San Pedro, Laguna

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San Pedro
Component City
City of San Pedro
(From top: Left to right)Manok ni San Pedro, San Pedro Gateway Park, Santuario de Jesús En el Santo Sepulcro, San Pedro Apostol Parish(inside), Alaska Milk Corporation, San Pedro City Hall, City Plaza, Pacita Complex, and South Peak Village
(From top: Left to right)
Manok ni San Pedro, San Pedro Gateway Park, Santuario de Jesús En el Santo Sepulcro, San Pedro Apostol Parish(inside), Alaska Milk Corporation, San Pedro City Hall, City Plaza, Pacita Complex, and South Peak Village
Official seal of San Pedro
Seal
Nickname(s): The Sampaguita Capital of the Philippines;
Rooster City of the Phlippines;
Laguna's Gateway to Metro Manila[1]
Motto: Sipag at Pananampalataya sa Diyos tungo sa Kaunlaran ng San Pedro (Hardwork and Faith in God towards San Pedro's progress);
Magandang San Pedro Po
Map of Laguna showing the location of San Pedro
Map of Laguna showing the location of San Pedro
San Pedro is located in Philippines
San Pedro
San Pedro
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°21′53″N 121°03′20″E / 14.36472°N 121.05556°E / 14.36472; 121.05556Coordinates: 14°21′53″N 121°03′20″E / 14.36472°N 121.05556°E / 14.36472; 121.05556
Country Philippines
Region CALABARZON (Region IV-A)
Province Laguna
District 1st district of Laguna
Founded January 18, 1725
Cityhood December 28, 2013[2]
Barangays 20
Government[3]
 • City Mayor Lourdes Catáquiz (NP)
 • Vice Mayor Raffy Campos (NP)
Area[4]
 • Total 24.05 km2 (9.29 sq mi)
Population (2010)[5]
 • Total 294,310
 • Density 12,000/km2 (32,000/sq mi)
Demonym San Pedronian (en.); San Pedrense (tl.)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 4023
Dialing code 02
Income class 1st class
Website sanpedrolaguna.gov.ph

San Pedro is a first class city in the province of Laguna, Philippines, officially City of San Pedro (Filipino: Lungsod ng San Pedro). It is named after its patron saint, Peter the Apostle.[6] According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 294,310 inhabitants.[5] Despite being the third smallest in the entire province, with a total land surface area of only 24.05 km2, San Pedro is The 2nd highest population density in the province.[6]

Geography[edit]

San Pedro is located in Region 4A or CALABARZON. San Pedro is the boundary between Laguna and Metro Manila, so San Pedro is known as "Laguna's Gateway to Metro Manila". San Pedro shares boundaries with Metro Manila's southernmost city, Muntinlupa (northern portion), Biñan (southern portion), and Dasmariñas (northwestern portion). Its position makes San Pedro a popular suburban residential community, where many residents commute daily for work to Metro Manila.[6] Support groups from the local government and non-government organizations are striving to incorporate San Pedro into Metro Manila by the year 2015.

Barangays[edit]

San Pedro is politically subdivided into 20 barangays. The largest barangay is San Vicente which has a total population of 92,092. While San Antonio has the largest land area, which has a total of 780 hectares.[7]

  • Bagong Silang
  • Calendola
  • Cuyab
  • Estrella
  • G.S.I.S.
  • Landayan
  • Langgam
  • Laram
  • Magsaysay
  • Narra
  • Nueva
  • Poblacion
  • Riverside
  • Sampaguita Village
  • San Antonio
  • San Roque
  • San Vicente
  • Sto. Niño
  • United Bayanihan
  • United Better Living

History[edit]

San Pedro de Tunasan became a town on January 18, 1725, when King Charles II of Spain decreed that the town formerly known as "Tabuko" be a separate town from "Kabullaw" (now known as the city of Cabuyao).[6]

