Andrew Carnegie Mansion

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Andrew Carnegie Mansion
Cooper-hewitt 90 jeh.JPG
Andrew Carnegie Mansion is located in New York City
Andrew Carnegie Mansion
Location 2 East 91st Street, Manhattan, New York City, New York[2]
Coordinates 40°47′4″N 73°57′29″W / 40.78444°N 73.95806°W / 40.78444; -73.95806Coordinates: 40°47′4″N 73°57′29″W / 40.78444°N 73.95806°W / 40.78444; -73.95806
Area 1.2 acres (0.49 ha)
Built 1901
Architect Babb, Cook & Willard
Architectural style Colonial Revival, Georgian Revival
Governing body Smithsonian Institution
NRHP Reference # 66000536[1]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP November 13, 1966
Designated NHL November 13, 1966 [3]

The Andrew Carnegie Mansion is located at 2 East 91st Street at Fifth Avenue in Manhattan, New York City, New York. Andrew Carnegie built his mansion in 1903 and lived there until his death in 1919; his wife, Louise, lived there until her death in 1946. The building is now the Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum, part of the Smithsonian Institution. The surrounding neighborhood on Manhattan's Upper East Side has come to be called Carnegie Hill. The mansion was named a National Historic Landmark in 1966.[3][4][5][6]

History[edit]

The land was purchased in 1898[2] in secrecy by Carnegie, further north than most mansions, in part to ensure there was enough space for a garden.[7] He asked his architects Babb, Cook & Willard for the "most modest, plainest, and most roomy house in New York".[3] However, it was also the first American residence to have a steel frame and among the first to have a private Otis Elevator and central heating.[7] His wife, Louise, lived in the house until she died in 1946.[8]

The Carnegie Corporation gave the house and property to the Smithsonian in 1972, and the modern incarnation of the Cooper-Hewitt Museum opened there in 1976. Hardy Holzman Pfeiffer Associates handled the renovation into a museum in 1977.[8] The interior was redesigned by the architectural firm, Polshek and Partners, headed by James Polshek, in 2001.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  2. ^ a b Bill Harris, "One Thousand New York Buildings", 2002, Black Dog and Leventhal Publishers, pg 312
  3. ^ a b c "Andrew Carnegie Mansion". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. 2007-09-14. 
  4. ^ ["Andrew Carnegie Mansion", May 30, 1975, by Richard Greenwood PDF (388 KB) "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination"]. National Park Service. 1975-05-30. 
  5. ^ [Andrew Carnegie Mansion—Accompanying 6 photos, exterior, from 1975. PDF (2.01 MB) "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination"]. National Park Service. 1975-05-30. 
  6. ^ Dolkart, Andrew S; Postal, Matthew A. (2004). Guide to New York City Landmarks. New York City Landmarks Preservation Committee. Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg (Author of Forward) (Third ed.). Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons. pp. 51, 175. 
  7. ^ a b Cooper-Hewitt History of Mansion
  8. ^ a b White, Norval & Willensky, Elliot (2000). AIA Guide to New York City (4th ed.). New York: Three Rivers Press. ISBN 978-0-8129-3107-5.  pg 429
  9. ^ Andrew S. Dolkart, Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum: National Design Museum, 2006, Scala Publishers, ISBN 978-1-85759-268-9

Further reading[edit]

  • Kathrens, Michael C. (2005). Great Houses of New York, 1880–1930. New York: Acanthus Press. p. 113. ISBN 978-0-926494-34-3. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Andrew Carnegie Mansion at Wikimedia Commons