United States women's national soccer team

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"United States women's national football team" redirects here. For other uses, see United States women's national football team (disambiguation).
United States
Shirt badge/Association crest
Nickname(s) USWNT
Team USA
The Stars and Stripes
The Yanks
The Gals
Association United States Soccer Federation
Confederation CONCACAF
(North, Central America and the Caribbean)
Sub-confederation NAFU (North America)
Head coach Jill Ellis
Captain Carli Lloyd / Becky Sauerbrunn
Most caps Kristine Lilly (352)
Top scorer Abby Wambach (184)
FIFA code USA
First colors
Second colors
FIFA ranking
Current 1 Steady (June 24, 2016)
Highest 1 (July 2003 – September 2003, March 2005 – May 2005, March 2007 – September 2007, March 2008 – November 2014, July 2015–)
Lowest 2 (October 2003 – February 2005, June 2005 – February 2007, October 2007 – February 2008, December 2014 – June 2015)
First international
 Italy 1–0 United States 
(Jesolo, Italy; August 18, 1985)
Biggest win
 United States 14–0 Dominican Rep. 
(Vancouver, BC, Canada; January 20, 2012)
Biggest defeat
 Brazil 4–0 United States 
(Hangzhou, China; September 27, 2007)
World Cup
Appearances 7 (First in 1991)
Best result Gold medal with cup.svg Winners (1991, 1999, 2015)
CONCACAF Championship
& Gold Cup
Appearances 8 (First in 1991)
Best result Gold medal with cup.svg Winners (1991, 1993, 1994, 2000, 2002, 2006, 2014)
Olympics
Appearances 6 (First in 1996)
Best result Gold medal with cup.svg Winners (1996, 2004, 2008, 2012)

The United States women's national soccer team (USWNT) represents the United States in international soccer competitions. It is controlled by United States Soccer Federation and competes in CONCACAF (the Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football). The team has been one of the most successful in international women's soccer, winning three Women's World Cup titles (including the first ever Women's World Cup in 1991), four Olympic women's gold medals, seven CONCACAF Gold Cup wins, and ten Algarve Cups.[1] It medaled in every single World Cup and Olympic tournament in women's soccer history from 1991 to 2015, before being knocked out in the quarterfinals of the 2016 Olympics.

After being ranked No. 2 on average from 2003 to 2008 in the FIFA Women's World Rankings,[2] the team was ranked No. 1 continuously from March 2008 to December 2014,[3] falling back behind Germany, the only other team to occupy the No. 1 position in the rankings' history. The team is currently ranked No. 1, moving back into the position on July 10, 2015 due to its victory in the 2015 World Cup. The team was selected as the U.S. Olympic Committee's Team of the Year in 1997 and 1999,[4] and Sports Illustrated chose the entire team as 1999 Sportswomen of the Year for its usual Sportsman of the Year honor.[5]

History[edit]

A parade in the Canyon of Heroes in Lower Manhattan, celebrating the winning of the 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup

The team played its first match at the Mundialito tournament on August 12, 1985, coached by Mike Ryan, in which they lost 1–0 to Italy. In March 2004, two of its stars, Mia Hamm (who retired later that year after a post-Olympic team tour of the USA) and Michelle Akers (who had already retired), were the only two women and the only two Americans named to the FIFA 100, a list of the 125 greatest living soccer players chosen by Pelé as part of FIFA's centenary observances. Those two women along with Julie Foudy, Kristine Lilly, and the 1999 team started a revolution towards women's team sports in America.

Arguably their most influential and memorable victory came in the 1999 World Cup when they defeated China 5–4 in a penalty shoot-out following a 0–0 draw after extended time.[6] With this win they emerged onto the world stage and brought significant media attention to women's soccer and athletics. On July 10, 1999, over 90,000 people (the largest ever for a women's sporting event and one of the largest attendances in the world for a tournament game final) filled the Rose Bowl to watch the United States play China in the Final. After a back and forth game, the score was tied 0–0 at full-time, and remained so after extra time, leading to a penalty kick shootout. With Briana Scurry's save of China's third kick, the score was 4–4 with only Brandi Chastain left to shoot. She scored and won the game for the United States. Chastain famously dropped to her knees and whipped off her shirt, celebrating in her sports bra, which later made the cover of Sports Illustrated and the front pages of newspapers around the country and world.[7] This win influenced girls to want to play soccer on a team.[8][9]

