USA Gymnastics sex abuse scandal

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

USA Gymnastics logo

The USA Gymnastics sex abuse scandal relates to the sexual abuse of hundreds of gymnasts—primarily minors—over two decades in the United States, starting in the 1990s. It is considered the largest sexual abuse scandal in sports history.[1][2][3][4]

More than 500 athletes alleged that they were sexually assaulted by gym owners, coaches, and staff working for gymnastics programs across the country, including USA Gymnastics (USAG) and Michigan State University (MSU).[5][6][7] Hundreds of them sued USAG, MSU, and the United States Olympic Committee (USOC, later USOPC), which settled the suits in 2018 and 2021 for a total of nearly $900 million.

The abuses were first reported in September 2016 by The Indianapolis Star, whose nine-month investigation found that the abuses were widespread because "predatory coaches were allowed to move from gym to gym, undetected by a lax system of oversight, or dangerously passed on by USA Gymnastics-certified gyms".[8] Coaches and officials perpetrated, facilitated, or worked to conceal abuse in Michigan, Pennsylvania, California, Rhode Island, Indiana, and elsewhere.[8] FBI agents declined to investigate early allegations of abuse, then lied about it, according to a U.S. Justice Department report. Leaders of USAG, MSU, and the United States Olympic Committee (USOC, later USOPC) ultimately resigned; several coaches and officials faced criminal charges.

A central figure was Larry Nassar, a national-team doctor for USAG and osteopathic physician in MSU's athletic department. More than 265 women said Nassar had sexually abused them under the pretense of providing medical treatment,[9] including former USAG national team members Jessica Howard, Jamie Dantzscher, Morgan White, Jeanette Antolin, McKayla Maroney, Aly Raisman, Maggie Nichols, Gabby Douglas, Simone Biles, Jordyn Wieber, Sabrina Vega, Ashton Locklear, Kyla Ross, Madison Kocian, Amanda Jetter, Tasha Schwikert, Mattie Larson, Bailie Key, Kennedy Baker, Alyssa Baumann, and Terin Humphrey. In 2017 and 2018, Nassar pleaded guilty to federal charges of child pornography and state charges of first-degree sexual assault; he received sentences of 60 years in prison plus another 80 to 300 years.

Dozens of officials at USAG, USOC, and MSU resigned under pressure or were fired. Some faced criminal charges, though few were convicted.[10] The scandal led to the Protecting Young Victims from Sexual Abuse and Safe Sport Authorization Act of 2017, which directed the creation of the U.S. Center for SafeSport. In 2018, MSU agreed to pay $500 million to settle lawsuits accusing university leaders, including its president and athletic director, of enabling Nassar's abuse.[11] In 2021, the USOPC and USAG settled lawsuits brought by more than 500 athletes for $380 million.[5][12][13]

Origins[edit]

Since 1990, USA Gymnastics has kept a list of people permanently banned from coaching for sexual abuse and other reasons. For example, the list includes Robert Dean Head, a USAG coach in Kentucky who in 1992 pled guilty to raping a 12-year-old, and Don Peters, the national coach for the 1984 Olympic team, who was banned in 2011 after two former gymnasts accused him of sexual abuse. In 2007, USAG began requiring background checks for coaches.[14]

Yet USAG leaders also routinely dismissed warnings about coaches. For example, USAG received complaints about coach Mark Schiefelbein long before he was convicted in 2003 of molesting a 10-year-old girl.[15] Similarly, USAG received complaints about coach James Bell at least five years before he was jailed in 2003 for molesting three young gymnasts.[16][17] In a 2013 lawsuit, USAG officials admitted under oath that allegations of sexual abuse were routinely dismissed as hearsay unless they came directly from a victim or victim's parent.

Even when USAG leaders believed the accusers, they sometimes allowed coaches to continue coaching for years. For example, USAG leaders waited four years before telling the police that they had received credible allegations of sexual assault by Marvin Sharp, who became a USAG coach in 2010. Sharp was charged in 2015 with three counts of child molestation and four counts of sexual misconduct with a minor; he died by suicide in prison.

USAG received at least four complaints against Georgia coach William McCabe, but did not report the allegations to the police. One gym owner had warned that McCabe "should be locked in a cage before someone is raped".[16] McCabe continued coaching for seven years until one gymnast's mother went to the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) with emails that he sent to her 11-year-old daughter. McCabe was charged with molesting gymnasts, secretly videotaping girls changing clothes, and posting their nude images on the Internet. He pleaded guilty and is serving a 30-year sentence.[16]

In the years between 1996 and 2006, USAG received sexual abuse complaints filed against 54 coaches. The organization banned 37 of them from gymnastics, but allowed others—including some convicted of crimes—to continue coaching. One USAG regional chair spoke to the organization's president, arguing that a convicted sex offender should be allowed to keep his membership.[18]

In a 2015 deposition in a lawsuit against USAG, USAG President Steve Penny said, "To the best of my knowledge, there's no duty to report if you are—if you are a third-party to some allegation...You know, that lies with the person who has first-hand knowledge."[16] Penny would resign under pressure in March 2017.[19]

Also in 2015, USAG quietly fired its longtime Olympic team doctor Larry Nassar "after learning of athlete concerns".[20] Nassar was a licensed osteopathic physician and the national team sports-medicine doctor for USAG.[21][22] But Nassar continued to run a clinic and gymnastics club at MSU,[21] where he was a faculty member.[12]

2016 revelations[edit]

Despite these and other occasional revelations about the sexual abuse of gymnasts, the general public was unaware of the scope of abuse and the efforts to cover it up until September 2016, when The Indianapolis Star began running a series of articles based on its eight-month investigation of the abuse.[23] The investigation drew on interviews and more than 5,600 pages of court records from the McCabe case, released after the Star's Marisa Kwiatkowski requested the documents.[24][18]

In September 2016, The Indianapolis Star reported that Rachael Denhollander[25] was one of two former gymnasts who had made accusations of sexual abuse against Nassar. Following those criminal complaints, MSU reassigned Nassar from his clinical and teaching duties and fired him later that month.[20] Since then, over 250 women and girls have accused Nassar of sexually abusing them; many of them were minors at the time of the crimes.[9][26][27][28]

Several of the accusers in 2021, including Jessica Howard, McKayla Maroney, Simone Biles, Aly Raisman, and Maggie Nichols

According to those reports, Nassar committed sexual assaults during medical examinations and purported treatments. The molestations ranged from his inserting a finger into the gymnasts' vaginas and anuses to fondling their breasts and genitalia. These were criminal acts regardless of consent since the victims were minors. Nassar initially denied the charges, claiming that he was performing legitimate medical procedures.[12] In February 2017, three former gymnasts—Jeanette Antolin, Jessica Howard, and Jamie Dantzscher—gave an interview with 60 Minutes in which they accused Nassar of sexually abusing them. The gymnasts also alleged that the "emotionally abusive environment" at the national team training camps run by Béla and Márta Károlyi at the Karolyi Ranch near Huntsville, Texas, gave Nassar an opportunity to take advantage of the gymnasts and made them afraid to speak up about the abuse.[29] Rachael Denhollander, one of the first women to publicly accuse Nassar,[28] said in court in May 2017 that Nassar sexually abused her on five doctor's visits in 2000 when she was 15 years old.[30]

Olympic gold medalist McKayla Maroney, using the #MeToo hashtag on Twitter, stated that Nassar repeatedly molested her, starting in 2008 when she was 13 years old and continuing until she retired from the sport in 2016.[22] Maroney filed a lawsuit against Nassar, MSU, the U.S. Olympic Committee (USOC), and USAG.[31] The lawsuit accused USAG of covering up the sexual abuse by paying Maroney a $1.25-million settlement that required her to sign a non-disclosure agreement.[32]

During a 60 Minutes interview, Olympic gold medalist Aly Raisman also accused Nassar of sexually abusing her when she was 15 years old.[33][34] Gabby Douglas subsequently drew criticism from her Olympic teammate Simone Biles and others for sending a tweet ("...dressing in a provocative/sexual way incites the wrong crowd...") that they interpreted as criticizing Raisman and of "victim-shaming".[35][34] Douglas later apologized for the tweet[36] and said she was also a victim of Nassar's abuse.[37]

