Tolland, Connecticut

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Tolland, Connecticut
Official seal of Tolland, Connecticut
Seal
Location in Tolland County, Connecticut
Coordinates: 41°52′19.85″N 72°22′10.06″W / 41.8721806°N 72.3694611°W / 41.8721806; -72.3694611Coordinates: 41°52′19.85″N 72°22′10.06″W / 41.8721806°N 72.3694611°W / 41.8721806; -72.3694611
Country United States
U.S. state Connecticut
CountyTolland
Metropolitan areaHartford
Incorporated1715
Government
 • TypeCouncil-manager
 • Town managerMichael J. Rosen
 • Town councilTammy Nuccio (R), Chm.
Steven Jones (D), Vice Chm.
Brenda Falusi (D)
Robert Abbate (R)
John Reagan (R)
Kurt Schenher(R)
Lou Luba (R)
Area
 • Total40.3 sq mi (104.4 km2)
 • Land39.7 sq mi (102.9 km2)
 • Water0.6 sq mi (1.5 km2)
Elevation
656 ft (200 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total15,052
 • Density372.6/sq mi (145.3/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (Eastern)
ZIP code
06084
Area code(s)860
FIPS code09-76290
GNIS feature ID0212667
Websitewww.tolland.org

Tolland is a town in Tolland County, Connecticut, United States. The population was 15,052 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

Old County Jail Museum

Tolland was named in May, 1715, and incorporated in May, 1722 from Windsor. The town was over 20 miles away from Tolland and was incorporated to grow the population out in the hill areas. According to some, the town derives its name from being a toll station on the old road between Boston and New York. Alternatively, its name could have been taken after Tolland in Somerset, England.[1] Today Interstate 84, the main highway connecting New York City, Hartford, Connecticut and Boston, bisects Tolland, but the town retains a charming village feel. Tolland Green is the informal center of the community, and a national historic district. The Green's features include an old-fashioned penny candy and antiques store known to locals as the 'Red and White'; the town's original 19th-century town hall, now an arts center; the Old Tolland County Jail and Museum; the Tolland County Courthouse and former public library; the 'Tolland Inn' bed and breakfast; and the Hicks-Stearns Family Museum, a restored Victorian house. The architectural styles on display, including the white steeples of several churches, are reminiscent of a picture-postcard New England scene. The town is also home to the supposedly haunted Daniel Benton Homestead, built in 1720 and the oldest house in Tolland.

Hicks-Stearns Family Museum

Many of the town's adults work in Hartford, located about 30 minutes away, often at one of the city's many insurance companies, or for the University of Connecticut in Storrs, to the south. A family-oriented town, the landscape of Tolland is primarily composed of houses on plots of land around two acres. Undeveloped, forested land covers the area between the town's many residential developments. Containing two state forests and several municipal parks, the town retains a relatively rural character.

The Tolland Public Library opened in 1899. Located in the old county courthouse until 1985, the library was moved to the former Hicks Memorial School in 1985.[2] It was significantly expanded in 2017.[3]

In 2006, Tolland opened the new Tolland High School to support the growing number of students.[4] The town is also expanding with new commercial and residential developments.

Tolland has ranked among "Best Places to Live in America" by CNN magazine in the "Small Town" category several times:

Year Ranking
2005 29th[5]
2009 27th[6]
2011 37th[7]
2015 34th[8]

In April 2008, Wes Craven began filming scenes for his 2009 movie My Soul to Take inside the former Tolland High School.[9]

In September 2019, it was announced that Birch Grove Elementary School would undergo renovation after the foundation started to crack due to the presence of pyrrhotite in the cement. Construction is expected to complete in August 2021.[10][11][12]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 40.3 sq mi (104.4 km2), of which 39.7 sq mi (102.8 km2) is land and 0.58 sq mi (1.5 km2) (1.46%) is water.

Nearby towns include Coventry, Ellington, Mansfield, Stafford, Vernon, and Willington, Connecticut.

Climate[edit]

Tolland's climate is classified as warm summer continental (Dfb), as is typical of the eastern hills of Connecticut. The area enjoys some characteristics hot-summer continental climate (Dfa) due to a relatively high July mean temperature of 70.7 °F (21.5 °C), which is very close to the threshold of 71.6 °F (22 °C) mean temperature required for a hot-summer climate. The area experiences four distinct seasons, with cold, snowy winters and warm to hot summers. The climate of Tolland is distinguished from the warmer climate of nearby Hartford, CT, due to its elevation. The area is prone to blizzards and ice storms in the winter, and during the summer it occasionally experiences tropical activity (though less severe than in lower elevations of the state). Precipitation is distributed fairly evenly throughout the year, with the wettest month being November and the driest being February.