Perhaps the second most influential victory came on July 10, 2011, in the quarterfinal of the 2011 Women's World Cup in Germany, where the U.S. defeated Brazil 5–3 on penalty kicks. Brazil had annihilated the USA in the previous world cup (2007), handing the USA their worst defeat in the history of the program: 4–0 in the semifinal. Coming into the match, the USA had never failed to advance to the semifinal round in (women's) world cup history. Brazil also featured reigning five time Fifa Women's World Player of the, Marta. Brazil had been finalists in the past three major international tournaments (2004 and 2008 Olympics; 2007 World Cup), but had yet to win a championship. Thanks to a blistering cross by Shannon Boxx and a charging run by Abby Wambach, the USA forced and own goal in the opening minutes of the match and went up 1–0. Midway through the second half, Marta made a run at the USA's goal and USA defender Rachel Buehler challenged. The referee, Jacqui Melksham, ruled it a foul, gave Brazil a penalty kick, and red carded Buehler, sending her off in the 65th minute. Hope Solo saved the initial penalty kick made by Cristiane, but this was controversially overruled by the referee, and the penalty kick was ordered to be retaken. Marta converted, tying the game 1–1. Melksham initially claimed the reason for the redo was that Hope Solo had stepped off the line. Solo was yellow-carded for either this offense or for protesting (the reason for the card was never confirmed). Video replay proved Solo had not come off the line, and after the match, the official record claimed that the true offense was a US player encroaching into the box before the initial PK was taken. In the first overtime, Marta scored, again controversially as the player who assisted her looked to be offsides, but this was not called. The US had less than 20 minutes to equalize, all while playing down a player since the 65th minute. In the 117th minute, the Brazilian Erika received a yellow card for gamesmanship, when she faked injury for several minutes, was placed on a stretcher and carried to the corner flag before she leapt off the stretcher and ran back onto the pitch. This confused everyone as to how much injury time was left. In the 121st minute, Carli Lloyd took a shot and missed, giving possession back to Brazil. Cristiane took the ball to the USA's corner and stood on it, wanting to waste the clock. USA captain Christie Rampone pressured her to pass and the ball was intercepted by Ali Krieger. Krieger passed to Lloyd who dribbled upfield and drew several Brazilian players, leaving Megan Rapinoe open on the wing. Lloyd passed to Rapinoe who hugged the sideline. Just past the midstripe, Rapinoe hammered a left-footed (she's dominantly right-footed) 45 yard cross to the Brazilian back post where Abby Wambach was crashing. It was the 122nd minute, and Abby scored on her signature header. The goal was called the "Header Heard Round the World" and it tied the game 2–2.[10] It has been voted the greatest goal in US soccer history[10] and the greatest goal in women's world cup history.[11] Commentator Ian Darke shouted, "OH DO YOU BELIEVE THIS?! ABBY WAMBACH HAS JUST SAVED THE USA'S LIFE IN THIS WORLD CUP!" and later, "Brazil is denied at the death!" All of the USA's penalty kick takers – Shannon Box, Carli Lloyd, Abby Wambach, Megan Rapinoe, and Ali Krieger – converted their PKs. Hope Solo saved Daiane's attempt at a PK, allowing the US to win 5–3 in PKs. Solo was named MVP of the match. Coincidentally, the USA-Brazil match (nicknamed the "Miracle in Dresden") was played on the 12th anniversary of the memorable 1999 World Cup Final (described above), which the US also won on penalty kicks. Brianna Scurry and Hope Solo each made a save on the third PK taker, and the USA players who scored the winning penalty kicks (Brandi Chastain and Ali Krieger, respectfully) were both defenders who didn't normally take PKs.

In the 2012 Summer Olympics, the U.S. won the gold medal for the fourth time in five Olympics by defeating Japan 2–1 in front of 80,203 fans at Wembley Stadium, a record for a women's soccer game at the Olympics.[12] The United States advanced to face Japan for the gold medal after the 2011 Women's World Cup Final, won by the Japanese in a penalty shoot-out, by winning arguably one of the greatest games only rivaled by the victories mentioned above. In the semi-final match against Canada, the Americans trailed three times before Alex Morgan's header in the third minute of injury time at the end of 30 minutes of extra-time lifted the team to a 4–3 victory. Morgan's game-winning goal (123") is now the latest tally ever in a FIFA competition.[13] The London Olympics marked the first time the USWNT won every game en route to the gold medal and set an Olympic women's team record of 16 goals scored.[13] Wambach scored a team-leading five goals in five straight games, which is an U.S. and Olympic record, while Morgan and Rapinoe led the team with four assists apiece, which attributed to their team-high tying 10 points.[13] By scoring both goals in the 2012 Olympic final, Carli Lloyd is the only woman in history to score the winning goal in separate gold Olympic matches (2008 and 2012).

In late 2012 U.S. Soccer (along with the Canadian Soccer Association and Mexican Football Federation) announced it would subsidize formation of the new National Women's Soccer League starting in 2013,[14] following previous termination of the Women's United Soccer Association and Women's Professional Soccer leagues. Stated benefits to the women's national team included providing "competitive games week in and week out against the other best players in the country as well as some international players", and giving "opportunities to players who may not have the chance in the past to play for the national team or to players who have been on the fringes but haven't been able to break into the squad."[15]

In the 2013 season, USA had an undefeated record of 14–0–2 with their last win against Brazil with a score of 4–1 as part of a longer 43-game unbeaten streak that spanned two years. The USA's 43-game unbeaten streak came to an end after a 1–0 loss against Sweden in the 2014 Algarve Cup. The streak began with a 4–0 win over Sweden in the 2012 Algarve Cup after a 1–0 loss against Japan.[16][17] The USWNT's 104-game home unbeaten streak ended on December 16, 2015 with a 1–0 loss to China.

