43rd New Zealand Parliament

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The 43rd New Zealand Parliament was a term of the Parliament of New Zealand. Its composition was determined by the 1990 elections, and it sat until the 1993 elections.

The 43rd Parliament saw the beginning of the fourth National Party government, with the Labour Party failing to win a third term in office. The 43rd Parliament was heavily dominated by National, which controlled nearly seventy percent of the seats. Only one minor party, Jim Anderton's NewLabour, was present at the beginning of the 43rd Parliament. Later, NewLabour would join with several unrepresented parties to form the Alliance, which would gain two additional seats when two National MPs defected. Another National MP, Winston Peters, would also break away from his party, becoming an independent.

The 43rd Parliament consisted of ninety-seven representatives, the same as the previous Parliament. All of these representatives were chosen by single-member geographical electorates, including four special Māori electorates.

Electoral boundaries for the 43rd Parliament[edit]

NewZealandElectorates1990-Labeled.png

Initial composition of the 43rd Parliament[edit]

The tables below shows the results of the 1990 general election:

Key

 National    Labour    Green    NewLabour    Mana Motuhake  

Electorate results for the New Zealand general election, 1990
Electorate Incumbent Winner Majority Runner up
General electorates
Albany Don McKinnon J Allen (Labour)
Ashburton Jenny Shipley Basil Moskovis (Labour)
Auckland Central Richard Prebble K Hill (National)
Avon Larry Sutherland W Rush (National)
Awarua Jeff Grant H A Russell (Labour)
Bay of Islands John Carter B R Dent (Labour)
Birkenhead Jenny Kirk Ian Revell Jenny Kirk (Labour)
Christchurch Central Geoffrey Palmer Lianne Dalziel R Gluer (National)
Christchurch North Mike Moore P Yarrell (National)
Clevedon Warren Kyd A Stubbs-Batten (Labour)
Clutha Robin Gray J Buchanan (Labour)
Coromandel Graeme Lee Margaret Hawkeswood (Labour)
Dunedin North Stan Rodger Pete Hodgson G Donoghue (National)
Dunedin West Geoffrey Palmer Ian McMeeking (National)
East Cape Anne Collins Tony Ryall Anne Collins (Labour)
East Coast Bays Murray McCully Gary Knapp (N/A)
Eastern Hutt Trevor Young Paul Swain R F Thomas (National)
Eden Richard Northey Christine Fletcher Richard Northey (Labour)
Fendalton Philip Burdon T Day (Labour)
Gisborne Allan Wallbank Wayne Kimber Allan Wallbank (Labour)
Glenfield Judy Keall Peter Hilt Judy Keall (Labour)
Hamilton East Bill Dillon Tony Steel Bill Dillon (Labour)
Hamilton West Trevor Mallard Grant Thomas Trevor Mallard (Labour)
Hastings David Butcher Jeff Whitaker David Butcher (Labour)
Hawkes Bay Bill Sutton Michael Laws Bill Sutton (Labour)
Heretaunga Bill Jeffries Peter McCardle Bill Jeffries (Labour)
Hobson Ross Meurant H Henry (Labour)
Horowhenua Annette King Hamish Hancock Annette King (Labour)
Invercargill Rob Munro B G Rait (Labour)
Island Bay Elizabeth Tennet A Nolan (National)
Kaimai Robert Anderson G L Dickson (Labour)
Kaipara Lockwood Smith W K Sellwood (Labour)
Kapiti Margaret Shields Roger Sowry Margaret Shields (Labour)
King Country Jim Bolger C Gordon (Labour)
Lyttelton Peter Simpson Gail McIntosh Peter Simpson (Labour)
Manawatu David Robinson Hamish MacIntyre David Robinson (Labour)
Mangere David Lange B Archer (National)
Manurewa Roger Douglas George Hawkins P Baker (National)
Maramarua Bill Birch Charles Chauvel (Labour)
Marlborough Doug Kidd B Hutchinson (Labour)
Matamata John Luxton W J Pepperell (Labour)
Miramar Peter Neilson Graham Reeves Peter Neilson (Labour)
Mt Albert Helen Clark L Bellshaw (National)
Napier Geoff Braybrooke C M Pritchard (National)
Nelson Philip Woollaston John Blincoe L Baigent (National)
New Lynn Jonathan Hunt M A Bishop (National)
New Plymouth Harry Duynhoven John Armstrong Harry Duynhoven (Labour)
North Shore George Gair Bruce Cliffe G Ransom (Labour)
Ohariu Peter Dunne G Mathew (National)
Onehunga Fred Gerbic Grahame Thorne Fred Gerbic (Labour)
Otago Warren Cooper T Cooke (Labour)
Otara Colin Moyle Trevor Rogers Phillip Field (Labour)
Pahiatua John Falloon M Martindale (Labour)
Pakuranga Maurice Williamson F C Grant (Labour)
Palmerston North Trevor de Cleene Steve Maharey P L Sherriff (National)
Panmure Bob Tizard Judith Tizard G Bartlett (National)
Papakura Merv Wellington John Robertson James Stubbs (Labour)
Papatoetoe Ross Robertson A W Brewster (National)
Pencarrow Sonja Davies Ray Wallace (National)
Porirua Graham Kelly P Faulkner (National)
Raglan Simon Upton O Scaletti-Longley (Labour)
Rangiora Jim Gerard J A McLachlan (Labour)
Rangitikei Denis Marshall P Barton (Labour)
Remuera Doug Graham C Harding (Labour)
Roskill Phil Goff Gilbert Myles Phil Goff (Labour)
Rotorua Paul East B Raitt (Labour)
St Albans David Caygill D Dumergue
St Kilda Michael Cullen B Alexander
Selwyn Ruth Richardson V Elley
Sydenham Jim Anderton L S Constable (Labour)
Tamaki Robert Muldoon M Martindale (Labour)
Taranaki Roger Maxwell S Dalziel (Labour)
Tarawera Ian McLean Max Bradford M R Moore (Labour)
Tasman Ken Shirley Nick Smith Ken Shirley (Labour)
Tauranga Winston Peters W K Delaney (Labour)
Te Atatu Michael Bassett Brian Neeson Dan McCaffrey (Labour)
Timaru Maurice McTigue G J Clarke (Labour)
Titirangi Ralph Maxwell Marie Hasler Ralph Maxwell (Labour)
Tongariro Noel Scott Ian Peters Noel Scott (Labour)
Waikaremoana Roger McClay D Davies (Labour)
Waikato Rob Storey G Middleton (Labour)
Waipa Katherine O'Regan M Apiata-Wade (Labour)
Wairarapa Wyatt Creech P Morgan (Labour)
Waitaki Jim Sutton Alec Neill Jim Sutton (Labour)
Waitotara Venn Young Peter Gresham D T O'Sullivan (Labour)
Wallace Derek Angus Bill English David Soper (Labour)
Wanganui Russell Marshall Cam Campion Jill Pettis (Labour)
Wellington Central Fran Wilde Pauline Gardiner[nb 1]
West Auckland Jack Elder L Wicks (National)
West Coast Kerry Burke Margaret Moir Kerry Burke (Labour)
Western Hutt John Terris Joy Quigley John Terris (Labour)
Whangarei John Banks E E Tait (Labour)
Yaldhurst Margaret Austin J Connelly (National)
Māori electorates
Eastern Maori Peter Tapsell W K Kaa (Mana Motuhake)
Northern Maori Bruce Gregory Matiu Rata (Mana Motuhake)
Southern Maori Whetu Tirikatene-Sullivan Tikirau Stevens (Mana Motuhake)
Western Maori Koro Wētere Eva Rickard (Mana Motuhake)

