The Toyman. Art by Jesus Merino.
|First appearance||Action Comics #64
|Created by||Don Cameron
|Alter ego||Winslow Percival Schott|
|Team affiliations||Superman Revenge Squad
|Abilities||Mechanical genius manifests in the form of many violent, destructive, and dangerous toys.|
The Toyman is the name of three fictional comic book supervillains and one adolescent superhero in the DC Comics universe. They mostly appear in Superman stories. The first Toyman appeared in Action Comics #64 (September 1943). His real name is Winslow Schott.
The Toyman uses toy-based or toy-themed devices and gimmicks in his various crimes. The Toyman's weapons, while sometimes comical, are also very dangerous. The Toyman's creations include devices such as life-sized wind-up tanks, acid-spraying water pistols, and toy soldiers that carry real guns. The Toyman usually dresses in a flamboyant costume. The Toyman made frequent appearances in the Golden Age comics, but has appeared infrequently in Superman stories since then.
The Toyman first appeared in 1943 and appeared in several Golden Age Superman stories. Schott appeared less frequently in comics published after the early 1950s, but remained a semi-regular foe during the 60s, 70s, and 80s.
While at first more of a nuisance, Toyman gradually grew more emotionally unstable and paranoid over time, his toys following suit by becoming a lot more dangerous. Although Winslow Schott in his civilian persona was a rather sweet, humble, quirky (if socially withdrawn) person, as Toyman he turned into a childish, destructive megalomaniac. During the 70s Winslow was effectively retired from crime, but he kept contact with Superman and even helped out to take down Jack Nimball, which he felt sullied the Toyman legacy.
This retirement proved to be tragically short, as not long after Winslow put some of his toys on display, (a suggestion by Superman) the entire museum exhibition is completely wrecked. Sightings report this to be the work of a man in blue tights flying at great speeds. Thinking he´s been played for a fool by Superman, Schoot swear to destroy everything Superman cares about to avenge his lifework. Eventually it´s revealed that the real culprit was Bizarro, in search for the duplicator ray, but by then it was already too late: Schott had already returned to his Toyman ways, murdered Jack Nimball and a hotel door guard in cold blood, and built a giant robot to terrorize the city. Shortly after his defeat, he regains his sanity and remembers what he has done. He sheds tears of regret as he is escorted to the police car.
After that incident Winslow´s mental state grew even worse, and while he often made several legitimate attempts to atone for his sins, he would often relapse back into madness.
After 1985's miniseries Crisis on Infinite Earths and John Byrne's Man of Steel miniseries, the Toyman's history was revised, and the post-Crisis version of the character first appeared in Superman (vol. 2) #13 (January 1988). In this version, Winslow Schott is an unemployed British toymaker who blames Lex Luthor and his company, LexCorp, for being fired from the toy company he is working for. He uses his toymaking talents to seek revenge, which eventually causes him to cross paths with the British hero Godiva, and subsequently, Superman himself. The Toyman continues to commit various crimes in Metropolis, including engaging in child abduction.
The Toyman later became a much more sinister figure, shaving his head, wearing black and getting advice in his head from "Mother". This was prompted by him being told that a range of Superman action figures would not include him as he is not "edgy" enough.[volume & issue needed] While this seems to begin as a pose of what he thought people expect of a villain, it rapidly became a genuine psychotic break. While in this state he abducts and later murdered Adam Morgan, the son of Daily Planet reporter Cat Grant. Adam and several other children captured by Toyman tried to escape, but Schott found out and stabbed Adam to death for being the leader of the group.[volume & issue needed] This caused Schott to develop a hatred of children, as he blamed them for not appreciating his toys. At the time, Schott shows no remorse for what he had done. When Cat Grant later confronts him in prison he cruelly tells her "You were a bad mommy. I'm glad I killed your son."
The Toyman later seemingly recovered, and Superman showed him that children did appreciate old-fashioned toys, arranging parole in an orphanage; it was later revealed, however, that this was all a hallucination caused when Zatanna attempts to cure him and he had, in fact, returned to child abduction. He appeared after JLA: Crisis of Conscience where Zatanna reveals she mind-wiped him. She and Superman go after him. Zatanna is bound and gagged by him, but freed by Superman, however he escapes.
Winslow was seen in Lex Luthor: Man of Steel as well as in the Infinite Crisis: Villains United special, preparing for the Blackgate Prison break by lacing the dinner stew with Venom and Velocity 9 to increase the prisoners' strength, speed, and aggression. Unfortunately, some guards also ate the drugged stew and fought the superheroes who showed up to stop the criminals.
