Wyclef Jean

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Not to be confused with John Wycliffe.
Wyclef Jean
Wyclefjean2 (300dpi).jpg
Wyclef Jean in 2008
Background information
Birth name Nel Ust Wyclef Jean
Also known as
  • Wyclef
  • Nel
  • Clef
Born (1969-10-17) October 17, 1969 (age 47)
Croix-des-Bouquets, Haiti
Origin Newark, New Jersey, United States
Genres
Occupation(s)
  • Rapper
  • musician
  • actor
Instruments
  • Vocals
  • guitar
  • piano
  • drums
  • keyboards
  • sampler
  • synthesizer
Years active 1989–present
Labels Heads Music
Associated acts
Website wyclef.com

Nel Ust Wyclef Jean[1] (/ˈwklɪf ˈʒɒn/; born on October 17, 1969),[1][2] best known by his professional name Wyclef Jean, is a Haitian rapper, musician and actor.[3][4] At the age of nine,[5] Jean immigrated as a child to the United States with his family and settled there. He first achieved fame as a member of the New Jersey hip hop group the Fugees. Jean has won three Grammy Awards for his musical work.[6]

On August 5, 2010, Jean filed for candidacy in the 2010 Haitian presidential election.[7] The Electoral Commission ruled him as ineligible to stand for office, as he had not met the constitutional requirement to have been resident in Haiti for five years.[2][8]

Jean's efforts at earthquake relief, highly publicized in 2010 throughout Haiti and the United States, were channeled through his charitable organization, Yéle Haiti. The charity, which conducted education and welfare activities in Haiti between 2005 and 2010, effectively closed in 2012. It was investigated for failure to file tax returns and mismanagement of funds; a high proportion of its money went to travel and administrative expense. The New York Times reported that much of the money raised by the organization in the Hope for Haiti Now telethon was retained by Jean for his own benefit.[9][10]

In 2012 Jean published his memoir Purpose: An Immigrant’s Story.[9] Along with Carlos Santana, Avicii and Alexandre Pires, Jean was chosen to perform the closing ceremony at the 2014 FIFA World Cup in Brazil. Their single, "Dar Um Jeito" ("We Will Find a Way"), the official World Cup anthem, was released on April 29, 2014.

Early life[edit]

Jean was born in Croix-des-Bouquets, Haiti.[1] In 1982, he immigrated with his family as a nine-year-old child to the United States; after living in Brooklyn, New York, they settled in East Orange and Newark, New Jersey. He began to make music as a child and has cited reggae artist Bigga Haitian as one of his early influences, as well as neighborhood heroes MC Tiger Paw Raw and producer Lobster v. Crab.[11] His mother recognized his musical talent and bought him a guitar when he was in his teens; he played music to earn respect.[12]

Jean graduated from Vailsburg High School, Newark, New Jersey, briefly attended Eastern Nazarene College and finished one semester at Five Towns College in New York.[13][14] Jean has been a resident of Saddle River, South Orange, and North Caldwell, New Jersey.[15][16] In 2009, Jean enrolled in the Berklee College of Music.[17]

Music career[edit]

Fugees era[edit]

Jean and other musicians formed a group in the 1980s under the name Tranzlator Crew. After they signed with Ruffhouse Records and Columbia Records in 1993, they renamed their group as Fugees – an abbreviation of "refugees", and also a reference to Haitian immigrants.[18] The group's debut album, Blunted on Reality, was released in 1994. It achieved limited commercial success, peaking at number 62 on the US Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums chart. The album peaked at number 122 on the UK Albums Chart in 1997, and it was certified gold by the Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique (SNEP).[19][20][21] Blunted on Reality spawned three singles: "Boof Baf", "Nappy Heads" and "Vocab." "Nappy Heads" was the Fugees' first single to be ranked on the US Billboard Hot 100, charting at number 49.[22]

In 1996, the Fugees released their second album, titled The Score. The album achieved significant commercial success in the United States, topping the US Billboard 200. It was later certified as six-times platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA). It performed well in several overseas nations, topping the Austrian, Canadian, French, German and Swiss albums charts, while also peaking at number two in Sweden and the United Kingdom.[20][23][24][25]