Table footnotes:

  1. ^ Gardiner was first on election night for Wellington Central, but lost when special votes were included [1]

By-elections during 43rd Parliament[edit]

There were a number of changes during the term of the 43rd Parliament.

Electorate and by-election Date Incumbent Cause Winner
Tamaki 1992 15 February Robert Muldoon Resignation Clem Simich
Wellington Central 1992 12 December Fran Wilde Election as Mayor of Wellington Chris Laidlaw
Tauranga 1993 17 April Winston Peters Resignation Winston Peters

Summary of changes during term[edit]

  • Jim Anderton, the sole MP for the NewLabour Party, merged his party with several others to form the Alliance in 1991. Anderton was thereafter recorded as an Alliance MP rather than a NewLabour MP.
  • Robert Muldoon, the National Party MP for Tamaki and a former Prime Minister of New Zealand, quit Parliament on 17 December 1991. His departure prompted a by-election in Tamaki early the following year — it was won by Clem Simich, also of the National Party.
  • Gilbert Myles and Hamish MacIntyre, the National Party MPs for Roskill and Manawatu, respectively, quit their party in 1992. They established a small group Liberal Party, which they eventually merged into the Alliance.
  • Fran Wilde, the Labour Party MP for Wellington Central, quit Parliament in 1992 to become Mayor of Wellington. Her departure prompted a by-election in Wellington Central in December — it was won by Chris Laidlaw, also of the Labour Party.
  • Cam Campion, the National Party MP for Wanganui, announced his resignation from the party on 3 March 1993. He accused the party of attempting to rig the reselection process against him. Campion remained an independent for the remainder of the term.
  • Winston Peters, the National Party MP for Tauranga, resigned from both his party and his seat on 18 March 1993. His departure prompted a by-election in Tauranga in April — Peters contested and won it as an independent candidate. Later, he would found the New Zealand First party.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Bassett 2008, p. 538.

References[edit]