Toyman's history was later revised in Action Comics #865, by Geoff Johns and Jesus Merino. Winslow Schott tells Jimmy Olsen that he was a toymaker who lived with his wife Mary. When a businessman offered to buy his shop to expand the number of children his toys can reach, he refused. When Mary is killed in a car accident a few weeks later, Schott agrees to the purchase. However, the businessman lied and gave his technologically advanced toy plans to arms manufacturers. Schott proceeds to bomb the business with an explosive teddy bear. A twist at the end of the story reveals that Mary was just one of his first robotic creations.
Following his first confrontation with Superman, Schott met the Prankster for the first time.[volume & issue needed] The Prankster is a cruel, callous man who commits crimes "because it's fun". He repeatedly asked Schott to "team up", but Schott refused.
Schott reveals to Jimmy that the Toyman who killed Adam Grant was a robot created by Schott to replace him in the event that he was ever incarcerated and that a glitch in the robot's programming resulted in it developing a personality, (and later a hatred of children), and that Schott's repeated attempts to contact the robot resulted in it suffering from delusions of "Mother". This was confirmed in Superman Secret Files 2009, although Jimmy initially expressed doubt that Schott was telling the truth.
In the 1997 Speed Force Special, the Max Mercury story Child's Play, set in 19th century New York, featured the Schott Toy Company run by Archimedes Schott, a crooked businessman who resembles Winslow. Any relationship between them is unknown.
In the Supergirl series, while in Arkham Asylum, Toyman is visited by Cat Grant (whose son Adam was murdered) and Supergirl. Cat interrogates him about children who have been kidnapped with dolls left behind. Toyman claims he is innocent and the robotic dolls attack him. Supergirl saves him and gets him to medical care. When Cat return home, she is confronted by a villain called the Dollmaker. He stated to be Anton Schott implying that he is somehow related to Toyman. Dollmaker eventually reveals himself to be the abandoned son of Winslow, who has been kidnapping children and using macabre experiments in order to turn them into slaves. He tells Cat that he wants her to become his new mother, and that he wishes to serve as a replacement for her murdered son, but Cat violently rejects him. With her gag temporarily removed, Cat is able to call Supergirl for help, and the two are able to defeat Dollmaker and free the children he had enslaved.
The Toyman appears as part of the new Legion of Doom in Alex Ross' miniseries Justice. Toyman is only seen in person in the first and last issues of the series, he communicates through a human-sized marionette resembling the Jack Nimball version of Toyman. The Marionette uses a black-and-yellow color scheme, never speaks, and has several strings connected to its joints that give it the appearance of being operated from above. He attacks Hawkman and Hawkgirl in their museum using toy fighter planes and a gigantic Nimball Marionette, blowing up their museum and leaving the duo for dead, though they survive the attack. Toyman's city is shown to resemble a fun house and is mainly populated by children and families. When the Justice League storm the Hall of Doom, the Marionette attacks the League as a whole instead of any particular target, but is nonetheless destroyed in the attack. After the attack the toys in his city come to life and attack the Justice League. Superman eventually finds Schott, now morbidly obese and infected with Brainiac's cybernetics. Superman realizes that Toyman had taken all the children in his city hostage and, with a band of Justice Leaguers, managed to save all of the children before any harm could come to them. Schott was seen recovering in a hospital bed on a screen in the Batcave.
In the 1970s, a man named Jack Nimball assumes the identity of the second Toyman during a period in which Schott retires from his criminal career and first appeared in Action Comics #432 (February 1974). Nimball wore a jester costume and used a similar modus operandi to the original Toyman. However, this version of Toyman proved short-lived. Schott killed Nimball with a mechanical toy bird and resumed his crime career in Superman #305 (November 1976). This Toyman's only other appearances were in Action #454 and Superman #299.
Nimball appears as one of Schott's androids in Action Comics #865.
The version of the Toyman who appears in Challenge of the Super Friends was based on Nimball.
Hiro Okamura is a teenage mechanical genius from Japan first appearing as Toyman in Superman (vol. 2) #177 (February 2002) by Jeph Loeb, and Ed McGuinness. He shows up in Metropolis in a giant Super Robot fighting Metallo, claiming the cyborg's equally-giant body was based on material stolen from his grandfather.