Four commercially successful singles were released from The Score; "Fu-Gee-La", the first single from the album, peaked at number 29 on the Billboard Hot 100 and was certified gold by the RIAA and by the Bundesverband Musikindustrie (BVMI).[22][26] The other three singles – "Killing Me Softly", "Ready or Not" and "No Woman, No Cry" – did not appear on the Billboard Hot 100 as they were not released for commercial sale, making them ineligible to appear on the chart,[27] although they all received sufficient airplay to appear on the Hot 100 Airplay and Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Airplay charts. "Killing Me Softly", a cover of the Roberta Flack song "Killing Me Softly with His Song", performed strongly in other territories, topping the singles charts in Australia, Austria, Germany and the United Kingdom, among several others.[28]

"Ready or Not" peaked at number one in the UK and at number three in Sweden. "No Woman, No Cry" – a cover of the Bob Marley & The Wailers song of the same name – topped the singles chart in New Zealand. Fugees collaborated with singer Bounty Killer on the single "Hip-Hopera" and recorded the single "Rumble in the Jungle" for the soundtrack to the film When We Were Kings in 1997: although they have not released any studio albums since The Score, a compilation album, Greatest Hits, was released in 2003, and spawned the single "Take It Easy".[citation needed]

Solo career[edit]

Jean announced plans to begin a solo career with 1997's Wyclef Jean Presents the Carnival Featuring the Refugee All-Stars (generally called The Carnival). The album's guests included Lauryn Hill and Pras along with Jean's siblings' group Melky Sedeck;[29] the I Threes (back-up vocals for Bob Marley); The Neville Brothers and Celia Cruz. The album was a hit, as were two singles: "We Trying to Stay Alive" (adapted from the Bee Gees' "Stayin' Alive") and "Gone Till November" (recorded with the New York Philharmonic Orchestra).

Released in 2000, Jean's second solo album The Ecleftic: 2 Sides II a Book was recorded with guests including Youssou N'Dour; Earth, Wind & Fire; Kenny Rogers; The Rock; and Mary J. Blige. With Blige he released "911" as a single. He was nominated for Best Hip-Hop Act at the 2000 MTV Europe Music Awards.[30][31]

Following the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, Jean participated in the benefit concert America: A Tribute to Heroes contributing a cover of the Bob Marley song "Redemption Song". His third album, Masquerade, was released in 2002. His fourth album, The Preacher's Son, was released in November 2003 as the follow-up to his first solo album, The Carnival. In 2004, he released his fifth album, Sak Pasé Presents: Welcome to Haïti (Creole 101) (released in the United States by Koch Records). Most of its songs are in his native language of Haitian Creole like "Fanm Kreyòl" with the French Caribbean Admiral T. He also figured on the album Mozaik Kreyòl of this one in the song "Secret Lover". Then he covered Creedence Clearwater Revival's song "Fortunate Son" for the soundtrack of the 2004 film remake of The Manchurian Candidate and wrote the song "Million Voices" for the film Hotel Rwanda.[citation needed]

Jean also produced and wrote songs for the soundtrack to Jonathan Demme's 2003 documentary The Agronomist, about the Haitian activist and radio personality Jean Dominique. With Jerry 'Wonder' Duplessis, Jean also composed the score of the documentary Ghosts of Cité Soleil,[32] He helped produce the film and he appears briefly onscreen speaking by telephone in 2004 to a "chimere" gang-leader and aspiring rapper, Winston "2Pac" Jean.[33]

Wyclef Jean performing at a UNAIDS concert in 2006

During a period between 2004 and 2006 and fueled by a reunion performance in Dave Chappelle's "Block Party", it appeared that the Fugees were on track to record a new album, however Fugees member Pras claimed to Billboard, "To put it nicely, it's dead." He said the root of this animosity was the third member of the group, Lauryn Hill, and was quoted in Billboard as saying; "Me and Clef, we on the same page, but Lauryn Hill is in her zone, and I'm fed up with that shit. Here she is, blessed with a gift, with the opportunity to rock and give and she's running on some bulls**t? I'm a fan of Lauryn's but I can't respect that."[34]

In 2006, Jean was featured in Shakira's smash hit Hips Don't Lie. The song went on to become the highest selling single of the 21st century, in addition to reaching number one in over 55 countries. Jean and Shakira went on to perform the song at the 2007 Grammys and the 2006 MTV Video Music Awards. He joined Shakira on various dates of her Oral Fixation Tour in the United States. In 2007 he was featured in Eros Ramazzotti's song L'Aurora from the album [citation needed] and scored the Angelina Jolie documentary A Place in Time.[35]

