Armata Universal Combat Platform

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Armata

Armata MBT T-14 Armata MBT

Armata IFV with Epoch 30mm turret covered up T-15 Heavy IFV
Type Tracked Heavy Armored Vehicle
Place of origin Russia
Service history
Used by Russian Armed Forces
Production history
Designer Ural Design Bureau of Transport Machine-Building, Uralvagonzavod
Manufacturer Uralvagonzavod
Unit cost ₽400 million rubles (approx. €7.4 million)[1]
Produced 2015[2]
Number built 20[2]
Specifications
Weight 48 tons in an MBT configuration
Crew 3[2]

Armor

steel 44S-sv-Sh[3] (T14/15) Active protection system soft&hard measures,[4]

dual-reactive armour "Malachit",[5][6] the stealth and list is not exhaustive
Main
armament

T-14: 125mm smoothbore cannon,
T-15: Epoch 30 mm Remote Control Turret,[7]

2S35: 152mm gun[8]
Secondary
armament
T-14: 12.7 mm and 7.62 mm machine guns.
Engine ChTZ 12Н360 (A-85-3A) diesel engine[9]
1,500 h.p., moderated to 1,200 h.p. in normal operation
Transmission 8-speed automatic gearbox
Speed 80 kilometres per hour (50 mph)

The "Armata" Universal Combat Platform (Russian: Армата) is a Russian prototype of an advanced next generation heavy military tracked vehicle platform. The Armata platform is the basis of the T-14, the T-15, a combat engineering vehicle, an armoured recovery vehicle, a heavy armoured personnel carrier, a tank support combat vehicle and several types of self-propelled artillery, including the 2S35 Koalitsiya-SV under the same codename based on the same chassis. It is also intended to serve as the basis for artillery, air defense, and NBC defense systems.[10] The new "Armata" tank platform is meant to replace the older Russian MBTs and APCs that are currently used by the Russian military.

Origin of designation[edit]

The combat platform is formally designated as "prospective family of heavy unified battlefield platforms". The name "Armata" derives from the plural of the Latin word arma which refers to weapons of war, and was an old Russian word for 14th century guns. This was wrongly transcribed as "Armada" by journalists on several occasions.[11][12][13][14]

Development[edit]

The Armata combat platform has been under design and development since 2009 by Uralvagonzavod headquartered in Nizhny Tagil.[11] Prototypes of heavy armored vehicles based on the Armata combat platform were presented at the defense exhibition Russian Arms Expo in Nizhny Tagil in September 2013.[15] In November 2014 trials of the 2S35 Koalitsiya-SV self-propelled gun variant were under way.[8]

The first 24 vehicles of two different types are expected to be shown to the public in the 2015 Moscow Victory Day Parade[15][16][17] with a batch of 32 to be delivered to the Russian Land Forces during the same year.[18] Russian media has previously stated that mass delivery will start in 2015[15] or 2016.[19]

A total of 2,300 MBTs are expected to be supplied by 2020,[15][20] modernizing 70 percent of the Russian tank fleet.[15][21] The Uralvagonzavod plant is expected to roll out around 500 T-14 Armata tanks per year.[22] At a 2015 Moscow Victory Day Parade practice drill run on the Alabino training grounds several types of armored vehicles described as various Armata models appeared with their turrets covered.[23]

Serial production of the Armata Platform's ceramic armor components began in mid-2015.[24]

Design[edit]

Russian Lieutenant-General Yuri Kovalenko states that the "Armata" combat platform will utilize many features of the T-95 tank, of which only a few prototypes have been built. In the main battle tank variant, the ammunition compartment will be separate from the crew, increasing operational safety while the engine will be more powerful and the armor, main gun and autoloader will be improved.

According to preliminary reports, the new tank designated T-14 will be less radical and ambitious than the canceled ‘Object 195’ or T-95. It will weigh less, therefore being more agile and more affordable when compared to its more ambitious predecessors. Additionally, the T-15, Kurganets-25 IFV and Bumerang IFV will be able to equip the same 30mm Epoch Remote Control Turret.[7]

The tank will have an unmanned, remotely controlled turret. It will be digitally controlled by a crew-member located in a separate compartment. It is believed that this would eventually lead to the development of a fully robotic tank.[25]

Vehicles of the Armata platform will be equipped with the radar and other technologies found on the Sukhoi T-50 fifth-generation jet fighter. They include a Ka band radar (26.5–40 GHz) based on AESA radar. The devices should be ready by 2015.[26]

The Armata will use a new type of lightweight armor designated 44S-SV-SH, developed by Steel Scientific Research Institute enterprise. This armor does not lose its qualities when used in extremely low temperatures, which may indicate an interest in using the tank in Arctic conditions.[27]

The Armata tank will have a remote weapon station turret and an automated control system, with the crew protected by an armored capsule. It will have an externally mounted 125 mm gun with 32 rounds of ammunition; in addition to tank rounds, a new laser-guided missile able to be fired from the main gun with a tandem Kornet-D (or better) anti-tank or anti low flying helicopters warhead with a range of 7,000–12,000 m (23,000–39,000 ft). The secondary armament will consist of a 30 mm cannon and a 12.7 mm machine gun.[28]

Variants[edit]

External video
T-14 and T-15 during night time rehearsal of the 2015 Moscow Victory Day Parade.