In December 2013, the USWNT All-Time Best XI was chosen by the United States Soccer Federation. Goalie: Brianna Scurry; Defenders: Brandi Chastain, Carla Overbeck, Christie Rampone, Joy Fawcett; Midfielders: Kristine Lilly, Michelle Akers, Julie Foudy; Forwards: Mia Hamm, Abby Wambach, Alex Morgan [18]

On July 5, 2015, USA defeated Japan 5–2 in the final of the 2015 World Cup, claiming their third Women's World Cup title and their first since 1999. Carli Lloyd scored three goals in 16 minutes, including one from 56.9 yards out, achieving the fastest hat-trick from kick-off in World Cup history; not to be confused with the record for briefest hat-trick (time between first and third goals), which is 5 minutes. With Lloyd's third goal, Telemundo announcer, Andres Cantor, shouted "GOOOOOOAL!" for nearly forty seconds. Lauren Holiday scored the winning goal and Tobin Heath scored the USA's fifth goal. With about 10 minutes left, Abby Wambach was subbed into the game, and it was the last World Cup match she would participate in. The fans greeted her with a standing ovation and chanted her name. Lloyd, wanting to honor Abby further, placed the captain's band on her when she entered. Lloyd said, "I wanted to make sure she put the armband on because she deserves it. She has been legendary to this team. She's been unbelievable. I'm so thankful I can call her my friend, my teammate, and I'm just so proud her last World Cup she could go out strong." [19] As Abby entered the match, she high-fived her long time friend and Japanese legend Homare Sawa, who, like Abby, was playing in her final World Cup. Sawa had been subbed into the match in the first half. In the 86th minute, longtime team captain Christie Rampone was subbed into the game and became the oldest player to ever play in a Women's World Cup final. The crowd roared, as this was a further nod of respect from Ellis' 2015 world champion squad to the 1999 championship team. Rampone was the only member of the squad to have been in both championship teams.

While no one pulled a Brandi Chastain in 2015, new enduring images of celebration emerged. Carli Lloyd crying on the field with a relieved grin; Sydney Leroux embracing her husband in the stands, showing that men can be just as supportive of their spouses as their wives are for them; golden confetti showering a victorious USA team as the captains dually lift the trophy. But perhaps the most famous celebration was when Abby Wambach ran to the sideline and kissed her wife, Sara Huffman, whom she had married in 2013. During the 2015 tournament, the Supreme Court of the United States ruled it unconstitutional to deny same-sex couples the right to marriage (Huffman and Wambach were not denied the right to marriage by their state, though prior to the 2015 SCOTUS decision, several states were attempting to make or had made same-sex marriages illegal). While Wambach and Huffman traditionally kept a low profile about their relationship, their kiss was broadcast live and the image went viral with the hashtag #LoveWins on Twitter.[20] Wambach reflected, "It's definitely not something that I ever considered before it happened. It was just in the moment and that's something that I'm proud of — that we could maybe move the needle into [a] more open-minded and accepting frame of mind… Hopefully, if that can help one person feel more confident about their life, then I'm proud."[21] President Obama acknowledge the moment as well when honoring the team at the white house, saying that she and her wife had showed how far America had come, on and off the field.[22] The victory made the team the first in history to have won three Women's World Cup titles, becoming the most successful team in the tournament to date.

Following their most recent World Cup win, the team was honored with their own ticker tape parade in New York City, the first for a women's sports team, and they also received the Outstanding Team award during the 2015 ESPY Awards and a Teen Choice Award for Favourite Female Athlete(s). They were honored by Glamour Magazine as "Women of the Year."[23] Sports Illustrated celebrated them with 25 covers of the magazine – one of several members of the team, one of Head Coach Jill Ellis, and then one cover for each member of the 23 player squad[24] The team was again honored on October 27, 2015, when President Barack Obama welcomed them to the White House.[25] The president stated, "This team taught all America's children that playing like a girl means you're a badass." He then amended, saying perhaps he should use a different word choice, and said, "Playing like a girl means you're the best."[26]

The USWNT's success ushered in an uncertain following year. In the second of two matches against China later that year, the USWNT lost for the first time on US soil since 2004. 2016 then saw the US only manage a draw against Colombia in the final group stage match of the Olympic soccer tournament, which was followed by a draw against rival Sweden on August 12, 2016 in the quarter-finals. During the penalty kick phase that followed the overtime period, Alex Morgan had her kick blocked by Sweden's GK and Christen Press's PK missed the Goal entirely – giving Sweden the win by a 4–3 PK margin. The devastating loss marked the only time that the USWNT did not advance to the gold medal game of the Olympics. It was also the first time that the USWNT failed to advance to the Semi-Final round of a major tournament. Shortly afterwards, US Goal Keeper Hope Solo made news by suggesting that Sweden's game strategy and excessively 'safe' style of play was inconsistent with the spirit of the sport which is commonly called 'the beautiful game'. Solo's use of the word 'cowards' to describe Sweden's players drew criticism from multiple sources, including at least one of her current teammates, along with ex-USWNT player and ESPN Commentator, Julie Foudy. On August 24, 2016, US Soccer's governing body suspended Solo for 6 months. Hope Solo is appealing the suspension.

