Calauag, Quezon

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Calauag
Municipality
Calauag Central Park
Calauag Central Park
Official seal of Calauag
Seal
Map of Quezon showing the location of Calauag
Map of Quezon showing the location of Calauag
Calauag is located in Philippines
Calauag
Calauag
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 13°57′27″N 122°17′15″E / 13.95750°N 122.28750°E / 13.95750; 122.28750Coordinates: 13°57′27″N 122°17′15″E / 13.95750°N 122.28750°E / 13.95750; 122.28750
Country Philippines
Region CALABARZON (Region IV-A)
Province Quezon
District 4th district of Quezon
Established May 25, 1851
Barangays 90
Government[1]
 • Mayor Luisito S. Visorde (NUP)
 • Vice Mayor Arcadio Mendoza
Area[2]
 • Total 324.71 km2 (125.37 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 78,448
 • Density 240/km2 (630/sq mi)
Demonym Calauageño
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 4318
Dialing code 42
Spoken languages Tagalog (Tayabas dialect), English

Calauag is a first class municipality in the province of Quezon, a part of Calabarzon Region in the Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 78,448 people,[3] or 91,314 if including 9 disputed barangays. It is about 232 kilometres (144 mi) southeast of Manila and 95 kilometres (59 mi) east from Lucena, the Provincial Capital. Currently, Calauag experienced steady and fastest growth of population in 4th District of Quezon and it surpassed Gumaca in total number of inhabitants and currently second to Lopez.

Geography[edit]

Calauag is located on the northeastern end of Tayabas Isthmus. The Daang Maharlika or Pan-Philippine Highway runs at the town after Lopez in Southbound and after Santa Elena at the Northbound. At the north end of Quirino Highway, it meets Daang Maharlika in Barangay Tabugon. It also meets the north end of Sumulong–Guinayangan Provincial Road which also meets Daang Maharlika in Barangay Sumulong. It is bounded to the northwest by Calauag Bay, southwest by Lopez, to the east by Guinayangan, and to the north by Basiad Bay and Tinig Bay; it is separated from Alabat Island by a 1 kilometer narrow strait.

Barangays[edit]

Calauag is subdivided into 81 barangays:[2]

  • Agoho
  • Anahawan
  • Anas
  • Apad Lutao
  • Apad Quezon
  • Apad Taisan
  • Atulayan
  • Baclaran (Poblacion)
  • Bagong Silang
  • Balibago
  • Bangkuruhan
  • Bantolinao
  • Barangay Uno (Poblacion)
  • Barangay Dos (Poblacion)
  • Barangay Tres (Poblacion)
  • Barangay Cuatro (Poblacion)
  • Barangay Cinco (Poblacion)
  • Bigaan
  • Binutas
  • Biyan
  • Bukal
  • Buli
  • Dapdap
  • Dominlog
  • Doña Aurora
  • Guinosayan
  • Ipil
  • Kalibo [Santa Cruz]
  • Kapaluhan
  • Katangtang
  • Kigtan
  • Kinamaligan
  • Kinalin Ibaba
  • Kinalin Ilaya
  • Kumaludkud
  • Kunalum
  • Kuyaoyao
  • Lagay
  • Lainglaingan
  • Lungib
  • Mabini
  • Madlangdungan
  • Maglipad [Rosario]
  • Maligaya
  • Mambaling
  • Manhulugin
  • Marilag [Punaya]
  • Mulay
  • Pandanan
  • Pansol
  • Patihan
  • Pinagbayanan (Poblacion)
  • Pinagkamaligan (Poblacion)
  • Pinagsakayan
  • Pinagtalleran (Poblacion)
  • Rizal Ibaba
  • Rizal Ilaya
  • Sabang Uno (Poblacion)
  • Sabang Dos (Poblacion)
  • Salvacion
  • San Quintin
  • San Roque Ibaba
  • San Roque Ilaya
  • Santa Cecilia
  • Santa Maria (Poblacion)
  • Santa Milagrosa
  • Santa Rosa
  • Santo Angel [Pangahoy]
  • Santo Domingo
  • Sinag
  • Sumilang
  • Sumulong
  • Tabansak
  • Talingting
  • Tamis
  • Tikiwan
  • Tiniguiban
  • Villa Magsino
  • Villa San Isidro
  • Viñas
  • Yaganak

Town proper[edit]

The town center (poblacion) consists of 12 barangays and 11 blocks from the PNR Station in the East to Pinagkamaligan ES on the west. Going west from Barangay Pinagtalleran via Quezon Street, there are five blocks of high concentration of shops, groceries and banks.

