Coconut Grove

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This article is about the neighborhood of Miami. For other uses, see Cocoanut Grove (disambiguation).
Coconut Grove
Neighborhood of Miami
Typical street in the Grove, showing heavy vegetation characteristic of the hammock.
Typical street in the Grove, showing heavy vegetation characteristic of the hammock.
Nickname(s): The Grove
Coconut Grove neighborhood in Miami
Coconut Grove neighborhood in Miami
Coordinates: 25°43′N 80°15′W / 25.717°N 80.250°W / 25.717; -80.250
Country United States
State Florida
County Miami-Dade County
City Miami
Settled 1825
Annexed into the City of Miami 1925
Subdistricts of Coconut Grove
Government
 • City of Miami Commissioner Marc Sarnoff
 • Miami-Dade Commissioners Xavier L. Suarez
 • House of Representatives Carlos Lopez-Cantera (R) and Luis García, Jr. (R)
 • State Senate Gwen Margolis (D) and Larcenia Bullard (D)
 • U.S. House Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R)
Area
 • Total 5.607 sq mi (14.52 km2)
Elevation 13 ft (4 m)
Highest elevation 24 ft (7 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 20,076
 • Density 8,006/sq mi (3,091/km2)
 • Demonym Grovite
Time zone EST (UTC-05)
ZIP Code 33133
Area code(s) 305, 786
Website Coconut Grove neighborhood

Coconut Grove is the oldest modern continuously-inhabited neighborhood of Miami, Florida in Miami-Dade County, United States. The neighborhood is roughly bound by North Prospect Drive to the south, LeJeune Road to the west, South Dixie Highway (US 1) and Rickenbacker Causeway to the north, and Biscayne Bay to the east.[1] It is south of the neighborhoods of Brickell and The Roads and east of Coral Gables. The neighborhood's name has been sometimes spelled "Cocoanut Grove" but the definitive spelling "Coconut Grove" was established when the city was incorporated in 1919.[2]

What is today referred to as Coconut Grove was formed in 1925 when the city of Miami annexed two areas of about equal size, the city of Coconut Grove and most of the town of Silver Bluff. Coconut Grove approximately corresponds to the same area as the 33133 ZIP Code although the ZIP Code includes parts of Coral Way and Coral Gables[3] and a small portion of ZIP Code 33129.[4] The area is often referred to by locals as "The Grove."

Coconut Grove is directly served by the Miami Metrorail at Coconut Grove and Douglas Road stations.

History[edit]

Skyline of Coconut Grove, as seen from its respective Metrorail station
The clubhouse of the Woman's Club of Coconut Grove, built in 1921 and designed by Miami architect Walter de Garmo

Several waves of immigration established Coconut Grove, the first in 1825, when the Cape Florida lighthouse went into operation and was manned by John Dubose. Dr. Horace P. Porter is credited for coming up with the name when in 1873 he rented a home from Edmond D. Beasley’s widow, who homesteaded 160 acres bay front property. He lived there for only a year but during that time he established a post office which he named Coconut Grove.[5][6] Around the same time the area saw an influx of Americans from the Northeastern US, as well as British and white Bahamian immigrants. The first hotel on the South Florida mainland was located in Coconut Grove. Called the Bay View Inn (later known as the Peacock Inn), it was built in 1882, on the site of present-day Peacock Park, by English immigrants Isabella and Charles Peacock, who had been the owner of a wholesale meat business in London. Coconut Grove's first black settlement, in the 1880s, was established by Bahamian laborers who worked at the Peacock Inn.[7] The Barnacle Historic State Park is the oldest house in Miami-Dade County still standing in its original location. It was built in 1891 and was home to Ralph Middleton Munroe, also known as "The Commodore" for being the first commodore and founder of the Biscayne Bay Yacht Club, an American yacht designer and early resident of Coconut Grove.

