Audi A3

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Audi A3
Audi A3 8V 1.4 TFSI Ambiente Misanorot.JPG
Audi A3 (8V) 3 door Hatchback 1.4 TFSI
Overview
Manufacturer Audi
Production 1996–present
Body and chassis
Class Compact executive car
Layout transverse front engine,
front-wheel drive or quattro on-demand four-wheel drive
Platform Volkswagen Group A platform
Volkswagen Group MQB platform

The Audi A3 is a compact executive car produced by the German automaker Audi since 1996. The first two generations of A3 were based on the Volkswagen Group A platform, which they share with several other models such as the Audi TT, Volkswagen Golf, Volkswagen Caddy and Volkswagen Touran as well as SEAT León, SEAT Toledo and Škoda Octavia. The third-generation A3 uses the Volkswagen Group MQB platform.

First generation (Typ 8L; 1996–2003)[edit]

Audi A3 (8L)
Audi A3 front 20080326.jpg
Audi A3 5-door (post-facelift)
Overview
Production 1996–2003
Assembly Ingolstadt, Germany (1996–2003)
Curitiba, Brazil (Audi Senna, 2000–2006)
Designer Dirk van Braeckel (1992)[1][2]
Body and chassis
Body style 3-door hatchback
5-door hatchback
Platform Volkswagen Group A4 (PQ34) platform
Related Volkswagen Golf Mk4
SEAT León Mk1
Powertrain
Engine 1.6 L I4
1.8L I4 20v
1.8L I4 20v Turbo
1.9L TDI I4
Transmission 5-speed Manual
6-speed Manual
4-speed Automatic
5-speed Automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,513 mm (98.9 in)
quattro: 2,518 mm (99.1 in)
Length 4,152 mm (163.5 in)
Width 1,735 mm (68.3 in)
Height 1,423 mm (56.0 in)

The original A3 (or Typ 8L) was introduced in the European market in 1996, marking Audi's return to the production of smaller cars following the demise of the Audi 50 in 1978. This was the first Volkswagen Group model to use the "PQ34" or "A4" platform, bearing a natural close resemblance to its contemporary, the Volkswagen Golf Mk4, which arrived a year later. Within three years, the platform had spawned a total of no less than seven cars.

The car was initially available only with a three-door hatchback body, in order to present a more sporty image than the Golf, in both front and four-wheel drive. All engines were an inline four-cylinder configuration, and were transversely mounted. After the A4, the Audi A3 was the second model in the Audi lineup to use five valves per cylinder.

The United Kingdom market first received the Audi A3 in November 1996.

In 1999, Audi expanded the range with the introduction of more powerful versions: a 1.8 Turbo rated 180 PS (132 kW; 178 hp), and a 1.9 TDI diesel engine with Unit Injector "Pumpe Düse" (PD) technology and variable geometry turbocharger. The four-wheel-drive A3 1.8T quattro used either the 150 PS (110 kW; 148 hp) or 180 PS (130 kW; 180 hp) engine, and the same Haldex Traction-based on-demand four-wheel-drive system as the Audi S3 and the Audi TT. Also in 1999, Audi also introduced a five-door body.

In late 2000, the A3 range was revised with new headlights and rear lamps, other minor cosmetic changes, an improved interior, and the introduction of a six-speed manual gearbox, on the 180 PS (132 kW; 178 hp) 1.8 Turbo and the brand new 130 PS (96 kW; 128 hp) 1.9 TDI.

Audi's Electronic Stability Programme (ESP), traction-control and brake force distribution computer became standard equipment in some countries.

Although the first-generation Audi A3 was replaced in Europe in 2003, the first generation model continued to be sold in some markets. Production of the first generation model stopped in Brazil in 2006.

Audi A3 3-door (pre-facelift) 
Audi A3 5-door (pre-facelift) 
Audi A3 5-door (post-facelift) 
Audi A3 5-door (post-facelift) 

Safety[edit]

Euro NCAP test results
Audi A3, 3dr hatchback (1998)[3]
Test Score Rating
Adult occupant: 25 4 /5 stars
Pedestrian: 12 2 /4 stars

Euro NCAP tested the basic vehicle, equipped with front airbags and seatbelt pretensioners as standard, giving the vehicle a rating of 4 out of 5 stars.[3] Their evaluation of the vehicle after the test states "The column lock, adjuster lever and bracket presented hazards in the knee impact area for the driver. These could cause high loads on his upper legs and damage to his knees." They also criticise the A3 for offering almost no protection to pedestrians at all, leading to just two stars out of a possible four.[3]

S3 (1999–2003)[edit]

2002 Audi S3, UK

Audi released the A3-derived Audi S3 in 1999, offered only as a three-door hatchback. The inline-four 20v 1.8 L turbocharged petrol engine comes in two versions of power output: 210 PS (154 kW; 207 hp) and 225 PS (165 kW; 222 hp). Early models (1999–2001) had 210 PS (154 kW; 207 hp) which is said[who?] to be a de-tuned Audi TT engine, and was said to be reduced to lessen brand competition with the more powerful TT. Later models (2001–2003) had variable valve timing and 225 PS (165 kW; 222 hp). The engine provides a maximum 280 N·m (210 ft·lbf) of torque, most of which is available from 2,200 through to 5,500 rpm. This is the first time a small four-cylinder engine has been used in an Audi S-series car.