Team image[edit]

Media coverage[edit]

U.S. TV coverage for the five Women's World Cups from 1995 to 2011 was provided by ESPN/ABC and Univision,[27][28] while coverage rights for the three Women's World Cups from 2015 to 2023 were awarded to Fox Sports and Telemundo.[29][30] In May 2014 a deal was signed to split TV coverage of other USWNT games between ESPN, Fox Sports, and Univision through the end of 2022.[31] The USWNT games in the 2014 CONCACAF Women's Championship and the 2015 Algarve Cup were broadcast by Fox Sports.[32][33]

The 1999 World Cup final, in which the USA defeated China, set a world attendance record for a women's sporting event of 90,185 in a sellout at the Rose Bowl in California.[34] The game set the original record for largest US television audience for a women's soccer match with 17.975 million viewers on average[35] and an estimated 40 million watching at least part,[36] and was the most viewed English-language US broadcast of any soccer match until the 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup Final between the United States and Japan.[37]

The 2015 Women's World Cup Final between the USA and Japan was the most watched soccer match – men's or women's – in American broadcast history.[38] It averaged 23 million viewers and higher ratings than the NBA finals and the Stanley Cup finals.[39] In fact, the 2015 NBA Finals had the highest average ratings since the Michael Jordan era, and Game 6 where the Golden State Warriors defeated the Cleveland Cavaliers set a record for ABC. That record rating was equaled and surpassed by the 2015 Women's World Cup Final.[38] The final was also the most watched US-Spanish language broadcast of a FIFA Women's World Cup match in history.

Overall, there were over 750 million viewers for the 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup, making it the most watched Women's World Cup in history. The FIFA Women's World Cup is now the second most watched FIFA tournament, with only the men's FIFA World Cup attracting more viewership.[40]

The record for Olympic women's soccer attendance was set by the 2012 Olympic final between the USWNT and Japan, with 80,023 spectators at Wembley Stadium.[41]

Coaching staff[edit]

Role Name Start date
Head coach United States Jill Ellis May 2014
Assistant coach Sweden Tony Gustavsson Jun 2014
Goalkeeper coach England Graeme Abel Mar 2015
Fitness Coach England Dawn Scott Feb 2011

Source[1]

Team[edit]

Current squad[edit]

The following 18 players were called up for the 2016 Summer Olympics.

Caps and goals are current as of August 12, 2016 after match against  Sweden.

0#0 Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club
1 1GK Hope Solo (1981-07-30) July 30, 1981 (age 35) 202 0 United States Seattle Reign FC
18 1GK Alyssa Naeher (1988-04-20) April 20, 1988 (age 28) 7 0 United States Chicago Red Stars

4 2DF Becky Sauerbrunn (captain) (1985-06-06) June 6, 1985 (age 31) 113 0 United States FC Kansas City
11 2DF Ali Krieger (1984-07-28) July 28, 1984 (age 32) 93 1 United States Washington Spirit
5 2DF Kelley O'Hara (1988-08-04) August 4, 1988 (age 28) 86 2 United States Sky Blue FC
7 2DF Meghan Klingenberg (1988-08-02) August 2, 1988 (age 28) 68 3 United States Portland Thorns FC
8 2DF Julie Johnston (1992-04-06) April 6, 1992 (age 24) 41 8 United States Chicago Red Stars
6 2DF Whitney Engen (1987-11-28) November 28, 1987 (age 28) 39 4 United States Boston Breakers

10 3MF Carli Lloyd (captain) (1982-07-16) July 16, 1982 (age 34) 228 90 United States Houston Dash
17 3MF Tobin Heath (1988-05-29) May 29, 1988 (age 28) 122 15 United States Portland Thorns FC
15 3MF Megan Rapinoe (1985-07-05) July 5, 1985 (age 31) 115 31 United States Seattle Reign FC
14 3MF Morgan Brian (1993-02-26) February 26, 1993 (age 23) 58 4 United States Houston Dash
9 3MF Lindsey Horan (1994-05-26) May 26, 1994 (age 22) 24 3 United States Portland Thorns FC
3 3MF Allie Long (1987-08-13) August 13, 1987 (age 29) 14 2 United States Portland Thorns FC

13 4FW Alex Morgan (1989-07-02) July 2, 1989 (age 27) 116 69 United States Orlando Pride
12 4FW Christen Press (1988-12-29) December 29, 1988 (age 27) 74 34 United States Chicago Red Stars
16 4FW Crystal Dunn (1992-07-03) July 3, 1992 (age 24) 39 15 United States Washington Spirit
2 4FW Mallory Pugh (1998-04-29) April 29, 1998 (age 18) 17 4 United States UCLA Bruins

Recent call-ups[edit]

The following players were named to a squad in the last twelve months.

Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club Latest call-up
GK Ashlyn Harris (1985-10-19) October 19, 1985 (age 30) 8 0 United States Orlando Pride 2016 Summer OlympicsALT
GK Adrianna Franch (1990-11-12) November 12, 1990 (age 25) 0 0 United States Portland Thorns FC v. Japan; June 5, 2016

DF Emily Sonnett (1993-11-25) November 25, 1993 (age 22) 9 0 United States Portland Thorns FC 2016 Summer OlympicsALT
DF Jaelene Hinkle (1993-05-28) May 28, 1993 (age 23) 8 0 United States Western New York Flash v. South Africa; July 9, 2016
DF Gina Lewandowski (1985-04-13) April 13, 1985 (age 31) 1 0 Germany FC Bayern Munich v. South Africa; July 9, 2016
DF Christie Rampone (1975-06-24) June 24, 1975 (age 41) 311 4 United States Sky Blue FC v. Japan; June 2, 2016PRE
DF Lauren Barnes (1989-05-31) May 31, 1989 (age 27) 0 0 United States Seattle Reign FC 2016 SheBelieves Cup, March 2016
DF Lori ChalupnyRET (1984-01-29) January 29, 1984 (age 32) 106 10 Retired v. Brazil; October 25, 2015