Climate data for Tolland, Connecticut
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 67
(19)
69
(21)
83
(28)
93
(34)
91
(33)
96
(36)
98
(37)
96
(36)
96
(36)
86
(30)
78
(26)
71
(22)
98
(37)
Average high °F (°C) 34.3
(1.3)
37.7
(3.2)
45.9
(7.7)
57.9
(14.4)
68.6
(20.3)
76.4
(24.7)
80.9
(27.2)
79.6
(26.4)
72.5
(22.5)
61.3
(16.3)
50.9
(10.5)
39.3
(4.1)
58.8
(14.9)
Daily mean °F (°C) 25
(−4)
28.1
(−2.2)
35.8
(2.1)
47
(8)
57
(14)
65.8
(18.8)
70.7
(21.5)
69.4
(20.8)
61.8
(16.6)
50.4
(10.2)
41.3
(5.2)
30.7
(−0.7)
48.6
(9.2)
Average low °F (°C) 15.7
(−9.1)
18.5
(−7.5)
25.6
(−3.6)
36
(2)
45.4
(7.4)
55.1
(12.8)
60.4
(15.8)
59.1
(15.1)
51
(11)
39.5
(4.2)
31.7
(−0.2)
22
(−6)
38.3
(3.5)
Record low °F (°C) −32
(−36)
−27
(−33)
−24
(−31)
4
(−16)
20
(−7)
27
(−3)
34
(1)
28
(−2)
20
(−7)
13
(−11)
−5
(−21)
−19
(−28)
−32
(−36)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 4.38
(111)
3.11
(79)
4.32
(110)
4.54
(115)
3.96
(101)
4.46
(113)
4.08
(104)
4.07
(103)
4.54
(115)
4.56
(116)
4.64
(118)
4.02
(102)
50.68
(1,287)
Source: [13]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18201,597
18501,406
18601,310−6.8%
18701,216−7.2%
18801,169−3.9%
18901,037−11.3%
19001,036−0.1%
19101,1268.7%
19201,040−7.6%
19301,0642.3%
19401,19212.0%
19501,65939.2%
19602,95077.8%
19707,857166.3%
19809,69423.4%
199011,00113.5%
200013,14619.5%
201015,05214.5%
Est. 201414,872[14]−1.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[15]

As of the census of 2010, there were 15,052 people, divided into 5,092 households living in the town. The average household size was 2.9 people. The population density was 373.0 people per square mile (144/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 94.1% White (93.2% non-Hispanic White), 0.8% African American, 2.0% Asian, and 1.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.6% of the population. In terms of language, 94% of Tolland's residents spoke English at home, and 4.1% of residents were foreign-born. The median age was 41 years. The median income for a household in the town was $110,781, and the median income for a family was $122,299. The per capita income for the town was $47,611, and around 1.7% of the population was below the poverty line. 122 families received Supplemental Security Income or some other form of cash assistance, and 945 residents (0.6%) were on social security.[16]

South View of the Central Part of Tolland, wood block engraving from a sketch by John Warner Barber for his Historical Collections of Connecticut (New Haven, 1836)

As of the census[17] of 2000, there were 13,146 people, 4,586 households, and 3,788 families residing in the town. The population density was 331.0 people per square mile (127.8/km²). There were 4,665 housing units at an average density of 117.5 per square mile (45.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.36% White, 0.57% African American, 0.08% Native American, 1.19% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.39% from other races, and 0.81% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were .75% of the population.

There were 4,586 households out of which 42.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 74.4% were married couples living together, 1.9% had a female householder, and 17.4% were non-families. 13.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.83 and the average family size was 3.12.

In the town, the population was spread out with 28.3% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 31.7% from 25 to 44, 26.8% from 45 to 64, and 7.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.1 males. The median income for a household in the town was $135,398 as of Census 2000, and, according to CNN/Money magazine's 2009 "Best Places to Live", the median income for a family in 2009 was $136,772.[6] The per capita income for the town was $54,571. About .6% of families and .7% of the population were below the poverty line, including .5% of those under age 18 and .2% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Hicks Memorial Municipal Center and Library

Tolland was governed by town meeting until November 1973, when it adopted a new charter.[18] The principal governing body of Tolland is the elected Town Council, which is responsible for making policy and major decisions about the town's future. The day-to-day operations of the town are handled by a Town Manager, a paid professional appointed by the Council and charged with implementing and executing Council policy and decisions.

