Semyon Gluzman

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Semyon Fishelevich Gluzman
Gluzman S.jpg
Native name Семе́н Фі́шельович Глу́зман
Born (1946-09-10) September 10, 1946 (age 70)
Kiev,[1] Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, Soviet Union
Nationality Ukrainian
Fields Psychiatry
Institutions Ukrainian Psychiatric Association
Alma mater Kiev Medical Institute
Known for his participation in the struggle against political abuse of psychiatry in the Soviet Union
Notable awards distinguished fellowship of the American Psychiatry Association, honorary membership of the Royal College of Psychiatrists, the Geneva Prize for Human Rights in Psychiatry

Semyon Fishelevich Gluzman (Ukrainian: Семе́н Фі́шельович Глу́зман, Russian: Семён Фи́шелевич Глу́зман; born 10 September 1946, Kiev) is a Ukrainian psychiatrist[2] and human rights activist.[3]

He is also the president[4] and founder of the Ukrainian Psychiatric Association,[5] founder of the American-Ukrainian Bureau for Human Rights,[6] director of the International Medical Rehabilitation Center for the Victims of War and Totalitarian Regimes,[7] a member of the Council of Experts under the Ukraine's Ministry of Labor and Social Policy.[8] He also is сo-chairperson of the Babi Yar Committee, ex-dissident and ex-prisoner.[9] He holds M.D. qualification.[10]

In 1968, he graduated from the Kiev Medical Institute.[11] After graduation, Gluzman started working in Ukrainian psychiatric hospitals and was offered a position at the Dnipropetrovsk Special Psychiatric Hospital in a city not far from the Black Sea.[12]

Semyon Gluzman was the first psychiatrist in the Soviet Union to openly oppose Soviet abuse of psychiatry against dissenters.[13] In 1971, Gluzman wrote an in-absentia psychiatric report on General Pyotr Grigorenko[14] who spoke against the human rights abuses in the Soviet Union.[15] Gluzman came to the conclusion that Grigorenko was mentally sane and had been taken to mental hospitals for political reasons.[14] In the late 1970s and early 1980s, Gluzman was forced to serve seven years in labor camp and three years in Siberian exile for defending Grigorenko against the charge of insanity.[15] On 28 November 1977, Amnesty International added Gluzman to its list of 92 members of the medical profession who were imprisoned for their political beliefs.[16] While in prison Gluzman and fellow inmate Vladimir Bukovsky jointly wrote A Manual on Psychiatry for Dissidents published in Russian,[17] English,[18] French,[19] Italian,[20] German,[21] Danish.[22]

In the 1980s Gluzman (who is a Jew) turned down offers to migrate to Israel by "people sent from American synagogues" and even Soviet officials.[23]

In 1991, Gluzman founded the Ukrainian Psychiatric Association (UPA) as an independent mouthpiece and created a commission to address grievances about civil rights violations by mental health administrators.[24]

In recognition of his courage and commitment to ethical psychiatry, Gluzman was given the title of a Distinguished Fellow of the American Psychiatry Association and the title of an Honorary Member of the Royal College of Psychiatrists in 1980.[25]

In 2008, Semyon Gluzman was honored with the Geneva Prize for Human Rights in Psychiatry presented to him at the XIV Congress of the World Psychiatric Association in Prague for exceptional courage and adherence to ideals of humanism, for renunciation of using psychiatry against political dissidents as well as for dissemination of ethical principles during the reform of mental health service in Ukraine.[26]

Gluzman coauthored many research papers covering psychiatry in Ukraine,[27] the health consequences of the Chornobyl accident,[28] their risk perceptions,[29] suicide ideation,[30] heavy alcohol use,[31] nicotine dependence,[32] intimate partner aggression.[33]


