|Group:||Group I (dsDNA)|
Bicaudaviridae is a family of viruses. This family currently has a single genus (Bicaudavirus). This genus has a two known species - Acidianus two-tailed virus and Sulfolobus virus STSV1.
The name is derived from the Latin word 'bi' and 'cauda' meaning 'two-tail'.
The virons are lemon shaped with two tails - one at either end of a central core. The tails develop outside the host - the only known example of morphological change in a viron outside of its host. The tails terminate in anchor-like structures.
The genome is circular double-stranded DNA of 62 kilobases encoding 72 open reading frames.
This family may have either a lytic or a lysogenic life cycle.
- Häring M, Vestergaard G, Rachel R, Chen L, Garrett RA and Prangishvili D (2005) Independent virus development outside a host. Nature 436, 1101-1102
- Prangishvili, D., Vestergaard G, Häring M, Aramayo R, Basta T, Rachel R and Garrett RA (2006) Structural and genomic properties of the hyperthermophilic archaeal virus ATV with an extracellular stage of the reproductive cycle. J. Mol. Biol. 359, 1203-1216
- Viral Zone