He later becomes an ally to Superman and Batman. In the Superman/Batman series, he aids the two in destroying a kryptonite meteor that threatens the Earth. He strikes a deal with Batman to provide him with various technological implements (Superman/Batman #7). Okamura uses more technologically advanced devices than the traditionally-constructed contrivances Schott uses and his work is largely whimsical in nature. Many of his inventions are inspired by anime and manga, including giant mecha (notably his giant Composite Batman-Superman robot).
Okamura appears only a few times in the Superman/Batman comic book, and his activities are limited to Japan. Winslow Schott remains active as the Toyman in the United States. In the Sam Loeb-penned memorial issue Superman/Batman #26, Okamura fakes his own kidnapping at the hands of Schott, forcing Superboy and Robin to search through his complex to save his life. Realizing his loneliness, Superboy and Robin extend their friendship to the boy. Okamura joins Robin and the other Teen Titans at Titans Tower for Superboy's funeral, clutching a Superboy action figure.
In Superman/Batman #45, he offers to assist the duo in their quest to rid the world of Kryptonite, using spider-like nanobots to collect Kryptonite molecules in the air. His offer becomes a necessity as Lana Lang, in a last-ditch effort to get rid of Kryptonians and keep LexCorp afloat, turns a set of Kryptonite caches into "dirty bombs", which irradiate the entire planet. Hiro comes to the rescue, settling for a Power Girl-bot to "date". Instead, he gets his dream date, a dinner in Paris with the real Karen, and the status of honorary member of the Justice League.
Hiro appears as one of Winslow Schott's androids in Action Comics #865; given the unreliable nature of Schott's narration, Hiro's status as his android creation is suspect.
Toyman surfaces in Metropolis and allies with Lex Luthor in Action Comics #837 (May 2006) as part of the One Year Later 'Up,Up, and Away' story arc. His first appearance was written by Geoff Johns and Kurt Busiek with art by Pete Woods.
His appearance, inspired by the character's Superman: The Animated Series incarnation, is that of a child-sized doll. This Toyman mentions meeting Hiro Okamura in Japan and stealing one of his Superman robots. As part of his bargain with Luthor, he is given the information needed to find his creator Winslow Schott in exchange for assistance in a plot against Superman.
On the cover of Justice League of America (vol. 2) #13, it shows this android Toyman as a member of the Injustice League.
In other media
- The Toyman first appears in animated form in The New Adventures of Superman animated series from 1966. This particular Toyman is the son of the original Winslow Schott version.
- The Toyman is a recurring villain on the Challenge of the Super Friends television cartoon voiced by Frank Welker. He appears as one of the members of Lex Luthor's Legion of Doom. The Toyman in the Super Friends series bears the likeness of Jack Nimball (as he is named in the comics). This version of the Toyman often dresses like a jester and wears a domino mask. In one episode he is shown to have control of a world of deadly toys within a black hole.
- He was supposed to appear in the episode "The Case of the Dreadful Dolls" during Super Friends: The Legendary Super Powers Show as the villain, but was off-limits and replaced by an exclusive villain known as the Dollmaker (not to be confused with the Batman villain of the same moniker). Escaping from prison and making his way to his lair at Shott's Toy Factory, this version of the Dollmaker battles the Super Friends with doll replicas of the heroes that he uses to control them physically.
Another version of Toyman appears in the 1990s series Superman: The Animated Series voiced by Bud Cort. He is an insane man who wears an ever-smiling mask similar to a doll's head, which he is never seen without. His arsenal of weapons includes a giant superball that can smash concrete and an "inescapable" bubble-blower. In this version, Winslow Schott, Jr. is the son of a kindly toymaker, who spent all day in his father's shop watching him make toys. Winslow Schott, Sr. dreamed of building a toy factory, but lack of capital prevented it. Infamous Metropolis mob boss Bruno Mannheim offered to bankroll Schott to build the toy factory, but unbeknownst to Schott, Mannheim used it as a front for a numbers racket. When the police uncovered the scheme, the gangsters fled, leaving the elder Schott to be framed for running the operation and falsely imprisoned for ten years for embezzlement. Schott eventually died in prison before he could be paroled, and Winslow was left on his own and spent several years in abusive and neglectful foster homes. By the time he reached adulthood, Winslow was mentally ill. Making use of his natural aptitude for mechanics, he decided to make up for his ruined childhood by terrorizing the world and stealing money to amass his own personal fortune. Toyman appears in two episodes: "Fun and Games" and "Obsession." His plans revolve around Darci, a lifelike android created to be his companion, but he also seeks revenge against Bruno Mannheim, the criminal who wronged his father, and against Superman for foiling his schemes. Several scenes from "Fun and Games" were used in the title sequence of all three seasons of Superman: The Animated Series.