The Government Center is located at the South of the town which consists of Municipal Hall which houses the Municipal Library, Fire Station, Police Station and Precinct, and the Municipal Council building. Quezon Plaza is a well used spot for programs and events. The Livelihood Center is two blocks away from the Plaza and Quezon Street. the Central Park is also located in front of the Plaza and the Municipal Hall.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Calauag, Quezon
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28
(82)
29
(84)
30
(86)
31
(88)
33
(91)
33
(91)
32
(90)
32
(90)
32
(90)
28
(82)
29
(84)
28
(82)
30.4
(86.7)
Average low °C (°F) 21
(70)
22
(72)
22
(72)
23
(73)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
22
(72)
22.8
(72.8)
Precipitation mm (inches) 220.9
(8.697)
125.1
(4.925)
90.1
(3.547)
70.9
(2.791)
99.3
(3.909)
198.5
(7.815)
217.0
(8.543)
170.8
(6.724)
230.0
(9.055)
450.9
(17.752)
517.0
(20.354)
789.8
(31.094)
3,180.3
(125.206)
Source: http://www.routeearth.com/Guides/Guide.aspx?CID=1720472

Calauag has a Tropical Climate like most of the country. Summers are hot and dry while rainy season is cold and wet but has more bearable weather unlike in Manila. It also falls under the Type IV Tropical Climate which has Rainfall is more or less evenly distributed throughout the year.

History[edit]

According to the writings of Valentin Martin in his "Ensayo de una sintesis de los trabajos realizados sos las corporaciones religiosas Españolas de Filipinas", the first record of the establishment of a settlement in Calauag dates as far as the year 1584. However, the formal founding of the town was placed in the year 1851 with the union of the settlements in Apad and Calauag.[4]

The first elected Captain of the town was Juan Sunog. In 1897 the town was placed the Revolutionary Government and Alipio Declaro became the Municipal President. In 1914 under Municipal President Marciano Roldan, the town was destroyed by fire for the first time in its history. On December 24, 1941, the town was occupied by the Japanese Imperial Army and on January 14, 1942, the town was again destroyed by fire. On April 19, 1945, the United States and Filipino forces liberated the town from Japanese occupation.

Disputed barangays[edit]

Calauag experienced a big controversy due to a decade long boundary dispute with the town of Santa Elena in the Province of Camarines Norte which resulted into a Supreme Court case, Presidential intervention, and the loss of a quarter of its land area. The disputed barangays were Cabuluan, Don Tomas Morato, Guitol, Kagtalaba, Maulawin, Patag Ibaba, Patag Ilaya, Plaridel and Tabugon.

On October 14, 1991, the Provincial Government and Municipal Government of Calauag ordered the demolition of a boundary marker installed by the DENR. On October 1995, then President Fidel V. Ramos came to Calauag to meet with local officials to resolve the boundary dispute between the two provinces and surveyed the whole disputed area. Calauag retained its jurisdiction, however the case was elevated to the Supreme Court. The Case of Province of Quezon vs. Province of Camarines Norte eventually ruled in favor of Camarines Norte and Calauag ceased its political jurisdiction on the said barangays.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Calauag
Year Pop.   ±% p.a.  
1990 64,856 —    
1995 60,941 −1.24%
2000 65,907 +1.58%
2007 69,475 +0.76%
2010 78,448 +4.13%
Source: National Statistics Office[3]

Economy[edit]

Calauag is one of the major towns in Southern Quezon in terms of economy and population. Calauag is often known as the Communications and Transport Capital of Quezon due to presence of four bus companies and one communication company Headquartered in Calauag.

Local government[edit]

The mayor for the 2013-2016 term is Luisito Visorde. Arcadio Mendoza is the town's incumbent vice-mayor.[1] The mayor is restricted to three consecutive terms, a total of nine years, although a mayor can be elected again after an interruption of one term. The mayor has the direct control of the departments while the Municipal Administrator is indirectly in charge of all departments of the Government while the Vice Mayor is in charge of the Municipal Council which consists of seven Councilors and one Municipal Sangguniang Kabataan/SK (Youth Council) Chairman which are elected every three years and Municipal Administrator is appointed by the mayor.

Congressional and provincial legislators[edit]

In the 16th Congress of the House of Representatives, Calauag is Represented by Angelina Tan of the 4th district of Quezon Province while the disputed barangays are under 1st District of Camarines Norte, Represented by Cathy Barcelona-Reyes. However, the disputed barangays still receive pork barrel from some of the Board Members of Quezon province.

