Timeline of the Northern Ireland Troubles in Britain

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This is a timeline of events & actions during the Irish Troubles 1969 - 1998 that were carried out in mainland Britain, the vast majority of which were carried out by Irish Republican paramilitaries mainly the Provisional IRA were by far the most active but both the Official IRA and the Irish National Liberation Army, also carried out a number of attacks, which included bombings & shootings. Ulster Loyalist paramilitary groups also carried out a small number of violent actions.

List of actions/attacks 1970s[edit]

1972[edit]

1972 Deaths[edit]

  • 7 deaths in 1972

1973[edit]

  • 8 March - 1973 Old Bailey bombing - The Provisional IRA conducted their first operations in England exploding two carbombs in the center of London. One bomb exploded outside the Old Bailey Courthouse, injuring 180 people & one man later died from a heart attack, the bomb exploded near Whitehall injuring about 30 other people, bringing the total injured for the day to over 200. Eight members of the IRA team were convicted for their roles in the bombings & received long prison terms, including Gerry Kelly & sisters Marian and Dolours Price.[3][4]
  • 3 April - A bomb exploded at a London sorting office in Paddington. A caller claimed the bombing was carried out by a group called "The Avengers" and said that they were not the IRA, but did belong to the Irish Republican movement.[5]
  • 18 August 1973 - The Provisional IRA began their first sustained bombing campaign in England, using mainly letter bombs sent by mail & firebombs planted in major cities around England. Between the 18 August - 28 September more than 40 bombs exploded in London, Birmingham and Manchester, other bombs were found and defused, 29 people were injured from the bombing campaign.[6][7]
  • 18 August 1973 - The IRA detonated two firebombs at Harrods Department store in London causing slight damage.[8]
  • 20 August - Book bombs were sent to a number of places in London by the IRA including the Old Bailey and the Union Jack Club. Ten incendiary devices were also defused in London's West End. No injuries.
  • 20 August - The IRA planted three incendiary devices in shops in New Street, Birmingham. No injuries.[9]
  • 21 August - A number of Provisional IRA bombs exploded in London's West End.[10]
  • 22 August - An IRA book bomb exploded at the Conservative Party Central Office in London. No injuries.
  • 23 August 1973: A bomb was found in an abandoned bag in Baker Street station ticket hall. The bomb was defused. A week later another bomb was found by a member of staff at the same station and was also defused.
  • 24 August - Two people are injured from a letter bomb sent to the London Stock Exchange. They were the first victims of the renewed IRA campaign in England.[11]
  • 25 August - Two men were injured when an IRA bomb exploded in the Bank of England in London. Another bomb was defused in a shop in Oxford.[12][13]
  • 27 August - An IRA letter bomb blew off the left hand of a female secretary in the British Embassy in Washington.[14]
  • 29 August - The IRA exploded two bombs at a shopping centre in Solihull. Another bomb exploded in Harrods in London. No injuries from either bomb.[15]
  • 30 August - A shoe shop in London was destroyed by an IRA firebomb and a bomb was defused at Baker Street tube station.[16]
  • 30 August - Two Provisional IRA bombs exploded in Solihull town centre causing large damage but no injuries. Several incendiary devices exploded in a number of shops in Birmingham city center.[9][17]
  • 31 August: A bomb exploded in Old Quebec Street, Marble Arch damaging two hotels.[18]
  • September - The IRA detonate dozens of firebombs and letter bombs in cities around England during the month of September 1973 injuring over 20 people.[19]
  • 2 September - Two incendiary devices planted by the IRA in Birmingham were defused, one in Sherlock Street and the other Calthorpe Road, Edgbaston.[9]
  • 8 September - An IRA bomb exploded at the ticket office of Victoria station injuring five people. A small bomb exploded in Manchester.[20][21]
  • 9 September - Several shops in Manchester were damaged by IRA firebombs.[22]
  • 10 September - King's Cross station and Euston station bombings The IRA detonated bombs at Kings Cross railway station & Euston railway station, 13 people were injured in total from both bombs.[23]
  • 12 September - Two Police officers were injured when an IRA bomb exploded at the offices of the Royal Naval Association in London. A woman collapsed and died during an evacuation following a hoax bomb alert at Euston Station in London.[8]
  • 12 September - The IRA exploded a bomb in a shopping-bag outside the offices of the Prudential Assurance Company, injuring six people.[24]
  • 13 September - An IRA bomb exploded at a Servicemen's headquarters in London.[25]
  • 15 September - A Provisional IRA deviced exploded in Oxford Street, London.[26]
  • 17 September - Provisional IRA bombs explode in Surrey and Birmingham. A British Army bomb disposal expert (Ronald Wilkinson, aged 30) was wounded attempting to defuse an IRA bomb which had been planted in Birmingham, England; he died on 23 September 1973. Another IRA bomb was discovered at a Household Cavalry camp in Surrey.
  • 20 September - An IRA bomb exploded at the headquarters of the Duke of York in London injuring five people
  • 23 September - A British soldier died trying to defuse an IRA bomb planted in Birmingham city.[27][28]
  • 2 October - An IRA incendiary device caused extensive damage to a department store in Colchester, Essex.
  • 2 October - An IRA firebomb caused damage to Heathrow Airport, another bomb exploded at Colchester, Essex.[29]
  • 4 October - An IRA bomb exploded at a British Army careers office in London injuring four people.
  • 18 December - An IRA letter bomb injured one person at the London home of Brigadier Michael O'Cock, Chief-of-Staff, London District.[30] A second letter bomb was sent to British Home Stores, in Marylebone Road, the device was defused by police.[31]
  • 18 December - 1973 Westminster bombing The IRA exploded a car bomb in Westminster injuring over 60 people.[32]
  • 19 December - The IRA carried out a series of attacks in London. In one attack, two police officers were injured in an explosion in Roman Way by a car bomb. Later six civilians were injured when a bomb exploded at a postal sorting office at Horticultural Hall, Vincent Square.