  1. ^ "Gluzman's CV". The Ukrainian Psychiatric Association. Retrieved 27 January 2013. 
  2. ^ "Dr Semyon Gluzman". The Lancet. 314 (8149): 946. 3 November 1979. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(79)92635-7. PMID 91034. 
  3. ^ Максименко, Наталья (22 September 2007). "Семен Глузман: СНБО – абсолютно импотентный орган". УНIАН. Retrieved 15 March 2016. 
  4. ^ "Руководство Ассоциации психиатров Украины". Ассоциация психиатров Украины. Retrieved 25 July 2011. 
  5. ^ Neria, Yuval; Galea, Sandro (2009). Mental Health and Disasters. Cambridge University Press. p. 451. ISBN 0-521-88387-3. 
  6. ^ Voren, Robert van (2009). On Dissidents and Madness: From the Soviet Union of Leonid Brezhnev to the "Soviet Union" of Vladimir Putin. Amsterdam—New York: Rodopi. p. 159. ISBN 978-90-420-2585-1. 
  7. ^ "Онлайн-конференция c руководителем Ассоциации психиатров Украины Семеном Глузманом". Retrieved 7 December 2010. 
  8. ^ Учотова, Ирина; Глузман, Семён (October 2009). "Семён Глузман: "Смысл нашей работы заключается в том, чтобы помочь человеку жить полноценной жизнью…"". Нейроnews: Психоневрология и нейропсихиатрия (№ 6 (17)). Retrieved 26 July 2011. 
  9. ^ Луканов, Юрий (20 November 2009). "С бандеровцами мы ели на одной тумбочке". Газета по-українськи № 933. Retrieved 2 January 2014. 
  10. ^ Moran, Mark (5 November 2010). "Psychiatric abuses once led to Cold War confrontation". Psychiatric News. 45 (21): 6–7. doi:10.1176/pn.45.21.psychnews_45_21_009. 
  11. ^ "Psychiatric abuse in the Soviet Union". American Journal of Psychotherapy. XXIX (3). July 1975. 
  12. ^ Masters, Kay (1 December 1984). "The 'conscience' of Soviet psychiatry won't give up in his struggle to gain freedom from Soviet oppression". The Evening Independent. p. 13-A. 
  13. ^ Semyon Gluzman: the first psychiatrist in the U.S.S.R. who openly opposed Soviet abuse of psychiatry against dissenters. 1980. 
  14. ^ a b Medicine betrayed: the participation of doctors in human rights abuses. Zed Books. 1992. p. 73. ISBN 1-85649-104-8. 
  15. ^ a b Sabshin, Melvin (2008). Changing American psychiatry: a personal perspective. American Psychiatric Pub. p. 95. ISBN 1-58562-307-5. 
  16. ^ "92 medical prisoners are listed by Amnesty". The Washington Post. 29 November 1977. 
  17. ^ Bukovsky & Gluzman 1975a.
  18. ^ Bukovsky and Gluzman (1975b, 1975c, 1975d)
  19. ^ Boukovsky & Glouzmann 1975.
  20. ^ Bukovskij, Gluzman & Leva 1979.
  21. ^ Bukowski & Gluzman 1976.
  22. ^ Bukovskiĭ & Gluzman 1975e.
  23. ^ [< Semyon Gluzman: Meeting a Soviet-era dissident again after 35 years], BBC News (26 February 2017)
  24. ^ Bonnie, Richard (2001). "Semyon Gluzman and the unraveling of Soviet psychiatry" (PDF). The Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law. 29 (3): 327–329. PMID 11592461. 
  25. ^ Bloch, Sidney (1 March 1990). "Athens and beyond: Soviet psychiatric abuse and the World Psychiatric Association" (PDF). Psychiatric Bulletin. 14 (3): 129–133. doi:10.1192/pb.14.3.129. 
  26. ^ "XIV Всемирный конгресс по психиатрии". Nezavisimiy Psikhiatricheskiy Zhurnal (№ 4): 86–88. 2008. 
  27. ^ Gluzman & Kostyuchenko 2006; Ougrin, Gluzman & Dratcu 2006; Gluzman et al. 1998; Moiseenko et al. 2012; Gluzman, Golovakha & Panina 1992
  28. ^ Taormina et al. 2008; Litcher et al. 2000; Bromet et al. 2000; Bromet et al. 2002
  29. ^ Adams et al. 2011; Bromet et al. 2011; Bromet et al. 2009; Guey et al. 2008
  30. ^ Bromet et al. 2007; Nock et al. 2008
  31. ^ Webb et al. 2005; Bromet et al. 2005
  32. ^ Webb et al. 2007.
  33. ^ O'Leary et al. 2008.