Operators[edit]

  •  Russia: The first batch of Armata tanks and heavy personnel carriers has been manufactured and included in Russia’s 2015 defense order, with 20 units issued to troops for hands-on training.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "1st PHOTO: Russia’s secretive Armata battle tank revealed". RT. April 21, 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Russia’s new Armata tank on Army 2015 shopping list". RT. TASS. 2015-02-21. Retrieved 2015-02-21. 
  3. ^ "Russia Created New Steel Armor for Armored Vehicles". Siberian Insider. 3 July 2014. Retrieved 22 February 2015. 
  4. ^ http://vpk.name/library/f/armata.html
  5. ^ http://topwar.ru/30166-prototipy-tanka-armata.html
  6. ^ http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/russia/t-15.htm
  7. ^ a b c "New Russian heavy armour breaks cover". IHS Jane's 360. April 22, 2015. 
  8. ^ a b c Foss, Christopher F (17 November 2014). "Russia's new Koalitsiya self-propelled gun being trialled". Jane's Information Group. Retrieved 8 February 2015. 
  9. ^ "Дизельный двигатель 12Н360". ЧТЗ-УРАЛТРАК (in Russian). 
  10. ^ "Russia will develop new artillery and air defense systems based on Armata tank platform". armyrecognition.com. 23 November 2012. Retrieved 8 February 2015. 
  11. ^ a b "Russian Armata Tank to Enter Testing in November". RIA Novosti. 7 September 2013. Retrieved 8 February 2015. 
  12. ^ "Каким может быть новый танк "Армата"". Army-news.ru (in Russian). 2011-06-22. Retrieved 2013-09-23. 
  13. ^ "Наука и техника: Россия примет на вооружение новый танк "Армада"". Lenta.ru (in Russian). 28 April 2011. Retrieved 2013-09-23. 
  14. ^ "Модель танка на платформе "Армата" ?". topwar.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 9 December 2014. 
  15. ^ a b c d e "Russia to reveal newest Armata tanks in 2015". Xinhua News Agency. 11 November 2014. Retrieved 7 February 2015. 
  16. ^ "TASS: Russia - Armata-based new combat vehicles to be displayed in 2015 Victory Parade". ITAR-TASS. 12 September 2014. Retrieved 9 December 2014. 
  17. ^ "Russia's Armata Battle Tank to Go Through State Trials in 2016". Sputnik. 30 December 2014. Retrieved 8 February 2015. 
  18. ^ a b Novichkov, Nikolai (6 October 2014). "Russia's new Armata MBT to make its debut in 2015". Jane's Information Group. Retrieved 8 February 2015. 
  19. ^ "Russia to Start Producing New Main Battle Tank in 2016". RIA Novosti. 20 November 2013. 
  20. ^ Eshel, Tamir (10 August 2012). "Russia Plans to Field the T-99, a Radically New Main Battle Tank by 2015". Defense Update. Retrieved 2013-09-23. 
  21. ^ "Russia plans to be equipped with new armoured Armata - Kurganets-25 and Boomerang from 2016". armyrecognition.com. 3 January 2014. Retrieved 8 February 2015. 
  22. ^ Russian Army Expects to Receive 500 T-14 Armata Tank per Year - Armyrecognition.com, 1 April 2015
  23. ^ Парад 9 Мая 2015 (репетиция): Армата , Тайфун-У, Курганец-25, БТР-МД , Коалиция-СВ, Бумеранг. on YouTube
  24. ^ http://tass.ru/armiya-i-opk/2022554
  25. ^ "New Russian Tank to Have Remotely Controlled Gun". Sputnik. 26 March 2012. Retrieved 8 February 2015. 
  26. ^ "New Armata universal combat vehicle platform equipped with radar as the T-50 fighter aircraft". armyrecognition.com. 26 January 2014. Retrieved 8 February 2015. 
  27. ^ Kungurov, Denis (14 November 2014). "Secret new Russian tank could be deployed to Arctic zones". Russia Beyond the Headlines. Retrieved 8 February 2015. 
  28. ^ "Russia's Armata next-generation main battle tank to be equipped with a new missile". armyrecognition.com. 11 December 2014. Retrieved 8 February 2015. 
  29. ^ a b c d "VZ article". vz.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 9 December 2014. 
  30. ^ "В сети интернет появилось видео тяжелой БМП Т-15 на базе Арматы" (in Russian). Retrieved 27 March 2015. 
  31. ^ Kuzmin, Vitaly V. (27 April 2015). "Victory Day Parade rehearsal 22.04.2015 in Alabino - Part 2". vitalykuzmin.net. Retrieved 28 April 2015. 
  32. ^ http://ria.ru/defense_safety/20150715/1129652430.html

External links[edit]