Jean released an album in September 2007 that he recorded in Atlanta, Georgia, with the help of T.I., who also collaborated with Jean on the songs "You Know What it is" and "My Swag" on T.I.'s 2007 album, T.I. vs. T.I.P. Recently, Wyclef released a new song called "Sweetest Girl (Dollar Bill)" featuring Lil Wayne, Niia and Akon, which references the song "C.R.E.A.M." by the Wu-Tang Clan. The album features a single, "Fast Car", whose video was made with the assistance of video game Burnout Paradise. During this period, he was featured in a mix version of the Cartel song "Wasted" that was released with their self-titled album.[citation needed]

In November 2008, an upbeat single 'Let Me Touch Your Button' featuring will.i.am (of The Black Eyed Peas) was released in the UK in conjunction with Wyclef's involvement with UK MOTOROKRSTAR (which sees Motorola UK on the search to discover British talent).[36] Jean released a song with Serj Tankian called "Riot".

In 2009, he was featured on the song "Spanish Fly" with Ludacris and Bachata group Aventura included on Aventura's album The Last, released in June. On June 17, 2009, Wyclef announced via Twitter that his new album would be called wyclefjean and was to be released sometime in February 2010.[citation needed] The first single from wyclefjean was to be titled "Seventeen" and feature Lil Wayne.[37] In August 2009, Wyclef unveiled his video "Haitian Slumdog Millionaire" featuring Haitian artist Imposs. Making a guest appearance in the video was New York City entrepreneur and philanthropist Ali Naqvi.

In November 2009, a track titled "Suicide Love" featuring rapper Eve leaked online prior to the release of his EP. Wyclef Jean's EP named From the Hut, to the Projects, to the Mansion was released on November 10, 2009. It includes 17 tracks, featuring Cyndi Lauper, Timbaland, Eve, and Lil' Kim.[38] In this album, Wyclef uses the alias Toussaint St. Jean, his alter ego, when he raps.[39]

Wyclef Jean's self-entitled studio album was due to be released in 2011, but has yet to surface. "Hold On", the lead single from the project, features dancehall artist Mavado.[38] In May 2014, a Wyclef video, "April Showers", was banned from YouTube after Cathy Scott, author of The Killing of Tupac Shakur, lodged a copyright infringement complaint with YouTube claiming an image in the video was similar to an autopsy photo released in her book. YouTube banned the video.[40]

TMZ, which broke the story, reported that the video director, Hezues R', and Scott had settled the matter and agreed that Hezues R' would include a screen credit to the book at the end of the video.[41] He worked with Avicii on a single titled "Divine Sorrow" from his album Clefication.

In 2015, Wyclef collaborated again with Avicii on a song called "Can't Catch Me" on the DJ/Producer's album "Stories" which also featured Matisyahu. This marks the third collaboration with Avicii and Wyclef Jean, following "Dar Um Jeito (We Will Find A Way)" and "Divine Sorrow".[42]

Jean has also appeared as a featured vocalist in The Knocks' single "Kiss The Sky", which was released in January 2016. This song was part of their debut album, entitled 55, released in March 2016.

Jean featured on the Young Thug song "Kanye West", from the rapper's mixtape Jeffery, released in August 2016.

Wyclef wrote an autobiography entitled Purpose: An Immigrant's Story with the help of journalist Anthony Bozza, published in September 2012.[43]

Yéle Haiti Scandal[edit]

Main article: Yéle Haiti

In 2001, Jean established "Yéle Haiti" a charitable organization known legally as the Wyclef Jean Foundation and incorporated in Illinois. Following 2004's Hurricane Jeanne, it provided scholarships to 3,600 children in Gonaïves, Haiti. It continued to provide scholarships, school funding, meals and other charitable benefits to citizens of Haiti in the following years.