One person was injured when an IRA letterbomb exploded at a postal sorting office in Oxford Street, London.[30]

  • 22 December - A police officer was slightly injured when a letter bomb detonated at Shooters Hill Police Station.[30]
  • 24 December - The IRA left two incendiary devices which exploded almost simultaneously in the late evening on Christmas Eve. One was in the doorway of the North Star public house, South Hampstead, which exploded injuring six people, and the other exploded on the upstairs verandah of the nearby Swiss Cottage Tavern, in which an unspecified number of people were injured.[30]
  • 26 December - An IRA bomb exploded at a Stage Door public house in London, injuring one person.[30]

1973 Deaths[edit]

  • 3 Deaths in 1973 (2 from heart attacks)

1974[edit]

  • 3 January - Two bombs explode in Birmingham, damaging several shops but cause no injuries.[33]
  • 5 January - Two bombs exploded within three minutes of each other. The first at Madame Tussauds, the second during the Boat Show at Earls Court Exhibition Centre. Police confirmed a telephone warning had been given shortly before both explosions allowing evacuations at both sites and there were no fatalities or injuries reported. It was later confirmed the devices had been planted by the IRA.[34]
  • 6 January - IRA active service units left bombs outside two senior British Army generals homes. A 30 lb bomb was defused outside the home of General Sir Cecil Hugh Blacker and another exploded outside the empty home of Major General Sir Philip John Newling Ward, causing damage but no injury.[35][36][37]
  • 30 January - Three people were injured in three different IRA letter bombs. The first was sent to the Surrey residence of Judge Buzzard, the second to the Hertfordshire residence of Rt. Hon. Reginald Maudling. And the final device was sent to the offices of the Daily Express in Fleet Street, London.[30][38]
  • 2 February - The British MP Reginald Maudling had a letter bomb sent to his house by the IRA. It's believed the bomb was constructed by Shane Paul O'Doherty, an IRA expert bomb maker who sent dozens of leter bombs to Englaaand between 1973 - 1975.[39]
  • 4 February - M62 coach bombing An IRA bomb exploded aboard a bus carrying British soldiers and several of their family members in Yorkshire, killing nine soldiers and three civilians. At the time it was the highest number of deaths caused by an IRA bomb in England.[40] A young woman named Judith Ward was wrongly convicted of this and other bombings in England and spent 18 years in jail until she was proven innocent in 1992 and released.[41]
  • 12 February - The IRA exploded a 50 lb bomb at the National Defence College at Latimer, Buckinghamshire. Ten people were injured in the blast.[42]
  • 26 March - An IRA unit used 25 lbs of explosives to bomb the British Army Claro Barracks in North Yorkshire causing large structural damage to the barracks.[43][44]
  • 6 April - The IRA carried out a number of firebombings around several stores in London's west end.
  • 7 April -The IRA carried out bombings in Birmingham and Manchester. No deaths or injuries.[45]
  • 9 April - The IRA shot dead British Army officer John Stevenson at his home near Otterburn British Army base, Northumberland, north England.
  • 13 April - Kenneth Lennon was found shot dead in Chipstead, Surrey. Nobody claimed responsibility for the killing but Lennon was an IRA informer who had been rumoured to have been working for M16, it's possible an IRA unit tracked him down & shot him.[46]
  • 19 May - A bomb planted by the IRA exploded on the third level of a multi-storey car park at Terminal 1 at Heathrow Airport, London. 50 to 100 pounds (23 to 45 kg) of explosive was in left a BMC 1100 car. The Press Association had received a warning at 11.05 a.m. and police were clearing the site at 11.17 a.m when the explosion occurred. Four people were injured in the blast.
  • 19 May - An IRA bomb at the NAAFI headquarters in Kennington Lane, London was found by police and defused.
  • 11 June - The IRA exploded a bomb at Queen Elizabeth Barracks in Strensall, North Yorkshire causing extensive damage but no injuries or deaths.[47]
  • 17 June - Houses of Parliament 1974 bombing The Provisional IRA bombed the British Houses of Parliament causing extensive damage, a large fire and ended up injuring 11 civilians.[48][49]
  • 14 July - The IRA carry out bombings in Birmingham and Manchester.[50]
  • 15 July - The IRA carried out five attacks with incendiary devices around Birmingham city, an attack on the Routunda building caused £250,000 worth of damages in broken glass, business's at Smethwick, Nechess & Curzon Street were also targeted.[9]
  • 16 July - Two people were injured by a Provisional IRA bomb planted in Manchester.
  • 17 July - The Provisional IRA bombed the Tower of London killing one man, injuring 40 people and causing extensive damage to the Tower.[51]
  • 23 July - IRA 1974 British Airways bombing attempt. No deaths or injuries.[52]
  • 23 July - The IRA exploded a bomb in Birmingham.
  • 26 July - IRA bombs exploded in Aston, Birmingham.
  • 27 July - An IRA incendiary device exploded outside International Computers Limited (ICL), causing damage but no injury.[53]
  • 29 July - One person was injured by an IRA parcel bomb in Bedminster, Bristol.[30]
  • 5 October - Guildford pub bombings The Provisional IRA's Balcombe Street Gang exploded two time bombs in Guildford pubs in Surrey that were popular with local soldiers. Five people were killed at the Horse & Groom pub (4 soldiers & 1 civilian) & 65 others injured. This was the start of a sustained campaign by the IRA unit in London & southern England.[54][55]
  • 11 October - The Balcombe Street gang bomb the Victory Club in Seymour Street and later the Army and Navy Club in St James's Square. Just one person was injured in both attacks.
  • 22 October – Brook's bombing The IRA threw a bomb into Brook's club injuring three people.[56]
  • 24 October – The IRA's Balcombe Street unit bombed a cottage in the grounds of Harrow public school which used to house the head of the school's Combined Cadet Force, which was the bomber's target. Nobody was hurt in the attack. This was the first time the unit gave a telephoned warning before a bombing occurred. See: Harrow School bombing
  • 5 November - An IRA bomb exploded at the Conservative Party offices in Edmund Street, Birmingham, injuring one person a security guard. Also on the same night a bomb exploded in the center of Wolverhampton but there were no injuries.[30][9]
  • 7 November - Kings Arms, Woolwich bobing The Provisional IRA's Balcombe Street Gang threw a bomb through the window of the Kings Arms pub in Woolwich. The blast killed a soldier & a barman and injured about 35 people.[57][58]
  • 11 November – London insurance broker Allan Quartermaine was shot dead by the London IRA active service unit while he was waiting in traffic. It is believed the killing was a case of mistaken identity.[59]
  • 14 November - James Patrick McDade, a Volunteer in the Birmingham Battalion, of the Provisional IRA was killed in a premature explosion whilst planting a bomb at the Coventry telephone exchange.
  • 15 November - The IRA exploded bombs in Northampton & Birmingham.
  • 21 November - Birmingham pub bombings An IRA unit active in Birmingham plated two bombs in pubs in Birmingham city. The IRA warnings were too late and 21 were people were killed in the explosions, a further 182 people were injured. A third bomb was planted in the city but defused.[60]
  • 27 November – The London IRA unit carried out two bomb attacks in Tite Street, Chelsea. The first bomb was placed in a post office pillar-box at 8:30 pm. About 20 minutes later a second, larger bomb, exploded close to the first. The second bomb injured 20 people including an explosives officer, six policemen and two ambulance men.[59]
  • 30 November – The IRA unit threw two bombs into Talbots Arms pub in Little Chester Street, injuring eight people. See: Talbot Arms pub bombing
  • December - The Provisional IRA's Balcombe Street Gang intensify their terror campaign in the run-up to Christmas 1974.
  • 11 December – The IRA threw a bomb into the Long Bar of the Naval and Military Club in Piccadilly. Later on there was an IRA gun attack on the London Cavalry Club. Nobody was hurt in either attack.[61]
  • 14 December – The IRA carried out a gun attack on the Churchill Hotel in London. Three people were injured in the attack.[62]
  • 17 December – The IRA planted three time bombs at telephone exchanges in London. One person George Arthur (34) who worked as a post office telephonist was killed in the blast.[63]
  • 18 December - 1974 Bristol bombing - Two IRA bombs exploded in Bristol shops injuring 20 people.
  • 19 December – Oxford Street bombing The Balcombe Street Gang used a car bomb for the first time, outside Selfridges department store on Oxford Street. The bomb caused £1.5 million worth of damage. There was 100 lbs of high explosives in the car, the biggest bomb the IRA had used in England at that time.[64]
  • 20 December – A bomb left by the IRA at a railway station in Aldershot was defused.[65]
  • 21 December – The IRA firebombed Harrods department store. A second bomb at the King's Arms public house in Warminster, Wiltshire was defused.[66]
  • 22 December – The IRA unit threw a bomb into the flat of former British Prime Minister Edward Heath. Heath was not home at the time of the attack and there were no injuries.[67]
  • 23 December - The IRA injured two people at Westridge Road, Portswood in Southampton.

