Wind power in Malta

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Wind power in Malta describes the wind power development in Malta.

Malta is a European Union country. The European energy policy has the objective of a sustainable, competitive and secure supply of energy. According to the EU fact sheet in January 2007 the potential of wind energy in Malta is substantial.[1] Malta produces almost all its electricity using oil, importing 100% of it.[1]

European Union target[edit]

The RES-E target set by the EU Directive for Malta is 5% of gross electricity consumption in 2010. However, at the national level, it has been decided to aim for 0.31%, excluding large wind farms and waste combustion plants, or for 1.31% in the event that the plans for a landbased wind farm are implemented.[1]

The share increase target of renewable energy in Malta in gross final energy consumption is 9,8% between 2008-2020.[2]

Renewable Energy Action Plan 2010[edit]

The National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP) for Malta is given in July 2010. According to the national plan the wind power will increase by 2020: 0.3 TWh or 22 ktoe.[3] In 2004 the total electricity generation was 2.2 TWh.[4]

Wind power contribution is expected in the year 2020 from onshore wind (15 MW and 38 GWh) and offshore wind (95 MW and 216 GWh).[3]

In 2010 the investment subsidy of 25% was available for private consumers for wind power up to 3.7 kW (urban wind turbines). Excess electricity fed into the grid was purchased at EUR 0.07 per kWh.[3]


In the end of 2009 there was no wind power in Malta but since then, some wind turbines were built privately.[5]

See also[edit]