MF Heather O'Reilly (1985-01-02) January 2, 1985 (age 31) 230 46 United States FC Kansas City 2016 Summer OlympicsALT
MF Samantha Mewis (1992-10-09) October 9, 1992 (age 23) 11 2 United States Western New York Flash 2016 Summer OlympicsALT
MF Rose Lavelle (1995-05-14) May 14, 1995 (age 21) 0 0 United States Wisconsin Badgers v. Japan; June 5, 2016
MF Danielle Colaprico (1993-05-06) May 6, 1993 (age 23) 0 0 United States Chicago Red Stars v. Republic of Ireland; January 23, 2016
MF Shannon BoxxRET (1977-06-29) June 29, 1977 (age 39) 195 27 Retired v. Brazil; October 25, 2015
MF Lauren HolidayRET (1987-09-30) September 30, 1987 (age 28) 133 24 Retired v. Brazil; October 25, 2015
MF Christine Nairn (1990-09-25) September 25, 1990 (age 25) 2 1 United States Washington Spirit v. Brazil; October 25, 2015

FW Ashley Sanchez (1999-03-16) March 16, 1999 (age 17) 0 0 United States So Cal Blues v. Colombia; April 6, 2016PRE
FW Stephanie McCaffrey (1993-02-18) February 18, 1993 (age 23) 6 1 United States Chicago Red Stars CONCACAF Olympic Qualifying, February 2016
FW Sydney LerouxPREG (1990-05-07) May 7, 1990 (age 26) 75 35 United States FC Kansas City v. Republic of Ireland; January 23, 2016
FW Abby WambachRET (1980-06-02) June 2, 1980 (age 36) 256 184 Retired v. China PR; December 16, 2015
FW Amy RodriguezPREG (1987-02-17) February 17, 1987 (age 29) 129 30 United States FC Kansas City v. China PR; December 16, 2015

Notes:

  • ALT = Alternate
  • RET = Retired from the national team
  • PREG = Pregnant
  • INJ = Injured
  • PRE = Preliminary squad
  • Position legend: GK=goalkeeper; DF=Defender; MF=Midfielder; FW=Forward.

Recent schedule and results[edit]

2016[edit]

The following is a list of matches in 2016, as well as any future matches that have been scheduled.

Further information: 2016 in American soccer

Past and present uniforms[edit]

The USWNT has worn a combination of red, white, or blue (the colors of the national flag) in most years, with exceptions including a gold shirt in 2007,[42] a black shirt in 2011,[43] and black trim with neon green socks for the 2015 World Cup. In 2012 the team started wearing the same kit as the U.S. men's team, beginning with the red and white hoop design.[44] Nike became the kit supplier for U.S. Soccer in 1995, with an agreement signed in December 2013 to extend the sponsorship through 2022.[45] The USWNT began wearing two stars as of 1999 to signify their two World Cup titles.[46] A third star was added after their third World Cup title in July 2015.[47]

1986–1996 home
1986–1996
1991–1994
1991–1994
1991–1998
1999 home
1999 away[48]
1999–2004[49]
2000–2002
2003
2003[48]
2004
2004
2005–2007 home
2005–2007 away
2007–2009 home[42]
2007–2009 home[42]
2007–2008 away[42]
2008–2009 away
2010–2011 home[50]
2010–2011 away[51]
2011–2012 home[52]
2011–2012 away[43]
2012–2013 home[44]
2012–2013 away[53]
2013 home[54]
2014– 2015 home[55]
2014–2015 away[56]
2015–2016 home[57]
2015–2016 away[58]
2016– home[59]
2016– away[59]


Competitive record[edit]

Yearly team summary[edit]