Former national team member Maggie Nichols accused Nassar of abusing her and documented the ways he "groomed" her by connecting with her on Facebook and complimenting her appearance on numerous occasions.[38] It was also reported that it was Nichols' coach, Sarah Jantzi, who first reported Nassar to USAG on June 17, 2015, after overhearing Nichols talk to other gymnasts, later revealed to be Raisman and Alyssa Baumann,[39] about Nassar's behavior.[40] Simone Biles came forward shortly after with firsthand accounts of how she too had been sexually abused by Nassar.[41] Jordyn Wieber made a statement at Nassar's court sentencing in which she also accused Nassar of sexually abusing her during her time at USAG.[42][43] On May 1, 2018, former national team member Sabrina Vega also accused Nassar of sexual abuse, claiming she was abused hundreds of times, beginning when she was 12.[44] In August 2018, UCLA gymnasts and 2012 and 2016 Olympians Kyla Ross and Madison Kocian came forward as victims of Nassar.[45] The following month, Alabama Crimson Tide gymnasts Bailie Key and Amanda Jetter also came forward with accusations against Nassar.[46] In October, Tasha Schwikert, a member of the 2000 US Olympics team, came forward as a victim and claimed that Steve Penny pressed her to publicly support USAG at the height of the Nassar scandal.[47] In November, Florida Gators gymnasts Kennedy Baker[48] and Baumann[49] made public allegations against Nassar; Baker said she was abused during the 2012 Olympic Trials.

Criminal proceedings[edit]

Larry Nassar[edit]

In November 2016, Nassar was charged with sexual assault of a child.[50] Michigan attorney general Bill Schuette stated that the assaults began when the victim was 6 years old in 1998 and lasted until 2005.[51] He pleaded not guilty to three charges of first-degree criminal sexual conduct against a minor during his first court appearance.

The following month, Nassar was indicted on federal child pornography charges. According to the FBI, over 37,000 images and videos of child pornography were seized from Nassar's home, including a GoPro video of Nassar allegedly molesting girls in a swimming pool. Some of the material was found on a hard drive and disks that Nassar discarded in his trash bin outside his home.[52] Nassar pleaded guilty to three federal child pornography charges on July 11, 2017,[53] and was given three consecutive 20-year prison sentences by U.S. District Judge Janet T. Neff on December 7, 2017.[54]

On November 15, 2017, it was reported that Nassar pleaded guilty to counts of sexual assault in Ingham County (which contains most of East Lansing, the home city for Michigan State) and Eaton County in Michigan.[55] At the time, he faced a total of 22 charges, 15 in Ingham and 7 in Eaton. Among the allegations was that under the guise of providing legitimate treatment, he molested 7 girls at his home and at a clinic on the MSU campus.[56] It also stated that Nassar would enter a guilty plea in Ingham County on November 22 and would then plead guilty in Eaton County on November 29 and would serve at least 25 years in prison for these crimes.[55][56] Others who reported assaults by Nassar to the police were permitted to make victim impact statements during his sentencing hearing.[34]

During his appearance before Judge Rosemarie Aquilina in Ingham County Circuit Court,[57] and under the terms of his plea agreement, Nassar pleaded guilty to seven counts of criminal sexual conduct charges with a minimum sentence of 25 to 40 years in prison.[58] Three of the victims were under the age of 13 and three ranged in age from 13 to 15.[34]

More than 150 women made impact statements during Nassar's week-long sentencing hearing before the former doctor was sentenced on January 24, 2018, to state prison for 40 to 175 years. During his federal sentencing, Judge Neff had previously ordered that any state prison term run consecutive with Nassar's federal sentence.[59] Judge Aquilina quoted a letter that Nassar had sent her before sentencing, in which he blamed his accusers. She described him as a dangerous individual who showed little remorse and said that she "signed [his] death warrant".[60]

During his Eaton County Circuit Court appearance, Nassar pleaded guilty to engaging in sexual misconduct with three children under the age of 16.[61] On February 5, 2018, Judge Janet Cunningham sentenced Nassar to an additional 40 to 125 years in state prison. This sentence will run consecutive to Nassar's federal sentence but concurrent to his previous state sentence from Ingham County.[62][63]

It was reported in January 2018 that one of Nassar's victims filed a police report to the Meridian Township Police Department in 2004 but the police decided to not press charges against Nassar because of a PowerPoint presentation he gave to them that claimed that he was doing legitimate medical treatment.[64]

Steve Penny[edit]

Steve Penny in 2016

On October 17, 2018, former USAG CEO Steve Penny was arrested on charges of evidence tampering in the Nassar case—specifically, of removing related documents from the Karolyi Ranch gymnastics training facility in Texas.[65][66] On October 29, 2018, Penny entered a plea of not guilty.[67] In April 2022, prosecutors dropped the charges against Penny.[68]

Lou Anna Simon[edit]

Lou Anna Simon in 2014

On November 20, 2018, former MSU president Lou Anna Simon was charged with two felonies and two misdemeanor counts for lying to the police. She was accused of falsely telling investigators she did not know the nature of a Title IX complaint against Nassar in 2014. Each felony charge carries a possible sentence of four years in prison.[69]

On October 29, 2019, Eaton County District Court Judge Julie Reincke ruled there was sufficient evidence to bind Simon over for trial in Eaton County circuit court.[70]

On May 13, 2020, Eaton County Judge John Maurer dismissed the charges against Simon. The Michigan Attorney General's Office said it planned to appeal.[71]

Kathie Klages[edit]

In August 2018, Kathie Klages, a former MSU gymnastics coach, was charged with one felony count and one misdemeanor count of lying to the police about her early knowledge of sexual abuse allegations against Nassar.[72][73] Her trial began in February 2020.[74] She was found guilty on two counts of lying to the police and faced up to four years in prison. Her sentencing was set for April 18, 2020,[75] then rescheduled to July 15, then once again delayed by a water main break near the courthouse.[76] On August 4, Klages was sentenced to 90 days in jail and 18 months of probation.[77] On December 21, 2021, the Michigan Court of Appeals overturned Klages' conviction after determining that her false statement was "inconsequential, rather than material" to the criminal investigation of whether a MSU employee was complicit or not in allowing Nassar to prey on young athletes. Her case was dismissed in November 2022, legally clearing her after she served 90 days in jail and eight months of probation.[78][79][80]

John Geddert[edit]

On February 25, 2021, John Geddert, the head coach of the 2012 US Women's Olympic Gymnastics Team, was charged with multiple felonies including 20 counts of human trafficking and forced labor, one count of first-degree sexual assault, one count of second-degree sexual assault, racketeering, and lying to a police officer.[81] Geddert died by suicide shortly after his charges were announced.[82]

Response and impact[edit]

USAG and USOC[edit]

As the Indianapolis Star was preparing to publish its 2016 investigation, the organization issued a statement: "Nothing is more important to USA Gymnastics, the Board of Directors and CEO Steve Penny than protecting athletes, which requires sustained vigilance by everyone—coaches, athletes, parents, administrators and officials. We are saddened when any athlete has been harmed in the course of his or her gymnastics career".[8]

The USAG also said that it required criminal background checks for all of its coaches.[8] The Star's investigation, however, found that "some coaches are fired at gym after gym without being tracked or flagged by USA Gymnastics, or losing their membership with the organization".[8] It also found that top executives at USAG had routinely dismissed sexual abuse allegations against coaches and failed to alert authorities.[16][83]

Asked about Nassar in February 2017, USAG said that its executives first learned of an athlete's concern about him in June 2015. They said they conducted an internal investigation, and the following month fired Nassar and reported him to the FBI.[84]

Many criticized USAG's leaders for their handling of the allegations against Nassar,[85][86] including U.S. senators who said the organization should have reported him to law enforcement more quickly.[87] In March 2017, Juliet Macur of The New York Times criticized USAG executives for skipping the 2017 congressional hearing on protecting young athletes from sexual abuse, and noted that the organization had not apologized for its role in the scandal.[88] In March 2017, USAG president Steve Penny resigned amid accusations of negligence[13] and calls for his dismissal.[89] Two-time Olympian Aly Raisman said the severance package given to Penny, reportedly $1 million, could have been used to help the affected athletes.[90]

