin was the one already on the throne, raised under the tutelage of D'Artagnan, and it was he who had to be rescued when the evil twin was put onto the throne). The 1939 version flips this around so that the evil twin, Louis, sits on the throne and the good twin, Phillipe, is raised by D'Artagnan and must eventually win the throne. The staging of several other scenes are borrowed from the 1929 version, most importantly the ending. The ending of the 1939 version, with the ghosting of the figures of the four musketeers together (presumably in heaven), is a direct homage to the ending of the 1929 Douglas Fairbanks' film in which Athos, Porthos, and Aramis greet D'Artagnan upon his death and they in a ghosted image head off together for the "greater adventure beyond."
- Selznick Quests New Serious Lombard Idea Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 12 Dec 1938: 28.
- TV.com review
- SCREEN NEWS HERE AND IN HOOLYWOOD: Edward Small Signs James Whale to Direct Remake of 'Man in the Iron Mask' OPENING AT RIALTO TODAY New George O'Brien-Picture, 'Painted Desert,' and 'Gift of Gab'. on Same Bill New Picture for Dick Powell Of Local Origin Special to THE NEW YORK TIMES.. New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y] 13 Sep 1938: 28.
- Second Costarring of Davis, Flynn Planned: 'Iron Mask' Story Begun Truex Set for 'Ambush' Helen Parrish Signed Joseph Calleia Tests Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 27 Sep 1938: 15.
- Nugent, Frank S. (July 14, 1939). "Movie Review - The Man in the Iron Mask". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved September 18, 2015.
- "Film Reviews". Variety (New York: Variety, Inc.). June 28, 1939. p. 14.
- "The Man in the Iron Mask". Harrison's Reports (New York: Harrison's Reports, Inc.): 110. July 15, 1939.
- "Reviews". Film Daily (New York: Wid's Films & Film Folk, Inc.): 10. June 30, 1939.
- Mosher, John (July 15, 1939). "The Current Cinema". The New Yorker (New York: F-R Publishing Corp.). p. 61.
- The Man in the Iron Mask at the Internet Movie Database
- The Man in the Iron Mask at AllMovie
- The Man in the Iron Mask at the TCM Movie Database
- The Night the World Exploded at the American Film Institute Catalog