Gluzman's publications[edit]

Books on Soviet psychiatry

Prose and poetry

  • Gluzman, SF [Глузман С.Ф.] (2012). Рисунки по памяти, или воспоминания отсидента [Pictures drawn from memory, or the released dissident’s memories]. Киев [Kiev]: Издательский дом Дмитрия Бураго [Dmitry Burago's publishing house]. ISBN 978-966-489-121-6. 
  • Gluzman, SF [Глузман С.Ф.] (1994). Псалмы и скорби [Psalms and sorrows]. Харьков [Kharkiv]: Фолио [Folio]. ISBN 5-7150-0168-4. 
  • Маринович, Мирослав; Глузман, Семен; Антонюк, Зиновий (1997). Листи з волі [Letters from freedom] (in Ukrainian). Kiev: Sfera. 

Research papers in English without co-authors

Research papers in English with co-authors

Research papers in Russian without co-authors

Research papers in Russian with co-authors

  • Adler, N [Адлер Н.]; Gluzman, SF [Глузман С.Ф.] (1992). Пытка психиатрией. Механизм и последствия [Torture by psychiatry. Mechanism and consequences]. Обозрение психиатрии и медицинской психологии имени В.М. Бехтерева (in Russian) (3): 138–152. ISSN 0762-7475.  The paper was also published in Adler, N [Адлер Н.]; Gluzman, SF [Глузман С.Ф.] (2001). Пытка психиатрией. Механизм и последствия [Torture by psychiatry. Mechanism and consequences] (PDF). Социально-психологические и медицинские аспекты жестокости [Social, Psychological and Medical Aspects of Cruelty] (in Russian) (1): 118–135. 
  • Gluzman, SF [Глузман С.Ф.]; Golovakha, EI [Головаха Е.И.]; Panina, NV [Панина Н.В.] (1992). Мнения и оценки врачей-психиатров Украины по актуальным вопросам психиатрической службы [Opinions and estimates by psychiatrists of Ukraine on topical issues of mental health service]. Обозрение психиатрии и медицинской психологии имени В.М. Бехтерева (in Russian) (2): 41–50. ISSN 0762-7475. 
  • Gluzman, SF [Глузман С.Ф.]; Kuznetsov, VN [Кузнецов В.Н.]; Poltavets, VI [Полтавец В.И.]; Korotenko, AI [Коротенко А.И.]; Nasinnik, OA [Насинник О.А.]; Chernyavsky, VM [Чернявский В.М.]; Polubinskaya, SV [Полубинская С.В.] (1998). Модель системы информирования и планирования лечения для Украины: заключительный отчёт [The model of system of informing and planning the treatment for Ukraine: the final report]. Вісник асоціації психiатрiв України [The Herald of the Association of Psychiatrists of Ukraine] (in Russian) (3): 10–25. 

Research papers in Ukrainian

  • Moiseenko, RO [Моісеєнко Р.О.]; Tereshchenko, OV [Терещенко О.В.]; Martsenkovsky, IA [Марценковський І.А.]; Gluzman, SF [Глузман С.Ф.]; Pinchuk, IY [Пінчук І.Я.]; Yurchenko, TV [Юрченко Т.В.]; Dolenko, OV [Доленко О.В.] (2012). Напрямки реформування системи охорони психічного здоров’я дітей і підлітків в Україні [Directions of reforming the system of protection of mental health of children and adolescents in Ukraine]. Український вісник психоневрології [The Ukrainian Herald of Psychoneurology] (in Ukrainian). 20 (1 (70) додаток [supplement]). 

Articles, reports, interviews, chapters in books