Although dubbed "quattro", the S3 uses a different "on-demand" four-wheel drive system.[4] The Haldex Traction coupling adjusts the bias of torque distribution from the front to rear axle as grip requirements change – most of the time it operates as a front-wheel drive.

The S3 was sold in the Europe, Japan, Mexico, South Africa, Australia and New Zealand, but was not officially marketed in the United States.

The S3 was facelifted in 2000, where it was given one-piece headlights/indicator units, different front wings, rear lights clusters, and some minor upgrades to interior trim. There had been minor changes to the design previous to this, including digital clock on the dash.

Standard features include xenon HID headlamps with high pressure washers and auto levelers, front fog lamps, 17" "Avus" alloy wheels with 225/45R17 tyres, electrically adjustable Recaro leather seats, climate control, alarm and Electronic Stability Programme (ESP) with traction control (ASR).

Options include a Bose sound system, boot/trunk or in-dash mounted 6-disc CD changer, metallic paint, 18-inch 9-spoke RSTT wheels, glass sunroof, centre arm rest, privacy glass (B-pillar backwards), auto-dipping rear-view mirror, parking assist, luggage net, heated front seats, cruise control, aluminium door mirror casings and part leather/alcantara (blue/silver/yellow) combination seat coverings. These items are standard in some export markets, where Audi is a prestigious brand.

Engines[edit]

The engines used are the same as those for many other cars in the Volkswagen Group.

Petrol engines
Name Type Engine code Output@rpm Torque@rpm 0–100 km/h,s Top speed Years
1.6 8v 1,595 cc (97 cu in) I4 AEH/AKL/APF 101 PS (74 kW; 100 hp) @5600 rpm 145 N·m (107 lb·ft) @3800 rpm 11.0 s 188 km/h (117 mph) 1996–2000
1.6 8v 1,595 cc (97 cu in) I4 AVU/BFQ 102 PS (75 kW; 101 hp) @5600 rpm 148 N·m (109 lb·ft) @3800 rpm 10.9 s 189 km/h (117 mph) 2000–2003
1.8 20v 1,781 cc (109 cu in) I4 AGN/APG 125 PS (92 kW; 123 hp) @6000 170 N·m (125 lb·ft) @4200 9.6 s 202 km/h (126 mph) 1996–2003
1.8 20vT 1,781 cc (109 cu in) I4 turbo AGU/ARZ/ARX/AUM 150 PS (110 kW; 148 hp) @5700 210 N·m (155 lb·ft) @1750–4600 8.2 s 217 km/h (135 mph) 1996–2003
1.8 20vT 1,781 cc (109 cu in) I4 turbo AJQ/APP/ARY/AUQ 180 PS (132 kW; 178 hp) @5500 235 N·m (173 lb·ft) @1950–5000 7.5 s 228 km/h (142 mph) 1999–2003
1.8 20vT (S3) 1,781 cc (109 cu in) I4 turbo APY, AMK 210 PS (154 kW; 207 hp) @5800 270 N·m (199 lb·ft) @2100 6.8 s 238 km/h (148 mph) 1999–2001
1.8 20vT (S3) 1,781 cc (109 cu in) I4 turbo BAM 225 PS (165 kW; 222 hp) @5900 280 N·m (207 lb·ft) @2200 6.6 s 243 km/h (151 mph) 2001–2003
Diesel engines
Name Type Engine code Output@rpm Torque@rpm 0–100 km/h,s Top speed Years
1.9 8v TDI 1,896 cc (116 cu in) I4 turbo AGR/ALH 90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) @4000 210 N·m (155 lb·ft) @1900 12.4 s 181 km/h (112 mph) 1996–2001
1.9 8v TDI 1,896 cc (116 cu in) I4 turbo ATD/AXR 100 PS (74 kW; 99 hp) @4000 240 N·m (177 lb·ft) @1800–2400 11.0 s 188 km/h (117 mph) 2001–2003
1.9 8v TDI 1,896 cc (116 cu in) I4 turbo AHF/ASV 110 PS (81 kW; 108 hp) @4150 235 N·m (173 lb·ft) @1900 10.5 s 194 km/h (121 mph) 1997–2000
1.9 8v TDI 1,896 cc (116 cu in) I4 turbo ASZ 130 PS (96 kW; 128 hp) @4000 310 N·m (229 lb·ft) @1900 9.2 s 205 km/h (127 mph) 2000–2003

Second generation (Typ 8P; 2003–2013)[edit]