In June 2017, an investigator hired by USAG to review its policies and practices issued a report. USAG subsequently announced various changes, including a requirement that all USAG members report any suspected sexual misconduct to appropriate authorities and the US Center for SafeSport.[91]

By year's end, the scandal had cost USAG several of its largest corporate sponsors,[92] including Procter & Gamble, Kellogg's, Under Armour, The Hershey Company,[93][94] and AT&T.[95] Procter & Gamble was the name sponsor of the National Championships for five seasons, AT&T had sponsored the American Cup since 2011, and Kellogg's sponsored a series of nationwide tours. Marketing revenues that year had accounted for about 35 percent of USAG annual revenues, or about $9.4 million.[96]

In January 2018, USAG cut ties with several coaches and gyms that had employed Nassar. One was John Geddert, team coach of the 2012 London Olympic team and personal coach of Jordyn Wieber. Geddert operated two gyms that employed Nassar, including Twistars,[97][98] one of the locations where gymnasts reported being abused by Nassar.[99] Gymnasts had also accused Geddert of being abusive and dismissive of their injuries. One gymnast said Geddert had thrown her onto the low bar hard enough to tear the muscles in her stomach and end her career. They have said that Geddert's abuse left them vulnerable to Nassar's manipulation.[100] Geddart retired soon after his suspension.[98] That same month, USAG officially cut ties with Karolyi Ranch, the former national training center for the national team and a site where Nassar sexually assaulted many gymnasts.[101] Within weeks, the Karolyi Ranch website announced that the facility had closed.[102]

On January 22, 2018, three members of the USAG board of directors resigned.[103][104]

After Nassar's sentencing on January 24, 2018, the USOC published an open letter calling for the resignations of the other members of the USAG board, lest the USOC decertify the USAG. The USOC also announced that it was launching an investigation into the scandal.[105] All remaining USAG board members resigned on January 31.[106]

Two days later, the Wall Street Journal reported that USOC leaders, who had previously claimed that they had learned of abuse claims in 2016, had actually heard the allegations the previous year.[107] The Journal reported that in July 2015, USOC Chief Executive Scott Blackmun had been told by Penny that an investigation uncovered possible criminal behavior by Nassar against Olympic athletes, and that two months later, Penny had detailed the allegations against Nassar to USOC's head of security.[108][109] Blackmun resigned on February 28, 2018.[110]

On February 2, Valeri Liukin resigned as national team coordinator.[111][112][113]

On February 28, Raisman filed a lawsuit against USAG and the USOC, claiming both organizations "knew or should have known" about the ongoing abuse.[114][115] On May 1, former national team member Sabrina Vega sued USAG, the USOC, and Béla and Márta Károlyi, claiming they ignored signs about Nassar's behavior or should have known he posed a risk to the gymnasts he treated.[116]

On September 4, USAG CEO and President Kerry Perry resigned[117] after USOC's new CEO Sarah Hirshland called for a change in USAG leadership[118] and the US Elite Coaches Association called for a vote of no confidence in Perry.[119] On October 12, Mary Bono was appointed USAG's interim president and CEO.[120] Bono resigned four days later after many people, including Raisman and Biles, criticized her ties to her former law firm, Faegre Baker Daniels, which had helped cover up Nassar's crimes.[121]

On November 5, 2018, the USOC announced that it was starting the process to decertify USAG as the national governing body for gymnastics in the United States.[122] One month later, USAG filed for bankruptcy.[123][124][125]

On January 30, the U.S. Olympic & Paralympic Committee (USOC became USOPC in June 2019) proposed to settle all claims related to its coverup of sexual assaults by paying claimants a total of $215 million,[126] about half of what Michigan State University had paid to settle similar lawsuits. The proposal would have barred future lawsuits prevent further investigation into the coverup.[127] On February 29, 2020, gymnasts Biles and Raisman expressed anger over the proposal.[127]

On December 13, 2021, it was reported that the USOPC, USAG, and Nassar's victims had reached a $380-million settlement. The number of victims abused by Nassar was confirmed to be more than 500. This was the first time that the USOPC admitted direct responsibility for the scandal. Its leaders agreed to share the costs and responsibility with USAG in order to help the gymnastics organization emerge from bankruptcy and preserve its certification atop U.S. gymnastics. While insurers of USAG and the USOPC would pay for most of the damages, the USOPC agreed to directly pay $34 million and lend $6 million to USAG so they could pay damages.[5]

MSU[edit]

MSU said that it first received a complaint against Nassar in 2014. A Title IX investigation into the complaint found no violation of policy and Nassar was allowed to continue treating patients under certain agreed-upon restrictions, as stipulated by MSU College of Osteopathic Medicine Dean William Strampel. However, no monitoring was instituted.[128] After allegations against Nassar were reported by The Indianapolis Star in September 2016, Nassar was fired by Michigan State for violating the 2014 agreement.[52]

By 2017, the university faced lawsuits from 144 local and MSU athletes who said they were sexually assaulted by Larry Nassar.[129]

MSU gymnastics coach Kathie Klages was suspended on February 13, 2017, and retired the next day.[130] According to court documents, Klages was reportedly aware of allegations against Nassar as early as 1997.[130] She was accused of dismissing the complaints and pressuring gymnasts to stay silent about them.[129]

On December 12, 2017, Strampel resigned as dean and went on medical leave as faculty. After mediation ended in the civil lawsuits, MSU's board of trustees voted to establish a $10-million fund to reimburse Nassar's victims for counseling services. MSU President Lou Anna Simon also apologized to the Nassar victims and donated her just-approved raise to the Roy J. and Lou Anna K. Simon Scholarship fund.[128]

During Nassar's sentencing in January 2018, eight former MSU athletes, including those from the gymnastics, softball, volleyball, rowing, and track and field programs, accused MSU staff of dismissing their sexual abuse complaints against Nassar.[131][132]

On January 23, 2018, the National Collegiate Athletic Association opened an investigation into the university's handling of sexual abuse allegations against Nassar.[133] On January 24, 2018, the Michigan House of Representatives voted overwhelmingly for a non-binding resolution sponsored by Rep. Adam Zemke that called for the university's Board of Trustees to fire President Lou Anna Simon if she did not resign. Simon resigned later that day.[134][135] Two days later, MSU athletic director Mark Hollis retired.[136]

In 2018, several other state and federal agencies investigated Michigan State's involvement, including the Michigan Attorney General's office[137] and the US Department of Education.[138]

As a result of the Michigan Attorney General's investigation, in March 2018, Strampel, who oversaw Nassar's clinic while dean of the College of Osteopathic Medicine, was arrested and charged with felony misconduct in office and criminal sexual conduct for allegedly groping a student and storing nude photos on his computer. Strampel also possessed a video of the pelvic floor manipulation procedure that Larry Nassar had created as a training video. The video may constitute evidence of an assault, and the investigation is continuing.[139] On June 9, 2018, six current or former Michigan State employees linked to Nassar became the subjects of an investigation by Michigan's Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs.[140]

On May 16, 2018, MSU and Nassar's victims reached a $500-million settlement.[141]

On September 5, 2019, Secretary of Education Betsy DeVos announced that MSU would be fined $4.5 million for violating the Clery Act, which involves accurate disclosure and open access to crime statistics and crime prevention policies in colleges and universities that receive federal dollars, after two separate investigations from the Education Department's office of Federal Student Aid (FSA) and Office for Civil Rights (OCR). This was the largest Clery Act fine ever.[142]

Congress[edit]

Congress responded to the sexual abuse claims made against Nassar and also to claims made against personnel who were involved with USA Swimming and USA Taekwondo.

