The Crossroads for Opportunity
|• Mayor||Daniel A. Champagne|
|• Total||18.1 sq mi (46.9 km2)|
|• Land||17.7 sq mi (45.8 km2)|
|• Water||0.4 sq mi (1.0 km2)|
|Elevation||390 ft (119 m)|
|• Density||1,649/sq mi (637/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0213520|
Vernon is the most populous town in Tolland County, Connecticut, United States. The population was 29,179 at the 2010 census. Vernon contains the smaller villages of Talcottville and Dobsonville. Vernon contains the former City of Rockville.
Vernon was incorporated in October 1808, from Bolton. Vernon was named after George Washington's Mount Vernon estate. Vernon contains the former city of Rockville, incorporated in January, 1889 and consolidated in January 1965.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 18.1 square miles (47 km2), of which 17.7 square miles (46 km2) is land and 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2) (1.88%) is water.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
At the 2000 census, there were 28,063 people, 12,269 households and 7,275 families living in the town. The population density was 1,582.8 per square mile (611.1/km2). There were 12,867 housing units at an average density of 725.7 per square mile (280.2/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 89.95% White, 3.99% African American, 0.24% Native American, 2.65% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.22% from other races, and 1.91% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.58% of the population.
There were 12,269 households, out of which 26.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.3% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.7% were non-families. 33.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.90.
22.1% of the population was under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 32.4% from 25 to 44, 23.9% from 45 to 64, and 13.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 91.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.1 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $47,816, and the median income for a family was $59,599. Males had a median income of $43,620 versus $31,515 for females. The per capita income for the town was $25,150. About 4.1% of families and 5.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.9% of those under age 18 and 6.1% of those age 65 or over.
City of Rockville
Most of Rockville has been designated as part of the Rockville Historic District. The district is roughly bounded by Shenipsit Street, Davis Avenue, West Street and South Street was added in 1984 to the National Register of Historical Places. The district includes 842 buildings and one other structure. It includes examples of Greek Revival, Late Victorian, and Classical Revival architecture. The historic district includes 842 buildings and one other structure over 550 acres (2.2 km2). The Population of this part of Vernon is 7,474.
Buildings of architectural or historic interest in Rockville include:
- St. Bernard Church
- Memorial Building housing the New England Civil War Museum and the Grand Army of the Republic Hall as well as the town offices for Vernon.
- Old Rockville High School and East School
- Hockanum Mill
- Saxony Mill
- Florence Mill
- The Tower on Fox Hill
- Lake Street School
- Maple Street School
- Northeast School
- Center Road School
- Skinner Road School
Middle and secondary schools
- Vernon Center Middle School
Points of interest
- Arts Center East
- Belding Wildlife Property
- Gene Pitney Exhibit in Town Hall
- New England Civil War Museum
- Rails to Trails
- Rockville Community Alliance
- Rockville Farmers Market
- Talcottville Historic District
- Talcottville Ravine
- Valley Falls Park
- Vernon Historical Society
- Victorian homes
- Henry Park/Fox Hill Tower
- Jahine Arnold (born 1973), NFL wide receiver
- Eliza Talcott, American missionary to Japan and co-founder of Kobe College.
- Katie Taylor, Irish boxer and former footballer
- Mark Warner, former Governor of Virginia and current U.S. Senator, was raised in Vernon.
- Teephlow West African poet and rapper from Ghana currently resides in Vernon.
- Gene Pitney (1941–2006), internationally known singer/songwriter, member of Rock & Roll Hall of Fame, born in Hartford, raised in Rockville
- Charles Ethan Porter (c. 1847–1923), an African-American still-life painter, lived in the Rockville neighborhood as a child.
- Kenneth North (1930-2010), U.S. Air Force brigadier general
- Bill Romanowski was born in Vernon; he is a former professional American football player and four-time Super Bowl champion.
- Christian Sharps, inventor of the Sharps rifle, spent the final years of his life farming in Vernon.
- Lucille Barkley, film actress in the 1940s and 1950s, died in Vernon.
- Stephen Farrell (1863–1933), world champion sprinter and track coach
- Jim Penders, head coach of the Connecticut Huskies baseball team, was born in Vernon.
- Joe Courtney, current U.S. congressman from Connecticut's 2nd congressional district.
- George L. Graziadio, Jr., business and property developer born in Vernon.
- Marie Herbst, politician and former mayor of Vernon.
- Ross A. Hull, radio engineer, lived and died in Vernon.
- Martin Kellogg, former president of the University of California, was born in Vernon.
- Dwight Marcy, politician and attorney in Vernon
- Morgan Lewis (1906–1968), songwriter and Broadway theatre composer
- Dwight Loomis (1821–1903), U.S. Representative
- Bob Pease (1940-2011), analog integrated circuit design expert and technical author
- M. William Phelps, investigative journalist and crime writer, lives in Vernon.
- U.S. Census Bureau Population Estimates
- The Connecticut Magazine: An Illustrated Monthly. Connecticut Magazine Company. 1903. p. 335.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Fukada, Robert Mikio (2000). "Talcott, Eliza (1836-1911), missionary to Japan". American National Biography. doi:10.1093/anb/9780198606697.article.0801499. Retrieved 2021-03-13.