By virtue of the last will of Philip V of Spain, Rodriguez de Figueroa or "Don Esteban", a group of Augustinian Fathers gained the ownership of the Tunasán Estate. Later on, San Pedro became an hacienda of Colegio de San José, a group of Jesuits friars who took over the property which now is known as "San Pedro Tunasán". "Tunasán" literally means "a place where there is Tunás" (Opuntia tuna), a medicinal plant abundant on shoreline area.[6]

During that period, agriculture, fishing, duck raising, fruit trees, sampaguita were the main source of income of its residents. This period was highlighted by the growing tenant/landlord dispute. The tenants of Hacienda San Pedro Tunasán fought for their birthrights over their ancestral lands. This struggle took almost 423 years of unsuccessful resistance to Colegio de San José, and in 1938, the government bought the homesites of the San Pedro Tunasán Hacienda from the Colegio for re-sale to its tenants. This event laid to rest the tenants/landlord problem in the town.

In the year 1902, the name San Pedro de Tunasan was simplified to San Pedro.

From the Spanish time until after the Japanese occupation of the Philippines, the scenario did change a bit, when on August 30, 1954, beginning to the Philippine Commonwealth forces against the Japanese, President Ramón Magsaysay signed at the historic town plaza the Land Tenancy Act. By virtue of this law, farm lots of the hacienda were bought by the Philippine Government to be sold at cost to the tenants or occupants of the farm lots in Bayan-Bayanan under the Narra Settlement Project of the Magsaysay Administration.

Cityhood[edit]

San Pedro City Hall

On March 27, 2013, President Benigno Aquino signed the 64-page Republic Act No. 10420 converting the municipality into a new component city of the province of Laguna. The cityhood of San Pedro was ratified through a plebiscite scheduled by the Commission on Elections (COMELEC). The date for the ratification is December 28, 2013 after the National Barangay Elections. It became the sixth city of Laguna after the cities of Biñan, Cabuyao, Calamba, San Pablo and Santa Rosa, and also the third to be a city in the 1st congressional district of Laguna - making it the first city district in the province.

COMELEC officially proclaimed the first-class municipality of San Pedro as a component city of Laguna on December 29, 2013. Juanito Icarro, regional director of CALABARZON and MIMAROPA, and Marianne Marfori, provincial election supervisor, made the proclamation at the municipal hall after San Pedro residents voted for the cityhood in a plebiscite held on December 28, 2013. “Yes” votes for cityhood totaled 16,996, and “No” votes, only 869, in 501 clustered precincts in San Pedro. Only 11% of 165,777 registered voters in San Pedro’s 20 barangays took part in the plebiscite.

San Pedro city proper from the city plaza

Annexation to Metropolitan Manila[edit]

In a program commemorating the First Cityhood Anniversary of San Pedro last 29 December 2014, Guest of Honor Metropolitan Manila Development Authority (MMDA) Chairman Francis Tolentino said in his message that San Pedro City is eyed as 18th member of Metro Manila. The proposal will push through at the first meeting of the MMDA Council of Mayors in January 2015.[8][9]

Demographics[edit]

The City of San Pedro is the 37th most populous city and youngest city in the Philippines. As of 2010, the population is 294,310, up from 281,808 in 2007, or an increase of 4.44%. Its area is 24.05 square kilometres (9.29 sq mi) with a density of 12,237.42 per square kilometre (31,694.8/sq mi).

Population census of San Pedro
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 156,486 —    
1995 189,333 +3.63%
2000 231,403 +4.40%
2007 281,808 +2.76%
2010 294,310 +1.59%
Source: National Statistics Office[5][10]

Religion[edit]

San Pedro is home for the Famous Krus ng San Pedro Tunasan. Majority of the people are Roman Catholics. Other religious groups include are the Jesus Miracle Crusade International Ministry (JMCIM), United Church of Christ in the Philippines (UCCP), Jesus Is Lord Church (JIL), Jesus Christ the Lifegiver Chruch (JCLC), Iglesia Ni Cristo (INC), The United Methodist Church, Presbyterian Churches, Christian Bible Baptist Church, other Baptist and Bible Fundamental churches. Islam is also practiced within the community.

