2009 in Iraq

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Events in the year 2009 in Iraq.

Incumbents[edit]

Events[edit]

January[edit]

  • 1 January – The United States officially hands over responsibility for security in the Green Zone to Iraqi forces[1]
  • The U.S. opens its embassy in Baghdad.[1]
  • 22 January – The Estonian and Salvadoran missions to Iraq end.[2][3]
  • 26 January – Four U.S. soldiers died when two helicopters crashed, after they came under enemy fire, in northern Iraq.[4]
  • 31 January – Iraq holds its provincial elections with a minimum of violence.

February[edit]

  • 1 February – A total of 191 Iraqis were killed in violence during January, the lowest monthly toll since the US-led invasion of March 2003.[5]
  • Sixteen U.S. troops died in Iraq in January 2009.[6]
  • 9 February – Three U.S. soldiers were killed by a suicide car bomber in Mosul. A fourth U.S. soldier died later of wounds suffered in the attack.[7]
  • 10 February – Nicolas Sarkozy became the first French president to visit Iraq in a surprise stopover during a Persian Gulf tour.[8]
  • 11 February – Twin car bombings at a Baghdad bus station kill 16 people.[5]
  • 12 February – The United Kingdom suffered its first Iraq War fatality of 2009 when a British soldier was shot and killed in Basra.[9]
  • 13 February – A female suicide bomber kills 40 Shiite pilgrims south of Baghdad.[10]
  • 15 February - a U.S. soldier from 610 ESC, 14th Engineer Battalion, 555 Engineer Brigade was killed by an EFP (Explosively Formed Projectile) in As Salam in Southern Iraq
  • 23 February –
    • A U.S. soldier and an interpreter were shot dead by Iraqi policemen who opened fire on them as they toured Iraqi police positions on a bridge in Mosul during fighting north of Baghdad.[11] Three others were wounded.
    • Three U.S. soldiers and an interpreter were killed and a fourth U.S. soldier wounded in a firefight with insurgents in the Diyala Province.[12]
  • 27 February –
    • Christopher R. Hill was named to succeed Ryan Crocker as U.S. Ambassador to Iraq.[13]
    • Barack Obama, President of the United States, announced 31 August 2010 as the deadline for the withdrawal of "combat troops" from Iraq. A "transitional force" of 35,000 to 50,000 support, advisory, and counterterrorism personnel is slated for withdrawal by the end of 2011. Obama declared that this strategy for withdrawal was in line with the American goal of "a full transition to Iraqi responsibility" for the sovereign nation of Iraq. He congratulated the Iraqi people and government for their "proud resilience" in not "giving into the forces of disunion", but cautioned that Iraqis would have to remain vigilant against "those ... who will insist that Iraq's differences cannot be reconciled without more killing" even after the U.S. drawdown in 2010 and withdrawal in 2011.[14][15]
    • The Iraqi death toll for February leapt substantially from January's count to 258, a 35% increase.[16]
    • Seventeen U.S. troops died in February 2009 in Iraq. One U.K. serviceman was also killed.[17]

March[edit]

  • Nine US soldiers die in Iraq this month, the lowest since the start of the war.
  • 12 March – The trial of Muntadhir al-Zaidi, on charges of assault for throwing his shoes at George W. Bush, resumes at the Central Criminal Court of Iraq[18] following an adjournment in late December 2008 so the court could determine whether Bush was in Iraq on an official visit, since he had entered the country uninvited by Iraqi officials and had been greeted by the U.S. military.[19][20] Al-Zaidi was sentenced to three years in prison,[21] although on 7 April 2009 the sentence was reduced to one year from three years.[22] The maximum sentence facing al-Zaidi was 15 years.

April[edit]

Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki shakes hands with U.S. President Barack Obama in Baghdad, 7 April 2009
President of Iraq Jalal Talabani with U.S. President Barack Obama, 7 April 2009

May[edit]

  • 11 May – Sgt. John Russell opens fire at a clinic at Camp Liberty in Baghdad, killing five fellow soldiers, before being subdued.[26]
  • 15 May – The Royal Air Force commemorates the end of their nineteen years of operations in Iraq.[27]
  • 27 May – The last of the U.K.'s combat troops are withdrawn.[28]

June[edit]

  • 4 June – Romanian forces officially end their Iraq mission[29]
  • 22 June – Sherif Kamal Shahine is appointed Egypt's ambassador to Iraq, replacing Ihab al-Sharif, who was killed in July 2005 by Al Qaeda in Iraq. He was the second Egyptian ambassador to Iraq since the Fall of Saddam Hussein's regime in April 2003.[30]
  • 24 June – A bomb explodes in a market in Sadr City, Baghdad killing at least 69 and injuring at least 150.[31]
  • 30 June –
    • US troops formally handed over security duties to Iraqi forces and withdrew from towns and cities in Iraq. US troops continue to be embedded with Iraqi forces.
    • A car bombing kills at least 27 people in Kirkuk.[32]

July[edit]

  • 28 July – Australia, the United Kingdom and Romania end their Iraq troop presence, leaving the United States with the only foreign combat troops in the country.[33][34][35]

August[edit]

  • 19 August -Waves of explosions kill over 100 in Baghdad and injure 298 people.