The Council consists of seven unpaid members elected in a general election in the town every two years. Currently, the Council consists of five Republicans and two Democrats, and was elected in November 2019. The council selects its own chairman and vice-chairman, with the chairman traditionally being the highest vote-getter among the four majority-party members and the vice-chairman the highest among the minority party members, though the council is not under obligation to follow this pattern. Except for Executive Sessions (which are held to renegotiate contracts with Town employees, among other reasons) meetings are open to the public and contain a time for citizens to address the Council from the floor. As of November, 2017, meetings are held on the second and fourth Tuesdays of the month at 7:00pm in the 6th floor Council Chambers of the Hicks Municipal Building at 21 Tolland Green.

Education[edit]

Notable locations[edit]

On the National Register of Historic Places[edit]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Connecticut Magazine: An Illustrated Monthly. Connecticut Magazine Company. 1903. p. 335.
  2. ^ "About the Library | Town of Tolland CT". www.tolland.org. Retrieved 2020-06-01.
  3. ^ Smith, Steve (2017-04-12). "Tolland Library Reopens After Expansion". Hartford Courant. Retrieved 2020-06-01.
  4. ^ Simpson, Mark D. (2006-09-03). "New state-of the art Tolland High School opens Tuesday". Journal Inquirer. Retrieved 2020-06-01.
  5. ^ http://money.cnn.com/magazines/moneymag/bplive/2005/snapshots/36588.html
  6. ^ a b http://money.cnn.com/magazines/moneymag/bplive/2009/snapshots/CS0976290.html
  7. ^ http://money.cnn.com/magazines/moneymag/bplive/2011/snapshots/CS0976290.html
  8. ^ http://time.com/money/3984469/tolland-connecticut-best-places-to-live-2015/
  9. ^ http://www.upi.com/Entertainment_News/2008/04/05/Craven-filming-at-old-Conn-high-school/UPI-36431207411499/
  10. ^ "Crumbling Foundation Delays First Day of School in Tolland". NBC Connecticut. Retrieved 2020-02-13.
  11. ^ oregen@journalinquirer.com, Olivia Regen. "Construction of new Birch Grove Primary School to start Jan. 9". Journal Inquirer. Retrieved 2020-02-13.
  12. ^ "Construction Starts On Crumbling Tolland School". Tolland, CT Patch. 2019-11-15. Retrieved 2020-02-13.
  13. ^ "Monthly Averages for Tolland, CT (06084)". Weather.com. March 2012. Retrieved March 18, 2012.
  14. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Archived from the original on May 23, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  15. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  16. ^ "New Tolland Census Data Available". Tolland, CT Patch. 2011-01-19. Retrieved 2019-11-29.
  17. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  18. ^ http://www.tolland.org/about/
  19. ^ http://www.tollandhistorical.org/danielbentonhomestead
  20. ^ Walker, Patricia Chambers; Graham, Thomas (2000). Directory of Historic House Museums in the United States. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 978-0-7425-0344-1.
  21. ^ http://www.connecticutsar.org/sites/2009/06/the-old-county-jail-and-museum.html
  22. ^ Mars, Kelli (2016-03-10). "Daniel C. Burbank (Captain, USCG, Ret.) NASA Astronaut". NASA. Retrieved 2020-06-06.
  23. ^ "Cogswell Fountain". Rockville CT. Retrieved October 24, 2012.
  24. ^ "EATON, William Wallace, (1816 - 1898)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 24, 2012.
  25. ^ Benedict, George Grenville; Burton, Richard (1898). Men of Progress: Biographical Sketches and Portraits of Leaders in Business and Professional Life in and of the State of Connecticut. New England magazine.
  26. ^ "HUBBARD, Jonathan Hatch, (1768 - 1849)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 24, 2012.
  27. ^ "Obituary: Charles Rensselaer Ladd" (PDF). New York Times. 1903-10-28. Retrieved 2020-06-05.
  28. ^ "THE REACH OF WAR: AN ACCUSED; A Man of Violence, or Just '110 Percent' Gung-Ho?". The New York Times. Retrieved October 24, 2012.
  29. ^ "Shubal Stearns (1706-1771)". North Carolina History Project. Retrieved October 24, 2012.
  30. ^ "James Stevenson". IMDb. Retrieved October 24, 2012.
  31. ^ "WALDO, Loren Pinckney, (1802 - 1881)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 24, 2012.
  32. ^ "LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR NANCY WYMAN". Office of the Lieutenant Governor. Retrieved October 24, 2012.

External links[edit]