On March 28, 2017, the Senate Judiciary Committee held a hearing about the bill. Former gymnasts Dominique Moceanu, Jamie Dantzscher, and Jessica Howard testified.[143][88] Rick Adams, chief of Paralympic sports for the USOC and head of organizational development for the NGBs, said at the hearing, "We do take responsibility, and we apologize to any young athlete who has ever faced abuse." USAG officials declined requests to testify at the hearing.[88]

Later that year, a bipartisan group of U.S. senators, including Sens. Dianne Feinstein, John Thune, and others, introduced a bill to require national governing body members overseeing Olympic sports to immediately report sexual assault allegations to law enforcement or to child-welfare agencies designated by the U.S. Department of Justice.[144] The bill amended the Ted Stevens Olympic and Amateur Sports Act, under the Commerce Committee's jurisdiction, to expand the purposes of USOC to promote a safe environment in sports that is free from abuse.[145] Dubbed the Protecting Young Victims from Sexual Abuse and Safe Sport Authorization Act of 2017, a bipartisan bill sponsored by Senators Feinstein and John Thune and others, it was agreed to in the House of Representatives on January 29, 2018,[146] in the Senate on January 30, 2018, and became law on February 14, 2018, when it was signed by President Donald J. Trump.[147]

Among other things, the law directs the creation of a body to ensure that aspiring U.S. Olympic athletes can report allegations of abuse to an independent and non-conflicted entity for investigation and resolution, and to make sure that all national governing bodies follow the strictest standards for child abuse prevention and detection. The U.S. Center for SafeSport was duly created in 2017.[148][149][150] It has exclusive jurisdiction over allegations of sexual misconduct and can impose sanctions up to lifetime banning of a person from involvement in all Olympic sports.[151] It also collates a central database of disciplinary cases across all sporting disciplines.[152]

FBI failure to investigate and false statements[edit]

The FBI failed to launch formal investigations into allegations that Nassar was abusing gymnasts; when asked about this, certain FBI officials lied and tried to cover up their failures, according to a report released in July 2021 by the Office of the Inspector General of the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ IG).[153] As USA Today put it, "For more than a year, complaints to the FBI went unanswered and Nassar continued treating—and raping—gymnasts at MSU, a high school in Michigan, and a gymnastics club in Michigan."[154]

In 2015, USAG president Stephen Penny told local FBI agents in Indianapolis that three gymnasts said they were assaulted by Nassar. The FBI did not open a formal investigation or inform federal or state authorities in Michigan. In 2016, FBI agents in Los Angeles began a sexual tourism investigation against Nassar and interviewed several victims but also didn't alert Michigan authorities.[155]

Between the time the FBI was told of Nassar's abuses and his arrest by MSU police in fall 2016, he abused more athletes—estimates range from at least 70, according to the DOJ IG report; and 120, according to Nassar's victims.[156][157][158]

The report said that FBI agent William Jay Abbott had failed to act on the gymnasts' allegations, and later lied about doing so. The report further alleged that USAG's Penny had discussed finding Abbott a job at USA Gymnastics, while telling Abbott his concerns about the bad publicity that would be generated by the scandal.[159][160]

Two months after the DOD IG report was released in July 2021, gymnasts Maroney, Biles, Nichols, and Raisman testified to the U.S. Senate that FBI agents had mishandled their allegations against Nassar, that the agents had lied about their reports, and that they had spread misinformation about the botched investigation. Maroney testified that she was met with silence by an FBI agent after telling the agent of Nassar's "molestations in extreme detail". She said that the FBI falsified her statement and that the agents involved should be indicted; she also criticized Deputy Attorney General Lisa Monaco for not appearing at the hearing. Raisman testified that the FBI made her feel her "abuse didn't count" and "[I]t was like serving innocent children up to a pedophile on a silver platter." FBI Director Christopher Wray testified after the gymnasts, telling them that he was "deeply and profoundly sorry that so many people let you down over and over again".

In April and June 2022, 103 victims of Nassar sued the FBI for a total of $1.13 billion under the Federal Tort Claims Act for the FBI's false statements and inaction. In May 2022, the Department of Justice refused to arrest any FBI agent that was involved in the failure to investigate for 14 months.[161][162]

Other[edit]

The victims received ESPN's Arthur Ashe Courage Award in 2018.[163]

Maggie Nichols, the first to have reported Nassar, received the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Inspiration Award for 2019.[164]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

