San Pedro, Laguna

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
San Pedro
Component City
City of San Pedro
Official seal of San Pedro
Seal
Nickname(s): The Sampaguita Capital of the Philippines;
Rooster City of the Phlippines;
Laguna's Gateway to Metro Manila[1]
Motto: Sipag at Pananampalataya sa Diyos tungo sa Kaunlaran ng San Pedro (Hardwork and Faith in God towards San Pedro's progress)
Map of Laguna showing the location of San Pedro
Map of Laguna showing the location of San Pedro
San Pedro is located in Philippines
San Pedro
San Pedro
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°21′53″N 121°03′20″E / 14.36472°N 121.05556°E / 14.36472; 121.05556Coordinates: 14°21′53″N 121°03′20″E / 14.36472°N 121.05556°E / 14.36472; 121.05556
Country Philippines
Region CALABARZON (Region IV-A)
Province Laguna
District 1st district of Laguna
Founded January 18, 1725
Cityhood December 28, 2013[2]
Barangays 20
Government[3]
 • City Mayor Lourdes Catáquiz (NP)
 • Vice Mayor Raffy Campos (NP)
Area[4]
 • Total 24.05 km2 (9.29 sq mi)
Population (2010)[5]
 • Total 294,310
 • Density 12,000/km2 (32,000/sq mi)
Demonym San Pedronian (en.); San Pedrense (tl.)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 4023
Dialing code 02
Income class 1st class
Website sanpedrolaguna.gov.ph

San Pedro is a first class city in the province of Laguna, Philippines, officially City of San Pedro. It is named after its patron saint Saint Peter.[6] According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 294,310 inhabitants.[5] Despite being the third smallest in the entire province, with a total land surface area of only 24.05 km2, San Pedro has the highest population density in the province.[6]

San Pedro is Laguna's gateway to Metro Manila, sharing its boundary with Muntinlupa City, Metro Manila's southernmost city. This position makes San Pedro a popular suburban residential community, where many residents commute daily for work to Metro Manila.[6] Support groups from the local government and non-government organizations are striving to incorporate San Pedro into Metro Manila by the year 2015.

Barangays[edit]

San Pedro is politically subdivided into 20 barangays. The largest barangay is San Antonio.[7]

  • Bagong Silang
  • Calendola
  • Cuyab
  • Estrella
  • G.S.I.S.
  • Landayan
  • Langgam
  • Laram
  • Magsaysay
  • Narra
  • Nueva
  • Poblacion
  • Riverside
  • Sampaguita Village
  • San Antonio
  • San Roque
  • San Vicente
  • Santo Niño
  • United Bayanihan
  • United Better Living

History[edit]

San Pedro de Tunasan became a town on January 18, 1725, when King Charles II of Spain decreed that the town formerly known as "Tabuko" be a separate town from "Kabullaw" (now known as the city of Cabuyao).[6]

By virtue of the last will of Philip V of Spain, Rodriguez de Figueroa or "Don Esteban", a group of Augustinian Fathers gained the ownership of the Tunasán Estate. Later on, San Pedro became an hacienda of Colegio de San José, a group of Jesuits friars who took over the property which now is known as "San Pedro Tunasán". "Tunasán" literally means "a place where there is Tunás" (Opuntia tuna), a medicinal plant abundant on shoreline area.[6]

During that period, agriculture, fishing, duck raising, fruit trees, sampaguita were the main source of income of its residents. This period was highlighted by the growing tenant/landlord dispute. The tenants of Hacienda San Pedro Tunasán fought for their birthrights over their ancestral lands. This struggle took almost 423 years of unsuccessful resistance to Colegio de San José, and in 1938, the government bought the homesites of the San Pedro Tunasán Hacienda from the Colegio for re-sale to its tenants. This event laid to rest the tenants/landlord problem in the town.

In the year 1902, the name San Pedro de Tunasan was simplified to San Pedro.

From the Spanish time until after the Japanese occupation of the Philippines, the scenario did change a bit, when on August 30, 1954, beginning to the Philippine Commonwealth forces against the Japanese, President Ramón Magsaysay signed at the historic town plaza the Land Tenancy Act. By virtue of this law, farm lots of the hacienda were bought by the Philippine Government to be sold at cost to the tenants or occupants of the farm lots in Bayan-Bayanan under the Narra Settlement Project of the Magsaysay Administration.

