Askøy

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This article is about the municipality. For the island, see Askøy (island).
Askøy kommune
Municipality
Norge
KleppestøAndBridge.jpg
Coat of arms of Askøy kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Askøy kommune
Hordaland within
Norway
Askøy within Hordaland
Askøy within Hordaland
Coordinates: 60°28′17″N 5°9′38″E / 60.47139°N 5.16056°E / 60.47139; 5.16056Coordinates: 60°28′17″N 5°9′38″E / 60.47139°N 5.16056°E / 60.47139; 5.16056
Country Norway
County Hordaland
District Midhordland
Administrative centre Kleppestø
Government
 • Mayor (2012) Odd Magne Utkilen
Area
 • Total 100 km2 (40 sq mi)
 • Land 94 km2 (36 sq mi)
Area rank 386 in Norway
Population (2009)
 • Total 24,432
 • Rank 41 in Norway
 • Density 237/km2 (610/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) 16.2 %
Demonym Askøyværing[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code NO-1247
Official language form Neutral
Website www.askoy.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway

Askøy is a municipality in the county of Hordaland, Norway. Since the opening of the Askøy Bridge leading to the mainland in Bergen in 1992, the population has increased rapidly. Its population growth is as of 2008 among the highest in Norway. Most of the population growth is due to immigration from Bergen, Nordhordland and Midhordland. It is also the most popular island in Norway.

General information[edit]

Name[edit]

The first element is the name Askøy came from the farm Ask (Old Norse: Askr) and the last element is øy, meaning "island". The name of the farm is identical with the word askr, meaning "ash tree". Until 1918 the name was written "Askøen".

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms was granted on 28 September 1961. The arms are a canting showing an ash tree (ask) on an island (øy) with waves of the sea in the base of the shield.[2]

Background[edit]

The parish of Askøen was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). Laksevåg was separated from Askøy on 1 July 1918. Most of Herdla was merged with Askøy on 1 January 1964.

Culture[edit]

Askøy is home to several sports teams. Askøy Fotballklub is an association football club, formed in 1999 by the merger of Florvåg Idrettsforening and Kleppestø Fotball. The club has a large number of teams, of which the majority are junior football teams. The men's senior team plays in the Norwegian third division as of 2008. The oldest sports club on the island is Ask Idrettslag, mainly an athletics club, founded in 1928.

The music festival Lost Weekend is held on the island every summer in Kollevågen. The festival, first held in August 2001, attracts a large number of minor Norwegian bands. The festival has been threatened by economic trouble several times.

In the village of Strusshamn you will find old wooden houses, dating back to the early 19th century. Strusshamn then served as a quarantine harbour for Bergen. Today Strusshamn is one of the cultural capitals of Askøy, with a lot of activities and a museum of its own showing life on Askøy in earlier times.

Geography[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1951 7,616 —    
1961 9,849 +29.3%
1971 14,526 +47.5%
1981 17,148 +18.1%
1991 18,580 +8.4%
2001 20,096 +8.2%
2011 25,602 +27.4%
2021? 32,258 +26.0%
2031? 38,050 +18.0%
Source: Statistics Norway.[3][4]
Kollevåg have one of Norway`s most attractive beaches where The Lost Weekend festival is held.

Askøy is surrounded by fjords; Hjeltefjorden to the west and north, Byfjorden to the east, and Herdlefjorden to the north-east. The municipality borders Radøy to the north, Meland to the north-east, Bergen to the south-east, Fjell to the south-west, and Øygarden to the north-west. The area around the bridge, where Kleppestø and Strussham are located, and the east coast, especially the very urban settlement of Florvaag which for many decades had excellent direct communication with downtown Bergen via ferries,are densely populated, while the northern and western parts of the island are thinly populated. Kleppestø is the administrative centre of the municipality.

Satellite image of Askøy.

Askøy has one of the fastest growing populations in Norway due to an influx of new inhabitants from the Bergen, Midhordland and Nordhordland after the opening of the Askøy Bridge in 1992. North of Askøy lies the island of Herdla, a popular recreational area with an old German airbase dating from World War II.

Industry and trade[edit]

Askøy is well known for the tasty strawberries from Ask. The Sea food industry is also well settled at Askøy.

Askøy also houses several boat building companies; whom the most famous is Viksund Yachts of Norway situated in Strusshamn, Viknes situated in Bakarvågen, and NB Marine situated at Herdla.

Askøy houses some big industrial facilities such as Hanøytangen, Mjølkeviksvarden and Storebotn.

Settlements[edit]

Ask[edit]

Main article: Ask, Hordaland
Ask church

Ask is a village in the eastern part of Askøy. Due to its pleasant climate and its convenient location to Bergen, Ask was the location of a kongsgård (lit. "royal farm"); a very old church and churchyard was also located in Ask. The location where the church was situated from about 1200 until 1741 is today marked by a stone cross. Ask is the saga location for a famous dispute over inheritance between Egill Skallagrímsson and Berg-Önundr.

The local dialect of the village also reflects the close ties to Bergen, with the dialect being more similar to that of Bergen than that of the rest of Askøy except the dialect of Florvåg;[citation needed] the connection was reinforced into modern times as the wealthy merchants and other residents of Bergen spent their summer there. Ask has had famous residents up to recent times. Fridtjof Nansen lived in a house near Kongshaugen in a short period. Amalie Skram lived at Lien at Ask from 1876 to 1878.

Recreation areas[edit]

Recreation areas include Kollevågen.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Personnemningar til stadnamn i Noreg" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. 
  2. ^ Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". Retrieved 21 September 2008. 
  3. ^ Projected population - Statistics Norway
  4. ^ Per 1 January 1964, 1247 Askøy and a part of 1256 Meland (193 persons) and a part of 1258 Herdla (1 564 persons) were merged to one municipality, 1247 Askøy.

External links[edit]