  • Report: "Report of the Independent Investigation: The Constellation of Factors Underlying Larry Nassar’s Abuse of Athletes", Joan McPhee and James P. Dowden of Ropes & Gray (December 10, 2018)
  • Report: "Investigation and Review of the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s Handling of Allegations of Sexual Abuse by Former USA Gymnastics Physician Lawrence Gerard Nassar", Inspector General of the U.S. Department of Justice (July 2021)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Macur, Juliet (January 19, 2018). "Who Has U.S.A. Gymnastics' Back at This Point? The U.S.O.C., for Some Reason". The New York Times. Archived from the original on April 7, 2023.
  2. ^ Park, Alice (January 22, 2018). "USA Gymnastics Board Members Resign Amid Larry Nassar Sexual Abuse Scandal". Time. Archived from the original on May 2, 2018. Retrieved January 23, 2018.
  3. ^ Graham, Bryan Armen (December 16, 2017). "Why don't we care about the biggest sex abuse scandal in sports history?". The Guardian. Archived from the original on May 3, 2021. Retrieved January 23, 2018.
  4. ^ Parke, Caleb (November 30, 2017). "Michigan State accused of covering up worst sex abuse scandal in US sports". Fox News. Archived from the original on July 11, 2018. Retrieved January 23, 2018.
  5. ^ a b c Macur, Juliet (December 13, 2021). "Nassar Abuse Survivors Reach a $380 Million Settlement". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on July 14, 2023. Retrieved July 13, 2023.
  6. ^ Messman, Lauren (December 15, 2016). "New Report Reveals 20-Year Sex Abuse Scandal Across US Gymnastics Programs". Vice. Archived from the original on March 30, 2019. Retrieved February 17, 2018. At least 368 child gymnasts have alleged sexual assault by gym owners, coaches, and staff working for top gymnastics programs across the country over the last 20 years.
  7. ^ Evans, Tim; Alesia, Mark; Kwiatkowski, Marisa (December 15, 2016). "A 20-year toll: 368 gymnasts allege sexual exploitation". The Indianapolis Star. Archived from the original on April 17, 2021. Retrieved February 17, 2018. At least 368 gymnasts have alleged some form of sexual abuse at the hands of their coaches, gym owners and other adults working in gymnastics. That's a rate of one every 20 days. And it's likely an undercount.
  8. ^ a b c d e Evans, Tim; Alesia, Mark; Kwiatkowski, Marisa (December 15, 2016). "A 20-year toll: 368 gymnasts allege sexual exploitation". The Indianapolis Star. Archived from the original on April 17, 2021. Retrieved February 17, 2018.
  9. ^ a b "Larry Nassar case: USA Gymnastics doctor 'abused 265 girls'". BBC News. January 31, 2018. Archived from the original on March 17, 2021. Retrieved July 21, 2018.
  10. ^ Hauser, Christine; Zraick, Karen (July 30, 2019). "Larry Nassar Sexual Abuse Scandal: Dozens of Officials Have Been Ousted or Charged". The New York Times. Archived from the original on November 14, 2023. Retrieved November 14, 2023.
  11. ^ Smith, Mitch; Hartocollis, Anemona (May 16, 2018). "Michigan State's $500 Million for Nassar Victims Dwarfs Other Settlements". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved February 13, 2024.
  12. ^ a b c Maese, Rick; Hobson, Will (February 16, 2017). "USA Gymnastics alerted FBI in 2015 to doctor accused of abuse". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on January 26, 2018. Retrieved April 17, 2020.
  13. ^ a b Branch, John (March 16, 2017). "Steve Penny Resigns as U.S.A. Gymnastics President". The New York Times. Archived from the original on April 6, 2023.
  14. ^ "USA Gymnastics | Permanently Ineligible Members and Participants". usagym.org. Archived from the original on May 5, 2021. Retrieved May 8, 2021.
  15. ^ "Former gymnastics coach receives 96-year sentence - The Associated Press". The Oak Ridger (TN). October 2, 2003.
  16. ^ a b c d e Kwiatkowski, Marisa; Alesia, Mark; Star, Evans (August 4, 2016). "A Blind Eye to Sex Abuse – How USA Gymnastics Protected Coaches over Kids by Failing to Report Allegations of Misconduct". Indianapolis Star. Archived from the original on April 6, 2023. Retrieved February 4, 2018.
  17. ^ Rapp, Timothy (August 4, 2016). "USA Gymnastics Allegedly Failed to Alert Authorities to Sexual Abuse Allegations". Bleacher Report. Archived from the original on July 12, 2023. Retrieved July 12, 2023.
  18. ^ a b Kwiatkowski, Marisa; Evans, Tim; Alesia, Mark (March 5, 2017). "Judge Releases USA Gymnastics Sex Abuse Files". The Indianapolis Star. Archived from the original on March 9, 2018. Retrieved February 4, 2018.
  19. ^ Kwiatkowski, Mark Alesia, Tim Evans, and Marisa. "USA Gymnastics President Steve Penny resigns". The Indianapolis Star. Archived from the original on November 11, 2023. Retrieved November 11, 2023.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  20. ^ a b Connor, Tracy (September 20, 2016). "Dr. Larry Nassar, Accused of Abuse by Olympic Gymnast, Is Fired". NBC News. Archived from the original on February 27, 2021. Retrieved October 19, 2017.
  21. ^ a b Mather, Victor (February 22, 2017). "Former USA Gymnastics Doctor Faces New Sexual Assault Charges". The New York Times. Archived from the original on July 8, 2022.
  22. ^ a b Park, Alice (October 18, 2017). "Who Is Larry Nassar, the Former USA Gymnastics Doctor McKayla Maroney Accused of Sexual Abuse?". Time. Archived from the original on December 22, 2020. Retrieved October 19, 2017.
  23. ^ "A Legacy of Inaction". The Washington Post. February 15, 2017. Archived from the original on February 5, 2018. Retrieved February 4, 2018.
  24. ^ Duberman, Amanda (January 21, 2019). "Meet The Journalist Who Helped Expose Larry Nassar". HuffPost. Archived from the original on October 16, 2020. Retrieved October 15, 2020.
  25. ^ Sheer, Robert. "Gymnast accuses former USAG doctor of abuse". Indianapolis Star. Archived from the original on October 20, 2020. Retrieved May 2, 2018.
  26. ^ Evans, Tim (October 18, 2017). "Former USA Gymnastics doctor accused of abuse". The Indianapolis Star. Archived from the original on August 29, 2017. Retrieved October 20, 2017.
  27. ^ Levenson, Eric (January 24, 2018). "Larry Nassar sentenced to up to 175 years in prison for decades of sexual abuse". CNN. Archived from the original on January 26, 2018. Retrieved January 26, 2018.
  28. ^ a b Cacciola, Scott; Mather, Victor (January 24, 2018). "Larry Nassar Sentencing: 'I Just Signed Your Death Warrant'". The New York Times. Archived from the original on February 29, 2020.
  29. ^ McCandless, Brit (February 19, 2017). "On 60 Minutes, former gymnasts allege sexual abuse". CBS News. Archived from the original on October 21, 2017. Retrieved October 20, 2017.
  30. ^ Steve Almasy; Anne Woolsey (May 14, 2017). "Doctor's accuser: 'I froze, because I knew it was sexual abuse'". CNN. Archived from the original on December 19, 2019. Retrieved December 4, 2017.
  31. ^ Winton, Richard; Wharton, David; Garcia-Roberts, Gus (December 20, 2017). "McKayla Maroney accuses USOC and USA Gymnastics of covering up sexual abuse with secret settlement". LA Times.
  32. ^ Barr, John (December 20, 2017). "Confidentiality agreement kept McKayla Maroney from revealing abuse". ESPN. Archived from the original on February 22, 2021. Retrieved December 20, 2017.
  33. ^ "Aly Raisman says she was sexually abused by U.S. national team doctor". CBS News. November 10, 2017. Archived from the original on December 7, 2018. Retrieved November 10, 2017.
  34. ^ a b c d Chavez, Nicole; Levenson, Eric (November 23, 2017). "Ex-USA Gymnastics doctor pleads guilty to criminal sexual conduct". CNN. Archived from the original on December 3, 2017. Retrieved December 4, 2017.
  35. ^ "Gabby Douglas apologizes after Simone Biles calls out victim shaming tweet". The Guardian. November 19, 2017. Archived from the original on December 1, 2017. Retrieved December 4, 2017.
  36. ^ Withiam, Hannah (November 22, 2017). "Gabby Douglas opens up in Aly Raisman apology: I was abused, too". New York Post. Archived from the original on November 9, 2020. Retrieved December 4, 2017.
  37. ^ Stevens, Matt (November 21, 2017). "Gabby Douglas Says She Also Was Abused by Gymnastics Team Doctor". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on May 16, 2020. Retrieved November 22, 2017.
  38. ^ Barr, John (January 10, 2018). "Gymnast Maggie Nichols writes in letter she was first to alert USAG to abuse by Larry Nassar". ESPN. Archived from the original on March 17, 2021. Retrieved January 9, 2018.
  39. ^ Tarrant, David (November 29, 2018). "Elite gymnast Alyssa Baumann of Plano details allegations of 'horrific abuse' by Larry Nassar". Dallas News. Archived from the original on November 30, 2018. Retrieved November 30, 2018.
  40. ^ Green, Lauren (January 9, 2018). "U.S. Gymnast Maggie Nichols Says She Was Abused By Larry Nassar, Dissuaded From Coming Forward By USA Gymnastics". Sports Illustrated. Archived from the original on October 29, 2020. Retrieved January 17, 2018.
