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Zushi City Hall
Location of Zushi in Kanagawa Prefecture
|• Mayor||Ryuichi Hirai (since December 2006)|
|• Total||17.34 km2 (6.70 sq mi)|
|Population (June 1, 2012)|
|• Density||3,350/km2 (8,700/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)|
|- Flower||Tricyrtis hirta|
|Address||5-2-16 Zushi, Zushi-shi, Kanagawa-ken 249-8686|
The area of Zushi has been inhabited since prehistoric times, and numerous Kofun period and Yayoi period remains have been discovered. During the Heian period, it came under the control of the Miura clan, and during the Kamakura period formed part of the outer fortifications for Kamakura. The port of Kotsubo is mentioned frequently in the Azuma Kagami. The name 'Zushi' has been written in many different ways, including 豆師・図師・厨子・豆子. The term "zushi" itself means a street, an alley or an intersection and came to the Kantō region from Kyoto. One of its first appearances is in a Hōjō clan document as 豆師. During the Edo period, along with most of eastern Sagami Province, the area was tenryō territory under direct control of the Tokugawa shogunate, and administered by various hatamoto.
In the April 1, 1889, cadastral reform after the Meiji Restoration, Tagoe Village within Miura District Kanagawa Prefecture was created through the merger of six local hamlets. Development of the area was encouraged by the opening of the Yokosuka Line railway on June 16, 1889. Tagoe Village changed its name to Zushi Village on April 1, 1924; however, on April 1, 1943 it was annexed by Yokusuka city. Zushi regained its status as an independent municipality on July 1, 1952, as Zushi Town. City status was gained on April 15, 1954. Zushi developed as a resort area in the 1960s, with the opening of Zushi Marina in 1967. In the mid-1990s, the city was the center of a political controversy involving the creation of a housing area for the United States Navy at Ikego, the site of a former Imperial Japanese Navy ammunition depot, to support the expansion of nearby Yokosuka Naval Base. When the citizens of Zushi first learned of these plans in the 1980s, they organized a movement to save the Ikego Forest. Led by the women of the town, the movement sought preservation of Ikego as a park and wildlife sanctuary. A decade of opposition by the citizens of Zushi had been effective in slowing the development. The construction was definitely forced through in 1994, when the Zushi Municipal Government finally accepted 854 housing units after winning a promise from the central government to Zushi and Kanagawa Prefecture that it would not build any more facilities in the Ikego area. However, a plan contravening this agreement was introduced in July 2003. To prevent the building of 800 additional U.S. military housing units a citizen's group called the Association to Stop the US Residential Construction and to Protect Ikego Forest launched an opposition movement in 2004.
Government and politics
Zushi is a popular beach resort, and has attracted many famous writers (e.g. Roka Tokutomi), media personalities (e.g. Yujiro Ishihara and Mino Monta), musicians and politicians (e.g. Shintaro Ishihara) as either a residence or location for a second home. The city is largely a bedroom community for Tokyo and Yokohama.
- Ganden-ji, number two of the Bandō Sanjūsankasho
- Hosshō-ji, Nichiren-sect temple that is supposed to lie on the spot where Nichiren was rescued from a mob by three white monkeys.
Twin towns — Sister cities
Notable people from Zushi
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- Takeshi Aikoh - professional baseball player
- Nobuteru Ishihara - politician
- Hirotaka Ishihara - politician
- Risako Sugaya - singer
- Kaori Yoneyama - professional wrestler
- Nihon Rekishi Chimei Taikei (日本歴史地名大係), online version. "Zushi" (in Japanese). Heibonsha. Retrieved 2008-11-17.
- Karan, Pradyumna P. (2005). Japan in the 21st Century: Environment, Economy, and Society. University Press of Kentucky. p. 401. ISBN 0-8131-9118-1.
- "Zushi residents up in arms over more U.S. military housing". The Japan Times. Retrieved 20 May 2017.
- "Number of new military housing units in Ikego forest area set to be reduced". The Japan Times. Retrieved 20 May 2017.
- "The Struggle to Save Ikego Forest". PanOrient News. Retrieved 18 May 2017.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Zushi.|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Zushi, Kanagawa.|