Audi A3 (8P)
Audi A3 Sportback front 20090714.jpg
Overview
Production 2003–2013
Assembly Ingolstadt, Germany[5]
Brussels, Belgium (2004–2005; 2007 – May 2010)
Győr, Hungary
Jakarta, Indonesia (Garuda Mataram Motor)
Curitiba, Brasil (Audi Senna, CKD; 12/2012-03/2013)
Designer Walter de'Silva
Gary Telaak[6][7] (2000)
Body and chassis
Body style 3-door hatchback
5-door Sportback (hatchback)
2-door convertible
Platform Volkswagen Group A5 (PQ35) platform
Related Volkswagen Golf Mk5
SEAT León Mk2
Volkswagen Gran Lavida
Powertrain
Engine 1.2 L I4 Turbo FSI (TFSI) (petrol)
1.4 L I4 Turbo FSI (TFSI) (petrol)
1.6 L I4 (petrol)
1.6 L I4 FSI (petrol)
2.0 L I4 FSI (petrol)
1.8 L I4 TFSI (petrol)
2.0 L I4 TFSI (petrol)
3.2 L VR6 (petrol)
1.6 L I4 TDI (diesel)
1.9 L I4 TDI (diesel)
2.0 L I4 TDI (diesel)
Transmission 5-speed manual
6-speed manual
6-speed automatic
6-speed S-Tronic
7-speed S-Tronic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,578 mm (101.5 in)
Length 3-door: 4,215 mm (165.9 in)
5-door: 4,285 mm (168.7 in)
Width 1,765 mm (69.5 in)
Height 1,420 mm (55.9 in)

Initial release[edit]

At the 2003 Geneva Motor Show, Audi launched the second-generation of the A3, the Typ 8P, designed by Gary Telaak during 2000 (however, the final design was frozen in 2001). Originally launched only as a three-door hatchback with four-cylinder engines, it featured a new automobile platform (the PQ35 platform), a redesigned and more spacious interior, new petrol engines with Fuel Stratified Injection (FSI), and standard six-speed manual gearboxes (except on the base 1.6).

In mid-2003, the line was updated with two sports-oriented models, a 2.0 Turbo-FSI version rated 200 PS (147 kW; 197 hp), and a 3.2 L VR6 engine (for the first time) with 250 PS (184 kW; 247 hp). Haldex Traction-based quattro on-demand four-wheel drive, and the S-Tronic semi-auto gearbox were introduced as options (quattro is standard on the VR6) on every model with engine over 140 PS (103 kW; 138 hp).

In 2005, the "S line" trim level, offering new decorative elements, became available and the three-door A3 received the same front end styling features as the Sportback model. For the first time, the A3 became available in the North American market, exclusively with the Sportback body, with the base 2.0 inline-four TFSI introduced in 2005 as a 2006 model, and the 3.2 VR6 quattro following.

Chassis codes 8P1 8PA 8P7
Body type 3-door hatchback 5-door Sportback Cabriolet
Years 2003– 2004– 2008–

A3 Sportback (2004–)[edit]

The five-door "Sportback" model was introduced in June 2004. The A3 Sportback is 80 mm (3 in) longer than the base three-door body, and includes improved rear cabin space and a larger luggage compartment (370 litres). It also received the new "single frame" front grille originally introduced in the A8 W12, which was later adopted across the whole A3 range.

S3 (2006–2012)[edit]

Audi S3 three-door (Germany)

In August 2006, Audi announced the arrival of the second generation S3. Offered in three- and five-door body styles, the second generation—Typ 8P—S3 is powered by a modified and uprated Volkswagen Group-sourced 2.0-litre turbocharged FSI petrol engine, with a maximum output of 195 kW (265 PS; 261 bhp). As with all Audi S models, the design was done in-house by quattro GmbH. The engine features uprated high-performance pistons, revised boost/fuel mapping, increased turbocharger size (KKK K04) and larger intercooler. The most powerful form of this widely used engine, and quattro four-wheel drive, makes for a 0–100 km/h (0–62 mph) time of 5.5 s, and an electronically limited top speed of 250 km/h (155 mph). Audi offers both six-speed manual and six-speed S-Tronic automatic transmissions with the S3.

The chassis has had the spring rating and dampers revised, along with the body kit. Like its predecessor, although badged a "quattro" model, the S3 does not employ a Torsen centre differential (as in other common quattro models), but instead uses the Swedish Haldex Traction system in its on-demand four-wheel drive transmission, due to the transverse engine layout.

Safety[edit]

Euro NCAP test results
Audi A3, RHD 3-dr hatchback (2003)[8]
Test Score Rating
Adult occupant: 29 4 /5 stars
Child occupant: 35 3 /5 stars
Pedestrian: 8 1 /4 stars

Euro NCAP tested a second generation Audi A3 with front airbags, side airbags, seatbelt pretensioners and load limiters as standard. Despite Audi increasing the protection inside the car for the driver and passengers, pedestrian safety actually got 33% worse compared to the first generation and Euro NCAP gave criticism for the car offering virtually no protection at all on the front end and scoring just one star from a possible four. "A poor result for a new car" was the verdict given for pedestrian safety after the test.