September[edit]

  • 11 September – Inmates at Iraq's Abu Garrib prison start a fire and clash with guards during two days of unrest
  • 16 September – U.S. Vice President Joe Biden made his second visit to Baghdad in as many months and met with Prime Minister al-Maliki even as insurgents fired mortars and rockets at the Green Zone to protest his presence. Although said to be in "listening mode", Biden addressed issues of security, political reconciliation, and foreign investment in Iraq's oil-rich but weakened economy with various leaders in the capital and Iraq's Kurdish region.[36] Biden said, "We will also move ahead on other aspects of our security agreement by removing all US combat brigades from Iraq by the end of August 2010 and all remaining US troops by the end of 2011."[37]
  • 18 September – At least 7 people have been killed and another 21 injured when a car bomb detonated at a busy market place in the Iraqi town of Mahmudiya, 30 km (19 mi) south of the capital Baghdad.[38]

October[edit]

  • 11 October – A series of apparently coordinated bombings aimed at a meeting for national reconciliation killed 23 people and wounded 65 others in western Iraq, but they did not injure the officials who were at the gathering. The first bomb exploded about 11 am outside the headquarters of Ramadi’s main government building, where the provincial governor and council have offices. About seven minutes after the first bomb, a second car in the parking lot exploded, wounding security force members and others who had responded to the original explosion; this bomb caused most of the casualties. About one hour after the first two bombings, a man driving a car filled with explosives attempted to speed through a security checkpoint near the Ramadi General Hospital; he was shot by a police officer at the checkpoint but managed to explode the car, killing himself and wounding two others.[39]
  • 25 October – At least 155 people have been killed and around 721 injured, after two large car bomb explosions detonated in central Baghdad. The explosions are believed to have been detonated in the green zone of central Baghdad, close to several ministry buildings. These are the largest attacks since 19 August when truck bombs exploded near two ministry buildings killing at least 100 people. Iraq has blamed foreign fighters for this attack and has accused Syria of involvement in these bombings. Iraq is demanding a UN investigation over the incident.[40][41]

December[edit]

  • 8 December – At least 127 people are killed and more than 200 injured in a series of car bombings, the deadliest attacks in Iraq since the 25 October bombings. The attacks were coordinated and aimed at important government buildings.[42]
  • 18 December – Iranian forces invade and seize East Maysan oilfield 4.[43]
  • 31 December – The US suffers only three troop deaths, and no combat deaths, the lowest monthly figure since the war began.[44]