1974 Deaths[edit]

  • 46 deaths in 1974

1975[edit]

  • 19 January - The IRA's Balcombe Street unit fired shots into two hotels, first the Carlton Tower Hotel was shot at & then the Portman Hotel. 12 people were injured in total.[68]
  • 23 January – The Balcombe Street gang exploded a time bomb at the Woodford Waterworks pumping station in North London. Three People were injured in the blast.[69]
  • 24 January – The unit shot Alfred Knott, a 45-year-old deputy head of Roan School in Greenwich, but he survived his injuries. They mistook him for a British Army brigadier who lived next door to him in Maze Hill, Greenwich.[70]
  • 27 January – The Balcombe Street Gang planted seven time-bombs at multiple spots in London. At 6:30 pm a bomb exploded at Gieves, in Old Bond Street. At 9:30 pm bombs exploded at the Moreson chemical plant in Ponders End and a disused gas works in Enfield. Only minimal damage was caused by these two bombs. Two further bombs exploded in Kensington High Street and Victoria Street. A warning was given of a bomb in Putney High Street and a British Army bomb-disposal officer was able to defuse the device. A warning was also given for a bomb in Hampstead and it was defused. Two people were injured from the Kensington High Street bomb.[71]
  • 26 February - Murder of Stephen Tibble - Constable Stephen Tibble was shot dead by IRA Volunteer & member of the notorious Balcombe Street Gang Liam Quinn while Tibble was chasing him.
  • 30 June - A police officer was injured in a shooting by an IRA outside an Indian restaurant in Rusholme, Manchester.
  • 9 July - A police officer was shot during a siege in Hope Street in Liverpool.
  • 10 July - A police officer was injured after an exchange of gun fire between police & an IRA unit at Oxford Road, Crosby, Liverpool.
    IRA Volunteer & Balcombe Street Gang member Bredan Dowd was arrested in Manchester.
  • 27 August - Caterham Arms pub bombing The IRA Balcombe Street Gang bombed a soldiers pub in Caterham, Surrey. 33 people were injured including ten soldiers one of whom lost their leg. The Police said it was a carbon copy of the bombs used in Guildford pubs back in October 1974. This was the beginning of a new sustained bombing campaign by the IRA in England.
  • 28 August - The IRA exploded a bomb outside the south-east corner of Selfridges store on Oxford street.
  • 29 August - A British Army bomb-disposal officer died when a bomb that was planted by the IRA at Kensington Church Street exploded.
  • 30 August - The IRA planted a time bomb in High Holborn, London. Nobody was injured in the explosion.
  • 5 September - London Hilton bombing - Two civilians are killed & 63 injured.
  • 15 September - The IRA exploded two bombs in London, first at 12 Callcott Avenue in which one person was injured and at Alcan Aluminium Ltd., 30 Berkley Square injuring one more person.
  • 22 September - The IRA exploded a bomb at the Portman Hotel in Portman Square, London, injuring two people.
  • 25 September - Two policemen were injured when an IRA car bomb exploded outside the Hare and Hounds pub in Lower Boxley Road in Kent.
  • 28 September - The IRA detonated a bomb in Caterham, Surrey. There were no injuries.
  • 29 September - The IRA left a time bomb in Oxford Street injuring seven people.
  • 9 October - 1975 Piccadilly bombing One civilian is killed & 20 injured in an IRA bomb attack outside Green Park tube station.
  • 12 October - A large bomb at Lockett's Restaurant in Marsham Street, Westminster, a popular haunt of Tory MPs, was defused.
  • 23 October - The IRA planted a booby-trap bomb under the under the car of Conservative MP Hugh Fraser. A passer-by (Gordon Hamilton Fairley) noticed the bomb under the car, and by mistake detonated the device killing himself.
  • 29 October - Trattoria Fiore bombing - 17 civilians are injured in an IRA bombing in a West End restaurant.
  • 3 November – A booby-trap bomb intended for MP John Gorst, residing in Connaught Square, is instead placed under the car of neighbour Richard Charnley. The bomb exploded but Charnley survived his injuries.[72]
  • 8 November – A bomb left beside the house of Edward Heath is defused.
  • 12 November - Scott's Oyster Bar bombing One person is killed & 15 others injured when the IRA threw a bomb into a Mayfair restaurant.
  • 18 November - Walton's Restaurant bombing - Two people were killed and 23 injured when the IRA threw a bomb into another Mayfair restaurant
  • 27 November - The IRA Balcombe Street unit shot dead Guinness Book of Records founder Ross McWhirter at his London home.
  • 20 December: a bomb exploded at Biddy Mulligan's pub in Kilburn, London, injuring five people. The pub was said to have been frequented by Irish republican sympathizers. The Ulster Defence Association (UDA) claimed one of its "associate units" carried out the attack.[73]