- This Toyman also appears in Static Shock episode "Toys in the Hood" again voiced by Bud Cort. Toyman (who is revealed to have survived the events of "Obsession" after his helicopter is destroyed) orders Darci to capture Static's friend Daisy so she can serve as a model for Darci's nanite-constructed new body. After Superman and Static confront Toyman, Darci betrays Toyman and tries to escape, only to discover that Toyman had implanted a fail-safe device programmed to have the nanites destroy her if she turns on him. Darci's body melts, and Toyman is taken to jail.
- In the Justice League episode "Hereafter", Toyman (voiced by Corey Burton) is a member of the Superman Revenge Squad. During their attack on the city of Metropolis, he uses an experimental machine (which resembles a giant toy robot) that can fire blasts of energy from its "chest". Toyman first targets innocent bystanders before trying to blast Superman. Toyman then fires a blast at Batman and the injured Wonder Woman. To save his friends, Superman flies straight into the blast and is sent 30,000 years into the future. Everyone, including Toyman himself, believes that Superman had been vaporized. Batman was the only one not to believe Superman was dead as he deduced that there would be remains. It was later revealed that Superman had been sent to the future but came back thanks to a time machine invented by Vandal Savage (who reformed in the future).
- In Justice League Unlimited, Toyman is a member of Grodd's new Secret Society. He is prominently featured in the episode "Alive!", in which he becomes the pilot of the Secret Society's spaceship. When a riot erupts and divides the villains into two factions, he holds his own and defeats Killer Frost with a headbutt, cracking his mask on the side, and a few tricks with a heavily rigged yo-yo. In the following Justice League Unlimited episode "Destroyer", the series finale, Toyman is briefly shown firing what appear to resemble Nerf darts at Darkseid's parademons. What makes these darts deadly is that they cause the Parademons to explode shortly after impact. He is one of a handful of Secret Society villains to survive the series finale. Bud Cort reprises him here.
- Toyman briefly appears in the season five episode of The Batman entitled "Lost Heroes" Pt. 1 voiced by Richard Green. This incarnation wears a jester's costume likely a nod to the early and brief Nimball version. His costume is red, yellow, and green, much like the costume the Toyman from Plastic Man was wearing, but a little different in design. Batman muses that a psychiatrist could make a whole career out of Toyman, though Superman warns not to underestimate him. He faces off against Batman and Superman with his toys and high-tech punching gloves. It is possible that like other versions, he is partially insane or fully. He ends up knocked out by some bombs. He should not be confused with Toymaker, another character created specifically for the show and who shares his toy-based M.O.
- A character named Fun Haus was shown in the Batman: The Brave and the Bold episode "Invasion of the Secret Santas" voiced by Gary Anthony Williams. Fun Haus' appearance is clearly based on the Jack Nimball version of Toyman although he appears more muscular with an everlasting smile, similar to that of the Toyman that appeared in Superman: The Animated Series. He planned on robbing various homes on Christmas Day using action figures he created called "Presto Playpals". When he was cornered by Batman and Red Tornado, he merged the action figures into a giant robot and attempted to destroy them along with the families he had robbed. Ultimately he was stopped by Red Tornado, who pushed himself to the point of self-destruction. Beside the aforementioned action figures, Fun Haus used toy flying saucers, robot Santas, and an exploding doll (that looked like Baby Doll from Batman: The Animated Series). The actual Toyman appears in the episode "Battle of the Superheroes!" voiced by John DiMaggio reprising his role from Superman: Doomsday. This version almost resembles his earlier appearances[clarification needed]. He causes a robbery until he ends up running afoul of Superman and Batman. Due to the Red Kryptonite gifts that had been unknowingly given to Lois Lane and Jimmy Olsen by Lex Luthor, Superman ends up going rogue and nearly kills Toyman only for Batman to save Toyman and hand him over to the police.
- The Toyman featured in several segments of Robot Chicken DC Universe Special mostly in connection to his being a member of the Legion of Doom.
- Toyman appears in the Young Justice episode "Intervention" voiced by Cameron Bowen. He goes on a rampage in a giant Toy-Soldier to rob a Metropolis only for him to be defeated by Blue Beetle.
