Askøy

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This article is about the municipality. For the island, see Askøy (island).
Askøy kommune
Municipality
KleppestøAndBridge.jpg
Coat of arms of Askøy kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Askøy kommune
Hordaland within
Norway
Askøy within Hordaland
Askøy within Hordaland
Coordinates: 60°28′17″N 05°09′38″E / 60.47139°N 5.16056°E / 60.47139; 5.16056Coordinates: 60°28′17″N 05°09′38″E / 60.47139°N 5.16056°E / 60.47139; 5.16056
Country Norway
County Hordaland
District Midhordland
Administrative centre Kleppestø
Government
 • Mayor (2011) Siv Høgtun (H)
Area
 • Total 101.11 km2 (39.04 sq mi)
 • Land 94.39 km2 (36.44 sq mi)
 • Water 6.72 km2 (2.59 sq mi)
Area rank 382 in Norway
Population (2014)
 • Total 27,346
 • Rank 33 in Norway
 • Density 289.7/km2 (750/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) 27.1 %
Demonym Askøyværing[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code NO-1247
Official language form Neutral
Website www.askoy.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway

Askøy is a municipality in Hordaland county, Norway. The island municipality is located in the Midhordland district of the county, sitting in a large group of islands immediately northwest of the city of Bergen. The administrative centre of the municipality is the urban village of Kleppestø on the southeastern shore of the island of Askøy. Since the opening of the Askøy Bridge connecting it to the mainland of Bergen in 1992, the population has increased rapidly. Its population growth among the highest in Norway. In 2014, the 10-year population growth rate was 27%. Most of the population growth is due to immigration from Bergen and the surrounding districts of Nordhordland and Midhordland. It is also the most populous island in Norway.

General information[edit]

Map of the urban areas of Askøy, in relation to the city of Bergen
View of Kleppestø, looking northwest

The parish of Askøen was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). In 1879, a small area of the neighboring municipality of Fana (population: 18) was transferred to Askøen. On 1 January 1904, a small area near the village of Hanevik (population: 32) was transferred from Askøen to the neighboring municipality of Alversund. On 1 July 1918, the southern (mainland) portions of Askøy (population: 6,957) were separated from the municipality to form the new municipality of Laksevåg. This split left Askøy with 4,822 residents.[2]

In 1963, the Schei Committee planned many municipal border adjustments, including some that involved Askøy. On 1 January 1964, the Hanevik area (population: 193) on the island of Askøy was transferred to Askøy from the municipality of Meland. Also on that date the old municipality of Herdla was dissolved. The parts of Herdla on the island of Askøy and the island of Herdla (population: 1,564) were also transferred to Askøy. This boundary adjustment put the entire island of Askøy, the island of Herdla, and many tiny surrounding islands in the municipality of Askøy.[2]

Name[edit]

The first element is the name "Askøy" came from the old Ask farm (Old Norse: Askr) and the last element is øy, meaning "island". The name of the farm is identical with the word askr, meaning "ash tree". Until 1918 the name was written as "Askøen".[3]

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms was granted on 28 September 1961. The arms are a canting showing an ash tree (ask) on an island (øy) with waves of the sea in the base of the shield.[4]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has five parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Askøy. It is part of the Vesthordland deanery in the Diocese of Bjørgvin.

Churches in Askøy
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Ask Ask Church Ask 1908
Erdal Erdal Church Erdal 2006
Herdla Herdla Church Herdla 1951
Strusshamn Strusshamn Church Strusshamn 1969
Tveit Tveit Church Tveitevåg 1957

Culture[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1951 7,616 —    
1961 9,849 +29.3%
1971 14,526 +47.5%
1981 17,148 +18.1%
1991 18,580 +8.4%
2001 20,096 +8.2%
2011 25,602 +27.4%
2014 27,346 +6.8%
Source: Statistics Norway.[5][6]
Kollevåg have one of Norway`s most attractive beaches where The Lost Weekend festival is held.

Askøy is home to several sports teams. Askøy Fotballklub is an association football club, formed in 1999 by the merger of Florvåg Idrettsforening and Kleppestø Fotball. The club has a large number of teams, of which the majority are junior football teams. The men's senior team plays in the Norwegian third division as of 2008. The oldest sports club on the island is Ask Idrettslag, mainly an athletics club, founded in 1928.

