Armata Universal Combat Platform
|Type||Tracked Heavy Armored Vehicle|
|Place of origin||Russia|
|Used by||Russian Armed Forces|
|Designer||Ural Design Bureau of Transport Machine-Building, Uralvagonzavod|
|Unit cost||$3,700,000 (T-14)|
|Weight||48 tons in an MBT configuration|
|Armor|| the stealth and list is not exhaustive|
|2S35: 152mm gun|
|T-14: 12.7 mm and 7.62 mm machine guns.|
|Engine||ChTZ 12Н360 (A-85-3A) diesel engine
1,500 h.p., moderated to 1,200 h.p. in normal operation
|Transmission||16-gear automatic transmission (estimate, including reverse gears)|
|Speed||80 kilometres per hour (50 mph)+ (estimate)|
The "Armata" Universal Combat Platform (Russian: Армата) is a Russian prototype of an advanced next generation heavy military tracked vehicle platform. The Armata platform is the basis of the T-14 (a main battle tank, MBT), the T-15 (a heavy infantry fighting vehicle), a combat engineering vehicle, an armoured recovery vehicle, a heavy armoured personnel carrier, a tank support combat vehicle and several types of self-propelled artillery, including the 2S35 Koalitsiya-SV under the same codename based on the same chassis. It is also intended to serve as the basis for artillery, air defense, and NBC defense systems. The new "Armata" tank platform is meant to replace the older Russian MBTs and APCs that are currently used by the Russian military.
Origin of designation
The combat platform is formally designated as "prospective family of heavy unified battlefield platforms". The name "Armata" derives from the plural of the Latin word arma which refers to weapons of war, and was an old Russian word for 14th century guns; it is also the plural of the modern Greek word "Arma", meaning "chariot". This was wrongly transcribed as "Armada" by journalists on several occasions.
The Armata combat platform has been under design and development since 2009 by Uralvagonzavod headquartered in Nizhny Tagil. Prototypes of heavy armored vehicles based on the Armata combat platform were presented at the defense exhibition Russian Arms Expo in Nizhny Tagil in September 2013. In November 2014 trials of the 2S35 Koalitsiya-SV self-propelled gun variant were under way.
The first vehicles of were shown to the public in the 2015 Moscow Victory Day Parade, with a batch of 32 to be delivered to the Russian Land Forces during the same year. Russian media has previously stated that mass delivery will start in 2015 or 2016.
A total of 2,300 MBTs are expected to be supplied by 2020, modernizing 70 percent of the Russian tank fleet. The Uralvagonzavod plant is expected to roll out around 500 T-14 Armata tanks per year. At a 2015 Moscow Victory Day Parade practice drill run on the Alabino training grounds several types of armored vehicles described as various Armata models appeared with their turrets covered. Russian Defence Ministry signed a long-term contract for delivery of tanks and heavy IFVs on the Armata basis.
Serial production of the Armata Platform's ceramic armor components began in mid-2015.
Russian Lieutenant-General Yuri Kovalenko states that the "Armata" combat platform will utilize many features of the T-95 tank, of which only a few prototypes have been built. In the main battle tank variant, the ammunition compartment will be separate from the crew, increasing operational safety while the engine will be more powerful and the armor, main gun and autoloader will be improved.
According to preliminary reports, the new tank designated T-14 will be less radical and ambitious than the canceled ‘Object 195’ or T-95. It will weigh less, therefore being more agile and more affordable when compared to its more ambitious predecessors. Additionally, the T-15, Kurganets-25 IFV and Bumerang IFV will be able to equip the same 30mm Epoch Remote Control Turret.
The tank will have an unmanned, remotely controlled turret. It will be digitally controlled by a crew-member located in a separate compartment. It is believed that this would eventually lead to the development of a fully robotic tank.
The vehicles of the Armata platform will be equipped with the radar and other technologies found on the Sukhoi Su-57 fifth-generation jet fighter. They include a Ka band radar (26.5–40 GHz) based on AESA radar. The devices should be ready by 2015.
The Armata will use a new type of lightweight armor designated 44S-SV-SH, developed by Steel Scientific Research Institute enterprise. This armor does not lose its qualities when used in extremely low temperatures, which may indicate an interest in using the tank in Arctic conditions.
The Armata tank will have a remote weapon station turret and an automated control system, with the crew protected by an armored capsule. It will have an externally mounted 125 mm gun with 32 rounds of ammunition; in addition to tank rounds, a new laser-guided missile able to be fired from the main gun with a tandem Kornet-D (or better) anti-tank or anti low flying helicopters warhead with a range of 7,000–12,000 m (23,000–39,000 ft). The secondary armament will consist of a 30 mm cannon and a 12.7 mm machine gun.
|T-14 and T-15 during night time rehearsal of the 2015 Moscow Victory Day Parade.|
- T-14: Main battle tank. Industrial designation "Object 148".