After the 2010 Haiti earthquake, the foundation became prominent in raising funds for disaster relief. According to Jean, Yéle raised over $1 million in 24 hours over Twitter.[44] Jean took part in an MTV donation drive and other publicized fundraising,[45] such as the "Hope for Haiti Now" telethon, which he organized with actor and producer George Clooney.[46] The Yéle charity donated funds to orphanages, street cleaning crews, hospitals and medical clinics and organized food service to provide hot meals to refugees and victims of the catastrophe.[47][48][49][50]

By February 2010, questions were reported about the history and management of the Yéle charity. The New York Times reported that it had failed to file tax returns for several years. The former executive director, Sanjay Rawal, questioned the charity's ability to handle large projects and criticized its lack of financial controls.[51]

By August 2012, chief executive Derek Q. Johnson was the last remaining officer of the charity. He resigned and announced that Yele was closed, saying in a statement, "As the foundation’s sole remaining employee, my decision implies the closure of the organization as a whole." The New York Attorney General, Eric T. Schneiderman, had investigated the charity and was trying to reach a settlement over allegations of mismanagement. He said that the charity had made improper payments to Jean, members of his family and others connected to Jean. In 2010, the year of the earthquake in Haiti, Yele spent more than $9 million - with half of it going to travel expenses by Jean and his entourage, consultants' fees and real estate fees. The charity has been the subject of lawsuits in Haiti for unpaid debts.[50]

Politics[edit]

Jean has supported politicians in Haiti. In 2011 he told Women's Wear Daily that he was "a big fan of Sarah Palin", former vice-presidential candidate of the Republican Party.[52] It was reported erroneously that Jean would be attending the 2012 Republican National Convention in Tampa.[53][54]

2010 Haitian presidential campaign[edit]

On August 5, 2010, Wyclef confirmed rumors that he was running for president of office during an interview with CNN's Wolf Blitzer. The journalist questioned the rapper's citizenship qualifications, asking about his passport. Exclaim! magazine reported at the time that Jean would retire as chairman of Yéle Haiti.[55] On August 5, Jean formally filed papers as a candidate for the 2010 Haitian presidential election.[56][57] Wyclef intended to run as a candidate for the Viv Ansanm (Live Together) political party.[57]

On August 20, 2010, his bid for candidacy was rejected by Haiti's Provisional Electoral Council. He was turned down because he did not meet the constitutional residency requirement of having lived in Haiti for five years before the November 28 election.[8] Jean said, "I respectfully accept the committee's final decision, and I urge my supporters to do the same.[58]

Appearances in television and film[edit]

  • In 2002, Jean played the part of Richie Effs in the Jamaican crime film Shottas, about two young men who participate in organized crime in Kingston, Jamaica, and Miami, Florida.[59][60]
  • On a 2004 episode of Chappelle's Show, he appeared as the musical guest and played a remix of his song "President" from the 2004 album Welcome to Haiti: Creole 101.
  • He starred in Virgin Mobile commercials as himself.[61]
  • In 2005, he appeared in the film One Last Thing.... His character is a cab driver named Emmett Ducasse. It is implied he is an angel due to being in the main character's "Heaven". Wyclef also has an original track entitled "Heaven's in New York" that is the closing credits first song.
  • Also in 2005, Wyclef appeared in four episodes of the hit NBC prime-time television drama Third Watch as Marcel Hollis, a gang leader responsible for blowing up the police precinct house in the final episode of the series.
  • In December 2007, starred in the four-part MTV exclusive online short-film Americlef.[62][63]
  • May 20, 2008: At the Gansevoort Hotel, Wyclef Jean in partnership with the WFP and PADF launched "Together for Haiti" to address the hunger crisis in Haiti[64] members of the American and international television and print media were invited to cover the news.
  • May 14, 2009: Jean appeared in an episode of 30 Rock entitled Kidney Now!, the final episode of Season 3.
  • October 17, 2011: The Apprentice season 12, Episode 1: "Hero Worship"
  • He appeared on the PBS show The Electric Company[65]
  • From 2012 to 2013, he appeared as Dominic "Domino" King, the head of a music label on the ABC drama series Nashville.
  • In 2016, Wyclef appeared in an episode of Law & Order: Special Victims Unit in which played the CEO of a record company[66]

Writing[edit]

In 2012 Jean published his memoir Purpose: An Immigrant’s Story.[9]

Personal life[edit]

In 1994, Jean married Marie Claudinette, a designer for Fusha.[67] In 2005, they adopted their daughter, Angelina Claudinelle Jean. The couple renewed their vows in August 2009.[68]

