Central Commission for Discipline Inspection of the Communist Party of China
|Central Commission for Discipline Inspection of the Communist Party of China|
Zhōngguó Gòngchăndăng Zhōngyāng Jìlǜ Jiănchá Wĕiyuánhuì
The emblem of the Communist Party of China
|Jurisdiction||People's Republic of China|
|Agency executives||Wang Qishan, Secretary
Zhao Hongzhu, Huang Shuxian, Li Yufu, Du Jincai, Wu Yuliang, Zhang Jun, Chen Wenqing, Wang Wei, Deputy Secretaries
|Parent agency||CPC National Congress|
The Central Commission for Discipline Inspection of the Communist Party of China (simplified Chinese: 中国共产党中央纪律检查委员会; traditional Chinese: 中國共產黨中央紀律檢查委員會; pinyin: Zhōngguó Gòngchăndăng Zhōngyāng Jìlǜ Jiănchá Wĕiyuánhuì; often abbreviated to 中纪委) is an organization run under the National Congress of the Communist Party of China charged with rooting out corruption and malfeasance among party cadres. Its current Secretary is Wang Qishan, who is also a member of the Politburo Standing Committee.
This body was established in 1927 as the Central Control Commission of the Communist Party of China, eventually changing its name to Central Commission for Discipline Inspection in 1949, after the establishment of the People's Republic of China. In 1955 the name was reversed to Central Control Commission, which operated under Vice Chairman of the People's Republic of China Dong Biwu. During the Cultural Revolution, its functions were subsumed by newly created "revolutionary organs." It was re-established in 1978 as the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection by the Third Plenary Session of the 11th CPC Central Committee.
According to the Constitution of the Communist Party of China, the Central Commission is directly under the CPC National Congress and on the same level with the CPC Central Committee. It is charged with rooting out corruption and malfeasance among party cadres.
Shuanggui means “double designations”. In 2006 Gan Yisheng, secretary-general of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection of the CPC said it means Party members attend questioning sessions at a designated place for a designated duration.  Investigations and prosecutions of cadres who are suspected of corruption are conducted confidentially in a system which is separate from ordinary Chinese law enforcement and courts which are subject to influence by local cadres. According to The New York Times shuanggui  is greatly feared by corrupt party functionaries, as suspects are subjected to severe physical and psychological pressure. The system has resulted in successful investigation and prosecution of a number of corrupt cadres including some very powerful party officials. There is little sympathy by the Chinese public for corrupt officials who get caught up in the system, but also skepticism regarding the body's effectiveness.
Yu Qiyi, a former chief engineer of a state-owned company who had been detained in connection with an investigation into a land deal, spent 38 days in detention and suffered internal and external injuries due to torture. He died on April 9, 2013, one day after his head was held in a tub of icy water by six investigators attempting to extract a confession.
List of Secretaries
- Zhu De: (November 1949-March 1955)
- Dong Biwu (March 1955-April 1968)
- Chen Yun: December 1978-October 1987
- Qiao Shi: October 1987-October 1992
- Wei Jianxing: October 1992 - November 2002
- Wu Guanzheng: November 2002 - October 2007
- He Guoqiang: October 2007 - November 2012
- Wang Qishan: November 2012- incumbent
- Kahn, Joseph (27 September 2006). "Chinese Officials Vow to Press Political Shake-Up, Saying Corruption Is Focus". The New York Times. Retrieved 4 December 2011.
- "China launches site to report corruption". China Daily. 5 January 2006. Retrieved 4 December 2011.
- "Kina: Seks korrupsjonsetterforskere tiltalt for tortur" [China: Six investigators of corruption charged for torture]. NRK (in Norwegian). 2013-09-17.
- Andrew Jacobs (June 14, 2012). "Accused Chinese Party Members Face Harsh Discipline". The New York Times. Retrieved June 15, 2012.
- "Chinese official Yu Qiyi 'drowned by investigators'" (html), News China (BBC), 4 September 2013, retrieved 4 September 2013
- http://www.12388.gov.cn Central Commission for Discipline Inspection of the Communist Party of China website (Chinese)
- List of all members of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection of the Communist Party of China (November 15, 2002)