43rd New Zealand Parliament

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The 43rd New Zealand Parliament was a term of the Parliament of New Zealand. Its composition was determined by the 1990 elections, and it sat until the 1993 elections.

The 43rd Parliament saw the beginning of the fourth National Party government, with the Labour Party failing to win a third term in office. The 43rd Parliament was heavily dominated by National, which controlled nearly seventy percent of the seats. Only one minor party, Jim Anderton's NewLabour, was present at the beginning of the 43rd Parliament. Later, NewLabour would join with several unrepresented parties to form the Alliance, which would gain two additional seats when two National MPs defected. Another National MP, Winston Peters, would also break away from his party, becoming an independent.

The 43rd Parliament consisted of ninety-seven representatives, the same as the previous Parliament. All of these representatives were chosen by single-member geographical electorates, including four special Māori electorates.

Electoral boundaries for the 43rd Parliament[edit]

NewZealandElectorates1990-Labeled.png

Initial composition of the 43rd Parliament[edit]

The tables below shows the results of the 1990 general election:

Key

 National    Labour    Green    NewLabour    Mana Motuhake  

Electorate results for the New Zealand general election, 1990
Electorate Incumbent Winner Majority Runner up
General electorates
Albany Don McKinnon J Allen
Ashburton Jenny Shipley Basil Moskovis
Auckland Central Richard Prebble K Hill
Avon Larry Sutherland W Rush
Awarua Jeff Grant H A Russell
Bay of Islands John Carter B R Dent
Birkenhead Jenny Kirk Ian Revell Jenny Kirk
Christchurch Central Geoffrey Palmer Lianne Dalziel R Gluer
Christchurch North Mike Moore P Yarrell
Clevedon Warren Kyd A Stubbs-Batten
Clutha Robin Gray J Buchanan
Coromandel Graeme Lee Margaret Hawkeswood
Dunedin North Stan Rodger Pete Hodgson G Donoghue
Dunedin West Geoffrey Palmer Ian McMeeking
East Cape Anne Collins Tony Ryall Anne Collins
East Coast Bays Murray McCully Gary Knapp
Eastern Hutt Trevor Young Paul Swain R F Thomas
Eden Richard Northey Christine Fletcher Richard Northey
Fendalton Philip Burdon T Day
Gisborne Allan Wallbank Wayne Kimber Allan Wallbank
Glenfield Judy Keall Peter Hilt Judy Keall
Hamilton East Bill Dillon Tony Steel Bill Dillon
Hamilton West Trevor Mallard Grant Thomas Trevor Mallard
Hastings David Butcher Jeff Whitaker David Butcher
Hawkes Bay Bill Sutton Michael Laws Bill Sutton
Heretaunga Bill Jeffries Peter McCardle Bill Jeffries
Hobson Ross Meurant H Henry
Horowhenua Annette King Hamish Hancock Annette King
Invercargill Rob Munro B G Rait
Island Bay Elizabeth Tennet A Nolan
Kaimai Robert Anderson G L Dickson
Kaipara Lockwood Smith W K Sellwood
Kapiti Margaret Shields Roger Sowry Margaret Shields
King Country Jim Bolger C Gordon
Lyttelton Peter Simpson Gail McIntosh Peter Simpson
Manawatu David Robinson Hamish MacIntyre David Robinson
Mangere David Lange B Archer
Manurewa Roger Douglas George Hawkins P Baker
Maramarua Bill Birch Charles Chauvel
Marlborough Doug Kidd B Hutchinson
Matamata John Luxton W J Pepperell
Miramar Peter Neilson Graeme Reeves Peter Neilson
Mt Albert Helen Clark L Bellshaw
Napier Geoff Braybrooke C M Pritchard
Nelson Philip Woollaston John Blincoe L Baigent
New Lynn Jonathan Hunt M A Bishop
New Plymouth Harry Duynhoven John Armstrong Harry Duynhoven
North Shore George Gair Bruce Cliffe G Ransom
Ohariu Peter Dunne G Mathew
Onehunga Fred Gerbic Grahame Thorne Fred Gerbic
Otago Warren Cooper T Cooke
Otara Colin Moyle Trevor Rogers Taito Phillip Field
Pahiatua John Falloon M Martindale
Pakuranga Maurice Williamson F C Grant
Palmerston North Trevor de Cleene Steve Maharey P L Sherriff
Panmure Bob Tizard Judith Tizard G Bartlett
Papakura Merv Wellington John Robertson James Stubbs
Papatoetoe Ross Robertson A W Brewster
Pencarrow Sonja Davies Ray Wallace
Porirua Graham Kelly P Faulkner
Raglan Simon Upton O Scaletti-Longley
Rangiora Jim Gerard J A McLachlan
Rangitikei Denis Marshall P Barton
Remuera Doug Graham C Harding
Roskill Phil Goff Gilbert Myles Phil Goff
Rotorua Paul East B Raitt
St Albans David Caygill D Dumergue
St Kilda Michael Cullen B Alexander
Selwyn Ruth Richardson V Elley
Sydenham Jim Anderton L S Constable
Tamaki Robert Muldoon M Martindale
Taranaki Roger Maxwell S Dalziel
Tarawera Ian McLean Max Bradford M R Moore
Tasman Ken Shirley Nick Smith Ken Shirley
Tauranga Winston Peters W K Delaney
Te Atatu Michael Bassett Brian Neeson Dan McCaffrey
Timaru Maurice McTigue G J Clarke
Titirangi Ralph Maxwell Marie Hasler Ralph Maxwell
Tongariro Noel Scott Ian Peters Noel Scott
Waikaremoana Roger McClay D Davies
Waikato Rob Storey G Middleton
Waipa Katherine O'Regan M Apiata-Wade
Wairarapa Wyatt Creech P Morgan
Waitaki Jim Sutton Alec Neill Jim Sutton
Waitotara Venn Young Peter Gresham D T O'Sullivan
Wallace Derek Angus Bill English David Soper
Wanganui Russell Marshall Cam Campion Jill Pettis
Wellington Central Fran Wilde Pauline Gardiner[nb 1]
West Auckland Jack Elder L Wicks
West Coast Kerry Burke Margaret Moir Kerry Burke
Western Hutt John Terris Joy Quigley John Terris
Whangarei John Banks E E Tait
Yaldhurst Margaret Austin J Connelly
Māori electorates
Eastern Maori Peter Tapsell W K Kaa
Northern Maori Bruce Gregory Matiu Rata
Southern Maori Whetu Tirikatene-Sullivan Tikirau Stevens
Western Maori Koro Wētere Eva Rickard

