Andrew Carnegie Mansion
Andrew Carnegie Mansion
|Location||2 East 91st Street, Manhattan, New York City, New York|
|Area||1.2 acres (0.49 ha)|
|Architect||Babb, Cook & Willard|
|Architectural style||Colonial Revival, Georgian Revival|
|Governing body||Smithsonian Institution|
|NRHP Reference #||66000536|
|Added to NRHP||November 13, 1966|
|Designated NHL||November 13, 1966 |
The Andrew Carnegie Mansion is located at 2 East 91st Street at Fifth Avenue in Manhattan, New York City, New York. Andrew Carnegie built his mansion in 1903 and lived there until his death in 1919; his wife, Louise, lived there until her death in 1946. The building is now the Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum, part of the Smithsonian Institution. The surrounding neighborhood on Manhattan's Upper East Side has come to be called Carnegie Hill. The mansion was named a National Historic Landmark in 1966.
The land was purchased in 1898 in secrecy by Carnegie, further north than most mansions, in part to ensure there was enough space for a garden. He asked his architects Babb, Cook & Willard for the "most modest, plainest, and most roomy house in New York". However, it was also the first American residence to have a steel frame and among the first to have a private Otis Elevator and central heating. His wife, Louise, lived in the house until she died in 1946.
The Carnegie Corporation gave the house and property to the Smithsonian in 1972, and the modern incarnation of the Cooper-Hewitt Museum opened there in 1976. Hardy Holzman Pfeiffer Associates handled the renovation into a museum in 1977. The interior was redesigned by the architectural firm, Polshek and Partners, headed by James Polshek, in 2001.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13.
- Bill Harris, "One Thousand New York Buildings", 2002, Black Dog and Leventhal Publishers, pg 312
- "Andrew Carnegie Mansion". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. 2007-09-14.
- [ PDF (388 KB) "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination"]. National Park Service. 1975-05-30.
- [ PDF (2.01 MB) "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination"]. National Park Service. 1975-05-30.
- Dolkart, Andrew S; Postal, Matthew A. (2004). Guide to New York City Landmarks. New York City Landmarks Preservation Committee. Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg (Author of Forward) (Third ed.). Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons. pp. 51, 175.
- Cooper-Hewitt History of Mansion
- White, Norval & Willensky, Elliot (2000). AIA Guide to New York City (4th ed.). New York: Three Rivers Press. ISBN 978-0-8129-3107-5. pg 429
- Andrew S. Dolkart, Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum: National Design Museum, 2006, Scala Publishers, ISBN 978-1-85759-268-9
- Kathrens, Michael C. (2005). Great Houses of New York, 1880–1930. New York: Acanthus Press. p. 113. ISBN 978-0-926494-34-3.
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