San Pedro Apostle Parish

Here is the list of Catholic Churches in the City of San Pedro:

  • San Pedro Apostol Parish - Poblacion (Rev. Fr. Pablo Bugay, Jr)
  • Santuario de Jesus En El Santo Sepulcro - Landayan (Rev. Msgr. Melchor Barcenas)
  • San Lorenzo Ruiz Parish - USPS, San Antonio (Rev. Fr. Romulo Ponte)
  • Our Lady of Lourdes Parish - USPS, San Antonio (Rev. Fr. Luisito Maritana)
  • Our Lady of Fatima Parish - Elvinda Village, San Vicente (Rev. Fr. Venancio Silva)
  • Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception Parish - Ma. Aurora Heights Subd., San Antonio (Rev. Fr. Larry Ramos)
  • Holy Family Parish - Sampaguita Village (Rev. Fr. Ricardo "PJ" Pajutan, Jr.)
  • Mother of Good Counsel Parish - Chrysanthemum Village, San Vicente (Rev. Fr. Agustin S. Ty, OSA)
  • Christ the King Parish - GSIS Village (Rev. Fr. Regie Piad, OSJ)
  • San Martin de Porres Parish - San Antonio (Rev. Fr. Jessie Somossiera)
  • Saint Joseph the Worker Parish - Calendola (Rev. Fr. Regie Mamaril)
  • Our Lady of the Most Holy Rosary Parish - Rosario Complex, San Vicente (Rev. Msgr. Reynaldo Agramon, P.C.)
  • Saint Joseph the Patriarch Parish - St. Joseph Village, Langgam (Rev. Fr. David Reyes, Jr.)
  • Sto. Rosario Parish - Pacita Complex 1, San Vicente (Rev. Fr. Jose Thor Villacarlos)
  • Most Holy Name of Jesus Parish - Narra (Rev. Fr. Jaime Niego)

List of Islamic Mosques in San Pedro:

  • United Mosque San Pedro - United Bayanihan

Economy[edit]

The two largest barangays with industry, manufacturing, supermarkets, and stores in San Pedro are San Antonio and San Vicente, these two barangays have the largest areas in San Pedro. The city center and city proper or poblacion (San Pedro) is where most of the San Pedronians go to buy their goods. San Pedro also has a large number of factories surrounding it. Most of the factories are located at Magsaysay Rd. in San Antonio.

Agriculture[edit]

Agriculture lands now account for only thirteen hectares of the total land area due to residential, commercial and industrial conversions. There are lands with slope ranging from 8% - 15% of the total land area located in parts of Barangay San Antonio and San Vicente planted with mangoes and siniguelas trees. Livestock and poultry businesses operate in the area.

Commerce and Industry[edit]

There are 4,705 total business establishments, 40 commercial, savings and rural banks, 117 restaurant, cafeteria, and other refreshment parlor, and two public and five private markets and supermarkets. There are 40 banks, 62 pawnshops, 36 lending institutions and 11 insurance companies operating in the city. A large percentage of industrial and manufacturing establishments of San Pedro is located on the adjacent barangays of San Vicente and San Antonio.

Tourism[edit]

City of San Pedro has a 20 km tourism belt to promote the hidden beauty of the city and to attract more tourist to visit the city.

Sampaguita Festival[edit]

The annual City Festival is celebrated on the 2nd week of February. A week-long festival which includes various activities ranging from cultural to sports, trade fairs, amateur singing contests, parades, historical exhibits, social & religious gatherings, tribal dances, street dances, cheering & sport exhibitions. The highlight of the festival is the coronation night of the "Hiyas ng San Pedro". The festival aims to promote tourism in San Pedro and to revitalize Sampaguita industry in the community.

San Pedro City holds the record of laying the longest sampaguita (flower lei) line spanning 3.6 km (2 mi), from Biñan City-San Pedro City boundary to San Pedro City-Muntinlupa City boundary on the National Highway, making them listed in the Guinness World Records in 2009.