2003–2005 Audi A3 3-door (Germany) 
2005–2008 Audi A3 3-door (Germany) 
2005–2008 Audi A3 3-door (Germany) 
2005–2008 Audi A3 Sportback (US) 
2005–2008 Audi A3 Sportback (Australia) 
Audi S3 three-door (Australia) 

2008 update[edit]

Audi introduced a number of changes to the A3 and S3 in 2008. These include revised nose and tail styling, with a modified grille and the new "trademark" daytime running lights, common rail 2.0 TDI engines, seven-speed S tronic dual clutch transmission availability for the smaller non-U.S. engines, and optional "magnetic ride" adaptive shock absorbers. In addition, the range now includes an S3 Sportback model.[9]

2008–2010 Audi A3 3-door (Germany) 
2008–2010 Audi A3 3-door (Germany) 
2008–2010 Audi A3 Sportback (Germany) 
2008–2010 Audi A3 Sportback (Australia) 
2008–2010 Audi A3 Sportback (Australia) 
2008–2010 Audi A3 cabriolet (Australia) 
2010–2012 Audi A3 Sportback (Germany) 
2010–2012 Audi A3 Sportback (Germany) 
2010 Audi S3 Sportback (The Netherlands) 

Audi A3 TDI Clubsport quattro (2008)[edit]

Audi A3 TDI Clubsport quattro is a concept car unveiled in 2008. Based on the Audi A3 three-door, it is an approach by Audi to address both performance and the environment.

The engine in the concept car is a turbocharged 2.0-litre diesel producing 224 horsepower (167 kW) and 332 lb·ft (450 N·m). of torque. It produces 113.8 horsepower (84.9 kW) per litre while meeting Euro 5 Diesel emission standards. It uses the quattro drive system with a six-speed manual transmission.

The chassis has Audi's Magnetic Ride Suspension system, lowering the vehicle 1.4 inches (36 mm) from the base model. It also has ceramic front brakes, a four-link rear suspension and electro-mechanical servo assist for the rack and pinion steering.[10]

Exterior modifications include the widening of the three-door's grill, modifying the odd, and enlarging air intakes. Bolt-on fender flares and a large rear spoiler have been added. The interior changes include sport seats and a flat-bottomed steering wheel.[10]

Audi claims performance of 0 to 62 mph (0 to 100 km/h) in 6.6 seconds with a top speed of 149 mph (240 km/h).[11] It is expected to get approximately 40 miles per US gallon (5.9 L/100 km; 48 mpg-imp).

S3 2.0 TFSI quattro (2009–2012)[edit]

Audi has stated the S3 will not be sold in North/South America, although it is available in Mexico. It has announced a 2.0 TFSI quattro model for the North/South American market due out in 2009/2010 to coincide with the A3 body upgrade.[dated info]

RS 3 Sportback (2011–2012)[edit]

Audi RS3 Sportback (Germany)

It is a version of A3 Sportback with a 5-cylinder, 2,480 cc (151 cu in) turbocharged engine rated 340 PS (250 kW; 335 hp) and 450 N·m (332 lb·ft), vermicular-graphite cast iron crankcase, seven-speed S tronic transmission with two automatic modes and one manual mode, Quattro on-demand four-wheel drive system, widened track to 1,564 mm (61.57 in), McPherson strut in aluminum, lowered body by 25 mm (0.98 in), 19-inch cast aluminum wheels in machine-polished titanium styling (optional black with a red rim flange) with 235/35 front and 225/35 rear tires, 370 mm (14.57 in) front and 310 mm (12.20 in) ventilated brake discs, aluminum brake disk covers, four-piston fixed calipers in high-gloss black with RS logos, electronic stabilization program with Sport mode, flared front fenders made of carbon-fiber-reinforced plastic (CFRP), prominent sill panels and exterior-mirror casings in matte aluminum, roof spoiler, high-gloss black diffusor insert, two elliptical exhaust tailpipes on the left, black interior, sports seats upholstered in Fine Nappa leather with silver contrasting stitching, inlays in Piano finish black or Aluminum Race colour, flat-bottomed leather multifunction sports steering wheel, choice of 5 body colors are available with an unlimited selection of custom paint finishes. Its acceleration is quoted as 0 to 62 mph (0 to 100 km/h) in 4.6 seconds, with an electronically limited top speed of 155 mph (249 km/h). Optional features included front bucket seats, roof rails in matte aluminum look, styling packages in black or matte aluminum. [12]

First deliveries started in early 2011.[13]

A3 Cabriolet Sport and S line Final Edition (2013–)[edit]

A3 Cabriolet Sport Final Edition is a version of A3 Cabriolet Sport model for the UK market, commemorating the end of A3 Cabriolet's production run. It included Vienna leather upholstery, front seat heating, rear parking sensors, automatic headlight and wiper activation, cruise control, a Bluetooth mobile phone interface.

S line Final Edition is based on the A3 Cabriolet Sport Final Edition model, with 18-inch S line alloy wheel with a new five-segment spoke design, full Vienna leather upholstery, S line safety and entertainment features with xenon plus headlights with LED daytime running lamps, DVD-based satellite-navigation, Audi Music Interface iPod connection, a BOSE sound system.[14]

Production[edit]

The RS3 was assembled at the Audi plant in Győr, Hungary.[15]

Engines[edit]

In January 2007, the normally aspirated (non-turbo) 2.0 FSI was replaced by a new turbocharged 1.8 TFSI engine rated 160 PS (118 kW; 158 hp). It is available in front-wheel drive only.

