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|Franchise(s):||Part of ScotRail franchise
(31 March 1997–16 October 2004,
17 October 2004–8 November 2014)
|Fleet size:||75 carriages
(22 × Mark 2, 53 × Mark 3)
allocated to Inverness TMD
|Stations called at:||46|
|Parent company:||First Scotrail|
|Web site:||Sleeper trains|
It connects London Euston nightly except Saturday with five Scottish termini—Aberdeen, Edinburgh, Fort William, Glasgow and Inverness, and intermediate stations. The Fort William service is known colloquially as The Deerstalker.
The trains normally operate at a maximum speed of 80 miles per hour (130 km/h), but are authorised to travel at 100 miles per hour (160 km/h) where line speeds permit if the train has been delayed by more than 20 minutes.
Highland train - Aberdeen, Fort William and Inverness
This departs between 20.45 and 21.15, calling at Watford Junction, Crewe and Preston to pick up passengers, and arrives at Edinburgh Waverley (to pick up seated passengers to Fort William only) approximately six-and-a-half hours after leaving London. The electric locomotive is uncoupled and replaced by a diesel for each of the three portions, to Aberdeen, Inverness and Fort William, calling at intermediate stations. Travel from Edinburgh is possible in seated accommodation subject to availability. (Passengers for Central Scotland and stations to Perth and Dundee may depart London later on the Lowland train to Edinburgh, and arrive later by connecting train.)
The front two coaches are for Fort William, the middle portion for Aberdeen, and the rear portion for Inverness.
Heading south, the Aberdeen, Fort William and Inverness portions join at Edinburgh (where seated passengers from Fort William can alight) to form one train for Preston, Crewe and Euston (alighting only).
Lowland train - Edinburgh and Glasgow
Between 23.00 and 00.00 the Lowland train leaves Euston, calling at Watford Junction to pick up only. Passengers can alight at Carlisle and at Carstairs (on the Glasgow section only), where the train separates into two trains, one for Edinburgh, the other for Motherwell and Glasgow Central. (Passengers may reach Glasgow earlier by travelling on the Fort William portion of the Highland train and changing at Westerton, in the Glasgow suburbs.)
The front portion is Glasgow, the rear portion for Edinburgh.
Southbound the portions from Glasgow (calling at Motherwell) and Edinburgh join at Carstairs (where passengers can board the Glasgow section), then call at Carlisle to pick up only, setting down at Watford Junction and Euston the following morning.
All four services stop at Preston to pick up breakfast supplies and to change drivers. Other driver changes occur at Warrington Bank Quay and Carlisle.
|Caledonian Sleeper destinations|
The train consists of Mark 3 sleeping cars and Mark 2F lounge car and Mark 2E seated cars, all air conditioned. They are usually hauled by Class 90 locomotives south of Edinburgh and Glasgow, Class 67 north of Edinburgh, all hired from DB Schenker. The portions for all destinations except Fort William have up to six sleepers, a lounge car and seated car.
The Fort William portion consists of two sleeping cars (one set up for First Class, the other for Standard), with the lounge car and seated car north of Edinburgh only. This is because the longest permitted length train for the platforms at Euston is 16 carriages. Passengers in the Fort William portion can use the Aberdeen or Inverness lounge cars south of Edinburgh.
In 2006, First ScotRail and EWS (DB Schenker's predecessor) came to an agreement that a dedicated fleet of Class 90s would be used, and these were painted in First ScotRail livery, with a small EWS logo at the cab. Until June 2006 a Class 37 diesel locomotive hauled the Fort William portion; until 2001 Class 47 diesel locomotives hauled the Aberdeen and Inverness portions.
Three types of travel are available: First Class sleeper, Standard Class sleeper, and seated.
Sleeper berths are in a twin-berth cabin. These cabins have interlinking doors, usually locked. First ScotRail policy is to allow them to be unlocked if both cabins are booked as a group.
First Class Sleeper
First Class cabins are set up for single occupancy, with the upper bunk locked in the stowed position. Room service is also used in first class.
Standard Class Sleeper
Standard Class offers one of the berths in a cabin. Lone travellers may have to share these cabins with another passenger of the same sex. Sole travellers may be also able to book a cabin by themselves upon payment of a supplement.
Second Class Seated
Sleeper passengers may use the lounge car, but it may be restricted to First Class passengers at busy times. The lounge car is highly unusual amongst British trains in having chairs that are not secured to the floor. Recently, lounge cars have had a complete refurbishment including the installation of leather sofas. There is also a buffet service available for seated passengers.
The lounge car permitted smoking until 9 October 2005, the last place where it was legal to smoke on the British railway network.
Large areas are available for luggage. Bicycles are conveyed subject to availability.
Dogs are allowed for a fee (Assistance Dogs free). Dogs are allowed only in single-berth cabins or where the ticket holder has exclusive use of a twin-berth cabin.
There are no shower facilities on the trains, but showers are available at Inverness, Edinburgh Waverley, Fort William and Glasgow Central. Shower facilities for First Class passengers are at Aberdeen and London Euston.
There is often no differentiation between Caledonian Sleeper services and seated services on the National Rail booking system. First ScotRail offers a booking service which specifically shows its sleeper services, from the syndicated National Rail database.
National Rail tickets are valid in seated parts of the train.
Since the privatisation of British Rail the Caledonian Sleeper has been part of the ScotRail franchise. In 2012 the Scottish Government announced that as part of the reletting of this franchise from November 2014 it would be split, with the sleeper a separate franchise to run for 15 years. A total of £100m will be invested in new and additional rolling stock.
The Scottish Caledonian Sleeper Service was named the Top 40 priority investments on page 37 of the Budget 2013 Red Book. 
- "Operating enhancements for First ScotRail Sleeper to be delivered by DB Schenker and Axiom Rail" (Press release). DB Schenker Rail (UK). 26 May 2006. Retrieved 18 February 2007. "DB Schenker will introduce modern and reliable class 67 locomotives for operation of Sleeper services between Edinburgh and Fort William on the West Highland Line … A striking new livery has been designed to complement the newly refurbished sleeping and lounge compartments."
- First ScotRail, First class travel - overnight: Luggage and Cycle Accommodation
- "Station Facilities: London Euston (EUS)". Stations & Destinations. National Rail Enquiries. Retrieved 18 February 2007.[dead link]
- "Scottish rail services plan outlined by government". BBC News. 21 June 2012. Retrieved 29 August 2012.
- "Budget 2013". HM Treasury. 20 March 2013. Retrieved 27 March 2013.
- First ScotRail - Caledonian Sleeper
- National Rail Journeyplanner
- Detailed Caledonian Sleeper Description, Timetable and Fare Information
- London to Scotland by sleeper