Formerly an independent city, Coconut Grove was annexed by the city of Miami in 1925.[8] In the 1960s, bay-shore Coconut Grove served as the center of South Florida's youth countercultural movement, notably hosting several love-ins[9] and concerts (including a now-infamous Doors concert at Dinner Key Auditorium)[10] during the latter part of the decade.[11]

Economy[edit]

Mayfair in Coconut Grove

Coconut Grove has a number of outdoor festivals and events, the most prominent of which is the annual Coconut Grove Arts Festival.[12] Others include the King Mango Strut, which began as a parody of the Orange Bowl Parade, and which continues each year on the last Sunday in December. The Great Taste of the Grove Food & Wine Festival takes place each April. Each June, the Goombay Festival transforms Grand Avenue in Coconut Grove into a Carnaval (Caribbean Carnival), celebrating Bahamian culture, with Bahamian food and Caribbean music (Junkanoo).

The Grove has many restaurants and open air cafes. By night, the Grove becomes a center of nightlife frequented by young professionals and students from the-nearby University of Miami and Florida International University.

Shopping is also abundant in the Grove, with two large open-air malls, CocoWalk, Streets of Mayfair, and many other street shops and boutiques.

Villa Vizcaya, built in 1916, is a popular Miami tourist attraction

Major corporations including Arquitectonica, Spanish Broadcasting System, and Watsco, are located in the Grove.

The eastern border of Coconut Grove is Biscayne Bay, which lends itself to a boating community. The area features a sailing club (Coconut Grove Sailing Club), a yacht club (Coral Reef Yacht Club) and a marina (Dinner Key Marina[13]). Pan Am's seaplane operations were based in Dinner Key, and the Miami City Hall is based in the old Pan Am terminal building.

Demographics[edit]

Demographically, Coconut Grove is split up into "Northeast Coconut Grove" and "Southwest Coconut Grove", and as of 2000, the total population of both of the neighborhood's sections made up between 18,953[14] and 19,646 people.[4] The zip codes for all of Coconut Grove include 33129 and 33133. The area covers 5.607 square miles (14.52 km2). As of 2000, there were 9,695 males and 9,951 females. The median age for males were 38.4 years old, while the median age for females were 40.3 years old. The average household size had 2.1 people, while the average family size had 2.8 members. The percentage of married-couple families (among all households) was 33.6%, while the percentage of married-couple families with children (among all households) was 11.1%, and the percentage of single-mother households (among all households) was 7.6%. The percentage of never-married males 15 years old and over was 18.3%, while the percentage of never-married females 15 years old and over was 14.3%.[4] The percentage of people that speak English not well or not at all made up 8.1% of the population. The percentage of residents born in Florida was 31.6%, the percentage of people born in another U.S. state was 34.7%, and the percentage of native residents but born outside the U.S. was 2.3%, while the percentage of foreign born residents was 31.4%.[4]

As of 2000,[14] Northeast Grove had a population of 9,812 residents, with 5,113 households, and 2,221 families residing in the neighborhood. The median household income was $63,617.82. The racial makeup of the neighborhood was 35.24% Hispanic or Latino of any race, 2.25% Black or African American, 60.96% White (non-Hispanic), and 1.55% Other races (non-Hispanic).

As of 2000,[14] Southwest Grove had a population of 9,141 residents, with 3,477 households, and 2,082 families residing in the neighborhood. The median household income was $63,617.82. The racial makeup of the neighborhood was 14.80% Hispanic or Latino of any race, 48.27% Black or African American, 35.27% White (non-Hispanic), and 1.66% Other races (non-Hispanic).

The "West" Grove is predominantly composed of people who are of Afro-Caribbean descent. Bahamian sailors were one of the first groups of settlers in the area.[15] The Goombay festival is a celebration of the rich history of this historically Black neighborhood.[16]

Transportation[edit]

Coconut Grove is served by Metrobus throughout the area, and by the Miami Metrorail at:

Metrobus' Coconut Grove Connection connects at Coconut Grove and Douglas Road stations, going to many popular areas within the Grove, including CocoWalk and Peacock Park.

Education and institutions[edit]

Elementary schools[edit]

Miami-Dade County Public Schools operates area public schools:

  • Coconut Grove Elementary School
  • Dade County Training School (1899–1937)
  • Frances S. Tucker Elementary School
  • George W. Carver Elementary School

Middle schools[edit]

High schools[edit]

Private schools[edit]

Cultural[edit]

Libraries[edit]

Miami-Dade Public Library operates area public libraries:

  • Coconut Grove Library
  • Virrick Park Library

The Coconut Grove Library was founded in 1895 by the Pine Needles Club, a literary group. Adjacent to the library is the grave of Eva Amelia Munroe; dated 1882, it is the oldest marked grave in Miami-Dade County.