1975 Deaths[edit]

  • 10 Deaths in 1975

1976[edit]

  • 29 January 1976: Twelve small bombs exploded overnight in London, starting several fires and injuring one person. Police later found a thirteenth bomb that had failed to go off.[74]
  • 13 February 1976: Police defused a 30-pound (14 kg) bomb found at Oxford Circus station.[75]
  • 14 February - The IRA exploded a bomb at Landward Court in Harrowby Street, London, injuring two people.
  • 21 February - An IRA unit exploded a bomb which injured five people outside Selfridges store, Oxford Street, London
  • 1 March - The IRA exploded a bomb at the Stanhope Gardens in London, one person was injured
  • 4 March - Nine people were injured when a 10-pound (4.5 kg) bomb exploded near Cannon Street station, injuring eight passengers on a nearby train. The IRA released a statement: "We now issue a solemn warning to the British public. You have given the IRA the label of terrorist... Now we will act as terrorists."[76]
  • 15 March 1976 - An IRA bomb exploded on a Metropolitan line train at West Ham station, on the Hammersmith & City section of the line. The bomber, Vincent Donnelly, possibly took the wrong train and attempted to return to his destination. However, the bomb detonated prior to reaching the City of London. Donnelly shot Peter Chalk, a Post Office engineer, and shot and killed the train's driver Julius Stephen, who had attempted to catch the perpetrator. Donnelly then shot himself, but survived and was apprehended by police.[76]
  • 16 March 1976 - An empty train was severely damaged by a bomb at Wood Green station. The train was about to pick up fans from an Arsenal football match, but the bomb detonated prior to arriving at the station, injuring one passenger standing on the platform. Three men were sentenced to 20 years imprisonment for this attack.[77]
  • 27 March 1976 - A bomb placed by the Provisional IRA exploded in a litter bin at the top of an escalator in a crowded exhibition hall, Earl's Court. 20,000 people were attending the Daily Mail Ideal Home Exhibition at the time. Over 80 people were injured, 4 people lost limbs.[78]

[79]

  • 26 May - The IRA sent eight letter bombs to civil servants and unnamed political figures. The bombs were all safely defused.[80]

1976 Deaths[edit]

  • 2 Deaths in 1976

1977[edit]

  • 29 January - The Provisional IRA exploded seven bombs in London's West End, causing large structural damage to a number of buildings. A bomb on Oxford Street inside Selfridges Department Store set a huge fire to the premises. About £500,000 was caused in damages,[81][82][83]
  • 2 February - The IRA exploded a bomb at the Department of environment at Renshaw House, Renshaw Street, Liverpool. In a subsequent search in a house in the city Police found 17 incendiary devices ready to be planted, 10 lbs of explosives, seven bomb detonators & a revolver. Two men were arrested in the search.[80]

1978[edit]

  • 17 December - Provisional IRA bombs exploded in Manchester, Liverpool, Coventry, Bristol and Southampton, a bomb that exploded at Maggs Department Store in Clifton, Bristol injured 18 people.[84][85]
  • 18 December - The IRA exploded two bombs in London, at London Central YMCA in Great Russell Street and at the Oasis Swimming Pool in High Holborn. Two people were injured in total.

1979[edit]

  • 17 February: The Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) bombed two pubs frequented by Irish Catholics in Glasgow, Scotland. Both pubs were wrecked and a number of people were wounded. It said it bombed the pubs because they were used for Irish republican fundraising, both pubs strongly denied this.[86]
  • 30 March 1979: Shadow Northern Ireland Secretary Airey Neave was killed as he left the House of Commons car park by a booby-trapped car bomb planted by Volunteers of the Socialist Revolutionary militant organization the Irish National Liberation Army (INLA) in 1979. The INLA released a statement in their monthly paper on the attack:

    In March, retired terrorist and supporter of capital punishment, Airey Neave, got a taste of his own medicine when an INLA unit pulled off the operation of the decade and blew him to bits inside the 'impregnable' Palace of Westminster. The nauseous Margaret Thatcher snivelled on television that he was an 'incalculable loss'—and so he was—to the British ruling class.

