Donalsonville City Hall
Location in Seminole County and the state of Georgia
|• Total||4 sq mi (10.3 km2)|
|• Land||4 sq mi (10.3 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||148 ft (45 m)|
|• Density||699/sq mi (271.5/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0331568|
Donalsonville was originally part of Decatur County. It is named after John Ernest Donalson (1846–1920), also known as Jonathan or John E. Donalson, a prominent businessman of the area. Donalson built the first lumber mill in Donalsonville, called Donalson Lumber Company. He also built homes and a commissary for the workers of the mill. The lumber company paved the way for the town's growth. Donalsonville was first chartered as a town in Georgia on December 8, 1897. When Seminole County, Georgia was formed in January 1920, Donalsonville was named as the county seat. By August 1922, the Town of Donalsonville became known as the City of Donalsonville, with the charter passing on August 19, 1922. The Seminole County Courthouse was erected in 1922 and is still standing today. The Courthouse is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. (Wolfe)
Donalsonville is located at .(31.040887, -84.878382)
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.0 square miles (10 km2), of which, 4.0 square miles (10 km2) of it is land and 0.25% is water. Geography. Donalsonville is 3.99 square miles (10.3 km2), with 0.01 square miles (0.026 km2) of that being water area, according to the U.S. Census Bureau. The city is located just 20 minutes north of Lake Seminole, 60 miles (97 km) south of Albany, Georgia, and 35 miles (56 km) east of Dothan, Alabama. On the map, Donalsonville is located at 31.04 N Latitude and 84.88 W Longitude. (U.S. Census Bureau)
At the 2000 census, there were 2,796 people, 1,008 households, and 697 families residing in the city. The population density was 702.8 people per square mile (271.2/km²). There were 1,116 housing units at an average density of 280.5 per square mile (108.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 37.23% White, 58.73% African American, 0.07% Native American, 0.46% Asian, 2.75% from other races, and 0.75% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.90% of the population.
There were 1,008 households of which 32.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.6% were married couples living together, 27.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.8% were non-families. 28.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.23.
The age distribution was 29.3% under the age of 18, 9.4% from 18 to 24, 25.3% from 25 to 44, 18.0% from 45 to 64, and 18.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 82.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 75.4 males.
The median household income was $20,687, and the median family income was $25,679. Males had a median income of $24,464 versus $16,451 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,095. About 25.4% of families and 32.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 45.6% of those under age 18 and 27.6% of those age 65 or over.
According to the 2000 Census of the U.S. Census Bureau, there is a total of 2,796 people living in Donalsonville, with 45.3% males and 54.7% females. There is 58.7% African American, 37.2% Caucasians, 3.9% Hispanic, and 4.1% other races living in Donalsonville. Donalsonville has about a 63% high school graduate rate with about 52% in the work force. The biggest industries are education, health, and social services. (Georgia.gov) The average median income for households according to the U.S. Census report in 2000 was $20,687 and median family income was $25,679, with the average household size around 2 and family size around 3 people. (U.S. Census Bureau)
According to 2012 data from the Donalsonville Chamber of Commerce, the top 5 employers in the city are as follows.
|Donalsonville Hospital, Inc||350|
|Ponder Enterprises Inc.||250|
|Lewis M. Carter, Inc.||150|
|American Peanut Growers Group, LLC||80|
|JH Harvey Company||30|
The Olive Theatre and the agricultural mural paintings set the cultural tone of the city. The Olive Theatre is in an old building downtown, which has been renovated and hosts the local talents. (Broome) The murals are present on a few of the downtown buildings and depict the main industry in the county. The other main attraction of the city is the Donalsonville Country Club, which is the hangout for many local golfers. The Harvest Festival is a vast part of Donalsonville’s culture. The festival that is hosted each October supports the local industry of agriculture. There are other attractions, including the Christmas Tour of Homes and the PRCA Rodeo, that are held in Donalsonville.
The Seminole County School District holds grades pre-school to grade twelve, that consists of one elementary school, a middle-high school. The district has 120 full-time teachers and over 1,754 students.
- Seminole County Elementary School
- Seminole County Middle/High School
The Alday Murders
Donalsonville was the site of the second largest mass murder in Georgia history (the largest being the Woolfolk murders in 1887). On May 14, 1973 Carl Isaacs, his half brother Wayne Coleman, and fellow prisoner George Dungee escaped from the Maryland State Prison. They were later joined by Carl's younger brother, 15-year-old Billy Isaacs. While en route to Florida the men came upon the Alday farm in Donalsonville. They stopped at a mobile home owned by Jerry Alday and his wife Mary, to look for gas as there was a gas pump on the property.
Alday and his father Ned Alday arrived as the trailer was being ransacked and were ordered inside, and then shot to death in separate bedrooms. Jerry's brother Jimmy Alday arrived at the trailer on a tractor and he too was led inside and forced to lay on a couch, then shot. Later, Jerry's 25-year-old wife Mary Alday arrived at the trailer as the men attempted to hide the tractor. She was restrained, while Jerry's brother Chester Alday and uncle Aubrey Alday arrived in a pickup truck. The criminals accosted the pair still in their truck and forced them inside the trailer where they were also shot to death. Mary Alday was raped on her kitchen table before being taken out to a wooded area miles away where she was raped again and then finally murdered.
Billy Isaacs cooperated with prosecutors and received a twenty year sentence for armed robbery. Carl Isaacs, Coleman and Dungee were tried by jury in Seminole County in 1973, convicted and sentenced to death. All three convictions and sentences were overturned by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 11th Circuit in 1985, on the grounds that the pool of local jurors had been tainted by excess pretrial publicity. All three defendants were re-tried in 1988 and were again convicted; however, only Carl Isaacs was sentenced to death, Coleman and Dungee receiving life sentences. Carl Isaacs was executed on May 6, 2003 at Georgia Diagnostic and Classification State Prison in Jackson, by lethal injection. At the time of his execution, aged 49, he was the longest-serving death row inmate anywhere in the USA, having spent 30 years of death row prior to execution. Billy Isaacs was released from prison in 1993, but passed away in Florida May 4, 2009. George Dungee died in prison on April 4, 2006. Only Wayne Coleman remains incarcerated as of 2012.
By the 1900s, the need for churches arose. The first church was erected in Donalsonville in 1850, which was the Friendship United Methodist Church. In the beginning the Methodist Church served as a meeting place for all Protestant denominations. Later, the First Presbyterian Church of Donalsonville was established in January 1898 with 25 members. On August 4, 1902, 18 people helped to create the First Baptist Church of Donalsonville. The Church of The Nazarene, which was first called “The Holiness Church,” was established in October 1902. The meetings of the Church of the Nazarene were actually held in a member’s house, until 1903 when a building was erected. The first black church in Donalsonville was created in 1895, founding Live Oak African Methodist Episcopal Church. The people of Donalsonville saw the need to create churches to worship and with this vision came a number of churches, eventually totaling thirteen. (City-Data.com)
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Donalsonville Chamber of Commerce". Retrieved 4 January 2013.
- Georgia Board of Education, Retrieved June 26, 2010.
- School Stats, Retrieved June 26, 2010.
Seminole County. Historical Society Cornerstone of Georgia Seminole County. Georgia: WH Wolfe. 1991.
U.S. Census Bureau. 13 Nov. 2007
Broome, Brenda. Phone Interview. 14 Nov. 2007.
Georgia.gov. 13 Nov. 2007
City-Data.com. 14 Nov. 2007.
- Official Website of Donalsonville-Seminole County Chamber of Commerce Includes Donalsonville and Iron City
- Seminole County School System includes Donalsonville,Iron City and Entirely Seminole County