This article needs additional citations for verification. (June 2015) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Sony Interactive Studios America/989 Studios (1995–1999)
Incognito Entertainment (2001–2007)
Eat Sleep Play (2008–2012)
|Publisher(s)||Sony Interactive Entertainment|
|Creator(s)||David Jaffe, Scott Campbell|
|Platform(s)||PlayStation, PlayStation 2, PlayStation 3, PlayStation Portable, Microsoft Windows|
|First release||Twisted Metal (1995)|
November 5, 1995
|Latest release||Twisted Metal (2012)|
February 14, 2012
Twisted Metal is a series of vehicular combat video games published by Sony Computer Entertainment, and developed by various companies. The series has appeared on the PlayStation, the PlayStation 2, PlayStation Portable and PlayStation 3. As of October 31, 2000 the series has sold 5 million copies. Several of the games in the series were re-released as part of the Sony Greatest Hits program. The original game and its first sequel were also released on PC.
In concept, Twisted Metal is a demolition derby that permits the usage of ballistic projectiles, machine guns, mines, and other types of weapons (up to and including satellite-based weapons and nuclear weapons). Players choose a vehicle, and an arena—or a series of arenas in the story mode—to engage in battle with opposing drivers. A variety of weapons and upgrades are obtainable by pick-ups scattered throughout the stage. The last driver alive is the winner.
Although each individual game features its own storyline, they all revolve around the eponymous "Twisted Metal": a vehicular combat tournament hosted once a year. In almost all of the games, the host is a man called "Calypso"; however, in the series' fourth installment, perennial contestant Sweet Tooth briefly takes over. The general goal is to destroy all opponents; apart from the other contestants, unique vehicles seemingly designed by the host themselves may stand in the competitors' path. The winner is brought before the tournament host, who will grant the contestant a single wish.
The hosts of these games are the persons who are, through arcane means, capable of warping reality itself to grant the wish of the contest winner; however, there is a general "be careful what you wish for" theme in the game series, as nearly all of the winning contestants end up with "not-so-happy" endings, due to the skill and proclivity of the hosts for twisting the words of their wish around—often to deadly effect. The games in the series usually contain a healthy dose of black humor.
Twisted Metal (1995) and Twisted Metal 2 (1996)
The first two Twisted Metal games were developed by SingleTrac.
Windows versions of Twisted Metal and Twisted Metal 2 exist. Twisted Metal 2 on PC features slightly cut-down graphics compared to the PlayStation version (minor details of some levels disappeared) but it doesn't require a 3D accelerator video card and played well on computers with lower processing capabilities. It also features multiplayer over a modem line or Internet.
Twisted Metal III (1998) and Twisted Metal 4 (1999)
After a contractual dispute with SingleTrac, Twisted Metal development duties were handed over to Sony's in-house development team, 989 Studios. The Twisted Metal titles developed by 989 Studios were fundamentally different, due in no small part to the fact that SingleTrac owned the engine used in the first two titles and so an entirely new engine had to be built from scratch for the non-SingleTrac-developed entries. One of the major changes that resulted were the introduction of advanced physics simulation and AI techniques to the series.
David Jaffe, in speaking about these two entries in the series, was reported to have said, "....[in and of themselves] they're good games, they're just not good Twisted Metal games".
Twisted Metal: Black (2001)
Format: PlayStation 2
After developing several non-Twisted Metal vehicular combat games for GT Interactive, a large number of SingleTrac employees left the company to form the gaming studio Incognito Entertainment, and signed with Sony. With much of Twisted Metal's original creative team back with the company who owned the franchise, this reunion led to the creation of the series' first installment on the PlayStation 2, Twisted Metal: Black.
Twisted Metal: Head-On (2005)
Format: PlayStation Portable
Despite what was essentially a complete relaunch and rebranding of the franchise with Twisted Metal: Black, Incognito decided to return to the series' roots and create a game that felt more like a true follow-up to the original Twisted Metal series, bringing back the bright colors and cartoony characters of Twisted Metal 1 and 2. Available on the PSP in time for its North American launch, Twisted Metal: Head-On is considered by many fans – especially those disappointed by the non-Singletrac-developed titles – to be the true sequel to Twisted Metal 2. Utilizing the PSP's built-in online capabilities, it also marked the first time a Twisted Metal game had full online play available from the start.
Twisted Metal: Head-On: Extra Twisted Edition (2008)
Format: PlayStation 2
In February 2008, Eat Sleep Play, a new development studio formed by David Jaffe and Scott Campbell, released Twisted Metal: Head-On for the PlayStation 2. While primarily a direct port of the PSP game "Twisted Metal: Head-On", it does feature a number of extra features, most notably four complete and playable levels from the unreleased/incomplete Twisted Metal: Black sequel, called Twisted Metal: Harbor City. Other bonus content includes: a code to download the soundtrack (a timed offer which has since expired); a half-hour documentary on the series with some of the original developers called "Dark Past"; a rough playable portion of an unfinished and unreleased third person action game starring Sweet Tooth (controllable for the first time ever on-foot and outside of a vehicle); and the never before seen original live-action ending videos of all the characters from the first Twisted Metal, directed by Jaffe.
Twisted Metal (2012)
Format: PlayStation 3
Twisted Metal (2012) is the most recent game in the Twisted Metal series. It features multiple drivers and tracks. It also features multiplayer gameplay and other game modes. The game consists of three story arcs that focus on Sweet Tooth, Mr. Grimm and Dollface.