- T-15: Heavy IFV. Industrial designation "Object 149".
- BREM-T T-16: Armoured recovery vehicle. Industrial designation "Object 152".
- BMOP "Terminator-3": Armoured fighting vehicle.
- 2S35 Koalitsiya-SV: Self-propelled gun However, the 2S35's on display during the 2015 Moscow Victory Day Parade and its rehearsals are not actually built on the Armata platform but rather a six-wheeled platform that appears to be a T-90 derived chassis.
- USM-A1: Combat engineering vehicle.
- BMO-2: Heavy armored personnel carrier for flamethrower-squads.
- BM-2: Large box-type multi-barrel rocket launcher for the TOS-2 Heavy Flamethrower System, similar to TOS-1 Buratino.
- TZM-2: Reloading vehicle for the TOS-2 Heavy Flamethrower System.
- MIM-A: Combat engineering vehicle.
- MT-A: Armoured bridge layer.
- UMZ-A: Combat engineering vehicle.
- PTS-A: Tracked amphibious vehicle.
- A mortar carrier which uses the 2S12A Sani or the 2B11 Sani.
- Russia: The first batch of Armata tanks and heavy personnel carriers has been manufactured and included in Russia’s 2015 defense order, with 20 units issued to troops for hands-on training.
- "Russia’s new Armata tank on Army 2015 shopping list". RT. TASS. 2015-02-21. Retrieved 2015-02-21.
- "Russia Created New Steel Armor for Armored Vehicles". Siberian Insider. 3 July 2014. Retrieved 22 February 2015.[permanent dead link]
- "New Russian heavy armour breaks cover". IHS Jane's 360. April 22, 2015.
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- Grove, Thomas. "Russian Defense Industry Hits Speed Bumps". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2015-11-27.
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- "Модель танка на платформе "Армата" ?". topwar.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 9 December 2014.
- "Russia to reveal newest Armata tanks in 2015". Xinhua News Agency. 11 November 2014. Retrieved 7 February 2015.
- Novichkov, Nikolai (6 October 2014). "Russia's new Armata MBT to make its debut in 2015". Jane's Information Group. Retrieved 8 February 2015.
- "Russia to Start Producing New Main Battle Tank in 2016". RIA Novosti. 20 November 2013.
- Eshel, Tamir (10 August 2012). "Russia Plans to Field the T-99, a Radically New Main Battle Tank by 2015". Defense Update. Retrieved 2013-09-23.
- "Russia plans to be equipped with new armoured Armata - Kurganets-25 and Boomerang from 2016". armyrecognition.com. 3 January 2014. Retrieved 8 February 2015.
- Russian Army Expects to Receive 500 T-14 Armata Tank per Year - Armyrecognition.com, 1 April 2015
- on YouTube
- "New Russian Tank to Have Remotely Controlled Gun". Sputnik. 26 March 2012. Retrieved 8 February 2015.
- "New Armata universal combat vehicle platform equipped with radar as the T-50 fighter aircraft". armyrecognition.com. 26 January 2014. Retrieved 8 February 2015.
- Kungurov, Denis (14 November 2014). "Secret new Russian tank could be deployed to Arctic zones". Russia Beyond the Headlines. Retrieved 8 February 2015.
- "Russia's Armata next-generation main battle tank to be equipped with a new missile". armyrecognition.com. 11 December 2014. Retrieved 8 February 2015.
- "VZ article". vz.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 9 December 2014.
- "В сети интернет появилось видео тяжелой БМП Т-15 на базе Арматы" (in Russian). Retrieved 27 March 2015.
- "БОЕВАЯ МАШИНА ОГНЕВОЙ ПОДДЕРЖКИ (БМОП) «ТЕРМИНАТОР-3″" (in Russian). Retrieved 22 January 2017.
- Kuzmin, Vitaly V. (27 April 2015). "Victory Day Parade rehearsal 22.04.2015 in Alabino - Part 2". vitalykuzmin.net. Retrieved 28 April 2015.
- "Следующий – Т-14" (in Russian). Retrieved 22 January 2017.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Armata Universal Combat Platform.|
- "Armata main battle tank technical data sheet and pictures". armyrecognition.com. Retrieved 8 February 2015.
- "Russia´s Armour Revolution". Jane's Information Group. Retrieved 18 May 2015.
- "Updated: Russian Armata unveiled: a new family of armored combat vehicles". Defense-Update. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
- "Updated: T-14 Armata Tank - First Analysis". Defense-Update. Retrieved 11 May 2015.
- "Many photos of the T-14 Armata".