Christmas Festival[edit]

"Paskuhan Sa San Pedro" is an annually celebrated festival in San Pedro City. It starts at the beginning of December up to the end of the month. The opening is a grand parade which is participated by public and private schools in the city, local government and other socio-civic organizations. The main event of the opening is the lighting of the whole plaza, fireworks display, and various performance of some school. Every night a variety of shows were performed by the participants which last up to midnight. During the 29 December of every year the Cityhood Anniversary of San Pedro is celebrated.

Resorts[edit]

There are 11 resorts in the city.

  • Malakha (Landayan)
  • D'Orioles (Pacita Complex)
  • Villa San Juan Garden (San Vicente)
  • Naty's Tourist Lodge (Manila South Road-San Antonio)
  • Nonino (Manila South Road-Nueva)
  • Villa De San Jose (San Vicente)
  • Legaspi Private Pool (Chrysanthemum, San Vicente)
  • Villa Don Jose (Villa Olympia)
  • Villa Leonila (San Vicente)
  • Villa Antonio (Bagong Silang)

Tourist destinations[edit]

The most popular tourist destinations of San Pedro include:

  • KC Filipinas Golf Club in Brgy. San Antonio
  • Philippine Amusement and Gaming Corporation (PAGCOR) VIP Casino Filipino in San Pedro Town Center, Brgy. San Antonio
  • San Pedro Apostol Parish in Brgy. Poblacion
  • Pacita Complex
  • Pacita Astrodome
  • Shrine of Sto. Sepulcro in Brgy. Landayan
  • Balon ni Lolo Uweng in Brgy. Landayan
  • Mary Mother of Mercy
  • Salvador Laurel Museum (Laurel Hills)
  • Dambana Island Park (along A. Mabini corner National Highway)
  • Roosters or Manok ni San Pedro (Muntinlupa-San Pedro Boundary)
  • San Pedro Gateway Park (gateway of Laguna from Metro Manila)
  • Historic City Plaza
City Plaza

Transportation[edit]

In the city there are jeepneys, tricycles, vans, and bus terminals that provide transportation to every part of the city or outside city.

Roads[edit]

The busiest roads are the Pacita Avenue (going to Pacita Complex) and A. Mabini Street (main street of city proper). Other main roads include:

SLEX Going San Pedro Exit

Railway[edit]

Philippine National Railway Southrail has 2 railway stations in the city:

PNR Pacita
  • PNR San Pedro Station - San Pedro station is a railway station on the South Main Line (Southrail) of the Philippine National Railways. Like all PNR stations, the station is at grade. It is located in San Pedro City, within the city proper. The old one, now used as a PNR quarters, used to be the station where passengers can ride trains going to the Bicol region.
  • PNR Pacita MG Station - Pacita MG Station also called as Pacita Main Gate Station or Pacita Complex Station, is a railway station on the South Main Line (Southrail) of the Philippine National Railways. Like all PNR stations, the station is at grade. It is located in Pacita Complex, San Pedro City.

Healthcare[edit]

Throughout the city, healthcare is primarily provided at the Barangay Health Centers in every barangay. Also, several medical missions are operated and provided by local and international organizations. The major hospitals in the city are:

  • San Pedro Doctors Hospital (Manila South Road-Landayan)
  • Jose L. Amante Hospital (Brgy. Sto.Nino)
  • Divine Mercy Hospital (Amante Subd.)
  • Westlake Medical Center (Manila South Road-Pacita Complex)
  • Evangelista Hospital (Macaria Ave.-Pacita Complex)
  • Family Care Hospital (Macaria Ave.-Pacita Complex)
  • Xavier Hospital and Medical Center (Mabini St.)

