Location in Madison County and the state of Georgia
|• Total||1.1 sq mi (2.9 km2)|
|• Land||1.1 sq mi (2.9 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||728 ft (222 m)|
|• Density||415.5/sq mi (157.6/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0331511|
Danielsville is a city in Madison County, Georgia, United States. The population was 457 at the 2000 census. The city is the county seat of Madison County. Surgeon Crawford Long was born in Danielsville in 1815.
Danielsville was founded about 1790 and named for Captain Allen Daniel, a veteran of the American Revolutionary War. In 1812, Danielsville was designated seat of the newly formed Madison County. Danielsville was incorporated as a town in 1817 and as a city in 1908.
Lynching of Lint Shaw
On April 11, 1936, 45-year-old Lint Shaw, a black man, was arrested by Madison County police in connection with the rape of two white girls. Shaw, who resisted arrest, was shot three times by police before being taken to the county jail in Danielsville. By late evening, word had spread of Shaw's arrest, and a crowd of about 150 white Danielsville residents gathered at the jail, demanding Shaw be released to them. The crowd began prying apart the brick wall of the jail when 74-year-old judge Berry Mosely, who had been confined to bed with an illness, arrived and began talking down the crowd. In the meantime, the county sheriff began rounding up deputies, and called in nearby National Guard soldiers. Judge Mosely ordered the sheriff to take Shaw to a hospital, and when the National Guard soldiers arrived, they backed a truck up to the jail and sped away to Athens before the crowd could react. No one was severely injured in the incident, but the damaged jail had to be repaired.
Two weeks later, Shaw was escorted back to Danielsville to face trial. The mob reappeared, and Mosely again ordered Shaw moved away for his safety, this time to Royston. That location was not far enough to protect him from the mob, which followed Shaw to the jail there. In the middle of the night, the mob stormed the jail and lynched Shaw, leaving his hanging body to be found the next day. His death was the 468th lynching in Georgia since 1889.
Danielsville is located at (34.124244, -83.216496).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.1 square miles (2.8 km2), of which, 1.1 square miles (2.8 km2) of it is land and 0.89% is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 457 people, 193 households, and 119 families residing in the city. The population density was 412.4 people per square mile (159.0/km²). There were 216 housing units at an average density of 194.9 per square mile (75.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.40% White, 2.19% Black or African American, 0.44% Native American, 1.09% from other races, and 0.88% from two or more races. 3.50% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 193 households out of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.2% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.3% were non-families. 34.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.92.
In the city the population was spread out with 22.8% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 34.1% from 25 to 44, 18.8% from 45 to 64, and 14.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 92.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.8 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $37,639, and the median income for a family was $43,542. Males had a median income of $30,469 versus $22,188 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,086. About 8.8% of families and 12.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.7% of those under age 18 and 11.8% of those age 65 or over.
Madison County School District
The Madison County School District holds pre-school to grade twelve, and consists of five elementary schools, a middle school, and a high school. The district has 290 full-time teachers and over 4,621 students.
- Colbert Elementary School
- Comer Elementary School
- Danielsville Elementary School
- Hull-Sanford Elementary School
- Ila Elementary School
- Madison County Middle School
- Madison County High School
- Crawford W. Long, the man who first used ether in surgery, was born in Danielsville.
- Jake Westbrook, American Major League baseball player
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 99.
- Hellmann, Paul T. (May 13, 2013). Historical Gazetteer of the United States. Routledge. p. 227. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
- The Associated Press. "Troops save Negro from Georgia mob", The New York Times. April 12, 1936. Page 1.
- "Races: 468th & 469th; 248th", Time Magazine. May 11, 1936. Retrieved April 12, 2011.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Georgia Board of Education, Retrieved June 23, 2010.
- School Stats, Retrieved June 23, 2010.