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Anton Antonov-Ovseenko

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Anton Vladimirovich Antonov-Ovseenko
Native name
Антон Владимирович Антонов-Овсеенко
Born(1920-02-23)23 February 1920
Moscow, Soviet Russia
Died9 July 2013(2013-07-09) (aged 93)
Moscow, Russia
OccupationWriter and historian
Alma materMoscow State Pedagogical Institute
RelativesVladimir Antonov-Ovseenko (father)
Anton Vladimirovich Antonov-Ovseenko (in centre) as a child with his siblings and parents during their stay in Prague, Czechoslovakia.

Anton Vladimirovich Antonov-Ovseenko (Russian: Анто́н Влади́мирович Анто́нов-Овсе́енко; 23 February 1920, Moscow, RSFSR – 9 July 2013, Moscow, Russia) was a Russian historian and writer.[1][2]

Born on 23 February 1920, he was the son of the Bolshevik military leader Vladimir Antonov-Ovseenko who commanded the assault on the Winter Palace.[3] In 1923 he signed the declaration of 46. In 1935, he joined the historical faculty of the Moscow State Pedagogical Institute. In 1938, he was expelled from Komsomol and the institute wherein, however, he was reinstated in the same year.[1]

He was arrested in 1940 and spent 13 years in labor camps.

Antonov-Ovseenko is best known for his biography of Lavrentiy Beria and he also wrote several books.

Antonov-Ovseenko operated a state museum on the Gulag, for which the Moscow administration provided a building in August 2001.[4][5]

When he died in 2013, he was still working two full days a week to continue documenting what he called "the evils of the Soviet era" and to help with plans for a new, larger space.[6]


  • The Time of Stalin: Portrait of a Tyranny, Harper & Row, 1981, ISBN 0-06-010148-2 (reprinted 1983)
  • Theater of Joseph Stalin Moscow. "Grėgori-Pėĭdzh", 1995. ISBN 5-900493-15-6
  • Enemy of the people, Moscow. Intellekt, 1996. Russian text online
  • Beria Moscow, ACT, 1999, ISBN 5-237-03178-1 (in Russian) (PDF of the 2007 edition online)
  • Naprasnyi podvig? (Vain feat?) Moscow: ACT, 2003. ISBN 5-17-017525-6 (in Russian)


  1. ^ a b Aнтонов-Овсеенко Антон Владимирович (р.1920): историк, писатель, публицист [Antonov-Ovseenko Anton Vladimirovich (b. 1920): historian, writer, publicist]. The Sakharov Center. Retrieved 22 August 2011. (biography on the Sakharov Center website)
  2. ^ "Russia Mourns Stalin Scholar, Gulag Museum Founder". Ria.ru. 2013-07-11. Retrieved 2013-07-12.
  3. ^ Гальперович, Данила (27 June 2010). "Директор Государственного музея ГУЛАГа Антон Владимирович Антонов-Овсеенко". Радио Свобода. Radio Liberty. Retrieved 19 August 2011.
  4. ^ Banerji, Arup (2008). Writing history in the Soviet Union: making the past work. Berghahn Books. p. 271. ISBN 978-81-87358-37-4.
  5. ^ "Stalinism Survivor Runs Gulag Museum In Moscow | @pritheworld". Theworld.org. 2011-10-27. Retrieved 2013-07-10.
  6. ^ Schwirtz, Michael (10 July 2013). "Anton Antonov Ovseyenko, Who Exposed Stalin Terror, Dies at 93". The New York Times.

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