- The Superboy live-action television series features a villain named Nick Knack, a reference to the Toyman. The character (played by Gilbert Gottfried) wears childlike clothing. Gottfried appeared in two episodes and wrote a story featuring the character for the Superboy tie-in comics series.
- A character named Winslow P. Schott appears in the Lois and Clark Christmas episode "Seasons Greedings" played by Sherman Hemsley. With a similar background to the post-Crisis Schott in the comics, he creates a toy that causes kids to become greedy and adults to act like children. Unlike past versions, he shows a genuine love for kids and turns over a new leaf toward the end of the episode after trying to save a child from a horse, and being saved by Superman. He is referred to only once as being "a toyman" in passing onscreen. A later episode features a childlike character named Toyman (played by Grant Shaud) who abducts children. His real identity is Harold Kripstly.
- Toyman has appeared three times in Smallville. In the fourteenth episode of the show's eighth season, titled "Requiem". Actor Chris Gauthier portrays Winslow Schott, a toymaker and former Queen Industries employee with a grudge against Oliver Queen. Winslow Schott is a scientific inventor at STAR Labs who was hired by Oliver Queen to work for Queen Industries. A great mind, though a bit eccentric, he expressed his individuality by bringing toys to work. However, he went too far when he began putting explosives in toys, which caused his immediate termination from the company. He is revealed to be working for Lex Luthor, currently disfigured and partially crippled, and hiding in a mobile base. He speaks to Luthor through a camera and microphone concealed in a wooden doll's head, and uses toys such as an exploding Newton's cradle, knockout gas-filled Mylar balloons, and an explosive cymbal-clanging monkey. After he fails twice to kill Oliver, he escapes police custody. Oliver Queen blows up Lex's mobile base with one of Toyman's toys in order to frame Schott, which puts him on the run. In that episode, Clark Kent referred to him as "Toyman" but most of the time he was referred as Toymaker; and is also referred to as "Toyboy". In the season 9 episode "Echo" he is referred as Toyman by himself, Chloe Sullivan, Clark and the Daily Planet. He attempts to test Clark by leaving a bomb next to a group of bound and gagged men and women he had kidnapped, eventually leading to Clark using his superspeed to rescue them. In that same episode, he returns and attempts to kill Oliver Queen as revenge for being framed for Lex's demise. This episode also has an android version of Schott. After he is caught, and facing time in solitary confinement, Tess Mercer visits Schott in jail and gives him the Kryptonite-powered heart to study which Zod and his men created to power Metallo in previous episodes. Toyman makes his final appearance in Smallville's penultimate episode "Prophecy" where he was still in jail confined to solitary, nevertheless he managed to gather a team called Marionette Ventures, an organization that works to control the water front properties composed by Metallo, Roulette, Dark Archer, Black Manta, Captain Cold and Solomon Grundy. Toyman was approached by Courtney Whitmore who was placed with a mind control device and used her to do his organization's bidding. When that failed, he was confronted by Lois Lane (who has Clark's powers for the day, a gift from Jor-El for their pending nuptials), who he convinced that if she did not put on the device that he would send his evil companions to destroy Clark Kent. He then sent her to kill him. However, she failed and Clark confronts Toyman face to face. Even though Toyman knew Clark's true identity, Clark knew he would not reveal it to the public because the Toyman still had some "games" to play. Finally he assures him no matter what he's planning for the future, he will always be there to stop him.
- Winslow Schott will appear in the series Supergirl portrayed by Jeremy Jordan as a programmer for CatCo. He is also Kara's next door neighbor.
- In the unproduced screenplay for Batman vs. Superman, Toyman makes a brief appearance as a reformed criminal that Batman interrogates and tortures in order to locate the Joker. When they are attacked by one of the Joker's deadly gadgets, Batman narrowly escapes, leaving Toyman to be caught in an explosion. His fate is not revealed in the script.
- Toyman appears as a minor villain in Superman: Doomsday voiced by John DiMaggio. Like most of the characters in this film, his appearance differs from that of the DCAU Toyman, and he is portrayed in a more deranged and unkempt form. In the movie, Toyman appears after Superman dies during a fight with Doomsday. Toyman (referred to in this movie as Winslow P. Schott) first uses a giant spider-like robot to hold a school bus full of children hostage after he robs a bank. After a secret clone of Superman defeats him, he attempts to go on the lam. Although police do recapture him, he kills a four-year-old girl off screen during the capture. Upon hearing the news, the Superman clone angrily takes Toyman from the police outside the police department. Toyman begs for his life, but the Superman clone drops him to his death from high above the city. Toyman lands on a police car onscreen, and his death marks the beginning of the Superman clone's harsher stance on crime than the real Superman.