One of Jean's uncles is Raymond Alcide Joseph, the political activist, journalist and diplomat.[69][70]

Awards and nominations[edit]

Grammy Awards[edit]

Source, Grammy Award wins:[71]

Year Nominee/work Award Result
1997 The Score Album of the Year Nominated[citation needed]
Best Rap Album Won
"Killing Me Softly" Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal Won
1998 "Guantanamera" (featuring Celia Cruz and Jeni Fujita) Best Rap Performance by a Duo or Group Nominated[citation needed]
The Carnival Best Rap Album Nominated[citation needed]
1999 "Gone Till November" Best Rap Solo Performance Nominated[citation needed]
2000 Supernatural (as a producer) Album of the Year Won
2001 "911" (with Mary J. Blige) Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal Nominated[citation needed]
2006 "Million Voices" (shared with Jerry Duplessis and Andrea Guerra) Best Song Written for Visual Media Nominated[citation needed]
2007 "Hips Don't Lie" (with Shakira) Best Pop Collaboration with Vocals Nominated[citation needed]

MTV Video Music Awards[edit]

Year Nominee/work Award Result
1998 "Gone Till November" Best R&B Video Won
Best Direction in a Video Nominated
"We Trying to Stay Alive" Best Choreography in a Video Nominated

Other honors[edit]

In 2011, President Michel Martelly of Haiti awarded Jean with the National Order of Honour and Merit to the rank of Grand Officer "as a sign of high consideration national for his dedication to the promotion of Haiti around the world."[72]

In 2017, Jean was inducted into the New Jersey Hall of Fame.[citation needed]

Discography[edit]