,[87][88]

  • June - A number of letter bombs were sent to parts of Birmingham, injuring four postal workers.[89]
  • 13 December - Three more letter bombs exploded in Birmingham.[90]
  • 17 December - An IRA bomb injured two people when it exploded at the GPO sorting officer at Gerrards Cross, Buckinghamshire.

1979 Deaths[edit]

  • 1 Death in 1979

List of actions/attacks 1980s[edit]

1980[edit]

1981[edit]

  • 8 January - The IRA planted a bomb in the Suvla barrack block at RAF Uxbridge. 35 RAF musicians and 15 RAF airmen living there were evacuated before it exploded. The building was damaged badly by the blast and debris thrown across the Hillingdon Road but no one was injured.
  • 10 October - Chelsea Barracks bombing - Two civilians are killed and over 20 British soldiers are injured in an IRA bombing outside Chelsea Barracks.
  • 17 October - Lieutenant-general Sir Steuart Pringle was injured in an explosion at his home in Dulwich, London by a car bomb planted by the IRA. Sir Pringle lost a leg in the bombing.[93]
  • 26 October - The Provisional IRA bombed a Wimpy Bar on Oxford Street, killing Kenneth Howorth, the Metropolitan Police explosives officer attempting to defuse it.
  • 13 November - The IRA bombed the home of Sir Michael Havers.[94] Havers represented the Crown in two of the most notable miscarriages of justice in British judicial history:[95] the trial and appeal of the Guildford Four and also of the Maguire family (known as the Maguire Seven), all of whom were wrongfully convicted. Collectively, they served a total of 113 years in prison and one of the Maguire Seven, Giuseppe Conlon, died in prison, convicted on the basis of discredited forensic evidence.[96] Harvers and his family were in Spain at the time of the bombing.
  • 23 November - The IRA detonated a bomb which exploded at the Royal Artillery Barracks HQ, Government House, Woolwich New Road, London SE18. Two people were injured in the blast.

[97][98]

1981 Deaths[edit]

  • 3 Deaths in 1981

1982[edit]

  • 20 July - Hyde Park and Regent's Park bombings - Eleven British soldiers are killed in an IRA double car bomb attack at Hyde & Regent's parks, over 50 are injured.
  • 28 November - A parcel bomb exploded in 10 Downing Street, the residence of Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, causing minor injuries to an aide. The INLA claimed responsibility in a call to a Belfast radio station

1982 Deaths[edit]

  • 11 Deaths in 1982

1983[edit]

  • 10 December - 1983 Royal Artillery Barracks bombing On 10 December 1983 a bomb exploded at the Royal Artillery Barracks in Woolwich, South East London. The explosion injured five people and caused minor damage to the building. The IRA claimed they carried out the attack.
  • 17 December - Harrods bombing - In London an IRA car bomb explodes outside Harrods store, six people are killed (three civilians and three police officers) and over 90 people, civilians & police are injured.
  • 25 December - An IRA bomb explodes on Orchard Street in London, injuring two people.

1983 Deaths[edit]

  • 6 deaths in 1983

1984[edit]

1984 Deaths[edit]

  • 5 deaths in 1984

1985[edit]

  • 23 June 1985: A bomb was found at the Rubens Hotel, a tourist hotel near Buckingham Palace, and made safe, based on information obtained following the arrest of 12 people including Patrick Magee who was wanted in connection with the bombing of the Grand Hotel in Brighton in September 1984. It was believed to be part of a campaign and hotels in resorts throughout Britain were searched.[99][100][101]
  • 11 November - The Irish National Liberation Army (INLA) planted several bombs outside Chelsea Barracks. All of the devices were defused. This was the same barracks the IRA bombed in 1981 that killed two people and injured nearly 40 others.

1987[edit]

  • 15 August - A number of IRA letter bombs were sent to six senior civil servants around London. No injuries.

1988[edit]

1988 Deaths[edit]

  • 1 deaths in 1988

1989[edit]

1989 Deaths[edit]

  • 11 deaths in 1989

List of actions/attacks 1990s[edit]

1990[edit]

  • 16 January - An IRA bomb was defused at the Aldershot Garrison in Aldershot.
  • 20 February - An IRA device attached to a vehicle exploded nearby the Combined Services Recruitment Centre, Rutland Street, Leicester, two people were injured.
  • 25 February - the IRA bombed a British Army recruitment office in Halifax, West Yorkshire. No injuries.
  • 14 May 1990 - 1990 Eltham bombing - An IRA bomb attack on an army education office in Eltham, southeast London injured seven people.
  • 16 May - 1990 Wembley bombing The IRA planted a bomb underneath a minibus at an army recruiting centre in Wembley, northwest London on 16 May 1990, killing a soldier and injuring four others.
  • 3 June - Lichfield gun attack - An IRA active service unit ambushed three off-duty British soldiers while they waiting at Lichfield City railway station, killing 1 soldier and seriously injuring the 2 others.
  • 9 June - Honourable Artillery Company bombing - 19 people were injured when the IRA exploded a bomb inside the Armoury House hall of the Honourable Artillery Company's (HAC) military barracks in London, England
  • 12 June - A Device is discovered Hampshire and defused.
  • 20 June - A Royal Air Force base in Stanmore, north London is damaged by a Provisional IRA bomb.
  • 26 June - Carlton Club bombing - The IRA bombed the Carlton club a popular place with Conservative MPs. 20 people were injured in the blast and Lord Kaberry of Adel died of a heart attack caused by the bombing. In a statement, the IRA said: "Like Brighton in 1984, the IRA has brought the war directly to those who keep the British Army on the streets and in the fields of Ireland. While such occupation continues, and the Nationalist people face daily oppression, the policy makers and their military arm will not be safe." The bomb contained 15 lb of Semtex explosives.
  • 6 July - A Small device exploded in a litter bin on The Strand, London WC2. No injuries
  • 20 July - London Stock Exchange bombing - the Provisional IRA exploded a large bomb inside the London Stock Exchange. A 40-minute warning was giving and there was no injuries, but large structural damage was caused.
  • 30 July - Ian Gow, Conservative MP for Eastbourne, was assassinated by the IRA when a booby trap bomb exploded under his car at his home in East Sussex, England. The IRA claimed he was murdered due to his role in British policy decisions in Northern Ireland.
  • 6 August - An IRA bomb is discovered and defused at the former home of Lord Armstrong. No injuries.
  • 13 August - The IRA planted a bomb at the Berkshire home of British Army General Sir Anthony Farrar-Hockley. The device was found and defused.
  • 10 September - The IRA bombed a British Army and Navy recruiting office in Derby, England
  • 17 September - A British Army sergeant was shot and injured by the IRA outside an army recruiting office in Finchley, London
  • 18 September - An IRA team attempted to kill Air Chief Marshal Sir Peter Terry at his Staffordshire home. Terry had been a prime target since his days as Governor of Gibraltar, in which capacity he signed the documents allowing the SAS to operate against IRA volunteers in 1988. The revenge attack took place at 9 pm at the Main Road house. The gunman opened fire through a window, hitting him at least nine times and injuring his wife, Lady Betty, near the eye. The couple's daughter, Elizabeth, was found suffering from shock. Peter Terry's face had to be rebuilt as the shots shattered his face, and two high-velocity bullets lodged a fraction of an inch from his brain.
  • 27 September - An IRA bomb was defused at the Royal Over-Seas League building in central London.

