1860 in science

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The year 1860 in science and technology involved some significant events, listed below.

Astronomy[edit]

  • July 18 – Total solar eclipse. Warren De La Rue's photographs of this event, taken in Spain, together with those of Angelo Secchi, demonstrate the solar character of the prominences or red flames seen around the limb of the moon during such an eclipse.[1]
Oxford University Museum

Biology[edit]

Botany[edit]

  • Joseph Dalton Hooker concludes publication of The Botany of the Antarctic Voyage of H.M. Discovery Ships Erebus and Terror ... 1839–1843 with issue of the final part of Flora Tasmaniae in London.[2]

Chemistry[edit]

Mathematics[edit]

Medicine[edit]

Psychology[edit]

Technology[edit]

This 1860 phonautogram by Leon Scott is the earliest known recorded sound.

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Awards[edit]

Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bakerian Lecture. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society (London) 152 pp. 333–416.
  2. ^ Sampson, F. Bruce (1985). "Botany of the Antarctic Voyage". Early New Zealand Botanical Art. Auckland: Reed Methuen. p. 76. Retrieved 2011-04-05. 
  3. ^ Weeks, Mary Elvira (1932). "The discovery of the elements. XIII. Some spectroscopic discoveries". Journal of Chemical Education 9 (8): 1413–1434. Bibcode:1932JChEd...9.1413W. doi:10.1021/ed009p1413. Retrieved 2011-11-21. 
  4. ^ Eric R. Scerri,The Periodic Table: Its Story and Its Significance, Oxford University Press, 2006.
  5. ^ Niemann, Albert. On a New Organic Base in the Coca Leaves ("Über eine neue organische Base in den Cocablättern", published version of Ph.D. dissertation); "Ueber eine neue organische Base in den Cocablättern". Archiv der Pharmazie 153 (2): 129–256. 1860. doi:10.1002/ardp.18601530202. 
  6. ^ Fancher, Raymond E. (1996). Pioneers of Psychology (3rd ed.). New York: W. W. Norton & Co. ISBN 0-393-96994-0. 
  7. ^ Sheynin, Oscar (May 2004). "Fechner as a statistician". British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology 57 (1): 53–72. doi:10.1348/000711004849196. PMID 15171801. 
  8. ^ Rosen, Jody (March 27, 2008). "Researchers Play Tune Recorded Before Edison". New York Times. 
  9. ^ Brownlee, Walter (1985). Warrior: the First Modern Battleship. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-27579-8. 
  10. ^ Brownlee, Walter (1987). "HMS Warrior". Scientific American 257 (6): 130–136. doi:10.1038/scientificamerican1287-130. 
  11. ^ Wells, John (1987). The immortal Warrior, Britain’s first and last battleship. Emsworth: Kenneth Mason. ISBN 0-85937-333-9.