In late 2007, Audi introduced a new 125 PS (92 kW; 123 hp) 1.4 L TFSI engine for the A3, replacing the 1.6 L FSI engine, and a new diesel "e"-model. The "e"-model, Audi's equivalent of Volkswagen's BlueMotion, is available with the 1.9 L TDI engine, and offers a more ecological car, with a CO2 emission below 120 g/km.

In June 2009, Audi announced the release of two models of A3 1.6 TDI for European market. The first uses Audi's start/stop and energy recovery system, and will produce 105 PS (77 kW; 104 hp). This engine will achieve approximately 4.1 L/100 km (69 mpg-imp; 57 mpg-US).[clarification needed] The second engine does not use the same efficiency systems and will produce 90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) will get 4.5 L/100 km (63 mpg-imp; 52 mpg-US). They went on sale in June 2009.[16]

In August 2009, Audi announced that the 1.6 L eight-valve petrol engine would be replaced by a turbocharged 1.2 TFSI engine already found in VW's Polo and Golf models. This engine is rated at 105 PS (77 kW; 104 hp) and 175 N·m (129 lb·ft), emitting 127 g/km of CO
2
.[17] As of April 2010, Audi has yet to release official specifications or prices for the 1.2 TSI model, as the 1.6 model has been made a special clearance model for clearing out 1.6 stock.[citation needed]

The A3 2.0 TDI clean diesel is a version of Audi's A3 2.0 TDI for the North American market, making it the second Audi TDI vehicle sold in North America, following the Audi Q7 TDI in 2008. It is a FWD vehicle with S-tronic transmission with Hill-hold assist, Sirius satellite radio, Leather seats and steering wheel, Auxiliary audio input, Dual-zone climate control, 17 in (432 mm) alloy wheels. The vehicle was unveiled at the 2009 North American International Auto Show. This US model would begin sale in the first quarter of 2010 as a 2010 model year vehicle.[18]

In March 2011, the line-up was expanded with the introduction of a more powerful 2.0 TDI with 170 PS (125 kW; 168 hp).

The 2012 Audi 2.0L I4 TDI produces 140 hp (104 kW) and 236 lb·ft (320 N·m) of torque[citation needed] and will go from 0 to 60 mph (0 to 97 km/h) in 8.9 seconds.[19]

Petrol engines
Model Engine displacement Engine code Power@rpm Torque@rpm 0–100 km/h
acceleration
Years
1.2 TFSI 1,197 cc (73 cu in) I4 CBZB 105 PS (77 kW; 104 hp) @5000 175 N·m (129 lb·ft) @1550–4100 10.6s 2010–2013
1.4 TFSI 1,390 cc (85 cu in) I4 CAXC 125 PS (92 kW; 123 hp) @5000 200 N·m (148 lb·ft) @1500–4000 9.1s 2007–2013
1.6 1,595 cc (97 cu in) I4 BGU / BSE / BSF / CCS 102 PS (75 kW; 101 hp) @5600 148 N·m (109 lb·ft) @3800 11.5s 2003–2010
1.6 FSI 1,598 cc (98 cu in) I4 BAG / BLF / BLP 115 PS (85 kW; 113 hp) @6000 155 N·m (114 lb·ft) @4000 10.6s 2003–2007
1.8 TFSI 1,798 cc (110 cu in) I4 BYT / BZB 160 PS (118 kW; 158 hp) @5000–6200 250 N·m (184 lb·ft) @1500–4200 7.7s 2007–2008
CDAA 160 PS (118 kW; 158 hp) @4500–6200 250 N·m (184 lb·ft) @1500–4500 7.4s 2009–2013
2.0 FSI 1,984 cc (121 cu in) I4 AXW / BLR / BLX / BLY
BVY / BVX / BVZ
150 PS (110 kW; 148 hp) @6000 200 N·m (148 lb·ft) @3250–4250 8.8 2003–2007
2.0 TFSI AXX / BPY / BWA / CAWB 200 PS (147 kW; 197 hp) @5100–6000 280 N·m (207 lb·ft) @1800–5000 6.8s 2004–2008
CCZA 200 PS (147 kW; 197 hp) 280 N·m (207 lb·ft) @1700–5000 6.8s 2009–2013
BHZ / CDLA 265 PS (195 kW; 261 hp) @6000 350 N·m (258 lb·ft) @2500–5000 5.6s 2006–2013
(Audi S3 only)
2.5 TFSI 2,480 cc (151 cu in) I5 CEPA 340 PS (250 kW; 335 hp) @5400–6500 450 N·m (332 lb·ft) @1600–5300 4.6s 2011–2013
(Audi RS 3 only)
3.2 FSI 3,189 cc (195 cu in) V6 AXZ / BDB / BMJ / BUB 250 PS (184 kW; 247 hp) @6300 320 N·m (236 lb·ft) @2500–3000 6.3s 2003–2009
Diesel engines
Model Engine displacement Engine code Power@rpm Torque@rpm 0–100 km/h
acceleration
Years
1.6 TDI 1,598 cc (98 cu in) I4 CAYB 90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) @4200 230 N·m (170 lb·ft) @1500–2500 11.4s 2009–2013
CAYA 105 PS (77 kW; 104 hp) @4400 250 N·m (184 lb·ft) @1500–2500 11.0s 2009–2013
1.9 TDI 1,896 cc (116 cu in) I4 BJB / BKC / BXE / BLS 105 PS (77 kW; 104 hp) @4000 250 N·m (184 lb·ft) @1900 11.0s 2003–2009
2.0 TDI 1,968 cc (120 cu in) I4 BKD 140 PS (103 kW; 138 hp) @4000[20] 320 N·m (236 lb·ft) @1750–2500 9.2s 2003–2008
BMM 140 PS (103 kW; 138 hp) @4000[20] 320 N·m (236 lb·ft) @1750–2500 9.2s 2006–2008
BMN 170 PS (125 kW; 168 hp) @4200 350 N·m (258 lb·ft) @1750–2500 7.9s 2006–2008
CBAB 140 PS (103 kW; 138 hp) @4200 320 N·m (236 lb·ft) @1750–2500 9.1s 2008–2013
CBBB 170 PS (125 kW; 168 hp) @4200 350 N·m (258 lb·ft) @1750–2500 7.8s[21] 2008–2013
CBEA 140 PS (103 kW; 138 hp) @4200[22] 320 N·m (236 lb·ft) @1750–2500 8.6s 2010–2013

