Veniamin Levich

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Veniamin Grigorievich (Benjamin) Levich
Native name Вениамин Григорьевич Левич
Born (1917-03-30)30 March 1917
Kharkiv, Ukraine
Died 19 January 1987(1987-01-19) (aged 69)
Englewood, New Jersey, United States
Fields physical chemistry
Alma mater University of Kharkiv
Known for founding physico-chemical hydrodynamics

Veniamin Grigorievich (Benjamin) Levich (Russian: Вениами́н Григо́рьевич Ле́вич, 30 March 1917, Kharkiv, Ukraine – 19 January 1987, Englewood, New Jersey, United States)[1] was a Soviet dissident,[2] internationally prominent physical chemist and founder of the discipline of physico-chemical hydrodynamics. He was a student of the theoretical physicist, Lev Landau. His landmark textbook titled Physicochemical Hydrodynamics is widely considered his most important contribution to science.[3] The Levich Equation describing a current at a rotating disk electrode is named after him. His research activities also included gas-phase collision reactions, electrochemistry, and the quantum mechanics of electron transfer.

Professor Levich received many honors during his life, including the Olin Palladium Award of the The Electrochemical Society in 1973. He was elected a foreign member of the Norwegian Academy of Sciences in 1977 and a foreign associate of the U.S. National Academy of Engineering in 1982.[4] He was also a member of numerous scientific organizations, although on leaving the USSR in 1978 he had to relinquish his Soviet citizenship and, therefore, was expelled from the USSR Academy of Sciences.[1] An interdisciplinary institute at the City College of the City University of New York is named in his honor.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ennis, Thomas W. (21 January 1987). "Dr. Benjamin G. Levich dies; scientist and Soviet emigre". The New York Times. 
  2. ^ De Boer, S. P.; Driessen, Evert; Verhaar, Hendrik (1982). "Levič, Veniamin G.". Biographical dictionary of dissidents in the Soviet Union: 1956–1975. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. p. 319. ISBN 9024725380. 
  3. ^ Levich, Veniamin G. (1962). Physicochemical Hydrodynamics. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall (english translation by Scripta Tchnica). OCLC 567847240. 
  4. ^ Acrivos, Andreas (1992). "Benjamin Levich", Memorial Tributes: National Academy of Engineering, Volume 5. Washington, D.C.: National Academies Press. pp. 164–169. ISBN 978-0-309-04689-3. 
  5. ^ "Benjamin Levich Institute for Physico-Chemical Hydrodynamics". City College of New York (CCNY). Retrieved 20 April 2012. 

Further reading[edit]

  • De Boer, S. P.; Driessen, Evert; Verhaar, Hendrik (1982). "Levič, Veniamin G.". Biographical dictionary of dissidents in the Soviet Union: 1956–1975. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. p. 319. ISBN 9024725380.