Year M W D L Athlete of the Year Scoring leader G Assist leader A Coach Major tournam. result
1985 4 0 1 3 Sharon Remer Michelle Akers 2 Mike Ryan
1986 6 4 0 2 April Heinrichs Marcia McDermott 4 Anson Dorrance
1987 11 6 1 4 Carin Gabarra April Heinrichs 7 Anson Dorrance
1988 8 3 2 3 Joy Fawcett Carin Gabarra 5 C. Gabarra, K. Lilly 2 Anson Dorrance
1989 1 0 1 0 April Heinrichs (none) (none) Anson Dorrance
1990 6 6 0 0 Michelle Akers Michelle Akers 9 Kristine Lilly 3 Anson Dorrance
1991 28 21 1 6 Michelle Akers Michelle Akers 39 Carin Gabarra 21 Anson Dorrance World Cup (Champions)
1992 2 0 0 2 Carin Gabarra (3 players tied) 1 Tisha Venturini 2 Anson Dorrance
1993 17 13 0 4 Kristine Lilly Mia Hamm 10 Michelle Akers 6 Anson Dorrance
1994 13 12 0 1 Mia Hamm Michelle Akers 11 Michelle Akers 7 Anson Dorrance
1995 23 19 2 2 Mia Hamm Mia Hamm 19 Mia Hamm 18 Tony DiCicco World Cup (3rd place)
1996 24 21 2 1 Mia Hamm Tiffeny Milbrett 13 Mia Hamm 18 Tony DiCicco Olympics (Gold medal)
1997 18 16 0 2 Mia Hamm Mia Hamm 18 Tiffeny Milbrett 14 Tony DiCicco
1998 25 22 2 1 Mia Hamm Mia Hamm 20 Mia Hamm 20 Tony DiCicco
1999 29 25 2 2 Michelle Akers Tiffeny Milbrett 21 Mia Hamm 16 Tony DiCicco World Cup (Champions)
2000 41 26 9 6 Tiffeny Milbrett Cindy Parlow 19 Mia Hamm 14 L. Gregg, A. Heinrichs Olympics (Silver medal)
2001 10 3 2 5 Tiffeny Milbrett Tiffeny Milbrett 3 Mia Hamm 2 April Heinrichs
2002 19 15 2 2 Shannon MacMillan Shannon MacMillan 17 Aly Wagner 11 April Heinrichs
2003 23 17 4 2 Abby Wambach Abby Wambach 9 Mia Hamm 9 April Heinrichs World Cup (3rd place)
2004 34 28 4 2 Abby Wambach Abby Wambach 31 Mia Hamm 22 April Heinrichs Olympics (Gold medal)
2005 9 8 1 0 Kristine Lilly Christie Welsh 7 A. Wagner, A. Wambach 5 Greg Ryan
2006 22 18 4 0 Kristine Lilly Abby Wambach 17 Abby Wambach 8 Greg Ryan
2007 24 19 4 1 Abby Wambach Abby Wambach 20 Kristine Lilly 8 Greg Ryan World Cup (3rd place)
2008 36 33 2 1 Carli Lloyd Natasha Kai 15 H. O'Reilly, A. Wambach 10 Pia Sundhage Olympics (Gold medal)
2009 8 7 1 0 Hope Solo (3 players tied) 2 Heather O'Reilly 3 Pia Sundhage
2010 18 15 2 1 Abby Wambach Abby Wambach 16 Lori Lindsey 7 Pia Sundhage
2011 20 13 4 3 Abby Wambach Abby Wambach 8 L. Holiday, M. Rapinoe 5 Pia Sundhage World Cup (2nd place)
2012 32 28 3 1 Alex Morgan Alex Morgan 28 Alex Morgan 21 P. Sundhage, J. Ellis Olympics (Gold medal)
2013 16 13 3 0 Abby Wambach Abby Wambach 11 L. Holiday, A. Wambach 6 Tom Sermanni
2014 24 16 5 3 Lauren Holiday Carli Lloyd 15 Carli Lloyd 8 T. Sermanni, J. Ellis
2015 26 20 5 2 Carli Lloyd Carli Lloyd 18 Megan Rapinoe 10 Jill Ellis World Cup (Champions)

Sources[1][60]

World Cup[edit]

Host year in red

The team has participated in every World Cup through 2015 and won a medal in each.

Year Result Matches Wins Draws Losses GF GA Coach
China 1991 Champion 6 6 0 0 25 5 Anson Dorrance
Sweden 1995 Third Place 6 4 1 1 15 5 Tony DiCicco
United States 1999 Champion 6 5 1 0 18 3 Tony DiCicco
United States 2003 Third Place 6 5 0 1 15 5 April Heinrichs
China 2007 Third Place 6 4 1 1 12 7 Greg Ryan
Germany 2011 Runner-up 6 3 2 1 13 7 Pia Sundhage
Canada 2015 Champion 7 6 1 0 14 3 Jill Ellis
Total 3/7 43 33 6 4 112 35

Olympic Games[edit]

The team has participated in every Olympics tournament through 2016 and won a medal in each until 2016, when they were eliminated in the quarter-finals on penalty shootout.

Year Result Matches Wins Draws Losses GF GA Coach
United States 1996[61] Champion 5 4 1 0 9 3 Tony DiCicco
Australia 2000 Runner-up 6 4 1 1 9 5 April Heinrichs
Greece 2004 Champion 6 5 1 0 12 4 April Heinrichs
China 2008[62] Champion 6 5 0 1 12 5 Pia Sundhage
United Kingdom 2012 Champion 6 6 0 0 16 6 Pia Sundhage
Brazil 2016 Quarter-Finals 4 2 2 0 6 3 Jill Ellis
Total 4/6 33 26 5 2 63 25

CONCACAF Championship and Gold Cup[edit]

Year Result Matches Wins Draws Losses GF GA Coach
Haiti 1991 Champion 5 5 0 0 49 0 Anson Dorrance
United States 1993 Champion 3 3 0 0 13 0 Anson Dorrance
Canada 1994 Champion 4 4 0 0 16 1 Tony DiCicco
Canada 1998 Did not participate1
United States 2000 Champion 5 4 1 0 24 1 April Heinrichs
United States Canada 2002 Champion 5 5 0 0 24 1 April Heinrichs
United States 2006 Champion 2 2 0 0 4 1 Greg Ryan
Mexico 2010 Third place 5 4 0 1 22 2 Pia Sundhage
United States 2014 Champion 5 5 0 0 21 0 Jill Ellis
Total 8/9 34 32 1 1 173 6

1 The US team directly qualified for the 1999 FIFA Women's World Cup as hosts of the event. Because of this, they did not participate in the 1998 CONCACAF Championship, which was the qualification tournament for the World Cup.

SheBelieves Cup[edit]

Year Result Matches Wins Draws Losses GF GA Coach
United States 2016 Champion 3 3 0 0 4 1 Jill Ellis
Total 1/1 3 3 0 0 4 1

Algarve Cup[edit]

The Algarve Cup is a global invitational tournament for national teams in women's soccer hosted by the Portuguese Football Federation (FPF). Held annually in the Algarve region of Portugal since 1994, it is one of the most prestigious women's football events,[63] alongside the Women's World Cup and Women's Olympic Football.