  41. ^ Alexander, Harriet (January 15, 2018). "Simone Biles says she too was sexually abused by US gymnast doctor Larry Nassar". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on January 12, 2022. Retrieved April 6, 2018.
  42. ^ Levenson, Eric (January 19, 2018). "Jordyn Wieber says Larry Nassar also abused her". CNN. Archived from the original on October 27, 2021. Retrieved January 19, 2018.
  43. ^ Barr, John (January 24, 2018). "Olympian Jordyn Wieber tells court: 'I am a victim of Larry Nassar'". ESPN. Archived from the original on October 26, 2021. Retrieved January 19, 2018.
  44. ^ Lozano, Juan (May 1, 2018). "Gymnast sues Karolyis, other groups over team doctor's abuse". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on March 30, 2019.
  45. ^ Park, Alice (August 16, 2018). "Olympic Gymnasts Kyla Ross and Madison Kocian Say They Were Sexually Abused by Larry Nassar". Time. Archived from the original on August 19, 2018. Retrieved August 27, 2018.
  46. ^ James, Jordan (September 4, 2018). "Alabama gymnasts say they were sexually abused by Larry Nassar". 247Sports.com. Archived from the original on September 5, 2018. Retrieved September 5, 2018.
  47. ^ "Olympian Tasha Schwikert says she is a Larry Nassar survivor, speaks out on Steve Penny". NBC Sports. October 18, 2018. Archived from the original on October 19, 2018. Retrieved October 19, 2018.
  48. ^ Tarrant, David (November 15, 2018). "Dallas gymnast's lawsuit says Larry Nassar sexually abused her six times, including at 2012 Olympic Trials". Dallas News. Archived from the original on November 15, 2018. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
  49. ^ Evans, Tim. "Nassar survivor: USA Gymnastics told us 'you have to go to treatment every single day'". The Indianapolis Star. Archived from the original on November 16, 2018. Retrieved November 16, 2018.
  50. ^ Chowdhury, Saj (December 16, 2016). "USA Gymnastics: How the sport has become beset by allegations of sex abuse". BBC Sport. Archived from the original on June 14, 2018. Retrieved January 25, 2018.
  51. ^ "Ex-USA Gymnastics doctor pleads not guilty to child sex charges". CBS News. November 22, 2016. Archived from the original on January 25, 2018. Retrieved January 25, 2018.
  52. ^ a b Connor, Tracy (December 21, 2016). "FBI Says Gymnastics Doctor Larry Nassar Recorded Abuse on Go Pro". NBC News. Archived from the original on October 19, 2017. Retrieved October 19, 2017.
  53. ^ Mencarini, Matt (July 11, 2017). "Nassar pleads guilty to federal child porn charges". Lansing State Journal.
  54. ^ Hinkley, Justin A.; LeBlanc, Beth (December 7, 2017). "Larry Nassar sentenced to 60 years in federal child pornography case". Lansing State Journal. Retrieved January 3, 2018.
  55. ^ a b Mencarini, Matt (November 15, 2017). "Nassar to plead guilty in Ingham, Eaton sex assault cases". The Indianapolis Star. Archived from the original on February 27, 2021. Retrieved December 4, 2017.
  56. ^ a b Tucker, Heather (November 21, 2017). "AP: Larry Nassar expected to plead guilty, faces at least 25 years in prison". USA Today. Archived from the original on August 2, 2019. Retrieved December 4, 2017.
  57. ^ Mencarini, Matt (November 22, 2017). "Recap: Larry Nassar in court for plea hearing". Lansing State Journal. Archived from the original on February 8, 2024. Retrieved December 4, 2017.
  58. ^ Connor, Tracy (November 22, 2017). "Ex-Olympics doctor Larry Nassar pleads guilty to sex charges". NBC News. Archived from the original on December 4, 2017. Retrieved December 4, 2017.
  59. ^ "Ex-Olympics doctor Larry Nassar sentenced to 60 years on child porn". December 7, 2017. Archived from the original on February 13, 2018. Retrieved February 12, 2018.
  60. ^ Cacciola, Scott; Mather, Victor (January 24, 2018). "Dr. Larry Nassar Sentenced to 40 to 175 Years for Sexual Abuse". The New York Times. Archived from the original on February 29, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2018.
  61. ^ Rosenblatt, Kalhan (November 29, 2017). "Ex-gymnastics doctor Nassar pleads guilty to additional sex charges". NBC News. Archived from the original on February 27, 2021. Retrieved December 4, 2017.
  62. ^ Ceneviva, Alex (February 5, 2018). "Former sports doctor sentenced to 40 to 125 years in prison". WTNH.com. Archived from the original on June 28, 2023. Retrieved June 28, 2023.
  63. ^ Murphy, Dan (February 5, 2018). "Larry Nassar sentenced to 40 to 125 years in Eaton County". ESPN.com. Archived from the original on June 28, 2023. Retrieved June 28, 2023.
  64. ^ "2004 Larry Nassar investigation dropped after doctor's PowerPoint presentation". The Guardian. January 31, 2018. ISSN 0261-3077. Archived from the original on July 12, 2023. Retrieved July 13, 2023.
  65. ^ Chavez, Nicole; Sutton, Joe (October 18, 2018). "Former USA Gymnastics president arrested on charge of evidence tampering in Larry Nassar case". CNN. Archived from the original on October 19, 2018. Retrieved October 19, 2018.
  66. ^ Armour, Nancy; Axon, Rachel (October 18, 2018). "Former USA Gymnastics CEO Steve Penny arrested, indicted for tampering with evidence". USA Today. Archived from the original on October 19, 2018. Retrieved October 19, 2018.
  67. ^ Lozano, Juan A. (October 29, 2018). "Ex-USA Gymnastics head pleads not guilty". The Detroit News. Archived from the original on March 30, 2019. Retrieved October 30, 2018.
  68. ^ Barr, John; Murphy, Dan (April 26, 2022). "Evidence-tampering charges dismissed against former USA Gymnastics CEO Steve Penny". ESPN. Archived from the original on July 12, 2022. Retrieved July 12, 2022.
  69. ^ Smith, Mitch; Davey, Monica (November 20, 2018). "Ex-President of Michigan State Charged With Lying About Nassar Case". New York Times. Archived from the original on May 12, 2020.
  70. ^ LeBlanc, Beth (October 28, 2019). "Former MSU President Lou Anna Simon to be tried on Nassar-related charges". The Detroit News. Archived from the original on March 27, 2020. Retrieved March 14, 2020.
  71. ^ Kozlowski, Kim (May 13, 2020). "Judge dismisses charges against former MSU president Simon in Nassar case". The Detroit News. Archived from the original on February 27, 2021. Retrieved February 25, 2021.
  72. ^ Levenson, Eric; Sgueglia, Kristina (August 30, 2018). "Ex-Michigan State gymnastics coach turns herself in on charges related to Nassar case". CNN. Archived from the original on November 29, 2019. Retrieved February 12, 2020.
  73. ^ Banta, Megan (August 7, 2019). "Judge declines to dismiss felony charge against former MSU coach Kathie Klages". Lansing State Journal. Archived from the original on February 8, 2024. Retrieved February 12, 2020.
  74. ^ Banta, Megan (February 9, 2020). "What to expect: Former MSU gymnastics coach Kathie Klages' trial on charges of lying to police". Lansing State Journal. Archived from the original on February 8, 2024. Retrieved February 12, 2020.
  75. ^ Barr, John; Murphy, Dan (February 14, 2020). "Former Michigan State gymnastics coach Kathie Klages found guilty of lying to police". ESPN. Archived from the original on June 2, 2021. Retrieved February 14, 2020.
  76. ^ Banta, Megan (July 15, 2020). "MSU gymnastics coach Kathie Klages' sentencing delayed after water main break". Lansing State Journal. Archived from the original on February 8, 2024. Retrieved July 16, 2020.
  77. ^ Kozlowski, Kim (August 4, 2020). "Former MSU gymnastics coach Klages gets 90-day sentence, probation". The Detroit News. Archived from the original on August 6, 2020. Retrieved August 4, 2020.
  78. ^ "Appeals court overturns Kathie Klages' conviction over knowledge of Nassar's abuse". Michigan Radio. December 21, 2021. Archived from the original on July 14, 2023. Retrieved July 17, 2023.
  79. ^ "Kathie Klages - National Registry of Exonerations". www.law.umich.edu. Archived from the original on July 14, 2023. Retrieved July 17, 2023.
  80. ^ "Former MSU coach Kathie Klages earns early release from probation". Lansing State Journal. Archived from the original on February 8, 2024. Retrieved July 17, 2023.
  81. ^ Murphy, Dan; Barr, John (February 25, 2021). "Ex-USA Olympic gymnastics coach John Geddert faces 24 felony charges, including human trafficking, sexual assault". ESPN. Archived from the original on February 25, 2021. Retrieved February 25, 2021.
  82. ^ Nichols, Anna (February 25, 2021). "AG: Olympics gymnastics coach kills himself after charges". Associated Press. Archived from the original on February 26, 2021. Retrieved February 25, 2021.
  83. ^ Hawkins, Derek (September 13, 2016). "U.S. gymnasts accuse ex-team doctor of sexual abuse". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on February 27, 2021.
  84. ^ Maese, Rick; Hobson, Will (February 16, 2017). "USA Gymnastics says it alerted FBI to doctor accused of sex abuse in 2015". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on February 17, 2017.