Third generation (Typ 8V; 2012–)[edit]

Audi A3 (8V)
Audi - A3 - Mondial de l'Automobile de Paris 2012 - 202.jpg
Overview
Production

2012–

October 2013- (Cabriolet)
Model years 2013-
Assembly Ingolstadt, Germany
Győr, Hungary
Foshan, China (FAW-Volkswagen) 2013–
Designer Dany Garand (2009)
Markus Gleitz (Sedan)
Body and chassis
Body style 3-door hatchback
5-door hatchback
4-door sedan
2-door convertible
Platform Volkswagen Group MQB
Related Volkswagen Golf Mk7[23]
SEAT León Mk3[23]
Škoda Octavia Mk3[23]
Powertrain
Engine 1.2 L I4 t/c petrol
1.4 L I4 t/c petrol
1.4 L I4 t/c ACDT petrol
1.8 L I4 t/c petrol
1.6 L I4 t/c diesel
2.0 L I4 t/c diesel
2.0 L TFSI
Transmission 6-speed manual
6-speed automatic (S-Tronic)
7-speed automatic (S-Tronic)
Dimensions
Wheelbase 3-door: 2,601 mm (102.4 in)
4-door: 2,636 mm (103.8 in)
5-door: 2,636 mm (103.8 in)[24]
Length 3-door: 4,237 mm (166.8 in)
4-door: 4,456 mm (175.4 in)
5-door: 4,310 mm (169.7 in)[24]
Width 3-door: 1,777 mm (70.0 in)
4-door: 1,796 mm (70.7 in)
5-door: 1,785 mm (70.3 in)[24]
Height 3-door: 1,421 mm (55.9 in)
4-door: 1,416 mm (55.7 in)
5-door: 1,421 mm (55.9 in)[24]
Kerb weight 1,150 kg (2,535 lb) to
1,425 kg (3,142 lb)[25]
Audi A3 Cabriolet

The third generation A3 was launched in three-door hatchback form at the 2012 Geneva Motor Show and went on sale in Europe in September 2012.

Based on the Volkswagen Group MQB platform, the third generation is available as a five-door "Sportback", a four-door saloon to directly rival the Mercedes-Benz CLA-Class, and a two-door Cabriolet.

New features found in the new A3 include a new entertainment system with handwriting recognition and adaptive cruise control.

The front suspension is a MacPherson strut set-up while the rear utilizes multi-link rear suspension.[26]

The vehicle was unveiled in 2012 Geneva Motor Show.[27][28]

Early German models include 1.4 TFSI (122 PS), 1.8 TFSI (180 PS), and 2.0 TDI (150 PS).[29] 1.2 TFSI (105 PS), 1.4 TFSI (140 PS), 1.8 TFSI quattro (180 PS), 1.6 TDI (105 PS), and 2.0 TDI quattro (150 PS) were added in 2013.[30]

A cabriolet model will also be available in 2014.

A3 1.2 TFSI (105 PS) was added to the UK market in 2013,[31] followed by A3 1.4 TFSI (140 PS) in 2013.[32]

S3 (2013–)[edit]

The third generation S3 is powered by a 2.0-litre TFSI petrol engine, with an output of 221 kW (300 PS; 296 bhp). It features new pistons with stronger bolts and new rings, as well as reinforced connecting rods with new mounts transferring the power to the crankshaft. The cylinder head is made of a new lightweight aluminium alloy designed with high strength and temperature resistance in mind. The engine is capable of delivering 380 Nm from 1,800–5,500 rpm, with its limit being at 6,800 rpm. The 4 cylinder engine has a combined fuel economy of 40.4 mpg manual (40.9 mpg S Tronic).

The engine weighs in at 148 kilograms (326 lb), 5 kilograms (11 lb) lighter than the previous generation. The S3 is capable of 0–100 km/h (0–62 mph) in 5.2 seconds when equipped with a manual transmission (4.9 when using the S tronic) and has an electronically limited top speed of 155 miles per hour (249 km/h).