Year Result Matches Wins Draws Losses GF GA Coach
1994 2Runners-Up 3 2 0 1 6 1 Toni DiCicco
1995 4th Place 4 2 1 1 8 5 Toni DiCicco
1996 -1did not enter
1997 -1did not enter
1998 3Third Place 4 3 0 1 10 6 Toni DiCicco
1999 2Runners-Up 4 2 1 1 8 4 Toni DiCicco
2000 1Champions 4 4 0 0 11 1 April Heinrichs
2001 6th Place 4 1 0 3 5 9 April Heinrichs
2002 5th Place 4 2 1 1 8 6 April Heinrichs
2003 1Champions 4 2 2 0 5 2 April Heinrichs
2004 1Champions 4 3 0 1 11 5 April Heinrichs
2005 1Champions 4 4 0 0 9 0 Greg Ryan
2006 2Runners-Up 4 2 2 0 9 1 Greg Ryan
2007 1Champions 4 4 0 0 8 3 Greg Ryan
2008 1Champions 4 4 0 0 12 1 Pia Sundhage
2009 2Runners-Up 4 3 1 0 5 1 Pia Sundhage
2010 1Champions 4 4 0 0 9 3 Pia Sundhage
2011 1Champions 4 4 0 0 12 3 Pia Sundhage
2012 3Third Place 4 3 0 1 11 2 Pia Sundhage
2013 1Champions 4 3 1 0 11 1 Tom Sermanni
2014 7th Place 4 1 1 2 7 7 Tom Sermanni
2015 1Champions 4 3 1 0 7 1 Jill Ellis
2016 -1did not enter
Total[64] 19/22 79 56 11 12 172 62

International Women's Football Tournament of Brazil[edit]

Year Result Matches Wins Draws Losses GF GA Coach
Brazil 2014 2Runners-Up 4 1 2 1 10 4 Jill Ellis
Total 1/6 4 1 2 1 10 4

Pan American Games[edit]

The Pan American Games are held in the same year as the FIFA Women's World Cup, consequently the senior United States women's national soccer team never participated in the Pan American Games. However two youth teams: an under-18 team participated and won the inaugural women's soccer tournament at the 1999 Pan American Games,[65] and an under-20 team lost in the final to a full Brazil team in the 2007 Pan American Games.[66] Some of the players who participated in those Pan American Games, such as Hope Solo, Tobin Heath, Lauren Cheney (now Holiday), Cat Reddick (now Whitehill) and Kelley O'Hara, later played for the full national team.

Player records[edit]

Active players in bold. Statistics as of August 12, 2016

The women's national team boasts the first six players in the history of the game to have earned 200 caps. These players have since been joined in the 200-cap club by Pu Wei and Li Jie of China, Birgit Prinz of Germany, Katrine Pedersen of Denmark, Christine Sinclair of Canada, Homare Sawa of Japan, and Therese Sjögran of Sweden as well as by five more Americans: Kate Markgraf, Abby Wambach, Heather O'Reilly, Carli Lloyd and Hope Solo. Kristine Lilly and Christie Rampone are the only players to earn more than 300 caps.

Most capped players[edit]

Rank Player Caps Goals Years
1 Kristine Lilly 352 130 1987–2010
2 Christie Rampone 311 4 1997–
3 Mia Hamm 275 158 1987–2004
4 Julie Foudy 272 45 1988–2004
5 Abby Wambach 256 184 2001–2015
6 Joy Fawcett 239 27 1987–2004
7 Heather O'Reilly 230 46 2002–
8 Carli Lloyd 228 90 2005–
9 Tiffeny Milbrett 204 100 1991–2005
10 Hope Solo 202 0 2000–

Source[67]

Top scorers[edit]

Rank Player Caps Goals Years Average
1 Abby Wambach 255 184 2001–2015 0.721
2 Mia Hamm 275 158 1987–2004 0.574
3 Kristine Lilly 352 130 1987–2010 0.369
4 Michelle Akers 153 105 1985–2000 0.686
5 Tiffeny Milbrett 204 100 1991–2005 0.485
6 Carli Lloyd 228 90 2005– 0.395
7 Cindy Parlow 158 75 1996–2004 0.474
8 Alex Morgan 116 69 2010– 0.595
9 Shannon MacMillan 176 60 1993–2005 0.340
10 Carin Jennings-Gabarra 117 53 1987–1996 0.452

Source[67]

Top assists[edit]

Rank Player Caps Assists Years Average
1 Mia Hamm 275 144 1987–2004 0.523
2 Kristine Lilly 352 105 1987–2010 0.298
3 Abby Wambach 255 73 2001–2015 0.294
4 Tiffeny Milbrett 204 61 1991–2005 0.299
5 Julie Foudy 272 55 1988–2004 0.202
6 Heather O'Reilly 230 54 2002– 0.235
7 Shannon MacMillan 176 50 1993–2005 0.284
8 Carin Jennings-Gabarra 117 47 1987–1996 0.401
9 Carli Lloyd 228 43 2005– 0.189
10 Aly Wagner 131 42 1998–2008 0.320

Source[67] Updated to January 8, 2016

Captains[edit]

Years as captain Player Caps Goals USWNT
career
1985 Denise Bender[68] 4 0 1985
1986–1987 Emily Pickering[69] 15 2 1985–1992
1988–1991 Lori Henry 39 3 1985–1991
1991 April Heinrichs[70] 46 35 1986–1991
1993–2000 Carla Overbeck[71] 168 4 1988–2000
2000–2004 Julie Foudy[72] 271 45 1987–2004
2000–2004 Joy Fawcett 239 27 1987–2004
2004–2008 Kristine Lilly 352 130 1987–2010
2008–2015 Christie Rampone 311 4 1997–
2010–2015 Abby Wambach 255 184 2001–2015
2016– Carli Lloyd 228 90 2005 –
2016– Becky Sauerbrunn 113 0 2008–

Most goals scored in a match[edit]

The record for most goals scored in a match by a member of the USWNT is five, which has been accomplished by seven players.