  85. ^ "USA Gymnastics head resigns amid pressure over handling of abuse cases". The Guardian. March 16, 2017. Archived from the original on October 21, 2017. Retrieved October 20, 2017.
  86. ^ Cook, Bob (October 18, 2017). "#MeToo: McKayla Maroney Says She Was Among the Many Molested by USA Gymnastics Team Doctor". Forbes. Archived from the original on October 21, 2017. Retrieved October 20, 2017.
  87. ^ Hobson, Will (April 25, 2017). "Doctor at center of USA Gymnastics scandal left warning signs at Michigan State". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on January 19, 2018.
  88. ^ a b c Macur, Juliet (March 29, 2017). "Facing Congress, Some Sports Officials (Not All) Begin to Confront Sexual Abuse". The New York Times. Archived from the original on June 3, 2021.
  89. ^ Wharton, David (March 16, 2017). "USA Gymnastics President Steve Penny resigns amid abuse scandal". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on March 9, 2020. Retrieved April 17, 2020.
  90. ^ "Olympic champion Aly Raisman attacks USAG over sexual abuse case". The Guardian. August 20, 2017. Archived from the original on October 21, 2017. Retrieved October 20, 2017.
  91. ^ Yan, Holly (June 27, 2017). "USA Gymnastics agrees to dozens of changes amid sex abuse scandal". CNN. Archived from the original on November 12, 2017. Retrieved November 12, 2017.
  92. ^ Reid, Scott (December 14, 2017). "Procter & Gamble, Kellogg's Drop USA Gymnastics Sponsorship after Sex Abuse Scandal". Redlands Daily Facts. Archived from the original on February 5, 2018. Retrieved February 4, 2018.
  93. ^ Bieler, Des (December 14, 2017). "Amid sexual assault scandal, USA Gymnastics loses major corporate sponsors". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on January 19, 2021.
  94. ^ Rovell, Darren (December 16, 2017). "Under Armour, Hershey's, Procter & Gamble ending sponsorships of USA Gymnastics". ESPN. Archived from the original on December 16, 2017. Retrieved December 17, 2017.
  95. ^ Axon, Rachel; Armour, Nancy (January 23, 2018). "AT&T suspends USA Gymnastics sponsorship, cites sexual abuse scandal". USA Today. Archived from the original on January 23, 2018. Retrieved January 23, 2018.
  96. ^ "Sponsors flee scandal-plagued USA Gymnastics; future cloudy". Chicago Tribune. Associated Press. January 25, 2018. Archived from the original on March 5, 2021. Retrieved February 27, 2021.
  97. ^ Barr, John (January 23, 2018). "USA Gymnastics suspends former Olympics coach with ties to Larry Nassar". ABC News. Archived from the original on February 4, 2018. Retrieved February 4, 2018.
  98. ^ a b Eggert, David (February 2, 2018). "Abuse victims say they were required by owner of Michigan gymnastics club to see Larry Nassar". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on February 3, 2018. Retrieved February 4, 2018.
  99. ^ Eggert, David (February 1, 2018). "Molested gymnasts blast coach who sent them to Larry Nassar". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on February 4, 2018. Retrieved February 4, 2018.
  100. ^ Murphy, Dan (January 24, 2018). "Former gymnast Lindsey Lemke says John Geddert belongs in jail with Larry Nassar". ESPN. Archived from the original on February 4, 2018. Retrieved February 4, 2018.
  101. ^ Murphy, Dan; Barr, John (January 18, 2018). "USA Gymnastics cuts ties with Karolyi Ranch training facility". ESPN. Archived from the original on January 19, 2018. Retrieved January 18, 2018.
  102. ^ Dougherty, Matt (January 25, 2018). "Karolyi Ranch closes, remains under investigation after sex abuse allegations". KHOU, Houston, Texas. Tegna, Inc. Archived from the original on January 26, 2018. Retrieved January 26, 2018.
  103. ^ "USA Gymnastics statement regarding Board of Directors Executive Leadership". USA Gymnastics. January 22, 2018. Archived from the original on January 22, 2018. Retrieved January 22, 2018.
  104. ^ Armour, Nancy (January 22, 2018). "USA Gymnastics top leadership resigns amid sexual abuse scandal". USA Today. Archived from the original on January 22, 2018. Retrieved January 22, 2018.
  105. ^ Blackburn, Pete (January 24, 2018). "USOC: Entire USA Gymnastics board must resign over Larry Nassar sex abuse scandal". CBS Sports. Archived from the original on January 25, 2018. Retrieved January 25, 2018.
  106. ^ "USA Gymnastics statement regarding Board resignations". USA Gymnastics. January 31, 2018. Archived from the original on February 1, 2018. Retrieved January 31, 2018.
  107. ^ Axson, Scooby (February 1, 2018). "Report: USOC Didn't Act on Gymnasts' Abuse Claims in 2015". Sports Illustrated. Archived from the original on February 1, 2018. Retrieved February 1, 2018.
  108. ^ O’Brien, Rebecca Davis (February 1, 2018). "Olympics Committee Failed to Act on Nassar's Alleged Abuse for a Full Year". Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on February 1, 2018. Retrieved February 1, 2018.
  109. ^ Axson, Scooby (February 1, 2018). "USOC reportedly didn't act on abuse allegations". Sports Illustrated. Archived from the original on February 1, 2018. Retrieved June 28, 2023.
  110. ^ Hobson, Will (February 28, 2018). "Scott Blackmun steps down as U.S. Olympic Committee chief executive". Washington Post. Archived from the original on March 30, 2019.
  111. ^ Graves, Will (February 2, 2018). "Valeri Liukin steps down as U.S. women's gymnastics team coordinator". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on June 28, 2023. Retrieved June 28, 2023.
  112. ^ Fitzpatrick, Sarah; Distler, Katie; Connor, Tracy (February 3, 2018). "New gymnastics shakeup: Valeri Liukin quits as U.S. team coordinator". NBC News. Archived from the original on June 28, 2023. Retrieved June 28, 2023.
  113. ^ Redford, Patrick (February 2, 2018). "U.S. Women's Gymnastics Coordinator Valeri Liukin Suddenly Resigns". Deadspin. Archived from the original on February 2, 2018. Retrieved February 2, 2018.
  114. ^ Connor, Tracy; Fitzpatrick, Sarah (March 2, 2018). "Gymnast Aly Raisman sues U.S. Olympic Committee over Nassar abuse". NBC. Archived from the original on March 2, 2018. Retrieved March 2, 2018.
  115. ^ Reynolds, Darren (March 3, 2018). "Aly Raisman files lawsuit against USOC, USA Gymnastics over handling of Larry Nassar". ABC News. Archived from the original on June 28, 2023. Retrieved June 28, 2023.
  116. ^ "World champion gymnast sues Karolyis, others over Larry Nassar abuse". NBC Sports. May 1, 2018. Archived from the original on June 3, 2023. Retrieved June 28, 2023.
  117. ^ "Letter to Membership from USA Gymnastics Board Chair Karen Golz". USA Gymnastics. September 4, 2018. Archived from the original on September 5, 2018. Retrieved September 4, 2018.
  118. ^ Brennan, Christine (August 31, 2018). "USOC chief says it's time to consider USA Gymnastics CEO change as controversy continues". USA Today. Archived from the original on September 4, 2018. Retrieved September 4, 2018.
  119. ^ Meyers, Dvora (September 1, 2018). "USA Gymnastics Is Imploding". Deadspin. Archived from the original on September 4, 2018. Retrieved September 4, 2018.
  120. ^ "The Honorable Mary Bono has been named interim president and chief executive officer of USA Gymnastics". USA Gymnastics. October 12, 2018. Archived from the original on October 15, 2018. Retrieved October 26, 2018.
  121. ^ Romo, Vanessa (October 16, 2018). "After Barrage Of Criticism, USA Gymnastics Interim President And CEO Resigns". NPR. Archived from the original on October 26, 2018. Retrieved October 26, 2018.
  122. ^ Dotson, Kevin; Simon, Darran (November 6, 2018). "US Olympic Committee moves to revoke USA Gymnastics' status". CNN. Archived from the original on November 6, 2018. Retrieved November 6, 2018.
  123. ^ "USA Gymnastics files for reorganization under Chapter 11 of Bankruptcy Code". USA Gymnastics. December 5, 2018. Archived from the original on December 6, 2018. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
  124. ^ Zwirz, Elizabeth (December 5, 2018). "USA Gymnastics announces petition filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy". Fox News. Archived from the original on December 6, 2018. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
  125. ^ Murphy, Dan (December 5, 2018). "USA Gymnastics files for bankruptcy as part of 'reorganization'". ESPN. Archived from the original on December 6, 2018. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
  126. ^ Clarke, Liz (March 1, 2020). "Simone Biles blasts USA Gymnastics' settlement proposal; Aly Raisman assails 'massive cover up'". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Archived from the original on March 29, 2023. Retrieved October 14, 2023.
  127. ^ a b Pitofsky, Marina (March 1, 2020). "Simone Biles, Aly Raisman express anger over USA Gymnastics's settlement proposal". The Hill. Archived from the original on June 28, 2023. Retrieved June 28, 2023.
  128. ^ a b Wolcott, RJ (December 15, 2017). "MSU president apologizes to Nassar victims; university creates $10 million counseling fund". Lansing State Journal. Archived from the original on February 8, 2024. Retrieved February 8, 2018.
