Carlisle railway station

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This article is about the English railway station. For the Australian station, see Carlisle railway station, Perth.
Carlisle National Rail
Carlisle Citadel
Carlisle
Location
Place Carlisle
Local authority City of Carlisle
Coordinates 54°53′28″N 2°56′02″W / 54.891°N 2.934°W / 54.891; -2.934Coordinates: 54°53′28″N 2°56′02″W / 54.891°N 2.934°W / 54.891; -2.934
Grid reference NY401555
Operations
Station code CAR
Managed by Virgin Trains
Owned by Network Rail
Number of platforms 8
DfT category B
Live arrivals/departures, station information and onward connections
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2004/05  1.170 million
2005/06 Increase 1.297 million
2006/07 Increase 1.366 million
2007/08 Increase 1.470 million
2008/09 Increase 1.710 million
2009/10 Decrease 1.617 million
2010/11 Increase 1.741 million
2011/12 Increase 1.787 million
- Interchange 0.326 million
2012/13 Decrease 1.770 million
- Interchange Decrease 0.320 million
2013/14 Increase 1.815 million
- Interchange Increase 0.327 million
History
Original company Caledonian Railway/Lancaster and Carlisle Railway joint
Pre-grouping Caledonian Railway/London and North Western Railway joint
Post-grouping London, Midland and Scottish Railway
1 September 1847 Opened as Carlisle Citadel
1875 Extended
(after 1948) Renamed Carlisle
National RailUK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Carlisle from Office of Rail Regulation statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.
Portal icon UK Railways portal

Carlisle railway station, also known as Carlisle Citadel station, is a railway station which serves the city of Carlisle, Cumbria, England, and is a major station on the West Coast Main Line, lying 102 miles (164 km) south of Glasgow Central, and 299 miles (481 km) north of London Euston. It is also the northern terminus of the celebrated Settle and Carlisle Line – notionally (and historically) a continuation of the Midland Main Line from Leeds, Sheffield and ultimately London St Pancras. It is a Grade II* listed building.[1]

History[edit]

The station was built in 1847, in a neo-Tudor style to the designs of William Tite.[2] It was then one of a number of stations in the city - the others were at Crown Street (Maryport & Carlisle Railway) and London Road (Newcastle and Carlisle Railway) - but had become the main one by 1851; it was expanded and extended in 1875-1876, with the arrival of the Midland Railway (who became the seventh different company to serve it).

The Beeching Axe fell with very significant rail closures including the former North British Railway lines to Silloth (closed on 7 September 1964) and Edinburgh via Galashiels (the Waverley Line, closed on 6 January 1969). The axe cut off the Castle Douglas and Dumfries Railway and Portpatrick Railway in 1965 resulting in an adverse mileage increase via the Glasgow South Western Line to reach Stranraer Harbour and thus Northern Ireland.

The layout has also undergone few changes of any significance other than the singling of the ex-NER Tyne Valley route down to London Road Junction as part of the 1972-3 re-signalling scheme associated with WCML electrification.

A 1912 Railway Clearing House Junction Diagram showing railways in the vicinity of Carlisle (shown here as CITADEL STATION)
Rail network in the Carlisle area
Border Union Railway
Waverley Line to Edinburgh
Caledonian Railway Main Line
West Coast Mainline Northbound
Glasgow, Dumfries and Carlisle Railway
Glasgow South Western Line to Gretna Green
Gretna Junction
Scotland
England
Gretna
Longtown
Longtown MOD Depot
Floriston
Lyneside
Harker
Rockcliffe
Kingmoor Marshalling Yard
Brunthill
Stainton
Etterby Junction
Carlisle and Port Carlisle
Railway and Dock Company
Port Carlisle Junction
Carlisle Kingmoor TMD
Willowholme Jn | Port Carlisle Branch Jn
Caldew Junction
Carlisle Citadel
Carlisle South Junction
Rome Street Jn | London Road Jn
Upperby Junction
Currock Junction | Upperby TMD
Upperby Bridge Junction
Maryport and Carlisle Railway
Cumbrian Coast Line to Barrow-in-Furness
Brisco
Wreay
Lancaster and Carlisle Railway
West Coast Mainline Southbound
Carlisle London Road
Petteril Bridge Junction
Settle and Carlisle Line to Settle
Newcastle and Carlisle Railway to Newcastle

