Wikipedia:Selected anniversaries/October 1
This is a list of selected October 1 anniversaries that appears on the "On this day" section of the Main Page. To suggest a new item, in most cases you can be bold and edit this page. Please read the selected anniversaries guidelines before making your edit. However, if your addition might be controversial, or on a day that is or soon will be on the Main Page, please post your suggestion on the talk page instead.
Please note that the events listed on the Main Page are chosen based more on relative article quality and to maintain a mix of topics, not based solely on how important or significant their subjects are. Only 5–6 events are posted at a time and thus not everything that is "most important and significant" can be listed. In addition, an event is not generally posted this year if it is also the subject of the scheduled October 1, 2016 featured article or the October 1, 2016 featured picture.
To report an error when this appears on the Main Page, see Main Page errors. Please remember that this list defers to the supporting articles, so it is best to achieve consensus and make any necessary changes there first.
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|Cyprus (1960)||neutrality issues|
|Feast day of St. Thérèse of Lisieux (Catholicism);||external links|
|331 BC – Alexander the Great of Macedon defeated Darius III of Persia at the Battle of Gaugamela, and was subsequently crowned "King of Asia" in a ceremony in Arbela.||unreferenced section|
|1850 – The University of Sydney, Australia's oldest university, was established.||Featured on October 11|
|1898 – The Vienna University of Economics and Business, currently the largest university focusing on business and economics in Europe, was founded as k.u.k. Exportakademie.||refimprove|
|1936 – Francisco Franco was declared Generalísimo and head of state during the Spanish Civil War.||unreferenced section|
|1958 – NASA began operations, replacing the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA).||Featured on July 29|
|1971 – Walt Disney World, the most visited and largest recreational resort in the world, opened near Orlando, Florida.||refimprove section|
- 1832 – The first political gathering of colonists in Mexican Texas convened to seek reforms from the Mexican government in hopes of quelling the widespread belief that settlers in Texas wished to secede from Mexico.
- 1891 – Stanford University, founded by railroad magnate and California Governor Leland Stanford and his wife Jane on their former farm lands in Palo Alto, California, officially opened with 559 students and free tuition.
- 1903 – The first modern World Series, the annual championship series of Major League Baseball, opened.
- 1910 – A large bomb destroyed the Los Angeles Times building in Los Angeles, killing 21 people.
- 1946 – Mensa, the largest and oldest high-IQ society in the world, was formed in the United Kingdom.
- 1949 – Chinese Communist Party leader Mao Zedong proclaimed the establishment of the People's Republic of China.
- 1961 – The southern portion of British Cameroons merged with Cameroun to form the Federal Republic of Cameroon.
- 1961 – Despite strong resistance from the US Armed Forces, the Defense Intelligence Agency (seal pictured) was formed, becoming the country's main global military espionage organization.
- 1964 – The Tōkaidō Shinkansen, the first Shinkansen line of high-speed railways in Japan (0 series 6-car trainset pictured), opened for service.
- 1987 – Denmark became the first country to legalise civil unions between same-sex couples.
- 1991 – New Zealand's Resource Management Act came into effect, regulating access to natural and physical resources such as land, air and water, to ensure their sustainable use.
- 2009 – The Supreme Court of the United Kingdom, which acquired the judicial functions of the House of Lords, began work.
- 2012 – A ferry collision offshore Hong Kong killed 39 people and injured 92 others.
October 1: National Day in China (1949); Unification Day in Cameroon (1961); Independence Day in Nigeria (1960), Palau (1994), and Tuvalu (1978); Filipino American History Month begins in the United States
- 1800 – With the signing of the Third Treaty of San Ildefonso, Spain returned the colonial territory of Louisiana to France in return for the Tuscany area of Italy.
- 1890 – At the urging of preservationist John Muir and writer Robert Underwood Johnson, the United States Congress established Yosemite National Park (Yosemite Valley pictured) in California.
- 1940 – The first section of the Pennsylvania Turnpike, the United States' first inter-city expressway comparable to the German Autobahn, opened to traffic.
- 1991 – Croatian War of Independence: Yugoslav National Army forces invaded the area surrounding Dubrovnik, Croatia, beginning a seven-month siege of the city.
- 2005 – Terrorist suicide bombs exploded at two sites in Bali, Indonesia, killing twenty people and injuring over 120 others.
- More anniversaries: