Wikipedia:Selected anniversaries/July 22
This is a list of selected July 22 anniversaries that appears on the "On this day" section of the Main Page. To suggest a new item, in most cases you can be bold and edit this page. Please read the selected anniversaries guidelines before making your edit. However, if your addition might be controversial, or on a day that is or soon will be on the Main Page, please post your suggestion on the talk page instead.
Please note that the events listed on the Main Page are chosen based more on relative article quality and to maintain a mix of topics, not based solely on how important or significant their subjects are. Only 5–6 events are posted at a time and thus not everything that is "most important and significant" can be listed. In addition, an event is not generally posted this year if it is also the subject of the scheduled July 22, 2017 featured article or the July 22, 2017 featured picture.
To report an error when this appears on the Main Page, see Main Page errors. Please remember that this list defers to the supporting articles, so it is best to achieve consensus and make any necessary changes there first.
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|1099 – First Crusade: Godfrey of Bouillon was elected the first Protector of the Holy Sepulchre in the Kingdom of Jerusalem.||needs more footnotes|
|1298 – English and Irish forces led by Edward Longshanks defeated William Wallace's Scottish troops at the Battle of Falkirk.||Needs more footnotes|
|1456 – Forces under John Hunyadi lifted the Siege of Belgrade and defeated an Ottoman invasion into the Kingdom of Hungary.||refimprove section|
|1812 – Peninsular War: An Anglo-Portuguese force led by Arthur Wellesley inflicted a severe defeat on Marshal Auguste de Marmont and his French troops near Salamanca, Spain.||needs more footnotes|
|1934 – Bank robber John Dillinger, whose exploits were sensationalized across the United States, was shot dead by police in an ambush outside the Biograph Theater in Chicago.||multiple issues|
|1946 – A bomb destroyed the headquarters of the British Mandate of Palestine at the King David Hotel in Jerusalem, killing about 90 people and injuring 45 others.||no page numbers|
|1977 – After having been removed from power by the Gang of Four the year before, Deng Xiaoping returned to leadership positions within the Communist Party of China.||unreferenced section|
|2002 – Following a trial that captivated Brazil, a court in São Paulo sentenced Suzane von Richthofen to 39½ years in prison for the murders of her parents.||multiple issues|
|2003 – Coalition forces attacked a compound in Mosul, Iraq, killing two of Saddam Hussein's sons, Uday and Qusay, the "aces of hearts and clubs" on the U.S. list of most-wanted Iraqis after the invasion of Iraq.||Qusay: refimprove|
- 1209 – The first major military action of the Albigensian Crusade took place as a crusader army captured Béziers in southern France and slaughtered the inhabitants.
- 1793 – Two days after becoming the first recorded person to complete a transcontinental crossing of North America north of Mexico, Scottish explorer Alexander Mackenzie reached the westernmost point of his journey and inscribed his name on a rock.
- 1802 – Gia Long conquered Hanoi and unified modern-day Vietnam, which had experienced centuries of feudal warfare.
- 1864 – American Civil War: Confederate forces unsuccessfully attacked Union troops at the Battle of Atlanta.
- 1933 – Wiley Post became the first pilot to fly solo around the world, landing after a seven-day, nineteen-hour flight at Floyd Bennett Field in Brooklyn, New York City.
- 1944 – In opposition to the Polish government-in-exile, the Soviet-sponsored Polish Committee of National Liberation published its manifesto, calling for radical reforms, a continuation of fighting in World War II against Nazi Germany, nationalisation of industry, and a "decent border in the West".
- 1975 – Stanley Forman took the photo Fire Escape Collapse, which would receive the Pulitzer Prize for Spot News Photography and the title of World Press Photo of the Year.
- 1992 – Colombian drug lord Pablo Escobar escaped from his luxurious private prison and spent the next 17 months on the run.
- 1993 – During the Great Flood of 1993, levees near Kaskaskia, Illinois, US, ruptured, forcing the entire town to evacuate by barges operated by the Army Corps of Engineers.
- 2005 – London metropolitan police killed Jean Charles de Menezes, a Brazilian immigrant, after misidentifying him as being involved in the previous day's failed bombing attempts on the city.
- 2011 – Two sequential terrorist attacks in Oslo and Utøya claimed the lives of 77 people in the deadliest attack in Norway since World War II.
- 838 – Arab–Byzantine wars: The forces of the Abbasid Caliphate defeated Byzantine Empire troops, led by Emperor Theophilos himself, at the Battle of Anzen near present-day Dazman, Turkey.
- 1894 – Despite finishing in first place in the world's first auto race, Jules-Albert de Dion did not win, as his steam-powered car was against the rules.
- 1950 – Following an indecisive referendum, King Leopold III (pictured), accused of collaboration with Nazi Germany, returned to Belgium, beginning an escalation of the political crisis known as the Royal Question.
- 1991 – American serial killer Jeffrey Dahmer was arrested in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, after police discovered human remains in his apartment.
- 2002 – The Israeli Defense Forces dropped a bomb on the home of Salah Shehade, the leader of the military arm of Hamas, killing him and his family.