Table footnotes:

  1. ^ Gardiner was first on election night for Wellington Central, but lost when special votes were included [1]

By-elections during 43rd Parliament[edit]

There were a number of changes during the term of the 43rd Parliament.

Electorate and by-election Date Incumbent Cause Winner
Tamaki 1992 15 February Rob Muldoon Resignation Clem Simich
Wellington Central 1992 12 December Fran Wilde Election as Mayor of Wellington Chris Laidlaw
Tauranga 1993 17 April Winston Peters Resignation Winston Peters

Summary of changes during term[edit]

  • Jim Anderton, the sole MP for the NewLabour Party, merged his party with several others to form the Alliance in 1991. Anderton was thereafter recorded as an Alliance MP rather than a NewLabour MP.
  • Rob Muldoon, the National Party MP for Tamaki and a former Prime Minister of New Zealand, quit Parliament on 17 December 1991. His departure prompted a by-election in Tamaki early the following year — it was won by Clem Simich, also of the National Party.
  • Gilbert Myles and Hamish MacIntyre, the National Party MPs for Roskill and Manawatu, respectively, quit their party in 1992. They established a small group Liberal Party, which they eventually merged into the Alliance.
  • Fran Wilde, the Labour Party MP for Wellington Central, quit Parliament in 1992 to become Mayor of Wellington. Her departure prompted a by-election in Wellington Central in December — it was won by Chris Laidlaw, also of the Labour Party.
  • Cam Campion, the National Party MP for Wanganui, announced his resignation from the party on 3 March 1993. He accused the party of attempting to rig the reselection process against him. Campion remained an independent for the remainder of the term.
  • Winston Peters, the National Party MP for Tauranga, resigned from both his party and his seat on 18 March 1993. His departure prompted a by-election in Tauranga in April — Peters contested and won it as an independent candidate. Later, he would found the New Zealand First party.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Bassett 2008, p. 538.

References[edit]