Fitjar

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Fitjar kommune
Municipality
Fitjar.JPG
Coat of arms of Fitjar kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Fitjar kommune
Hordaland within
Norway
Fitjar within Hordaland
Fitjar within Hordaland
Coordinates: 59°55′8″N 5°22′17″E / 59.91889°N 5.37139°E / 59.91889; 5.37139Coordinates: 59°55′8″N 5°22′17″E / 59.91889°N 5.37139°E / 59.91889; 5.37139
Country Norway
County Hordaland
District Sunnhordland
Administrative centre Fitjar
Government
 • Mayor (2011) Wenche Tislevoll (H)
Area
 • Total 143 km2 (55 sq mi)
 • Land 135 km2 (52 sq mi)
Area rank 361 in Norway
Population (2004)
 • Total 2,911
 • Rank 276 in Norway
 • Density 22/km2 (60/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) -0.2 %
Demonym Fitjabu[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code NO-1222
Official language form Nynorsk
Website www.fitjar.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway
Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1951 3,092 —    
1960 3,172 +2.6%
1970 2,520 −20.6%
1980 2,888 +14.6%
1990 3,072 +6.4%
2000 2,992 −2.6%
2007 2,897 −3.2%
2008 2,912 +0.5%
2009 2,908 −0.1%
Source: Statistics Norway.

Fitjar (Norwegian pronunciation: [fitːjar] ( )) is a municipality in the county of Hordaland, Norway. The municipality covers the northern part of the island of Stord and surrounding islands, while the municipality of Stord covers the southern part of the island.

History[edit]

King Haakon I of Norway (Haakon the Good) maintained his residence at Fitjar. The Battle of Fitjar (Slaget ved Fitjar på Stord) took place in Fitjar at Stord during 961 between the forces of King Haakon I and the sons of his half-brother, Eric Bloodaxe. Traditionally, important shipping routes have passed through the area, and the municipality contains several trading posts dating as far back as 1648. Fitjar was separated from Stord in 1860. There have been discussions about a possible reunion of the two municipalities, but no decision has been made.

Etymology[edit]

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old farm Fitjar, since the first church was built there. The name is the plural form of fit which means "vigorous meadow". Before 1900 the name was written "Fitje".

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms were granted in the late 1940s. The arms show a Viking helmet. The helmet and the color are derived from the belief that King Håkon the Good wore a golden helmet at the Battle of Fitjar in 961.[2]

Attractions[edit]

Fitjar Church was built during 1867 over the site of the old stone church that had been demolished. Stone blocks taken from the old stone church were used as foundations for the present day church as well as for the walling enclosing the Churchyard. Opposite Fitjar Church is Haakon’s Park (Håkonarparken), the location of a sculpture of Haakon the Good sculpted by Anne Grimdalen. The statue was erected during 1961 at the one thousand year commemoration of the Battle of Fitjar.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Personnemningar til stadnamn i Noreg" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. 
  2. ^ Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". Retrieved 21 September 2008. 
  3. ^ Carwalk Fitjar (Visit Norway.com)

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Fitjar at Wikimedia Commons
  • The dictionary definition of Fitjar at Wiktionary