Twisted Metal: Small Brawl (2001)
Instead of delivering a PlayStation 2 follow-up to Twisted Metal: Black, Incognito took an unexpected turn and developed Twisted Metal: Small Brawl for the original PlayStation, a Twisted Metal aimed at a younger audience that featured radio-controlled toy cars instead of full-size vehicles.
Twisted Metal: Black Online (2002)
Format: PlayStation 2
A game featuring only the multiplayer portion of Twisted Metal: Black, but playable online. A free copy could originally be obtained by mailing in a card that came packaged with the PlayStation 2 online network adapter. After Sony stopped offering the disc, it was later included as a bonus disc in subsequent reissues of the Greatest Hits version of Twisted Metal: Black. The servers to the game have since been shut down.
Twisted Metal: Harbor City
Format: PlayStation 2
A sequel to the PlayStation 2 game Twisted Metal: Black, titled Twisted Metal: Harbor City, was in development but was cancelled before it was announced when the series co-creators left the development team. At time of cancellation four levels had been completed; these levels were included and playable in Twisted Metal Head-On: Extra Twisted Edition as a special mode.
Twisted Metal: Apocalypse
Format: PlayStation 3
A Twisted Metal game set in a post-apocalyptic environment, which was originally in development in 2008 but was scrapped. Artwork of the cancelled game was released by David Jaffe at the San Diego Comic-Con International; it showcased concept arts of locations such as a destroyed Mount Rushmore as well as a giant crater. It was also revealed that the Eat Sleep Play team was originally rather keen on the idea, though it was hinted by Jaffe that the idea was rejected by Sony Computer Entertainment, speculated to be because of the release of MotorStorm: Apocalypse, a racing game which also featured a post-apocalyptic environment.
Twisted Metal: Revolution
Format: PlayStation 3
Apart from Twisted Metal: Apocalypse, another Twisted Metal game was in development for the PlayStation 3 which utilized street culture and hip-hop influence. The game was titled Twisted Metal: Revolution, but it was cancelled; it would have featured characters with a more realistic look such as a Sweet Tooth that looked more of a smooth criminal rather than a psychopathic clown. Other characters included yakuza, FBI agents and street gang members. David Jaffe compared the game to Rockstar's Midnight Club series when describing the look and feel of the game. In addition, Jaffe said that it was extremely difficult to portray the environments that they had created in their concept art within the game as it resulted in an extremely bland environment.
A one-shot Twisted Metal 2 comic book was published by DC Comics in 1996, written by Jamie Delano, pencilled by Phil Hester and inked by Peter Gross. The comic was given out as a prize in a contest in the Tips & Tricks magazine.
In February 2012, it was announced Sony Pictures Entertainment was bringing Twisted Metal to the big screen by hiring Crank, Crank: High Voltage, Gamer and Ghost Rider: Spirit of Vengeance co-director Brian Taylor to write and direct the film. In September 2017, Brian Taylor confirmed that Sony had passed on the Twisted Metal movie, feeling the series fanbase didn't warrant the higher budget it would have cost to realize the movie.
TV show adaptation
In March 2019, it was revealed that Sony Pictures Entertainment chairman and CEO Tony Vinciquerra spoke about a TV series, that is currently in development, for the Twisted Metal franchise, during a presentation for investors at a special event. According to Tony Vinciquerra, his division will be working closely with his acquaintances at the PlayStation division through a brand new production team created solely with the purpose of helping Sony produce filming television projects based on their gaming IPs.
- Vigilante 8 and Vigilante 8: 2nd Offense (Twisted Metal's closest and most successful competitors during the PS1 era)
- Rogue Trip and Critical Depth (created by the Twisted Metal team during their dispute with Sony)
- Ahmed, Shahed (October 31, 2000). "TM: Black Date Set". GameSpot. CBS Interactive. Archived from the original on May 30, 2009. Retrieved October 11, 2015.
- monokoma. "Twisted Metal Black 2: Harbor City [PS2 – Cancelled]". Unseen 64. Retrieved March 9, 2010.
- Jeremy Dunham (July 27, 2007). "Jaffe Leaves Sony to Eat, Sleep, and Play". IGN. Retrieved January 19, 2010.
- Jonathan Leack (July 18, 2010). "Twisted Metal Almost Brought the World to Ruin". PlayStation LifeStyle. Retrieved July 22, 2010.
- Michael McWhertor (July 23, 2010). "See Two Dead Twisted Metal Games With Wildly Different Concepts". Kotaku. Retrieved July 22, 2010.
- "Jamie Delano Bibliography". Retrieved July 15, 2020.
- "Sony Deal To Write/Direct 'Twisted Metal' Movie". Deadline.com. February 14, 2012. Retrieved February 14, 2012.
- "Brian Taylor Explains Why 'Twisted Metal' Fell Apart; Says He Wanted Nic Cage for Sweet Tooth". Collider.com. September 22, 2017. Retrieved September 22, 2017.
- "Ralph Breaks The Internet is our generation's Who Framed Roger Rabbit". JOE.ie.
- "Ralph Breaks The Internet: Easter eggs and reference guide". Den of Geek.
- "Twisted Metal TV show on the way from PlayStation Productions". Games Radar.
- "Sony IR Day 2019 Pictures". IR Web Meeting.
- Williams, Aaron (March 11, 2019). "Juice WRLD's 'Hear Me Calling' Video Is A Playstation–Themed Dream". Uproxx. Archived from the original on March 27, 2019. Retrieved March 16, 2019.
- Goddard, Kevin (February 27, 2019). "Juice WRLD Shares Album Cover For "Death Race For Love"". HotNewHipHop. Retrieved September 11, 2020.