Filmography[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Wyclef Jean Biography: Guitarist, Songwriter, Singer (c. 1969–)". Biography.com (FYI / A&E Networks). Archived from the original on September 5, 2016. Retrieved March 21, 2017. Wyclef Jean was born Nel Ust Wyclef Jean on October 17, 1969, in the small town of Croix-des-Bouquets, just outside of Port-au-Prince, Haiti. 
  2. ^ a b "Wyclef Dumped From Haiti's Presidential Ballo". Time. August 21, 2010. Archived from the original on July 30, 2016. Retrieved March 21, 2017. Before he announced on August 5 that he was running for President of Haiti, Wyclef Jean was still listing his age as only 37 years old. But after declaring himself a presidential candidate, the Haitian hip-hop star also decided to come clean and confirm that he was really 40. 
  3. ^ Bogdanov, Vladimir (2003). All Music Guide to Hip-hop: The Definitive Guide to Rap & Hip-hop. p. 241. Retrieved January 24, 2015. 
  4. ^ Linden, Amy (August 1998). "Music Bytes: Carnival 2: Wyclef Jean Holds Haitian Benefit in Miami". David Mays – via The Source - the Magazine of Hip-Hop Music, Culture and Politics. 
  5. ^ "Wyclef Jean steps toward Haitian presidential race". Reuters. 2010-07-30. 
  6. ^ Past Winners Search, National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. Retrieved October 19, 2014.
  7. ^ Joseph Guyler Delva,"Wyclef Jean registers as Haiti presidential contender", reuters.com, August 6, 2010. Retrieved October 19, 2014.
  8. ^ a b Wyclef Jean to appeal against Haiti election ruling, bbc.co.uk, August 22, 2010.
    "Haiti's electoral commission said that Mr Jean was ineligible to stand as the Haitian constitution requires candidates to have lived in the country for five years prior to an election. The 40-year-old singer lives in the US."
  9. ^ a b c Deborah Sontag (October 11, 2012). "In Haiti, Little Can Be Found of a Hip-Hop Artists Charity". New York Times. 
  10. ^ "5 Famous Charity Songs That Were Insanely Harmful". cracked.com. 
  11. ^ "Reggae Artists – Reggae Artists – Black Rat: Max Wayne". Bigupradio.com. Retrieved 2010-06-26. 
  12. ^ ANAND GIRIDHARADAS, "The Would-Be Prince of Port-au-Prince", New York Times Magazine, 15 July 2011; accessed 30 January 2017
  13. ^ "N.J. resident Wyclef Jean is expected to announce run for Haiti president". The Star-Ledger. August 5, 2010. Retrieved November 28, 2010. 
  14. ^ Kurczy, Stephen (August 5, 2010). "Wyclef Jean for Haiti president: Four challenges he'll face". The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved November 28, 2010. 
  15. ^ Cruz, Alicia. "Did Wyclef Jean fake his gunshot injury in Haiti?", NewJerseyNewsroom.com, March 23, 2011. Retrieved January 3, 2012. "Wyclef Jean, a North Caldwell resident, told media outlets a bullet grazed his hand in the hand as he stood outside of his vehicle to make a phone call late Sunday night. Jean, who was born in Croix-des-Bouquets, Haiti, added that he did not know if the alleged gunshots were directed towards him."
  16. ^ Century, Douglas (February 11, 2007), "Alpine, N.J., Home of Hip-Hop Royalty", The New York Times, retrieved 2008-02-16 
  17. ^ Bush, Allen (October 2, 2009). "Wyclef Jean Enrolls in Berklee". Berklee College of Music. Retrieved November 28, 2010. 
  18. ^ "Fugees: Overview". AllMusic. Retrieved September 10, 2012. 
  19. ^ "Fugees – Chart History: R&B/Hip-Hop Albums". Billboard. Retrieved February 20, 2013. 
  20. ^ a b Peak chart positions for albums in the United Kingdom:
  21. ^ "Certifications Albums Or – année 1997" (in French). Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique. Retrieved September 7, 2012. 
  22. ^ a b "Fugees – Chart History: Hot 100". Billboard. Retrieved February 20, 2013. 
  23. ^ "Top Albums/CDs – Volume 63, No. 19, June 24, 1996". RPM. Walt Grealis. Retrieved July 30, 2013. 
  24. ^ "Discographie Fugees" (in French). lescharts.com. Retrieved September 7, 2012. 
  25. ^ "Chartverfolgung/Fugees/Longplay". musicline.de (in German). Media Control Charts. Retrieved September 7, 2012. 
  26. ^ "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank: Fugees" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie. Retrieved September 7, 2012. 
  27. ^ Trust, Gary (September 9, 2012). "Ask Billboard: Taylor Swift Vs. Carrie Underwood, Continued". Billboard. Retrieved September 10, 2012. 
  28. ^ "Chartverfolgung/Fugees/Single". musicline.de (in German). Media Control Charts. Retrieved September 8, 2012. 
  29. ^ "Melky Sedeck Discography". Discogs. Retrieved 2012-02-13. 
  30. ^ "MTV Europe Music Awards: The nominations". BBC News. October 2, 2000. 
  31. ^ Peisner, David (February 2007). "Rock Stars Who've Caught Fire Onstage!". Blender Magazine. Retrieved 2007-03-02. 