Subdivisions and villages[edit]

San Pedro City is home for a large number of subdivisions and villages such as:

  • Adelle
  • Adelina Subdivision
  • AlconVille Village
  • Calendola Homes
  • Camella Homes - Colina
  • Camella Homes Milan
  • Camella Homes South 1
  • Camella Homes Woodhills
  • Carmen Homes
  • Chrysanthemum Village
  • Crismor Subdivision
  • Dreamland Heights
  • Elvinda Homes
  • Fiesta Homes
  • Futura Homes
  • GSIS Village
  • Greatland Subdivision
  • La Marea
  • LakeVille Subdivision
  • Harmony Homes
  • Holiday Homes
  • Holiday Hills
  • Holiday Park Subdivision
  • Ma. Aurora Heights Subdivision
  • Pacita Complex
  • Park Spring
  • Reaville
  • Pitimini Village
  • Rosario Complex
  • South Peak
  • Southern Heights
  • Southville 3A
  • South Fairway Village
  • St. Joseph Village 10
  • St. Francis
  • Saint Raymond Village
  • Southview Homes
  • Southern Heights I & II
  • Stonecrest Village
  • The Glens At Park Spring
  • The Pines At South Peak
  • Villa Ricardo Subdivision
  • Villa Olympia
  • Villa Paz Village
  • Villa Celestina
  • Villa Consolation
  • Villa San Pedro
  • Villa Rosa Homes
  • United San Pedro Subdivision

Education[edit]

San Pedro hosts a number of institutions of education such as:

  • Academia Institucion de San Pedro
  • Angelicum Academy
  • AMA Computer Learning Center - San Pedro
  • Asian Institute Of Computer Studies - San Pedro
  • Amazing Grace School
  • Casa Del Niño Schools System, Inc.
  • Caterina and Giuditta Cittadini School
  • Colegio de San Pedro
  • Computer Site Institute, Inc. (COMSITE)
  • IETI College Of Science and Technology - San Pedro
  • Excellent Wisdom Christian Academy
  • Immaculate Heart of Mary School
  • Infant Jesus Montessori Center - San Pedro
  • Jesus The Faithful Savior Christian School
  • Jesus The Risen Savior School - De La Salle Supervised
  • Joseph and Mary Academy
  • Laguna Northwestern College (San Pedro & Pacita Complex)
  • Laguna Science and Technology College
  • Liceo de San Pedro
  • Lord's Shepherd School of Laguna
  • Mater Ecclesiae School
  • Our Lady of Assumption College
  • Our Lady of Miraculous Medal Science High School
  • Pacita Complex National High School
  • Polytechnic University of the Philippines - San Pedro
  • San Lorenzo School
  • St. Louis Anne Colleges (Pacita Complex & San Vicente Annex)
  • St. Peter Academy
  • Sampaguita Village National High School (Calendola & Adelina)
  • San Francisco De Sales School
  • Saint Francis Institute Of Computer Studies
  • San Pedro College of Business Administration
  • San Pedro Relocation Center National High School (Langgam, Cuyab & Landayan)
  • San Pedro Technological Institute
  • Sisters of Mary Immaculate School
  • St. Therese of the Child Jesus School
  • STI College San Pedro
  • Christian Bible Baptist Academy
  • Christian Bible Baptist Church School for The Deaf
  • Baptist Heritage Bible College
  • Tiwalan Christian Academy
  • Wellspring Of Grace School
  • Upper Villages Christian Academy
  • Sto. Nino Montessori of Academic Excellence

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ San Pedro City, Laguna, Philippines - Welcome Message
  2. ^ San Pedro now a component city of Laguna - Philstar.com
  3. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  4. ^ "Province: LAGUNA". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  6. ^ a b c d e San Pedro, Laguna Official Website - History
  7. ^ San Pedro, Laguna Official Website - Barangays
  8. ^ http://www.pna.gov.ph/index.php?&sid=10++.&pfn=720424&arch=1&go=Go&search_arch&andor&mdte_arch=12&ddte_arch=30&ydte_arch=2014
  9. ^ http://www.mb.com.ph/san-pedro-city-eyed-as-18th-member-of-mmda/
  10. ^ "Province of Laguna". Municipality Population Data. LWUA Research Division. Retrieved 19 November 2013. 

External links[edit]