Cityhood[edit]

San Pedro City Hall

On March 27, 2013, President Benigno Aquino signed the 64-page Republic Act No. 10420 converting the municipality into a new component city of the province of Laguna. The cityhood of San Pedro would be ratified through a plebiscite to be scheduled by the Commission on Elections. The tentative date for the ratification is on December 28, 2013 after the National Barangay Elections. Once ratified, it will be the sixth city of Laguna after the cities of Biñan, Cabuyao, Calamba, San Pablo and Santa Rosa, and also the third to be a city in the 1st congressional district of Laguna - making it the first city district in the province.

On December 29, 2013, the Commission on Elections (Comelec) officially proclaimed the first-class municipality of San Pedro as a component city of Laguna. Juanito Icarro, regional director of Comelec 4-A and 4-B, and Marianne Marfori, provincial election supervisor, made the proclamation at the town hall after San Pedro residents voted for the cityhood in a plebiscite held on December 28, 2013. “Yes” votes for cityhood totaled 16,996, and “No” votes, only 869, in 501 clustered precincts in San Pedro. Icarro said only 11 percent of 165,777 registered voters in San Pedro’s 20 barangays took part in the plebiscite.

Local officials led by Mayor Lourdes Cataquiz and her husband, former mayor Calixto Cataquiz, were elated by the plebiscite results and thanked President Aquino, Speaker Feliciano Belmonte Jr. and Sen. Ferdinand Marcos Jr. for supporting the cityhood campaign.

“Now our dream came true after 20 years of waiting. The residents are the ones who will benefit from this important event. This is our legacy,” the former mayor said.

Superintendent Sergio Manacop, San Pedro police chief, said the plebiscite was peaceful and orderly.

San Pedro city proper from the city plaza

Demographics[edit]

The City of San Pedro is the 37th most populous city in the Philippines. As of 2010, the population is 294,310, up from 281,808 in 2007, or an increase of 4.44%. Its area is 24.05 square kilometres (9.29 sq mi) with a density of 12,237.42 per square kilometre (31,694.8 /sq mi).

Population census of San Pedro
Year Pop.   ±% p.a.  
1990 156,486 —    
1995 189,333 +3.88%
2000 231,403 +4.09%
2007 281,808 +2.86%
2010 294,310 +1.46%
Source: National Statistics Office[5][8]

Religion[edit]

The majority of the people are Roman Catholics. Other religious groups include are the United Church of Christ in the Philippines (UCCP), Jesus Is Lord Church (JIL), Iglesia Ni Cristo/Church Of Christ (INC), The United Methodist Church, Presbyterian Churches, Christian Bible Baptist Church, other Baptist and Bible Fundamental churches. Islam is also practiced within the community.

San Pedro Apostle Parish

Here is the list of Catholic Churches in the City of San Pedro:

  • San Pedro Apostol Parish - Poblacion (Rev. Fr. Papo Bugay)
  • Santuario de Jesus En El Santo Sepulcro - Landayan (Rev. Msgr. Melchor Barcenas)
  • San Lorenzo Ruiz Parish - USPS, San Antonio (Rev. Fr. Romulo Ponte)
  • Our Lady of Lourdes Parish - USPS, San Antonio
  • Our Lady of Fatima Parish - Elvinda Village, San Vicente
  • Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception Parish - Ma. Aurora Heights Subd., San Antonio
  • Holy Family Parish - Sampaguita Village (Rev. Fr. Ricardo "PJ" M. Pajutan, Jr.)
  • Mother of Good Counsel Parish - Chrysanthemum Village, San Vicente (Rev. Fr. Agustin S. Ty, OSA)
  • Christ the King Parish - GSIS Village (Rev. Fr. Regie Piad, OSJ)
  • San Martin de Porres Parish - San Antonio (Rev. Fr. Jessie Somossiera)
  • Saint Joseph the Worker Parish - Calendola (Rev. Fr. Regie Mamaril)
  • Our Lady of the Most Holy Rosary Parish - Rosario Complex, San Vicente (Rev. Msgr. Reynaldo F. Agramon, P.C.)
  • Saint Joseph the Patriarch Parish - St. Joseph Village, Langgam (Rev. Fr. David O. Reyes, Jr.)
  • Sto. Rosario Parish - Pacita Complex 1, San Vicente (Rev. Fr. Jose Thor C. Villacarlos)
  • Most Holy Name of Jesus Parish - Narra (Rev. Fr. Jaime Niego)