The music festival Lost Weekend is held on the island every summer in Kollevågen. The festival, first held in August 2001, attracts a large number of minor Norwegian bands. The festival has been threatened by economic trouble several times.

In the village of Strusshamn you will find old wooden houses, dating back to the early 19th century. Strusshamn then served as a quarantine harbour for Bergen. Today, Strusshamn is one of the cultural capitals of Askøy, with a lot of activities and a museum of its own showing life on Askøy in earlier times.

Geography[edit]

Satellite image of Askøy.

Askøy is an island municipality including the main island of Askøy and the minor island of Herdla as well as many, many small surrounding islands. The municipality is surrounded by three fjords: Hjeltefjorden to the west and north, Byfjorden to the east, and Herdlefjorden to the northeast. The municipality borders Radøy to the north, Meland to the northeast, Bergen to the southeast, Fjell to the southwest, and Øygarden to the northwest.

Askøy has one of the fastest growing populations in Norway due to an influx of new inhabitants from the Bergen, Midhordland and Nordhordland after the opening of the Askøy Bridge in 1992. North of Askøy lies the island of Herdla, a popular recreational area on the site of the disused German Herdla Airport from World War II.

The densely populated part of the municipality is on the south and eastern coasts. Kleppestø and Strusshamn are located on the southern coast and Florvåg is on the east coast. Florvåg was connected to downtown Bergen for many decades via ferries. The northern and western parts of the island are thinly populated.

There is a large lake on the southeast part of the island, called Askevatnet. The tallest mountain on the island is Askefjellet. The recreation area of Kollevågen lies in the western part of the island.

Settlements[edit]

Ask
Main article: Ask, Hordaland
Ask church

Ask is a village in the eastern part of Askøy. Due to its pleasant climate and its convenient location to Bergen, Ask was the location of a kongsgård (lit. "royal farm"); the very old Ask Church and churchyard was also located in Ask. The location where the church was situated from about 1200 until 1741 is today marked by a stone cross. Ask is the saga location for a famous dispute over inheritance between Egill Skallagrímsson and Berg-Önundr.

The local dialect of the village also reflects the close ties to Bergen, with the dialect being more similar to that of Bergen than that of the rest of Askøy except the dialect of Florvåg;[citation needed] the connection was reinforced into modern times as the wealthy merchants and other residents of Bergen spent their summer there. Ask has had famous residents up to recent times. Fridtjof Nansen lived in a house near Kongshaugen in a short period. Amalie Skram lived at Lien at Ask from 1876 to 1878.

Other settlements

Some of the other notable settlements in Askøy include Abbedisso, Erdal, Hanevik, Kleppestø, Skjelviki, and Tveitevåg.

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Norway, including Askøy, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Askøy is made up of 35 representatives that are elected to every four years. For 2011–2015, the party breakdown is as follows:[7]

Askøy Kommunestyre 2011–2015
Party Name Name in Norwegian Number of
representatives
  Labour Party Arbeiderpartiet 11
  Progress Party Framstegspartiet 6
  Conservative Party Høgre 11
  Christian Democratic Party Kristelig Folkeparti 2
  Socialist Left Party Sosialistisk Venstreparti 1
  Liberal Party Venstre 2
  Local Lists Lokale lister 2
Total number of members: 35

Industry and trade[edit]

Askøy is well known for the tasty strawberries from Ask. The seafood industry is also well settled at Askøy.

Askøy also houses several boat building companies; the most famous of which are Viksund Yachts of Norway situated in Strusshamn, Viknes situated in Bakarvågen, and NB Marine situated at Herdla.

Askøy houses some big industrial facilities such as Hanøytangen, Mjølkeviksvarden, and Storebotn.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Personnemningar til stadnamn i Noreg" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. 
  2. ^ a b Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå. 
  3. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1910). Norske gaardnavne: Søndre Bergenhus amt (in Norwegian) (11 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 279. 
  4. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2014-11-19. 
  5. ^ Projected population - Statistics Norway
  6. ^ Per 1 January 1964, 1247 Askøy and a part of 1256 Meland (193 persons) and a part of 1258 Herdla (1 564 persons) were merged to one municipality, 1247 Askøy.
  7. ^ "Members of the local councils, by party/electoral lists and municipality" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. 2011. 

External links[edit]