- The Hiro Okamura version of Toyman appears in Superman/Batman: Public Enemies voiced by Calvin Tran. He helps Superman and Batman into finding a way to stop the Kryptonite Meteor. His result being a ship that resembles Composite Superman. He is shown to be highly intelligent in the fields of science and technology and is stated to have an I.Q. of 210. He is also alluded to be hyper-sexually and inappropriately behaving towards Power Girl, who avoids his presence; at one point, when asked if his rocket can stop the meteor, he retorts, "Does Power Girl have big---?" before Batman abruptly cuts him off.
- The Jack Nimball Toyman appears in the direct-to-video animated film JLA Adventures: Trapped in Time voiced by Tom Gibis. He appears as a member of the Legion of Doom. In this version, he is actually a living wooden doll. In the future, his history is forgotten as his body is labeled "Unknown Totem".
- Winslow Schott is referenced in Batman vs. Robin, during the investigation of Damian Wayne about the missing children, Damian mentioned that Winslow was the first owner of the toy factory, called "Schott's Toys", he was a serial killer, and Batman tells that Winslow was sent to the prison 12 years ago by the testimony of his son, Anton Schott /The Dollmaker.
- Toyman is briefly mentioned in the "Harley Quinn's Revenge" portion of Batman: Arkham City. One thug considers selling Batman's utility belt to him.
- The Toyman is referenced in Batman: Arkham Origins Blackgate, though he never makes a physical appearance. Upon comepleting the Detective Case called "Ground Zero," it is revealed that the Toyman was an inmate within Blackgate Penitentiary, until he was blackmailed by someone outside the prison, who smuggled in an explosive bracelet and attached it to his arm. It is stated that Toyman was killed when he tried to remove the bracelet, but this is likely a continuity error considering this game takes place before the events of Batman: Arkham City, unless there are different Toymen existing in this universe.
- The Winslow Schott version of Toyman appears as a playable character in Lego Batman 3: Beyond Gotham, voiced by Nolan North.
- Winslow Schott is referenced in Batman: Arkham Knight, in Miagani Island there's a store called "Winslow's Toy Shop".
- Toyman appears in issue 2 of the Batman: The Brave and the Bold comics. The Hiro Omakura version also appears.
- An unrelated Toyman appears in The Plastic Man Comedy/Adventure Show episode "Toyman" voiced by Alan Oppenheimer. This one is dressed like a jester, similar to the Jack Nimball version, but the costume is now red, green, and yellow and he has a wind up key on his back, which needs to be rewound at regular intervals to keep him animated.
- The Hiro Okamura version of Toyman appears in the Catwoman: Queen of Thieves podcast. They do not refer to him as Toyman but, according to the show, he had helped Catwoman steal things by inventing devices.
- Superman Vol 2 #85
- Adventures of Superman #644 (November 2005)
- Supergirl (vol. 5) #58 (January 2011)
- Supergirl (vol. 5) #59 (February 2011)
- Justice #3-4
- Justice #6
- Justice #9
- Justice #12
- McAvennie, Michael; Dolan, Hannah, ed. (2010). "1970s". DC Comics Year By Year A Visual Chronicle. Dorling Kindersley. p. 158. ISBN 978-0-7566-6742-9.
Writer Cary Bates and artist Curt Swan gave Superman all the 'fun' he could handle with the savvy new Toyman in Action Comics #432.
- Action Comics #454
- Superman #299
- Action Comics #865
- OAFE - DC Universe Classics 18: Toyman review
- Superman #177
- Superman/Batman #5
- Superman/Batman #45
- Teen Titans #52
- Commentary for "The Case of the Dreadful Dolls" on the DVD Super Friends: The Legendary Super Powers Show.
- Mitovich, Matt Webb (October 31, 2014). "CBS' Supergirl Casting Jimmy Olsen, Cat Grant and Others". TV Line. Retrieved October 31, 2014.
- Ge, Linda (March 2, 2015). "CBS's 'Supergirl' Casts 'Last Five Years' Star Jeremy Jordan". The Wrap.