Notable deaths[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "New US embassy opens in Baghdad". BBC News. 5 January 2009. Archived from the original on 14 January 2009. Retrieved 12 January 2009. 
  2. ^ No more Estonian troop units in Iraq
  3. ^ Salvadorian Troops in Iraq Return Home
  4. ^ The Associated Press (2009-01-31). "January 2009". Usatoday.Com. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  5. ^ a b At least 26 dead as bombs, shootings shatter Iraq lull. Retrieved 11 February 2009
  6. ^ U.S. Casualties in Operation Iraqi Freedom January 2009. GlobalSecurity.Org. Retrieved 12 February 2009
  7. ^ "February 2009". Usatoday.Com. 2009-03-14. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  8. ^ Lauter, Devorah (2009-02-11). "Sarkozy makes surprise Iraq visit". Jta.org. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  9. ^ "British military deaths in Iraq". BBC News. Archived from the original on 11 March 2009. Retrieved 1 March 2009. 
  10. ^ Female suicide bomber kills 40[dead link]
  11. ^ Yahoo news- U.S. soldier killed in police attack
  12. ^ "3 U.S. soldiers, interpreter killed in Iraq". MSNBC. 2009-02-23. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  13. ^ "Hill appointed US Iraq ambassador". English.aljazeera.net. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  14. ^ "Obama's Speech at Camp Lejeune, N.C.". The New York Times. 27 February 2009. Retrieved 10 January 2011. 
  15. ^ "Obama outlines Iraq pullout plan". BBC News. 27 February 2009. Archived from the original on 27 February 2009. Retrieved 28 February 2009. 
  16. ^ "Iraq Death Toll Rises to 258 in February: Ministries". Almanar.com.lb. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  17. ^ Iraq Coalition Casualty Count. ICasualities.org. Retrieved 1 March 2009
  18. ^ "Shoe-Throwing Iraqi Journalist's Trial Postponed". Fox News. Associated Press. 30 December 2008. Archived from the original on 11 September 2009. Retrieved 30 December 2008. 
  19. ^ Star Tribune: Iraqi who threw shoes at ex-President George W. Bush says he acted to restore Iraq's pride[dead link]
  20. ^ Gomez, Alan (20 February 2009). "Iraqi says he plotted, practiced shoe attack". USA Today. Retrieved 27 May 2009. 
  21. ^ Hendawi, Hamza (12 March 2009). "Iraqi who threw shoes at Bush jailed for 3 years". Newsweek. Associated Press. Archived from the original on 16 February 2009. Retrieved 12 March 2009. [dead link]
  22. ^ Londoã±O, Ernesto; Mizher, Qais (7 April 2009). "Court reduces sentence for Iraqi shoe thrower". Associated Press via Washingtonpost.com. Archived from the original on 11 September 2009. Retrieved 31 July 2009. 
  23. ^ "Obama makes surprise visit to Iraq". CNN. Archived from the original on 21 April 2009. Retrieved 24 April 2009. 
  24. ^ Chulov, Martin (11 April 2009). "Suicide bomber in truck kills five US troops in Iraq". The Guardian (London). Archived from the original on 13 April 2009. Retrieved 24 April 2009. 
  25. ^ "Bombings kill nearly 90 in Iraq". CNN. 23 April 2009. Archived from the original on 24 April 2009. Retrieved 24 April 2009. 
  26. ^ Dao, James; Alvarez, Lizette (14 May 2009). "Counseling Was Ordered for Soldier in Iraq Shooting". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 16 May 2009. Retrieved 14 May 2009. 
  27. ^ "RAF ends Iraq campaign after 19 years". The Independent (London). 15 May 2009. Archived from the original on 11 September 2009. Retrieved 31 July 2009. 
  28. ^ Vina, Gonzalo (2009-05-26). "U.K. Finishes Withdrawal of Its Last Combat Troops in Iraq". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  29. ^ "MNF-I Press release, June 10, 2009". Archived from the original on 11 September 2009. Retrieved 31 July 2009. 
  30. ^ "Egypt names new ambassador to Iraq after 4 year gap". Reuters. 16 June 2009. Retrieved 22 June 2009. 
  31. ^ "'Dozens dead' in Baghdad bombing". BBC News. 24 June 2009. Archived from the original on 25 June 2009. Retrieved 24 June 2009. 
  32. ^ John Ibbitson (30 June 2009). "Iraq present U.S. with a paradox". Globe and Mail (Canada). Archived from the original on 2 July 2009. Retrieved 1 July 2009. 
  33. ^ english@peopledaily.com.cn (2009-07-24). "People's Daily Online – "Romania's last contingent in Iraq returns home"". English.people.com.cn. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  34. ^ "Australia ends Iraq troop presence | World | News | Daily Express". Express.co.uk. 2009-07-31. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  35. ^ "UK troops in Iraq moved to Kuwait". BBC News. 2009-07-28. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  36. ^ Scott Wilson (17 September 2009). "Biden Pushes Iraqi Leaders On Vote Law, Oil-Bid Perks". Washington Post. Retrieved 17 September 2009. 
  37. ^ Karen Travers (16 September 2009). "In Baghdad, Biden Affirms U.S. Commitment to Troop Withdrawal Deadlines". ABC News. Retrieved 17 September 2009. 
  38. ^ "Deadly bomb hits Iraqi shoppers". BBC News. 18 September 2009. Retrieved 23 April 2010. 
  39. ^ Timothy Williams (11 October 2009). "Bombings Outside Iraq Reconciliation Meeting Kill 23". New York Times. Retrieved 12 October 2009. 
  40. ^ "Twin Baghdad blasts kill scores". BBC News. 25 October 2009. Archived from the original on 28 October 2009. Retrieved 25 October 2009. 
  41. ^ Bombings target government in Baghdad[dead link]
  42. ^ "Scores dead as car bombs rock Baghdad". CNN. 8 December 2009. Archived from the original on 12 December 2009. Retrieved 8 December 2009. 
  43. ^ McElroy, Damien (18 December 2009). "Iran invades 'Iraqi' territory to seize oil field". The Daily Telegraph (London). Archived from the original on 21 December 2009. Retrieved 19 December 2009. 
  44. ^ "Iraq coalition casualty count". Icasualties.org. 2010-05-28. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  45. ^ http://www.middle-east-online.com/english/?id=32353
  46. ^ [1][dead link]
  47. ^ "Iraq Shia leader dies of cancer". BBC News. 26 August 2009. Retrieved 4 October 2010. 
  48. ^ "British hostage's body identified in Iraq". CNN. 3 September 2009. Retrieved 4 October 2010. 

See also[edit]