A3 Sportback (2013–)[edit]

The Audi A3 Sportback includes a wheelbase 58 mm (2.28 in) over previous model, 35 mm (1.38 in) longer than that of the A3 and a front axle shifted forward by 40 mm (1.57 in) over the previous model. Other features include a choice of 13 body colours (three solid finishes, eight metallic finishes and two pearl-effect finishes), optional high-gloss package adding accents around the windows (standard with the Ambiente trim line), six-speed manual transmission (optional S tronic) for all engine models, 16 or 17-inch wheels depending on trim line (optional 18-inch wheels), Audi drive select (standard with Ambition) with optional S tronic, and optional electromagnetic damper control system.

German models went on sale in February 2013. Early models include 1.4 TFSI (122 PS), 1.8 TFSI (180 PS), 1.8 TFSI quattro (180 PS), and 1.6 TDI. 1.2 TFSI (105 PS), 1.4 TFSI (140 PS), 2.0 TDI (150 PS), 2.0 TDI quattro (150 PS), and 2.0 TDI (184 PS) were available in later date.

A3 Sportback g-tron (2013–)[edit]

Audi A3 Sportback g-tron

It is a version of the A3 Sportback with 1.4 TFSI (110 PS) engine powered by compressed natural gas or Audi e-gas synthetic methane; gas tank made of gas-impermeable polyamide polymer, carbon fiber-reinforced polymer, glass fiber reinforced polymer; and an electronic gas pressure regulator. The synthetic methane was produced by waste ­product from a nearby Werlte biogas plant operated by power utility EWE.[33]

A production model was to be available by the end of 2013.[30]

A3 Sportback e-tron (2014–)[edit]

The Audi A3 Sportback e-tron plug-in hybrid concept car was unveiled at the 2013 Geneva Motor Show.

The plug-in hybrid concept car was unveiled at the 2013 Geneva Motor Show.[34] In May 2013 Audi confirmed its decision to produce a plug-in hybrid version of the A3, the Audi A3 Sportback e-tron, which was scheduled for retail sales in Europe by late 2013, and by mid 2014 in the U.S. and the UK.[35][36] The A3 e-tron shares the same plug-in hybrid powertrain use in both the Volkswagen Golf GTE and Passat GTE.[37]

The A3 Sportback e-tron is powered by a 1.4 L TSI gasoline engine that delivers 148 bhp and 184 lb ft, coupled with a 101 bhp electric motor, which is integrated into the car's six-speed dual-clutch automatic transmission, for a total combined output of 201 bhp and 243 lb ft. The plug-in hybrid has an 8.8 kWh battery pack that delivers an all-electric range of 50 km (31 mi) on the NEDC cycle, and a total of 940 km (580 mi). The plug-in hybrid can reach a top speed of 220 km/h (140 mph) and can reach 100 km/h (62 mph) in 7.6 seconds. According to Audi the car has an average fuel efficiency of 188 mpg equivalent and CO2 emissions of 35 g/km.[35][36]

In September 2013, at the Frankfurt Motor Show, Audi announced the Audi A3 Sportback e-tron will be available in Europe in Spring 2014 at a price of 37,000 Euros ($44319.44 USD)[38] (£30,500), although this has slipped to orders in quarter 2 of 2014, with deliveries in Q3. On August 1, 2014, Audi announced the A3 Sportback e-Tron is on sale across Europe. [39] The first 227 units were registered in Germany in August 2014.[40]

A3 Sedan (2013–)[edit]

Audi A3 sedan

The A3 Sedan includes a body 11 mm (0.43 in) wider and 9 mm (0.35 in) lower than that of the A3 Sportback. Other features include 16- to 18-inch-wheels (optional 19-inch wheels via quattro GmbH) and electronic stabilization control with electronic differential lock.

The vehicle was unveiled at the 2013 New York Auto Show.[41]

The German model was set to go on sale in late summer 2013. Early models include 1.4 TFSI (140 PS), 1.8 TFSI (180 PS), and 2.0 TDI (150 PS).[42]

Delivery of the UK models began in autumn of 2013. Early models include 1.4 TFSI (140 PS), 1.8 TFSI (180 PS), and 2.0 TDI (150 PS).[43]

Safety[edit]

Euro NCAP tested a third generation Audi A3, 3-door hatchback with front airbags, side airbags, seatbelt pretensioners and load limiters as standard and scored it accordingly:

Euro NCAP test results
Audi A3 LHD, 3-door hatchback (2012)[44]
Test Points %
Overall: 5 /5 stars
Adult occupant: 34 95%
Child occupant: 42 87%
Pedestrian: 27 74%
Safety assist: 6 86%

Engines[edit]

