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The Ujjainiya (also spelled Ujjain and Ujjaini) are a Rajput clan that inhabits the state of Bihar.[1]

The oral tradition of the Ujjaniya was written in the 19th century in a book called Tawarikh-i-Ujjaniya. According to this, they trace their ancestry to Ujjain where the Parmar Rajput kings ruled until their lands were over-run by tribal peoples. After settling in Bihar, the locals started to refer to them as Ujjainiya.[1] They call themselves Ujjainiya Parmars.[2]


Certainly by the 17th century, as documented in a text that they consider to record their history, and perhaps as early as the 14th century, the Ujjainiya Parmar Rajputs believed themselves to be related to the royal family of Ujjain in Malwa. Whilst that is just a clan tradition, it is possible that they had moved as mercenary soldiers from the Malwa region into Hindustan and once there became engaged in an unsuccessful war with the Jaunpur Sultanate.[3] The oral tradition of the Ujjaniya, as written in the 19th century in a book called Tawarikh-i-Ujjaniya, makes a similar claim of a royal relationship.[1]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Ahmad, Imtiaz (2008). "State Formation and Consolidation under the Ujjainiya Rajputs in Medieval Bihar: Testimony of Oral Traditions as Recorded in the Tawarikh-i-Ujjainiya". In Singh, Surinder; Gaur, I. D. Popular Literature And Pre-Modern Societies In South Asia. Pearson Education India. pp. 76–77. ISBN 978-81-317-1358-7. Retrieved 2 January 2012.
  2. ^ Bose, Saikat K. (2015). Boot, Hooves and Wheels: And the Social Dynamics behind South Asian Warfare. Vij Books India Pvt Ltd. pp. Formation_of_Rajput_identity. ISBN 978-9-38446-454-7.
  3. ^ Kolff, Dirk H. A. (2002). Naukar, Rajput, and Sepoy: The Ethnohistory of the Military Labour Market of Hindustan, 1450-1850. Cambridge University Press. pp. 59–60. ISBN 978-0-52152-305-9.