United Nations Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission
UNMOVIC was to replace the former United Nations Special Commission (UNSCOM) and continue with the latter's mandate to disarm Iraq of its weapons of mass destruction, and to operate a system of ongoing monitoring and verification to check Iraq's compliance with its obligations not to reacquire the same weapons prohibited to it by the Security Council.
Following the mandate of the United Nations Security Council Resolution 1441, The president of Iraq, Saddam Hussein, allowed UN inspectors to return to Iraq in November 2002. UNMOVIC led inspections of alleged chemical and biological facilities in Iraq until shortly before the U.S. invasion of Iraq in March 2003, but did not find any weapons of mass destruction.
Based on its inspections and examinations during this time, UNMOVIC inspectors determined that UNSCOM had successfully dismantled Iraq’s unconventional weapons program during the 1990s.
The mandate of UNMOVIC was terminated on 29 June 2007.
- United Nations Security Council Resolution 1284 S-RES-1284(1999) on 17 December 1999 (retrieved 2008-04-10)
- United Nations Security Council Resolution 1441 S-RES-1441(2002) on 8 November 2002 (retrieved 2008-07-23)
- United Nations Security Council Resolution 1762 S-RES-1762(2007) on 29 June 2007 (retrieved 2008-07-23)
See also 
- Iraq disarmament crisis 1990–2003
- UNMOVIC personnel: Hans Blix, Dimitris Perrikos, Corinne Heraud, Alexander Coker, Jack McGeorge