Petrol engine[45]
Model Engine type/code Power@rpm Torque@rpm 0–100 km/h
acceleration
Top speed Transmission
A3 1.2 TFSI 1,197 cc (73 cu in) I4 105 PS (77 kW; 104 hp) @ 5,000 175 N·m (129 lb·ft) @ 1,400–3,500 10.3 s 193 km/h (120 mph) 6-speed manual
7-speed S Tronic (optional)
A3 1.4 TFSI 1,395 cc (85 cu in) I4 122 PS (90 kW; 120 hp) @ 5,000–6,000 200 N·m (148 lb·ft) @ 1,400–4,000 9.3 s 203 km/h (126 mph) 6-speed manual
7-speed S Tronic (optional)
A3 1.4 TFSI 1,395 cc (85 cu in) I4 140 PS (103 kW; 138 hp) @ 5,000–6,000 250 N·m (184 lb·ft) @ 1,500–3,500 8.3 s 212 km/h (132 mph) 6-speed manual
7-speed S Tronic (optional)
A3 1.8 TFSI 1,798 cc (110 cu in) I4 180 PS (132 kW; 178 hp) @ 5,100–6,200 250 N·m (184 lb·ft) @ 1,250–5,000 7.2 s 232 km/h (144 mph) 6-speed manual or 6-Speed S-Tronic automatic
7-speed S Tronic (optional)
A3 2.0 TFSI 1,984 cc (121 cu in) I4 223 PS (164 kW; 220 hp) @ 4,500–6,200 350 N·m (258 lb·ft) @ 1,600–4,400 5.8 s 232 km/h (144 mph) 6-speed S-Tronic automatic S Tronic
S3 2.0 TFSI 1,984 cc (121 cu in) I4 300 PS (221 kW; 296 hp) @ 5,500–6,800 380 N·m (280 lb·ft) @ 1,800–5,500 5.1 s 249 km/h (155 mph) 6-speed manual
6-speed S Tronic (optional)
Diesel engine[46]
Model Engine type/code Power@rpm Torque@rpm 0–100 km/h
acceleration
Top speed Transmission
A3 1.6 TDI 1,598 cc (98 cu in) I4 105 PS (77 kW; 104 hp) @ 3,000–4,000 250 N·m (184 lb·ft) @ 1,500–2,750 10.7 s 195 km/h (121 mph) 6-speed manual
7-speed S Tronic (optional)
A3 2.0 TDI 1,968 cc (120 cu in) I4 150 PS (110 kW; 148 hp) @ 3,500–4,000 320 N·m (236 lb·ft) @ 1,750–3,000 8.6 s 213 km/h (132 mph) 6-speed manual
6-speed S Tronic (optional)
A3 2.0 TDI 1,968 cc (120 cu in) I4 184 PS (135 kW; 181 hp) @ 3,500–4,000 380 N·m (280 lb·ft) @ 1,750–3,250 7.3 s 230 km/h (143 mph) 6-speed manual
6-speed S Tronic (optional)

Awards and accolades[edit]

  • (2013) What Car? Small Family Car of the Year
  • (2013) What Car? Car of the Year [47]
  • (2006) South African Car of the Year
  • (2000) Brazilian Car of the Year
  • (1997, 1999, 2000) Auto Motor und Sport readers' poll Best Car award
  • (1997) Autozeitung "Auto Trophy" award
  • (1996) Bild am Sonntag "Golden Steering Wheel" award

References[edit]

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  20. ^ a b 136 PS in some countries
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  27. ^ Live from Geneva: Audi A3 world premiere
  28. ^ 2013 Audi A3 is Ingolstadt's new baby
  29. ^ The 2012 Paris Motor Show – Audi Model Range
  30. ^ a b Audi Model Range Geneva Motor Show 2013
  31. ^ Petrol or diesel? New 57mpg Audi A3 TFSI makes the decision even harder
  32. ^ New super-frugal Audi A1 and a3 ‘CoD’ models make the cut
  33. ^ The new Audi A3 Sportback g-tron
  34. ^ Zach Bowman (5 March 2013). "Audi A3 E-Tron is a look at battery-operated things to come". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2 June 2013. 
  35. ^ a b Lewis Kingston (31 May 2013). "Audi A3 Sportback e-tron plug-in hybrid to arrive in 2014". Autocar. Retrieved 2 June 2013. 
  36. ^ a b Jay Cole (31 May 2013). "Audi Says A3 Sportback e-tron Goes Into Production And On Sale THIS Year". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2 June 2013. 
  37. ^ Mike Millikin (2014-09-29). "Promised VW Passat plug-in hybrid to debut at Paris show; both sedan and wagon". Green Car Congress. Retrieved 2014-09-29. 
  38. ^ Mike Szostech. "Audi A3 E-tron gets priced for Germany at 37,000 Euros". My Electric Car Forums. 
  39. ^ Mike Szostech. "Audi A3 e-Tron Availability". MyAudiA3eTron.com. My Electric Car Forums. Retrieved 1 August 2014. 
  40. ^ Mark Kane (2014-09-24). "Germany Plug-In Electric Vehicle Sales Report August 2014". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2014-09-29. 
  41. ^ 2014 Audi A3 Sedan makes its world debut in NYC
  42. ^ The Audi A3 Sedan – Launch into a new market segment
  43. ^ Audi A3 and S3 Saloons strike out in a new direction
  44. ^ http://www.euroncap.com/results/audi/a3/480.aspx
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  1. "A7, A5, and A3 Joins Even Numbers", an article in the "News" section on page thirty-eight of the June, 2004 issue of Motor Trend
  2. Audi A3 Owner's Manual (English/UK edition) (2000 Audi AG)

External links[edit]

  • A3 at Audi worldwide