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On 6 June 1961, a light engine and a freight train collided under the Caldewgate road bridge.[3]

Layout & Services[edit]

Station frontage

Long-distance services are operated by Virgin Trains, with the main routes being London EustonGlasgow Central and Scotland–Birmingham New Street. Northern Rail operate local stopping services to Newcastle Central via the Tyne Valley Line, to Barrow-in-Furness via the Cumbrian Coast Line, and to Leeds via the scenic Settle-Carlisle Line. First ScotRail also operate services to Glasgow Central via Dumfries and Kilmarnock. There are 8 platforms at the station in total - 3 through & 5 bays, organised as follows (from west to east):

  • Platform 1: Relief West Coast Main Line platform (bi-directional)
  • Platform 2: Cumbrian Coast Line bay
  • Platform 3: West Coast Main Line north-bound platform (bi-directional)
  • Platform 4: West Coast Main Line south-bound platform (bi-directional)
  • Platform 5: Tyne Valley Line bay
  • Platform 6: Carlisle to Leeds Line bay
  • Platform 7: Scottish services to various destinations between Carlisle and Glasgow via the Glasgow South Western Line.*
  • Platform 8: Early morning services to Scotland,

There are stabling roads between Platforms 3 and 4 in the train shed, and a loop around Platform 1. There are several electrified sidings to the west of Platform 1. There are substantial buildings on both the western island and the main up platform on the east side, with the main station buffet on the former and the travel centre/ticket office & shop on the latter. Both main platforms have waiting rooms & toilets and are linked by a fully accessible footbridge.

Freight trains formerly used a goods line to the west to bypass the station, but this was closed in 1984 after a runaway rake of container wagons derailed at high speed on the River Caldew bridge at Dentonholme, damaging it beyond economic repair.[4] Nearly all freight services (apart from those running directly from the Workington line toward either Petteril Bridge Junction or the WCML or vice-versa) now have to use one of the main platform lines when passing through the station, which can cause congestion at peak times.

2008[edit]

Service frequencies on each route varied – Mondays to Saturdays there are trains every one or two hours to London and at least every hour to Birmingham, Glasgow and Edinburgh. First TransPennine Express operate seven trains per day to Manchester Airport and there is a basic hourly service to both Newcastle and Whitehaven but a less frequent one to Glasgow via Kilmarnock (eight trains per day), to Leeds (six trains per day M-F, seven SO) and to Barrow-in-Furness (seven).

On Sundays the service is hourly on the WCML (every two hours to all main destinations apart from Manchester) and to Newcastle but infrequent on the other routes (three trains to Leeds and Whitehaven, two to Kilmarnock and another two to Dumfries only). There are two summer-only DalesRail afternoon trains to Preston via Clitheroe but no service to Barrow.

The Up 'Caledonian' leaving Carlisle in 1960

2009[edit]

Service frequencies on the West Coast Main Line have been improved somewhat following the introduction of the new VHF timetable by Virgin Trains. Mondays to Saturdays there are now trains every hour to London for much of the day (although one service from Euston no longer stops here, running non-stop between Preston and Glasgow) and at least every hour to Birmingham, Glasgow and Edinburgh. First TransPennine Express operate seven trains per day to Manchester Airport and there is a basic hourly service to both Newcastle and Whitehaven but a less frequent one to Glasgow via Kilmarnock (eight trains per day), to Leeds (seven per day Mon-Sat since the May 2011 timetable alterations) and to Barrow-in-Furness (eight).

On Sundays the service is hourly on the WCML (every two hours to all main destinations apart from Manchester) and to Newcastle but infrequent on the other routes (three trains to Leeds and Whitehaven, two to Kilmarnock and another two to Dumfries only). There are two summer-only DalesRail afternoon trains to Preston via Clitheroe but no service to Barrow.

