Askvoll

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Askvoll kommune
Municipality
Askvoll gjelsvik.jpg
Coat of arms of Askvoll kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Askvoll kommune
Sogn og Fjordane within
Norway
Askvoll within Sogn og Fjordane
Askvoll within Sogn og Fjordane
Coordinates: 61°24′21″N 05°14′32″E / 61.40583°N 5.24222°E / 61.40583; 5.24222Coordinates: 61°24′21″N 05°14′32″E / 61.40583°N 5.24222°E / 61.40583; 5.24222
Country Norway
County Sogn og Fjordane
District Sunnfjord
Administrative centre Askvoll
Government
 • Mayor (2011) Frida Melvær (H)
Area
 • Total 326.16 km2 (125.93 sq mi)
 • Land 313.15 km2 (120.91 sq mi)
 • Water 13.01 km2 (5.02 sq mi)
Area rank 262 in Norway
Population (2012)
 • Total 3,018
 • Rank 259 in Norway
 • Density 9.6/km2 (25/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) -8.9 %
Demonym Askvolling[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code NO-1428
Official language form Nynorsk
Website www.askvoll.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway

About this sound Askvoll  is a municipality in Sogn og Fjordane county, Norway. It is located in the traditional district of Sunnfjord. The administrative centre is the village of Askvoll. Other villages in the municipality include Holmedal, Kvammen, and Stongfjorden. The most important industries in Askvoll today are Helle Knivfabrikk (a knife factory), Bulandet Fiskeindustri (fish industry), and Sigurd Løkeland Hermetikkfabrikk (a producer of crabs).

Askvoll municipality has about 3,000 inhabitants and covers an area of 326 square kilometres (126 sq mi). The municipality stretches from the Bulandet islands in the west and Førde Municipality in east. The highest peak is the 1,304-metre (4,278 ft) high Blegja. Alden Mountain (known as the "Norwegian Horse") is located on the island of Alden in Askvoll. It rises almost vertically out of the sea to a height of 481 metres (1,578 ft) above sea level and is visible from more than 100 kilometres (62 mi) out at sea.

General information[edit]

Map of Askvoll
View of Prestmarka
View of the Heilefjell mountains
View of Vilnes Church

Askvoll was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). The original municipality was identical to the Askvoll parish (prestegjeld) with the sub-parishes (sokn) of Askvoll, Vilnes, Øn, and Hyllestad.[2] In 1862, the two southernmost sub-parishes of Øn and Hyllestad (population: 2,475) were separated from Askvoll and (along with the Bø sub-parish from Lavik municipality) formed the new municipality of Hyllestad. This left Askvoll with 2 sub-parishes and a population of 3,065.[3]

On 1 January 1888, several farms in the Hersvikbygda area on the northern part of the island of Sula and the smaller surrounding islands (population: 317) were transferred from Askvoll municipality to the neighboring municipality of Utvær. On 1 January 1964, the parts of the municipalities of Vevring (population: 407) and Bru (population: 92) that were located south of the Førdefjorden were merged into Askvoll municipality. This gave Askvoll a population of 3,585. On 1 January 1990, Askvoll and Fjaler did a land trade: the Fjaler farms of Vårdal, Holmedal, Rivedal, and part of Hestad (population: 731) were transferred to Askvoll; and the Askvoll farms of Fure, Folkestad, and Våge (population: 482) were transferred to Fjaler.[3]

Name[edit]

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the farm Askvoll (Old Norse Askvǫllr), since the first church (Askvoll Church) was built there. The first element is askr which means ash tree and the last element is vǫllr which means meadow.[4]

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms is from modern times; they were granted on 5 January 1990. The arms show an old medieval stone cross on a green background. The cross represents the Korssundkrossen, which is connected to several stories of St. Olav.[5]

Local Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Askvoll. It is part of the Sunnfjord deanery in the Diocese of Bjørgvin.

Churches in Askvoll
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Askvoll Askvoll Church Askvoll 1863
Bulandet Chapel Musøya in Bulandet 1905
Holmedal Church Holmedal 1868
Kvammen Chapel Kvammen 1977
Stongfjorden Chapel Stongfjorden 1908
Vilnes Church Vilnes on Atløyna 1674
Værlandet Chapel Værlandet 1960

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Norway, including Askvoll, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.

