Wind power in Malta
Malta is a European Union country. The European energy policy has the objective of a sustainable, competitive and secure supply of energy. According to the EU fact sheet in January 2007 the potential of wind energy in Malta is substantial. Malta produces almost all its electricity using oil, importing 100% of it.
European Union target
The RES-E target set by the EU Directive for Malta is 5% of gross electricity consumption in 2010. However, at the national level, it has been decided to aim for 0.31%, excluding large wind farms and waste combustion plants, or for 1.31% in the event that the plans for a landbased wind farm are implemented.
Renewable Energy Action Plan 2010
The National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP) for Malta is given in July 2010. According to the national plan the wind power will increase by 2020: 0.3 TWh or 22 ktoe. In 2004 the total electricity generation was 2.2 TWh.
Wind power contribution is expected in the year 2020 from onshore wind (15 MW and 38 GWh) and offshore wind (95 MW and 216 GWh).
In 2010 the investment subsidy of 25% was available for private consumers for wind power up to 3.7 kW (urban wind turbines). Excess electricity fed into the grid was purchased at EUR 0.07 per kWh.
In the end of 2009 there was no wind power in Malta but since then, some wind turbines were built privately.