2013-14[edit]

The following trains call at Carlisle:

Virgin Trains[edit]

Provide two trains per hour to London Euston for most of the day with one service going via Birmingham. One train per hour runs to Glasgow Central and an additional service runs every two hours to Edinburgh Waverley and Glasgow Central (alternating).[5]

First TransPennine Express[edit]

Provide a two-hourly service to both Manchester Airport and Edinburgh Waverley with services going to Glasgow Central every fourth hour. From May 2014, a two hourly service will operate to both Edinburgh Waverley and Glasgow Central (alternating) and an hourly service will operate to Manchester Airport.

First ScotRail[edit]

Provide fifteen daily departures (twenty on Saturdays and five on Sundays). A two-hourly service runs to Glasgow via Dumfries for most of the day (with one or two longer gaps during the day) with a few other service terminating at Dumfries. More trains run on Saturdays; Sunday sees five departures to Dumfries with two continuing to Glasgow via Kilmarnock.[6]

Northern Rail[edit]

Northern Rail provide the following service:

  • One train per hour to Whitehaven (ten of which extend to Barrow-in-Furness with three continuing to Lancaster and one continues to Preston; 4 trains per day to/from Whitehaven only on Sundays).[7]
  • One train per hour to Newcastle via Hexham (including Sundays).[8]
  • Seven trains per day to Leeds via Settle.[9]

Since May 2013, there are now four trains to Leeds on Sundays (including one through to Nottingham) but only a single Dalesrail service to Blackpool North via Preston. From 15 September 2013 the Dalesrail direct service ceased for the winter, but the lunchtime service to Leeds now has a connection at Hellifield for stations along the Ribble Valley line to Blackburn, Preston and Blackpool North.

Another major change from the start of the 2013-14 timetable is the extension of most WCML Birmingham services through to London Euston.

The 'Royal Scot' entering Carlisle in 1960

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ English Heritage. "Citadel Station (1196969)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 11 December 2014. 
  2. ^ The British Almanac. 1849. p. 247. 
  3. ^ Earnshaw, Alan (1990). Trains in Trouble: Vol. 6. Penryn: Atlantic Books. p. 39. ISBN 0-906899-37-0. 
  4. ^ Cumbrian Railways Bog Junction to Willowholme Junction, Carlisle Rawlinson, R - Cumbrian Railways website article; Retrieved 2013-07-25
  5. ^ GB National Rail Timetable 2013-14, Table 65
  6. ^ GB NRT, Table 216
  7. ^ GB NRT, Table 100
  8. ^ GB NRT, Table 48
  9. ^ GB NRT, Table 36

Sources[edit]

  • Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 1-8526-0508-1. OCLC 60251199. 
  • Jowett, Alan (March 1989). Jowett's Railway Atlas of Great Britain and Ireland: From Pre-Grouping to the Present Day (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 1-8526-0086-1. OCLC 22311137. 
  • Jowett, Alan (1993). Jowett's Atlas of Railway Centres: of Great Britain showing their development from the earliest times up to and including the 1990s - Volume 1 (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 1-8526-0420-4. OCLC 30919645. 

External links[edit]

Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
Haltwhistle   First ScotRail
Glasgow South Western Line
  Gretna Green
Watford Junction   First ScotRail
Lowland Caledonian Sleeper
  Carstairs
Wetheral   Northern Rail
Tyne Valley Line
  Terminus
Armathwaite   Northern Rail
Settle-Carlisle Line
  Terminus
Terminus   Northern Rail
Cumbrian Coast Line
  Dalston
Penrith
or
Oxenholme
or
Lancaster
  Virgin Trains
West Coast Main Line
  Lockerbie
or
Motherwell
or
Glasgow Central
or
Haymarket
Penrith
or
Oxenholme
or
Lancaster
  TransPennine Express
TransPennine North West
  Lockerbie
or
Haymarket
Historical railways
Terminus   Caledonian Railway
CR Main Line
  Rockcliffe
Terminus   North British Railway
Border Union Railway
  Harker
Terminus   North British Railway
Carlisle and Port Carlisle Railway
and Dock Company
  Kirkandrews
Terminus   Maryport and Carlisle Railway   Cummersdale
Line open, station closed
Brisco   London and North Western Railway
Lancaster and Carlisle Railway
  Terminus
Scotby   Midland Railway
Settle and Carlisle Line
  Terminus
Scotby   North Eastern Railway
Newcastle and Carlisle Railway
  Terminus