List of Islamic Mosques in San Pedro:

  • United Mosque (Bgy. United, National Highway)

Economy[edit]

San Pedro city proper

The two largest barangays with industry, manufacturing, supermarkets, and stores in San Pedro are San Antonio and San Vicente, these two barangays have the largest areas in San Pedro. The city center and city proper or poblacion (San Pedro) is where most of the San Pedronians go to buy their goods. San Pedro also has a large number of factories surrounding it.

Tourism[edit]

City of San Pedro has a 20 km tourism belt to promote the hidden beauty of the city and to attract more tourist to visit the city.

Sampaguita Festival[edit]

Festival Celebrates on the 2nd week of February. A week long festival which includes various activities ranging from cultural to sports, trade fairs, amateur singing contest, parades, historical exhibits, social & religious gatherings, tribal dance, Street Dance, Cheering & sports exhibitions. The highlight of the festival is the Coronation Night of the "Hiyas ng San Pedro". The festival aims to promote tourism in San Pedro and to revitalize Sampaguita industry in the locality.

San Pedro holds the record of laying the longest sampaguita (flower lei) line spanning 3.6 km (2 mi), from Biñan City-San Pedro boundary to San Pedro-Muntinlupa City boundary on the National Highway, making them listed in the Guinness World Records in 2009.

Tourist destination[edit]

The most popular tourist destinations of San Pedro include:

  • Tat Filipinas Golf Club in San Antonio
  • PAGCOR VIP Casino Filipino(PAGCOR) in San Pedro Town Center San Antonio
  • San Pedro Apostol Parish in Barangay Poblacion
  • Shrines at the City Plaza
  • Pacita Complex
  • Pacita Astrodome
  • Shrine of Sto. Sepulcro in Barangay Landayan
  • Balon ni Lolo Uweng in Barangay Landayan
  • Dambana Island Park (along A. Mabini corner National Highway)
  • Roosters or Manok ni San Pedro (Muntinlupa-San Pedro Boundary)
  • Gateway Park (located at gateway of laguna from metro manila)
  • Historic City Plaza
City Plaza

Transportation[edit]

In the city there are many jeepney, tricycle, vans, and bus terminals that provide transportation to every part of the city or outside city.

Roads[edit]

The busiest roads are the Pacita Avenue (going to the Main Pacita Complex) and A. Mabini Street (main street of city proper). Other main roads include:

Railway[edit]

Philippine National Railway Southrail has 2 railway stations in the city:

  • PNR San Pedro Station - San Pedro station is a railway station on the South Main Line (Southrail) of the Philippine National Railways. Like all PNR stations, the station is at grade. It is located in San Pedro, Laguna, within the city proper.The old one, now used as a PNR quarters, used to be the station where passengers can ride trains going to the Bicol region.
  • PNR Pacita MG Station - Pacita MG Station also called as Pacita Main Gate Station or Pacita Complex Station, is a railway station on the South Main Line (Southrail) of the Philippine National Railways. Like all PNR stations, the station is at grade. It is located in Pacita Complex 1, San Pedro City, Laguna.

Education[edit]

San Pedro hosts a number of institutions of education such as:

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ San Pedro, Laguna, Philippines - Welcome Message
  2. ^ San Pedro now a component city of Laguna - Philstar.com
  3. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  4. ^ "Province: LAGUNA". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  6. ^ a b c d e San Pedro, Laguna Official Website - History
  7. ^ San Pedro, Laguna Official Website - Barangays
  8. ^ "Province of Laguna". Municipality Population Data. LWUA Research Division. Retrieved 19 November 2013. 

External links[edit]