Player Date Opponent Location Competition Line-up Notes
Brandi Chastain April 18, 1991[73] Mexico Mexico[73] Port-au-Prince, Haiti FIFA Women's World Cup Final Qualifying Tournament Substitute First 5 career international goals. Consecutive goals in the match. Final score: 12–0
Michelle Akers November 24, 1991[73] Chinese Taipei Chinese Taipei[73] Foshan, China 1991 FIFA Women's World Cup Starting Included first 3 goals of the match (9', 29', 33'). The only American to score 5 goals in a World Cup or Olympics match. Final score: 7–0
Tiffeny Milbrett November 2, 2002[73] Panama Panama[73] Seattle, Washington, United States 2002 CONCACAF Women's Gold Cup Starting Included a hat trick in the first nine minutes. Final score: 9–0
Abby Wambach October 23, 2004[73] Republic of Ireland Republic of Ireland[73] Houston, Texas, United States International Friendly.
Fan Celebration Tour
Starting Played indoor in Reliant Stadium. Four goals were assists from Mia Hamm. Final score: 5–0
Amy Rodriguez January 20, 2012[73] Dominican Republic Dominican Republic[73] Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada 2012 CONCACAF Women's Olympic Qualifying Tournament Substitute
(Substituted on46')
Biggest win by U.S. women's national team. Final score: 14–0
Sydney Leroux January 22, 2012[73] Guatemala Guatemala[73] Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada 2012 CONCACAF Women's Olympic Qualifying Tournament Substitute
(Substituted on46')
First 5 career international goals in her second cap for U.S. women's senior team. Final score: 13–0
Crystal Dunn February 15, 2016[73] Puerto Rico Puerto Rico[73] Frisco, Texas, United States 2016 CONCACAF Women's Olympic Qualifying Tournament Starting Final Score: 10–0

Head coaching history[edit]

Name Years Matches Won Tied Lost Win % Pts÷M World Cup Olympics
Republic of Ireland United States Ryan, MikeMike Ryan 1985 4 0 1 3 .125 0.25 0 0
United States Dorrance, AnsonAnson Dorrance 1986–1994 93 66 5 22 .737 2.18 3.Gold medal icon (G initial).svg 0.
United States DiCicco, TonyTony DiCicco 1994–1999 119 103 8 8 .899 2.66 4.Bronze medal icon (B initial).svg Gold medal icon (G initial).svg 3.Gold medal icon (G initial).svg
United States Gregg, LaurenLauren Gregg 1997, 2000 3 2 1 0 .833 2.33
United States Heinrichs, AprilApril Heinrichs 2000–2004 124 87 20 17 .782 2.27 1.Bronze medal icon (B initial).svg 5.Silver medal icon (S initial).svg Gold medal icon (G initial).svg
United States Ryan, GregGreg Ryan 2005–2007 55 45 9 1 .900 2.62 1.Bronze medal icon (B initial).svg 0
Sweden Sundhage, PiaPia Sundhage 2007–2012 107 91 10 6 .897 2.64 2.Silver medal icon (S initial).svg 6.Gold medal icon (G initial).svg Gold medal icon (G initial).svg
Scotland Sermanni, TomTom Sermanni 2013–2014 23 17 4 2 .826 2.39 0 0
EnglandUnited States Ellis, JillJill Ellis 2014.2012, 2014–present 67 52 12 3 .866 2.51 3.Gold medal icon (G initial).svg 0.1. 5th
Totals 595 463 70 62 .837 2.45
Statistics as of August 12, 2016

Honors[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]

Sporting positions
Preceded by
Inaugural champions
FIFA Women's World Cup champions
1991 (first title)
Succeeded by
1995 Norway 
Preceded by
1995 Norway 
FIFA Women's World Cup champions
1999 (second title)
Succeeded by
2003 Germany 
Preceded by
2011 Japan 
FIFA Women's World Cup champions
2015 (third title)
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by
Inaugural champions
Olympic champions
1996 (first title)
Succeeded by
2000 Norway 
Preceded by
2000 Norway 
Olympic champions
2004 (second title)
2008 (third title)
2012 (fourth title)
Succeeded by
2016 Germany 
Preceded by
Inaugural champions
CONCACAF women's champions
1991 (first title)
1993 (second title)
1994 (third title)
Succeeded by
1998 Canada 
Preceded by
1998 Canada 
As CONCACAF champions
CONCACAF Women's Gold Cup champions
2000 (fourth title)
2002 (fifth title)
2006 (sixth title)
Succeeded by
2010 Canada 
Preceded by
2010 Canada 
CONCACAF Women's Gold Cup champions
2014 (seventh title)
Succeeded by
Incumbent