1990 Deaths[edit]

  • 3 deaths in 1990

1991[edit]

1991 Deaths[edit]

  • 3 Deaths in 1991

1992[edit]

  • 10 January - At Whitehall Place, London SW1 a small IRA bomb exploded. No injuries.
  • 17 January - Two IRA incendiary devices were discovered at the Marquis of Granby Public House in Shaftesbury Avenue, London W1.
  • 30 January - An IRA firebomb was defused at Elephant and Castle, London.
  • 3 February - An incendiary device was found under a seat at Neasden Underground Depot. No injuries. The IRA said they planted it.
  • 7 February - An IRA incendiary device ignited at London Underground Sidings between Barking and Upney stations. No injuries.
  • 11 February - IRA bomb was defused on Parliament Street, Exeter.
  • 28 February - 1992 London Bridge bombing The IRA exploded a time bomb inside London Bridge station injuring 29 people.
  • 29 February - An IRA bomb exploded at the Crown Prosecution Service, London EC4, injuring two people.[103]
  • 1 March - A Small device left by the IRA discovered and defused at White Hart Lane BR Station Tottenham, London N17.
  • 10 March - A small IRA bomb exploded beside the railway line near Wandsworth Road railway station in London.
  • 6 April - A small IRA bomb exploded near Piccadilly Circus in London. There were no injuries
  • 10 April - Baltic Exchange bombing The IRA explode a massive Semtex bomb in the heart of London's financial district, killing three people, injuring over 90 and causing over £800 million worth of damage, that's £200 million more than all the bombs detonated in Ireland in the last 23 years.
  • 11 April - 1992 Staples Corner bombing - The IRA detonated a large van bomb causing a lot damage but not deaths or injuries. The bombing happened only hours after the Baltic Exchange bomb.
  • 14 April - A British Army recruiting sergeant Michael Newman was shot dead in Derby by the INLA.
  • 9–10 May - The IRA exploded a number of incendiary devices at the Metro Centre in Gateshead, Tyne and Wear, causing some damage
  • 7 June - IRA Volunteer Paul Magee and another IRA Volunteer shot dead Special Constable Glenn Goodman and seriously injured PC Kelly, shooting him four times.
  • 7 June - The IRA exploded a bomb at the Royal Festival Hall in London, causing minor damage. There were no deaths or injuries.
  • 10 June - A small IRA bomb exploded in Wilcox Place, London.[147]
  • 15 June - An IRA bomb exploded in a hijacked minicab in St. Albans
  • 18 June - 1992 Leeds Bombing - The INLA exploded four Incendiary devices around Leeds city causing £50,000 worth of damage, other devices were found and defused.
  • 25 June - An IRA briefcase-bomb exploded under a car in Coleman Street, London; a police officer had to be treated for shock.
  • 30 July - Two IRA incendiary devices exploded in Milton Keynes causing minimal damage.
  • 25 August - An IRA firebomb exploded in the Shropshire Regimental museum in Shrewsbury Castle, Shropshire, England and two incendiary devices exploded in two furniture shops in Shrewsbury Town Centre.
  • 6 September - A small IRA bomb exploded at a Hilton Hotel in the gents toilet, in London.
  • 17 September - One bomb and four firebombs exploded at various locations around London including Madame Tussaud's, The Planetarium and the Imperial War Museum.
  • 7 October - Five people were injured when an IRA bomb exploded in Piccadilly, London. Another bomb exploded on Flitcroft Street, London.
  • 8 October - One person was injured when an IRA bomb exploded underneath a car in Tooley Street, London. Another bomb exploded on Malcombe Stree
  • 9 October - An IRA bomb exploded in the carpark of the Royal British Legion building in Southgate, London. Another IRA bomb exploded in a carpark at Arnos Grove tube station.
  • 10 October - A bomb planted by the IRA exploded at Paddington Green PS, Harrow Road, Paddington, W2 injuring one person.
  • 12 October 1992 - Sussex Arms pub bombing - The IRA exploded a time bomb in the Sussex Arms pub killing one person & injuring four others.
  • 19 October - A small IRA bomb exploded outside Novotel Hotel, Shortlands, Hammersmith west London, causing small damage but no injuries.
  • 19 October - A IRA bomb exploded under a car in Oxenden Street, London SW1, nobody was hurt but two people were treated for shock.
  • 21 October - Three people were injured when an IRA bomb was detonated at the Princess Louise Territorial Army Centre, Hammersmith Road, London.
  • 21 October - Two people were wounded when the IRA bombed a railway line in Edmonton, England.
  • 22 October - A sewage pipe was damaged by an IRA explosive device at Wick Lane, London
  • 25 October - A small IRA bomb exploded in London damaging one building and a number of vehicles.
  • 30 October - A small IRA bomb exploded in a stolen cab outside 10 Downing Street.
  • 14 November - A British police officer was shot and injured by the IRA in London after confronting two men he had spotted acting suspiciously. The two men fled the seen and in a follow up search a truck-bomb was discovered and defused
  • 15 November - An IRA van bomb is found & defused in Canada Tower at Canary Wharf, London.
  • 16 November - An IRA bomb is made safe in Collingwood Street, Bethnal Green E1.
  • 1 December - An IRA van bomb was made safe by the British Army in London after a telephoned warning.
  • 3 December - 1992 Manchester bombing - Two IRA bombs exploded in Manchester injuring a total of 65 people.
  • 9 December - An IRA truck bomb only partially detonated in a car park at Woodside Park Underground station, causing only small damage.
  • 10 December - Wood Green Shopping City bombing - The IRA detonated two bombs in litter bins injuring a total of 11 people (4 police officers & 7 civilians).
  • 16 December - A small device planted by the IRA exploded in the gents' toilets on the third floor at John Lewis & Partners Oxford Street, W1. One person was treated for shock. On the same day a small device exploded in a litter bin. Three people were slightly injured.
  • 22 December - A small IRA device exploded on an emergency staircase at Hampstead tube station. Nobody was injured but minor damage was caused.