  129. ^ a b Finley, Nolan (December 2, 2017). "Finley: MSU cost in gymnast abuse scandal could top $1B". The Detroit News. Archived from the original on December 5, 2017. Retrieved December 4, 2017.
  130. ^ a b O'Connor, Madison (August 27, 2017). "Former MSU gymnastics coach Klages working at gymnastics club". The State News. Archived from the original on January 28, 2018. Retrieved December 4, 2017.
  131. ^ Solari, Chris (January 25, 2018). "Who'll be key figures at center of NCAA investigation at Michigan State?". Lansing State Journal. Archived from the original on February 8, 2024. Retrieved January 26, 2018.
  132. ^ Chavez, Nicole (January 25, 2018). "What others knew: Culture of denial protected Nassar for years". CNN. Archived from the original on January 26, 2018. Retrieved January 26, 2018.
  133. ^ Tracy, Marc (January 23, 2018). "N.C.A.A. Opens Investigation of Michigan State Over Nassar Case". The New York Times. Archived from the original on March 29, 2020.
  134. ^ Oosting, Jonathan (January 24, 2018). "MSU President Lou Anna Simon resigns". The Detroit News. Archived from the original on January 27, 2018. Retrieved January 25, 2018.
  135. ^ Lee, Michael (January 24, 2018). "MSU President Lou Anna Simon resigns in wake of Nassar case". Crain's Detroit Business. Archived from the original on January 25, 2018. Retrieved January 25, 2018.
  136. ^ Tracy, Marc (January 26, 2018). "Michigan State Athletic Director Mark Hollis Resigns". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 22, 2020.
  137. ^ "7 questions AG Bill Schuette needs to answer about his Michigan State investigation". January 28, 2018. Archived from the original on March 17, 2018. Retrieved March 16, 2018.
  138. ^ Wermund, Benjamin (February 26, 2018). "DeVos announces new Title IX probe at Michigan State". POLITICO. Archived from the original on February 8, 2024. Retrieved July 1, 2021.
  139. ^ "William Strampel, former Michigan State University Dean, accused of storing nude photos". CBS News. March 27, 2018. Archived from the original on March 27, 2018. Retrieved March 27, 2018.
  140. ^ Mencarini, Matt (June 8, 2018). "6 current, former MSU employees with ties to Nassar scandal under state licensing inquiries". Lansing State Journal. Archived from the original on February 8, 2024. Retrieved June 10, 2018.
  141. ^ Weaver, Hilary (May 16, 2018). "Michigan State University Reaches $500 Million Settlement with Larry Nassar Victims". Vanity Fair. Archived from the original on September 28, 2022. Retrieved June 28, 2023.
  142. ^ Green, Erica L. (September 5, 2019). "Education Department Hits Michigan State With Record Fine Over Nassar Scandal". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on July 14, 2023. Retrieved July 17, 2023.
  143. ^ "Olympic stars testify to Congress about sex abuse at USA Gymnastics program". CBS News. March 28, 2017. Archived from the original on October 21, 2017. Retrieved October 20, 2017.
  144. ^ "Senators Introduce Bill Requiring U.S. Amateur Athletic Organizations, Members to Report Sexual Abuse". feinstein.senate.gov. March 6, 2017. Archived from the original on October 21, 2017. Retrieved October 20, 2017.
  145. ^ "Thune and Nelson Statements on Passage of Safe Sport Authorization". Senate Commerce Committee Press Release. January 20, 2018. Archived from the original on November 6, 2018. Retrieved November 6, 2018.
  146. ^ 2018 Congressional Record, Vol. 164, Page H640 "29 January 2018 Comments on S. 534 as amended" (PDF). January 29, 2018. pp. H636—H643. Archived (PDF) from the original on December 22, 2020. Retrieved March 27, 2020. Ms. JACKSON LEE...However, I must note a concern with a change the bill before us would make to the Senate-passed version of S. 534. The bill unanimously passed by the Senate would authorize funding to be provided to the U.S. Center for Safe Sport in the amount of $1 million for each of the next 4 years. Unfortunately, the version of the bill before us strips this funding authorization. ... Mr. Speaker, I want to read one last statement, and I include in the RECORD the 133 written statements that I have, subject to length limitation in the RECORD. STATEMENTS BY 133 PEOPLE Kyle Stephens: Little girls don't stay little forever, they grow into strong women that return to destroy your world. ...
  147. ^ "Actions - S.534 - 115th Congress (2017–2018): Protecting Young Victims from Sexual Abuse and Safe Sport Authorization Act of 2017". www.congress.gov. February 14, 2018. Archived from the original on November 7, 2018. Retrieved November 6, 2018.
  148. ^ Mitten, Matthew J.; Davis, Timothy; Smith, Rodney K.; Shropshire, Kenneth L. (November 13, 2019). Sports Law and Regulation: Cases, Materials, and Problems. Aspen Publishing. ISBN 978-1-5438-1713-3. Archived from the original on April 3, 2023. Retrieved March 16, 2023.
  149. ^ Pitts, Brenda G.; Zhang, James Jianhui (October 11, 2020). Sport Business in the United States: Contemporary Perspectives. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-000-20325-7. Archived from the original on April 3, 2023. Retrieved March 16, 2023.
  150. ^ "The U.S. Center for SafeSport Opens". Team USA. Denver, Colorado: United States Olympic & Paralympic Committee. March 24, 2017. Archived from the original on March 1, 2018. Retrieved March 27, 2020. "There is a critical need to address abuse in sports and we want to do everything we can to provide athletes with a positive, safe and secure environment," said U.S. Olympic Committee (USOC) CEO Scott Blackmun. "Violence, abuse and misconduct in sport not only threatens athletes, but also undermines the fundamental values that sport is based on." "The launch of the U.S. Center for SafeSport is an essential step in protecting athletes from abuse," said Han Xiao, Chairman of the USOC's Athletes' Advisory Council. "We look forward to working together to create a safe environment for our youth and athletes."
  151. ^ Brown, Nadia (June 9, 2020). Me Too Political Science. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-000-05440-8. Archived from the original on April 3, 2023. Retrieved March 16, 2023.
  152. ^ Branch, John (September 25, 2018). "Sports Officials Are Making Lists of People Barred for Sexual Misconduct. Big Lists". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on March 1, 2019. Retrieved August 4, 2019.
  153. ^ "Investigation and Review of the Federal Bureau of Investigation's Handling of Allegations of Sexual Abuse by Former USA Gymnastics Physician Lawrence Gerard Nassar" (PDF). U.S. Department of Justice. July 2021. Archived (PDF) from the original on September 29, 2023. Retrieved October 25, 2023.
  154. ^ Hackney, Suzette (July 14, 2021). "FBI allows sexual predator Nassar to go unchecked. His survivors must process another painful betrayal". USA TODAY. Archived from the original on September 16, 2021. Retrieved September 16, 2021.
  155. ^ WTHR.com staff (March 30, 2023). "FBI director addresses failures in Nassar case during Indianapolis stop". wthr.com. Archived from the original on October 25, 2023. Retrieved October 25, 2023.
  156. ^ Sneed, Tierney (September 15, 2021). "McKayla Maroney: FBI made 'entirely false claims about what I said'". CNN. Archived from the original on September 16, 2021. Retrieved September 16, 2021.
  157. ^ Naylor, Brian (September 15, 2021). "Gymnasts Blast The FBI's Mishandling Of Their Allegations About Larry Nassar". NPR. Archived from the original on September 16, 2021. Retrieved September 16, 2021.
  158. ^ Barrett, Devlin (September 16, 2021). "Simone Biles to Congress: 'I blame Larry Nassar, and I also blame an entire system'". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on January 20, 2022. Retrieved September 16, 2021.
  159. ^ Evans, Tim (July 16, 2021). "Indianapolis FBI leader eyed head USA Gymnastics job after sitting on Nassar allegations". The Indianapolis Star. Archived from the original on April 4, 2023.
  160. ^ Brock, Kevin (September 17, 2021). "Did the FBI ignore crimes against young Olympic gymnasts on purpose?". The Hill. Archived from the original on January 24, 2023.
  161. ^ Bieler, Des (April 22, 2022). "Larry Nassar victims seek $130 million from FBI for mishandling case". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Archived from the original on February 20, 2023. Retrieved July 17, 2023.
  162. ^ "Gymnasts sue FBI for $1 billion over mishandling of Larry Nassar case". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on May 4, 2023. Retrieved July 17, 2023.
  163. ^ Axson, Scooby (May 16, 2018). "Larry Nassar Sexual Assault Survivors to Receive Arthur Ashe Award For Courage At ESPYs". Sports Illustrated. Archived from the original on November 9, 2020. Retrieved May 17, 2018.
  164. ^ "2019 NCAA Inspiration Award: Maggie Nichols" (Press release). NCAA. December 13, 2018. Archived from the original on January 17, 2021. Retrieved December 13, 2018.