In the Provincial Council, the 4th District of Quezon is represented by four incumbent board members: Manuel Butardo, Gerald Ortiz and Rachel Ubana.

Education[edit]

Public Schools[edit]

Public Schools are operated by the Department of Education and divided by two districts: The East District and The West District. There are also one public high school that operates inside the town proper.

  • Sabang Elementary School (K-6) on Quezon Street Ext.
  • Pinagkamaligan Elementary School (K-6) on Rizal Street Ext.
  • Calauag East Central Elementary School (K-6) on Declaro Street, between Bonifacio Street and Rizal Street
  • Municipal Sector Elementary School (K-6) on Rizal Street beside the East Central Elementary School
  • Santa Maria Elementary School (K-6) on Rizal Street
  • Calauag National High School (7-10/1st year-4th year) on Maharlika Highway
Calauag East Central Elementary School

Private Schools[edit]

  • Calauag Central College (K-10+College level) on Rizal Street corner Arguelles Street
  • Calauag Montessori
  • Saint Mark's School (K-6) on Declaro Street
  • Saint Peter's School (Catholic, Parochial School) (1st-4th year) on Rizal Street beside the Saint Peter Parish

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Calauag is accessible by Land Transportation like bus, and train via PNR Hondagua of Bicol Express Service. Calauag Station is currently under renovation due to damages of Typhoons and Storms and the Intercity Service is currently defunct. Travelling around the town proper is no problem since there are thousands of tricycles circling the Town Proper.

Utilities[edit]

Quezon I Electric Cooperative provides Electricity to the whole 3rd and 4th congressional district. Calauag Water District provides clean and potable water to the residents of the Town Proper and nearby barangays and taps water at the Yaganak-Mambaling Dam. The Local, NDD and DSL internet are provided by Santos Telephone Corp. While the wireless network and internet are provided by national telecommunications companies PLDT (Smart and Sun Cellular) and Globe. Digital Cable Television is provided by local cable operator (Calauag CATV System) though if you want better and HD channels, you may opt out getting national satellite television provider (Cignal, G Sat, or Dream). While gas may be purchased per tanks in gasoline stations or in local distributor. Gas pipeline is not offered in entire province unlike in other cities around the world.

Notable points of interest[edit]

Kapaluhan Beach
  • Capaluhan Beach
  • Pulong Pasig
  • Pangahoy Beach
  • Santa Milagrosa Cave
  • Calauag Central Park
  • Calauag Crossing
  • Quezon Plaza
  • Yaganak Hanging Bridge
  • The "C" Lighthouse
  • Quezon Canal
  • Calauag Municipal Library
  • Pinagtalleran Playground
  • Calauag East Central Elementary School
  • Morato Family Ancestral House

Media[edit]

Calauag and nearby towns were being served by Radyo Natin 100.9 FM

Notable natives/residents[edit]

  • Tomas Morato - first Municipal Mayor of Calauag. First Representative of the 2nd District of Tayabas
  • Manoling Morato - PCSO Chairman and former TV host
  • Arturo Morato - first licensed pilot, 1936 and first Mayor of Tagkawayan, Quezon.
  • Rey Danseco - International Boxing Judge, Journalist, TV Host, Radio Commentator
  • Aiza Seguerra - singer
  • Zanjoe Marudo - actor
  • Edelyn Cornejo - former Star Circle Kid Questor, child actress
  • Maria Regine Maravilla Talento - Star Circle Kid Questor, child actress
  • Romeo Asinas - stuntman & fight scene instructor
  • Raymundo Punongbayan - former director, Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology
  • Madeleine Nicolas - stage and film actress
  • Gerry Igos - 1989 Philippine cycling champion
  • Mark Magsumbol - basketball player

Sister cities[edit]

Historically, the sister cities of Calauag are Guinayangan (Settlement started at Guinayangan before moving to Viñas and Apad), Tagkawayan (Daughter town of Guinayangan), and Buenavista (then Piris).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: QUEZON". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  4. ^ "Municipality of Calauag". Quezon Province. Retrieved 2012-10-12. 
  5. ^ "Province of Camarines Norte Vs. Province of Quezon, Re: Urgent Petition to Cite Governor Eduardo T. Rodriguez of Quezon Province, and Mayor Julio U. Lim of Calauag Quezon, in contempt of court". G.R. No. 80796. Supreme Court of the Philippines. October 11, 2001. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 

External links[edit]