1992 Deaths[edit]

  • 6 Deaths in 1992

1993[edit]

  • 5 January - A number of incendiary bombs exploded in four shops in Oxford Street in London.
  • 6 January - A number of IRA firebombs exploded around a number of stores in London
  • 7 January - An IRA firebomb was found and defused at Northumberland Avenue W1.
  • 14 January - An IRA firebomb was found in a store in Oxford Circus, London and defused.
  • 28 January - 1993 Harrods bombing - The IRA exploded a bomb in a litter bin outside Harrods in London, injuring four people. Two English men (Jan Taylor & Patrick Hayes) linked to the Revolutionary socialist group Red Action were later arrested for the bombing.
  • 3 February - The IRA carried out two bomb attacks in London.
  • 10 February - A small IRA bomb in London exploded in a doorway of a block of flats, causing minor damage. No injuries.
  • 26 February - The IRA exploded three incendiary devices at a gas works in Warrington, England. The bombs caused a large explosion and a police officer was shot & injured while giving chase to the bombers. Two men were later arrested for the bombing.
  • 27 February - 1993 Camden Town bombing - The IRA exploded a bomb in a litter bin in Camden Town in London. The steel litter bin acted as shrapnel injuring 18 people.
  • 20 March - Warrington bomb attacks - The IRA exploded two bombs in litter bins in Bridge Street in Warrington, due to confusing warnings phoned in by the bombers two boys Johnathan Ball (3) and Tim Parry (12) were killed in the bombings and 56 people were injured. There was widespread protests in both England & Ireland over these bombings & the deaths of Ball & Parry.
  • 7 April - The IRA exploded a small bomb at a Conservative club in London, causing small damage but no injuries.
  • 23 April - A IRA bomb exploded on an Esso oil terminal in North Shields, England. The bomb caused damage to a large storage tank.
  • 24 April - 1993 Bishopsgate bombing - The IRA exploded a large Truck bomb which was estimated to have contained over a tone of high explosives in it outside Bishopsgate in the City of London, killing one man, injuring 44 people & causing over £350 million worth of damage. It was probably the largest IRA bomb detonated in England at that point.
  • 9 May - Two IRA incendiary devices exploded in the Galleries shopping centre in Bristol, causing damage but no injuries
  • 12 May - An IRA incendiary device partially detonated in the Cornmarket area of Oxford. No injuries.
  • 7 June - The IRA detonated a bomb at a gasworks in Tyneside,north England.
  • 9 June - An IRA bomb exploded at a petrol storage depot in Tyneside,north England.
  • 9 June - Two small IRA bombs exploded at an Esso oil refinery in North Shields
  • 13 August - The IRA firebombed six premises in Bournemouth, England, and also detonated a bomb on the pier.
  • 28 August - British police defused an IRA bomb in London; the device was left within London's brand new high-tech security barrier dubbed the "Ring of Steel" built after the Bishopsgate bombing.
  • 16 September 1993 - Two IRA small incendiary devices were found Curzon Phoenix Cinema, Charing Cross Road WC2. One small incendiary device found at the MGM Cinema, Shaftsbury Avenue WC2. All three devices had malfunctioned, causing no damage or injuries.
  • 2 October - The IRA exploded three bombs in Hampstead in London, injuring six people and damaging a number of shops.
  • 4 October - The IRA exploded five bombs around London, injuring four people and damaging a number of properties.
  • 8 October - Two IRA firebombs exploded in North London.
  • 23 October - An IRA bomb exploded at Wooton Underwood damaging a footbridge over a railway line. No injuries.
  • 24 October - An IRA bomb exploded on a railway line in Berkshire, England. Other devices were defused at Reading and Basingstoke stations.
  • 25 October - An IRA unit detonated a bomb on a bridge above a railway line in Buckinghamshire, England.
  • 29 October - A small IRA bomb exploded in Edwards Square, London.
  • 14 December - An IRA unit exploded a bomb on a railway track in Woking, Surrey, south England, disrupting commuter services.
  • 16 December - Two IRA bombs on the Surrey railway line were defused.
  • 20 December - A number of IRA firebombs exploded in stores and a post-office in London causing minor damage. Seven of these incendiary devices were made safe when defused.