  32. ^ Ghosts Of Cité Soleil, belfim.com. Retrieved October 19, 2014.
  33. ^ "GHOSTS OF CITÉ SOLEIL - Film Journal International". filmjournal.com. 
  34. ^ "Pras". Billboard. Retrieved March 10, 2015. 
  35. ^ "Wyclef Scores Angelina Jolie Documentary - XXL". xxlmag.com. 
  36. ^ Stephen Clark - Design. "WYCLEF JEAN: Perfect Gentleman". Retrieved March 10, 2015. 
  37. ^ Lil Wayne Will Be Joining Wyclef Jean On His Next Single “Seventeen”
  38. ^ a b "Wyclef: Leading The Revolution" Archived December 20, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. by Han O'Connor (Allhiphop)
  39. ^ "Wyclef Revisits Hip-Hop Roots On 'Toussaint: St. Jean' EP". Billboard. September 14, 2009. Retrieved 2012-02-13. 
  40. ^ Wyclef Video Pulled Over Tupac Autopsy Image, bet.com. Retrieved October 19, 2014.
  41. ^ Tupac Shakur: Fake Autopsy Music Video Dispute SETTLED, TMZ.com. Retrieved October 19, 2014.
  42. ^ Ramirez, Erika (August 28, 2014). "Exclusive: Wyclef Jean Announces 'Clefication' Album & Avicii-Assisted Single". Billboard. Retrieved August 31, 2014. 
  43. ^ Dreisinger, Baz. "Ready or Not: 'Purpose: An Immigrant's Story,' by Wyclef Jean". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved 30 April 2016. 
  44. ^ Jenna Wortham (January 15, 2010). "Burst of Mobile Giving via Cellphone Text Messages Adds Millions in Relief Funds". The New York Times. 
  45. ^ David Itzikoff (January 15, 2010). "Details of 'Hope for Haiti' telethon are announced". The New York Times. 
  46. ^ Elizabeth McAlister. "Soundscapes of Disaster and Humanitarianism: Survival Singing, Relief Telethons, and the Haiti Earthquake". Small Axe (2012): 22-38. 
  47. ^ Sisario, Ben (January 21, 2010). "Beyonce and Madonna Join Hope for Haiti Telethon". The New York Times. 
  48. ^ "STATEMENT BY WYCLEF JEAN ON HAITI EARTHQUAKE". Wyclef Jean\'s Blog. Retrieved March 10, 2015. 
  49. ^ "Wyclef Jean Haiti Earthquake Appeal". 3threat Media. January 13, 2010. Retrieved 2010-01-18. 
  50. ^ a b Deborah Sontag (October 11, 2012). "In Haiti, Little Can Be Found of a Hip-Hop Artists Charity". The New York Times. 
  51. ^ Stephanie Strom (February 5, 2010). "Haitian Quake Brings More Money and Scrutiny to a Charity". The New York Times. 
  52. ^ Matthew Perpetua (2011-09-15). "Wyclef Jean: I'm A Big Fan of Sarah Palin". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  53. ^ McKay, Hollie. "Hollywood bailing on President Obama and the Democratic National Convention", Fox News, August 24, 2012.
  54. ^ Wyclef: "I ain't a Republican (...) I don't support Republicans."|YouTube interview [1]
  55. ^ "It's Official: Wyclef Jean Running for President of Haiti". Exclaim! August 5, 2010.
  56. ^ "Wyclef Jean to Run for President of Haiti?". Us Weekly. 
  57. ^ a b "Wyclef Jean files election papers for Haiti presidency". BBC News. August 5, 2010. 
  58. ^ "Wyclef Jean fighting to get name on Haiti presidential ballot". CNN. August 22, 2010. 
  59. ^ "MOVIE REVIEW: Shottas". Slant Magazine. October 31, 2006. Retrieved 2011-11-22. 
  60. ^ "Shottas (2 discs) – DVD". Sony Pictures. Retrieved 2012-06-26. 
  61. ^ Partizan – Commercials – Doug Nichol, partizan.com. Retrieved October 19, 2014.
  62. ^ Americlef - full version. Vimeo
  63. ^ "Wyclef Jean - Act 1". MTV. Retrieved March 10, 2015. 
  64. ^ "MTV Act Blog". MTV. February 9, 2012. Retrieved 2012-02-13. 
  65. ^ "The Electric Company: Wyclef Jean Music Video: Electric City on Vimeo". Vimeo.com. 2009-01-19. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  66. ^ "Wyclef Jean Guest Stars on 'Law & Order: SVU': Exclusive Sneak Peek". billboard.com. 
  67. ^ Fusha By Marie Claudinette Jean
  68. ^ "Wyclef Jean – Wyclef And Wife Renew Vows". Contactmusic.com. Retrieved 2010-06-26. 
  69. ^ Joseph, Raymond A. 2014. 'For whom the dogs spy:' Haiti: from the Duvalier Dictatorships to the Earthquake, Four Presidents, and Beyond. New York: Arcade Publishing.
  70. ^ "Wyclef Jean Appointed Haitian Goodwill Ambassador". XXLmag.com. October 19, 2007. Retrieved January 13, 2009. 
  71. ^ "Wyclef Jean". The Recording Academy. Archived from the original on March 21, 2017. Retrieved March 21, 2017. 
  72. ^ Press, ed. (21 July 2011). "Haiti - Social : Wyclef Jean becomes Grand Officer of the National Order of Honor and Merit". Haiti Libre. Retrieved 14 March 2016. 
  73. ^ Leffler, Rebecca (2006). "Inner City Blues". Filmmaker Magazine. ifp (Fall 2006). Retrieved January 29, 2012. 
  74. ^ Adelle Platon (June 21, 2016). "Wyclef Jean Talks 'Carnival III,' Donald Trump & If He Regrets Running for President in Haiti". Billboard. Retrieved 2016-06-27. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Trevor Nelson
MTV Africa Music Awards host
2009
Succeeded by
Eve