|• location||Gießelrade, Ahrensbök, Ostholstein, Schleswig-Holstein|
|Bay of Lübeck (Baltic Sea)|
|Length||124 km (77 mi)|
|Basin size||2,676 km2 (1,033 sq mi)|
|• left||Clever Au, Schwartau|
|• right||Beste, Wakenitz, Stepenitz|
|Waterbodies||Wardersee, Pötenitzer Wiek, Dassower See|
The Trave (German pronunciation: [ˈtʁaːvə] (listen)) is a river in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. It is approximately 124 kilometres (77 mi) long, running from its source near the village of Gießelrade in Ostholstein to Travemünde, where it flows into the Baltic Sea. It passes through Bad Segeberg, Bad Oldesloe, and Lübeck, where it is linked to the Elbe–Lübeck Canal. It is navigable for sea-going vessels from the Baltic to the Lübeck ports. The Herren Tunnel crosses the Trave, as do numerous bridges, and a ferry connects Travemünde with Priwall. Tributaries of the Trave include the Wakenitz and the Stepenitz.
Source and upper Trave
The Trave rises in Gießelrade (a village in Ostholstein), whence it flows first southwesterly through the Wardersee to Bad Segeberg and then further south to Bad Oldesloe. There it bends eastward to just south of Reinfeld, flowing past Hamberge and Moisling (a district of Lübeck) to reach Lübeck.
The Elbe–Lübeck Canal joins the Trave from the south shortly before the river reaches Lübeck. In medieval Lübeck the river was transformed according to the needs of shipping and the town's defense, making the Old Town into an island. South of the Lübeck Cathedral the channel forks in several directions, with the original channel known as the Town Trave. The Lübeck town moat branches off to the west, and the Canal Trave separates eastward from the Town Trave's course and runs in the former bed of the Wakenitz to the northeast side of the Old Town. The modern Wakenitz joins the Canal Trave from the east, and the three channels recombine at the north end of the Old Town island.
North of Lübeck the seaports begin. Between the Old Town and Teerhof Island is Lübeck's commercial port. The Schwartau enters the river from the north here. On the peninsula between the Schwartau and the Trave is the Slavic castle of Liubice. The river passes the Schellbruch nature preserve and flows around Herreninsel. Here the city of Travemünde sits on the western shore. The Trave widens into the Traveförde estuary between Herreninsel and the mouth in the Bay of Lübeck, including the Pötenitzer Wiek and the Dassower See (fed by the Stepenitz). The river then flows out between Travemünde and the Priwall Peninsula into the Baltic Sea.
In the early Middle Ages, the upper reaches of the Trave (together with the Schwentine) formed part of the Limes Saxoniae and the western boundary of Wagria. In the Old Town of Lübeck the river forms part of the medieval town fortifications. The lower reaches today form the border between Schleswig-Holstein and Mecklenburg-Vorpommern.
The course of the lower Trave arose in the last ice age (the Weichselian glaciation), when glacier flows carved deep fjords into what is now the Baltic Sea coast. Since the end of the ice age the groove communicates with the sea; its lower end is called the Traveförde (Trave Fjord).
Recreation and conservation
The area surrounding the course of the Trave is designated as a preserved "flora and fauna habitat" by the European Union Habitats Directive. The river runs through or beside a series of nature preserves and undeveloped lands, and its basin is home to a variety of rare and endangered animal species. The area is a popular destination for hiking, cycling, canoeing and fishing. The German Friends of Nature organization declared the Trave its German Riverscape of the Year for 2016/17.
- "Trave Gewässerbeschreibung – Übersicht". Fluss Info (in German). Retrieved 13 April 2016.
- Baltic Sea (Southern Part) (Twelfth ed.). National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. 2007. ISBN 9781577857624. Retrieved 8 April 2016.
- "Kanuverleih auf der Trave aufgeteilt in drei Etappen". Kanu Zentrale Lübeck (in German). Retrieved 15 April 2016.
- "Mit der Trave durch Holstein". Norddeutscher Rundfunk (in German). 7 November 2014. Retrieved 14 May 2016.
- "Personenschifffahrt Traverundfahrten R. Quandt OHG". City of Lübeck (in German). Retrieved 15 April 2016.
- Hardt, Matthias (2001). Limes Saxoniae. Reallexikon der Germanischen Altertumskunde (in German). 18. Berlin-New York: Landschaftsrecht – Loxstedt. pp. 442–446. ISBN 3-11-016950-9.
- Schmidtke, Kurt-Dietmar (1995). Die Entstehung Schleswig-Holsteins (in German) (3rd ed.). Neumünster (Germany): Wachholtz. ISBN 3-529-05316-3.
- Heinemann, Jania (19 March 2016). "Die Trave – Stormarns ausgezeichneter Fluss". Hamburger Abendblatt (in German). Retrieved 12 April 2016.
- Bosslet, Verena (17 March 2016). "Die Trave — Fluss mit vielen Gesichtern". Lübecker Nachrichten (in German). Retrieved 13 April 2016.
- Media related to Trave at Wikimedia Commons