Municipal Council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Askvoll is made up of 21 representatives that are elected to every four years. For 2011–2015, the party breakdown is as follows:[6]

Askvoll Kommunestyre 2011–2015
Party Name Name in Norwegian Number of
representatives
  Labour Party Arbeiderpartiet 4
  Conservative Party Høgre 6
  Christian Democratic Party Kristelig Folkeparti 2
  Centre Party Senterpartiet 4
  Liberal Party Venstre 5
Total number of members: 21

Mayor[edit]

The mayor (ordførar) of a municipality in Norway is a representative of the majority party of the municipal council who is elected to lead the council. Frida Melvær of the Conservative Party was elected mayor for the 2011-2015 term.[7]

Geography[edit]

View of Rivedal (and Fjaler municipality on the left side of the fjord)

Askvoll municipality covers an area of 321 square kilometres (124 sq mi). Of this, 254 square kilometres (98 sq mi) are on the mainland while the remaining 67 square kilometres (26 sq mi) are made up of islands and skerries along its 52 kilometres (32 mi) coastline. To the west, lies the North Sea, to the north is the municipalities of Flora and Naustdal, to the east are the municipalities of Førde and Gaular, and to the south are the municipalities of Fjaler and Solund. The majority of the municipality is on the mainland between the Førdefjorden (in the north) and the Dalsfjorden (in the south). The Bulandet archipelago lies in the westernmost part of the municipality. There are many other islands between Bulandet and the mainland, notably Værlandet, Alden, and Atløyna. Geita Lighthouse lies on a very small island off the coast of Askvoll.

Attractions[edit]

Birdlife[edit]

Askvoll can boast of many seabird reserves within the municipality. Otherwise mainland Askvoll provides habitat that is typical for the region. These however have restrictions, especially during the breeding season. One area that is good for birding is the Askvika nature reserve. This wetland area has a rich bird life with 69 recorded species.

Bulandet[edit]

Part of the road between Bulandet and Vaerlandet that opened in 2003. The mountain at the left is Alden.

Bulandet is Norway´s western-most fishing community. Bulandet includes 365 islands and has approximately 270 inhabitants. During the summer, Bulandet is a favourite spot for boaters and tourists staying in cottages and fisherman cabins. The name "Bulandet" comes from the numerous wharf-side cabins here, known as "bu".[8] Bulandet are beautifully linked together to the neighbour community Værlandet by six bridges and 5,240 metres (17,190 ft) of road. The Nordsjøporten road is not only important for traffic and communication in the area but also allows for a fantastic journey through the islands.

Værlandet[edit]

At the mouth of the fjord, near the majestic Alden Mountain, you find Værlandet island. Værlandet has a population of approximately 200 people. Fishing and fish farming are the most important industries, but both tourism and the export of high quality stone (breccia) to Italy are expanding. There is a collection of picturesque small houses on the water’s edge in Værøyhamna harbour.[8]

Alden[edit]

View of Alden

Also known as the "Norwegian Horse", Alden Mountain is an old and pronounced landmark for sailors along the coast. It rises almost vertically out of the sea to a height of 481 metres (1,578 ft) above sea level and is visible from more than 100 kilometres (62 mi) out at sea. There is a marked path to the top, accessible using the scheduled boat service from Askvoll.[8]

Blegja[edit]

The 1,304-metre (4,278 ft) high Blegja mountain in Askvoll is a magnificent view. From the top, hikers can see the Jostedal glacier to the east and as far as Snønipa and the Ålfotbreen glacier in Bremanger municipality.[8]

Stongfjord Industries[edit]

Stongfjord Industries is Norway's oldest aluminium factory, and it is located in the village of Stongfjorden. British Aluminium Company started hydropower plant development in 1906, and produced aluminium from 1908 to 1945. Traces of the English industry are still apparent in the form of private houses, tennis courts, and football fields.[8]

Vilnes Church[edit]

The Vilnes Church on the island of Atløyna is a medieval wooden church constructed in 1674.[8]

Ingólfur Arnarson[edit]

The Ingólfur Arnarson statue in Rivedal is a monument to the pioneer spirit in the Dalsfjorden prior to the year 1000. Together with his brother, Ingólfur Arnarson he discovered Iceland, and laid the groundwork for the first Norwegian settlement there.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Personnemningar til stadnamn i Noreg" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. 
  2. ^ Natvik, Oddvar (9 February 2005). "Some historical data on the 26 Kommunes". 
  3. ^ a b Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. 
  4. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1919). Norske gaardnavne: Nordre Bergenhus amt (in Norwegian) (12 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 249. 
  5. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2013-12-05. 
  6. ^ "Members of the local councils, by party/electoral lists and municipality" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. 2011. Retrieved 2013-12-05. 
  7. ^ "Val 2011" (in Norwegian). Askvoll kommune. 13 September 2011. Retrieved 27 December 2011. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g "Askvoll Municipality in Norway". Retrieved 9 August 2008. 

External links[edit]