Points of interest[edit]

Mercy Hospital in the Grove.

Parks[edit]

The Kampong is a botanical garden in the Grove. The Grove is well known for its wild foliage, and large tree coverage.

Source:[17]

In popular culture[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

Former and current residents include:

Historic Coconut Grove[edit]

Established in 1825, Coconut Grove is one of Miami's oldest neighborhoods. As such, many of Miami's oldest buildings and homes are located in the Grove. Some of these include:

Dinner Key, 1917 
Villa Vizcaya, 1914–23 
First Coconut Grove School, first public school in Miami-Dade County, 1887[23] 
Sweeney House at The Kampong, 1916 
The Barnacle at The Barnacle Historic State Park, 1891 

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ City of Miami official map
  2. ^ Blackman, E. V. Miami and Dade County, Florida. Washington, D.C.: Victor Rainbolt, 1921.
  3. ^ USNaviguide.com
  4. ^ a b c d "Demographics of Coconut Grove, Miami, Florida.". city-data. Retrieved 2009-08-30. 
  5. ^ "City of Miami – Neighborhood Enhancement Teams". Retrieved 2011-10-14. 
  6. ^ Planning Your Vacation in Florida, Miami and Dade County [WPA Guide to Miami], Northport, New York: Bacon, Percy & Daggett, 1941, page 49.
  7. ^ Joanne Hyppolite. Black Crossroads. South Florida History, the magazine of the Historical Museum of Southern Florida. Volume 37, No 1, 2009, p. 13
  8. ^ Livingston, Grant (2000). "The Annexation of the City of Coconut Grove". Tequesta (Miami, Florida: Historical Association of Southern Florida) LX: 32–55. ISSN 0363-3705. Retrieved 2008-12-11. 
  9. ^ Bjebre, Bill; Kenneth Harrell (September 8, 1969). "Grove "Love-In" Swings Under Eyes of Police". The Miami News. Retrieved March 26, 2011. 
  10. ^ Art Grace (March 11, 1969). "In Defense of a Generation: 'Hippies are Beautiful'". The Miami News. Retrieved April 29, 2011. 
  11. ^ Woodman, Jim (July 23, 1972). "Coconut Grove: Hip Little Village Under the Palms". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved March 26, 2011. 
  12. ^ "website of Coconut Grove Arts Festival". Retrieved September 25, 2012. 
  13. ^ CMS Redirect
  14. ^ a b c "Demographics of Coconut Grove Miami, Florida.". miamigov.com. Retrieved 2008-06-11. 
  15. ^ Samantha Joseph (July 7, 2004). "Western Coconut Grove leaders eye revitalization". Miami Today. Retrieved March 16, 2010. 
  16. ^ "Miami Goombay Festival". Greater Miami Convention and Visitors Bureau. Retrieved March 16, 2010. 
  17. ^ "City of Miami Parks Department list". Retrieved September 27, 2010. 
  18. ^ Planning Your Vacation in Florida, Miami and Dade County [WPA Guide to Miami], Northport, New York: Bacon, Percy & Daggett, 1941, p. 145.
  19. ^ "Burn Notice is up for sale!" http://coconutgrovegrapevine.blogspot.com/2013/08/burn-notice-is-up-for-sale.html
  20. ^ "Obituary". The New York Times. August 24, 2001. Retrieved February 16, 2011. 
  21. ^ Munzenrieder, Kyle (December 9, 2010), "Pictures of LeBron James' New $9 Million Coconut Grove Mansion", Miami New Times 
  22. ^ "Astronaut Bio". NASA.gov. Retrieved February 13, 2011. 
  23. ^ Kleinberg, Howard (2003). The Stingaree Century. (self published). ISBN 0974158909. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 25°43′N 80°15′W / 25.717°N 80.250°W / 25.717; -80.250