1993 Deaths[edit]

  • 3 deaths in 1993

1994[edit]

  • 27 January - The IRA planted three firebombs in stores around Oxford Street in London.
  • 28 January - The IRA planted a firebomb in a store again in Oxford Street, London, another device was defused.
  • 29 January - An IRA bomb was defused in London.
  • 18–22 February - Incendiary devices and one very small high explosive device were planted in various London shops: a record shop at 157 Charing Cross Road WC2; Top Shop, Oxford Circus W1; Hennes, Oxford Circus W1; a newsagents (which was destroyed), Great Cumberland Place W1; Burtons, New Oxford Street WC1; Burtons, Regent Street W1; Liberty's, Regent Street W1; Mr. Byrite, Oxford Circus W1; and Mr. Handy, Edgware Road W2. Some devices ignited causing damage. Others were discovered, defused and made safe. No injuries in any attacks.
  • 9–13 March - 1994 Heathrow mortar attacks - On the 9, 11 and 13 March the IRA fired a total of 12 mortar rounds (4 each time) on to the runway at Heathrow Airport. No deaths or injuries in any of the attacks.
  • 6 June - An IRA firebomb was found and made safe in a controlled explosion at Sevenoaks railway station, Kent.
  • 10 June - Two incendiary devices were discovered at Liberty's, Oxford Street, London W1 and defused.
  • 11 June - A small incendiary device exploded at Mr. Byrite's, Oxford Street, London causing minor damage. A further device failed to detonate.
  • 13 June - A incendiary device exploded on the embankment along Stevenage railway line causing small damage.
  • 12 July - The British security forces in England seized a lorry containing over 1,800 kg of explosives at the port of Heysham, Lancashire. It's believed they were to be used in large IRA bombing.
  • 21 July - An IRA suitcase-bomb was discovered at Reading Railway Station and made safe.
  • 13 August - An IRA bomb exploded damage a number of shops & properties in Bognor Regis. Another bomb was found & defused in Brighton.
  • 22 August - An IRA bomb was found in a litter bin outside Laura Ashley shop in Regent Street Wl and defused. This was the last IRA action in Britain until February 1996.
  • 31 August - Four Provisional IRA prisoners were moved from prisons in England to ones in Northern Ireland. Among them was Roy Walsh who bombed the Old Bailey along with Gerry Kelly in 1973. On the Same day the Provisional IRA announced a ceasefire.
  • 10 September - Five IRA prisoners along with another inmate tried to escape from Whitemoor Prison, Cambridgeshire, England but failed.
  • 22 September - Semtex H explosives and detonators were found following a search at Whitemoor Prison, Cambridgeshire, England. This was the same prison five IRA prisoners attempted to escape from earlier in the month but failed.

1996[edit]

  • 9 February - 1996 Docklands bombing At 19:01 the IRA ended its 18-month ceasefire from August 1994 when they exploded a massive truck bomb in the Docklands area in Canary Wharf. Two people were killed in the explosion, other people were injured and massive damage was caused. The blast caused an estimated £150 million worth of damage[13] and cost insurers £170 million.
  • 15 February - A 5-pound (2.3 kg) high explosive bomb placed in a telephone box at the junction of Charing Cross Road and Litchfield Street, London WC2 was defused.
  • 18 February - Aldwych bus bombing An IRA bomb exploded prematurely killing the IRA volunteer handling it - Edward O'Brien and injuring another eight people on the bus.
  • 9 March - A IRA bomb hidden in a litter bin exploded in Old Brompton Road near Earl's Court Exhibition Centre in west London, causing damage to vehicles.
  • 17 April - A IRA bomb exploded before 10 pm in The Boltons, Earl's Court Road, west London. No injuries occurred but it caused damage to properties.
  • 24 April - 1996 Hammersmith Bridge bombing - The IRA planted two bombs on Hammersmith Bridge in London. The devices failed to off properly and only very small damage was done to the bridge.
  • 15 June - The IRA exploded a massive truck bomb in Manchester along Corporation Street near the Arndale center. The bomb weighed over 3,300 pounds of explosives which was the largest bomb the IRA ever detonated in England, the blast caused massive damage to the center of the city of Manchester causing an estimated by insurers at £700 million (equivalent to £1.2 billion in 2016) – only surpassed by the 2001 September 11 attacks and the 1993 Bishopsgate bombing in terms of financial cost. Over 200 people were injured in the blast.
  • 23 September - London police shot dead Provisional IRA volunteer Diarmuid O'Neill during a raid on his home.

1996 Deaths[edit]

  • 4 Deaths in 1996

1997[edit]

  • 26 March - the IRA carried out a double bomb attack on a mainline railway and signal box in Wilmslow, England. There was also a hoax bomb alert on the main Doncaster line. The attacks caused major and widespread railway and traffic disruption.[104]
  • 3 April - The discovery of two bombs on main motorways in England following coded warnings by the IRA resulted in widespread disruption.
  • 6 April - The annual British Grand National horse race at Aintree Racecourse was abandoned after the IRA warned that bombs had been planted in the area. No explosive devices were ever found.
  • 18 April - A series of IRA bombs and IRA bomb alerts brought Britain's transport system to a halt and effectively cut all the main routes connecting England to Scotland. Bomb alerts closed large sections of the M6 motorway. An IRA bomb exploded closing Leeds railway station while another bomb explosion at a rail bridge in Doncaster halted both rail and motorway traffic.
  • 21 April - IRA bomb hoaxes almost entirely closed down London's transport links. King's Cross, St. Pancras, Charing Cross, Paddington, Baker Street and all three railway stations at Watford junction were evacuated due to bomb alerts. Soon after alerts closed Gatwick, Stansted and parts of Heathrow airports. By 9:00 am, at the height of the rush hour, London was 'gridlocked' with a ten-mile (16 km) jam on the M25.
  • 26 April - Two bombs planted by the IRA blew up next to M6 motorway in central England. A 132,000 volt electricity pylon was damaged.
  • 29 April - Britain's transport industry claimed minimum losses of £30 million after a series of IRA bomb alerts in the last month in southern England brought traffic to a standstill.
  • 19 July - The Provisional IRA declared a second ceasefire. They state that: "We have ordered the unequivocal restoration of the ceasefire of August 1994. All IRA units have been instructed accordingly" This was to be the PIRA's final ceasefire & would stick.

Total deaths 1972–1997[edit]

  • 125 Deaths

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

References[edit]

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