Madison County, Georgia

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Madison County, Georgia
Map of Georgia highlighting Madison County
Location in the state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Founded December 5, 1811
Named for James Madison
Seat Danielsville
Largest city Comer
Area
 • Total 285.57 sq mi (740 km2)
 • Land 283.88 sq mi (735 km2)
 • Water 1.69 sq mi (4 km2), .59%
Population
 • (2010) 28,120
 • Density 91/sq mi (35/km²)
Congressional district 9th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.madisoncountyga.us

Madison County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. It was created on December 5, 1811. As of the 2010 census, the population was 28,120.[1] The county seat is Danielsville.[2]

The charm and character of Madison County makes it the quintessential Southern Community. The Fourth of July Parade in Colbert, the Danielsville Fall Festival, the Comer Christmas Parade, and the Madison County Agriculture Fair are just a few of the events that uphold the rural flavor of the South. Being just minutes from Athens, Commerce and Elberton, Madison County has become a suburb for these fast growing cities.

Madison County is included in the Athens-Clarke County, Georgia, Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Named for James Madison, fourth president of United States, from 1809 to 1817, Madison County, was organized under act of General Assembly of Georgia, December 11, 1811. It was the 38th county formed in Georgia and began to operate as a county in 1812. Madison County formed from Oglethorpe, Clarke, Jackson, Franklin and Elbert counties.[3]

The soils of Madison County were heavily damaged by the cotton monoculture common in this region prior to the 1930s. Agribusiness dominates the local economy, with poultry production particularly important.

Madison and Oglethorpe counties share Watson Mill Bridge State Park, the site of the longest covered bridge in Georgia. The bridge, which is over 100 years old, spans 229 feet of the South Fork of the Broad River. There are also facilities for camping, hiking trails, picnicking and fishing in the park.

The Madison County Courthouse, one of the most ornate in Georgia, was built in 1901 for the sum of $18,314. It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. New Hope Presbyterian Church, established in 1788, is the third oldest church in Georgia. [4]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 3,735
1830 4,646 24.4%
1840 4,510 −2.9%
1850 5,703 26.5%
1860 5,933 4.0%
1870 5,227 −11.9%
1880 7,977 52.6%
1890 11,024 38.2%
1900 13,224 20.0%
1910 16,851 27.4%
1920 18,803 11.6%
1930 14,921 −20.6%
1940 13,431 −10.0%
1950 12,238 −8.9%
1960 11,246 −8.1%
1970 13,517 20.2%
1980 17,747 31.3%
1990 21,050 18.6%
2000 25,730 22.2%
2010 28,120 9.3%
Est. 2012 27,922 −0.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2012 Estimate[6]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 25,730 people, 9,800 households, and 7,330 families residing in the county. The population density was 91 people per square mile (35/km²). There were 10,520 housing units at an average density of 37 per square mile (14/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 89.01% White, 8.46% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.03% from other races, and 0.99% from two or more races. 1.97% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 9,800 households out of which 34.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.60% were married couples living together 10.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.20% were non-families. 21.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.30% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 30.60% from 25 to 44, 23.90% from 45 to 64, and 11.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 96.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,347, and the median income for a family was $42,189. Males had a median income of $31,324 versus $22,426 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,998. About 9.20% of families and 11.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.00% of those under age 18 and 16.50% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

The citizens of Madison County are represented by an elected six member board of commissioners. Each commissioner represents one of five districts plus a chairman of the board.

Board of Commissioners

  • Anthony Dove, Chairman
  • Stanley Thomas, District 1
  • John Pethel Sr, District 2
  • Mike Youngblood, District 3
  • Dewitt Bond, District 4
  • Bruce Scogin, District 5

Cities and towns

Schools[edit]

  • The Busy Box Pre-School (private), Hull
  • The Learning Train Pre-School (private), Colbert
  • Colbert Elementary School
  • Comer Elementary School
  • Danielsville Elementary School
  • Hull-Sanford Elementary School
  • Ila Elementary School
  • Madison County Middle School (MCMS), Home of the Mustangs
  • Madison County High School (MCHS), Home of the Red Raiders

Notable Residents and Natives[edit]

  • Crawford W. Long - the man who first used ether in surgery was born in Danielsville
  • General Allen Daniel - 8th Virginia Regiment
  • Ralph Hudgens - Georgia Insurance and Safety Fire Commissioner, Republican
  • Frank Ginn - Georgia State Senator, Georgia 47th District, Republican
  • Jake Westbrook - American Major League baseball player
  • Shannon Cochran (MCHS Alumni) - Echoing Angels, Christian Rock group
  • Keith Strickland - Member of the B52's Rock Group
  • Josh Fields (pitcher) - American Major League baseball player

Historic Sites[edit]

  • Watson Mill Bridge - the longest original-site covered bridge in Georgia
  • Historic Madison County Courthouse
  • Birthplace of Crawford W. Long
  • New Hope Presbyterian Church - established in 1788, third oldest church in Georgia.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 285.57 square miles (739.6 km2), of which 283.88 square miles (735.2 km2) (or 99.41%) is land and 1.69 square miles (4.4 km2) (or 0.59%) is water.[8]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

U.S. highways[edit]

State routes[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 16, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ [2]
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 22, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 22, 2013. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°08′N 83°13′W / 34.13°N 83.21°W / 34.13; -83.21