Canton Town Square
Location in Cherokee County in the state of Georgia
|• Mayor||Gene Hobgood (R)|
|• Total||18.7 sq mi (48.5 km2)|
|• Land||18.6 sq mi (48.2 km2)|
|• Water||0.2 sq mi (0.4 km2)|
|Elevation||968 ft (295 m)|
|• Density||1,235/sq mi (476.8/km2)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|ZIP codes||30114, 30115, 30169|
|Area code(s)||678, 770|
|GNIS feature ID||0331320|
- 1 Geography
- 2 Demographics
- 3 History
- 4 City Council
- 5 Administration
- 6 Renovation
- 7 Communities
- 8 Subdivisions
- 9 Education
- 10 Transportation
- 11 Notable residents
- 12 Popular culture
- 13 Footnotes
- 14 External links
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 18.7 square miles (48.5 km2), of which 18.6 square miles (48.2 km2) is land and 0.15 square miles (0.4 km2), or 0.76%, is water.
As of the 2000 census, there were 3,517 people, 2,702 households, and 650 families residing in the city. The population density was 540.5 people per square mile (208.7/km²). There were 2,879 housing units at an average density of 201.8 per square mile (78.0/km²).
There were 2,702 households out of which 33.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.9% were married couples living together, 13.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.2% were non-families. 27.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.76 and the average family size was 3.23.
Ethnicity, age, and sex
The racial makeup of the city was 58.4% White, 8.7% African American, 0.91% Native American, 2.0% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 13.7% from other races, 1.93% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race comprised 29.2% of the population.
In the city, the population was spread out with 24.9% under the age of 18, 12.6% from 18 to 24, 33.6% from 25 to 44, 16.2% from 45 to 64, and 12.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years.
For every 100 females there were 101.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $40,361, and the median income for a family was $48,906. Males had a median income of $26,579 versus $25,431 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,324. About 6.6% of families and 11.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.6% of those under age 18 and 17.4% of those age 65 or over.
Name and economic history
Once famous for its "Canton Denim," known worldwide for the high-quality denim produced by Canton Cotton Mills which closed in 1979, Canton is now enjoying the greatest economic boom in its history. The City of Canton has a rich heritage. Located in the foothills of the Blue Ridge Mountains, the site where Canton would be founded lay in the heart of the Cherokee Nation.
During the first hundred years of Georgia's history, Northwest Georgia was generally considered "Indian Country," and was bypassed by settlers going West. Georgia had made a treaty with the Federal Government in 1802 to relinquish its Western Territory for the removal of all Indians within its boundaries, and, although other tribes had been removed, little was ever done about the Cherokees. Since this was the heartland of the Cherokee Nation, the state and nation had avoided the handling of this delicate problem. Following the Georgia Gold Rush in 1829, settlers ignored the Indian problems and began to move into the area north of Carrollton and west of the Chattahoochee River-sixty-nine hundred miles-and named it Cherokee.
Many members of the Cherokee Nation moved west, but the majority stayed until removed by Federal Troops sent into the area during the summer of 1838. The remaining Cherokees were gathered and held in forts until the removal could be completed. Present-day Cherokee County had the largest and most southerly of these fort, Fort Buffington, which stood six miles (10 km) east of Canton. Today nothing stands to identify its timber structure, but the area is marked by a large piece of green Cherokee marble quarried near Holly Springs. By autumn of 1838, the federal troops had accomplished their mission and the Cherokees at Fort Buffington were marched off to join other groups on the infamous "Trail of Tears".
A permanent county seat and courthouse were chosen in 1833 and named Etowah. The name was changed to Cherokee Courthouse in 1833. In 1834 it was changed to Canton (pronounced cant'n), after the Chinese city of Guangzhou, which was then known in English as Canton (pronounced can tahn). The name was chosen because a group of citizens had dreams of making the Georgia town a center of the silk industry, which was concentrated in China at the time. Though Canton never became a significant silk center, it did become a successful manufacturing community.
Canton, which had a population of about 200, was burned between the dates of November 1–5, 1864 by the Union Army under the command of Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman. Canton was destroyed by a foraging party of the Ohio 5th Cavalry under the command of Major Thomas T. Heath. At the time the Ohio 5th Cavalry was headquartered in Cartersville, Ga. The written order for destruction was given on October 30, 1864 by Brig. General John E. Smith. Union troops were ordered to burn the town because of Confederate guerrilla attacks coming from Canton and directed against the Western and Atlantic Railroad near the town of Cassville, Ga. The railroad was a vital supply line for the Union Army from the captured city of Chattanooga, Tn. to newly captured Atlanta, Ga. The Canton home of Governor Joseph E. Brown was specifically targeted for destruction. Cassville, Ga., the county seat of neighboring Bartow County was also completely destroyed for guerrilla attacks against the railroad by the same Union party on November 5, 1864 on their return to Cartersville from Canton. Cassville never rebuilt. However, Canton survived to prosper.
Over the years, Canton evolved from unsettled territory to a prosperous mill town known the world over for its "Canton Denim." The original county of 1831 now includes 24 counties, and Cherokee County remains one of Georgia's largest counties with an area of 429 square miles (1,110 km2). The City of Canton remains the county seat.
The poultry division of Central Soya Corporation located a plant to the region in the 1954 which is now Pilgrims Pride.
Historical information adapted from The Heritage of Cherokee County Georgia 1831–1998
The City of Canton is governed by a Mayor and six (6) Council Members, who are elected at large by city residents. The terms of office are for four (4) years.
For the election of Council Member, The City of Canton is divided into three (3) wards with two (2) Council Members serving from each ward.
Qualifications of Mayor and Council Members:
Must be 21 years of age Must be a registered City voter Shall be a resident of the ward they represent for six months prior to the election Shall be a resident of the City of Canton for one year prior to the election Shall continue to reside in the City of Canton during their term of office Whereas: All elected officials of the Mayor and Council are four (4) year term.
The Mayor and Council hold the monthly council meetings on the first and third Thursday of each month at 6:00 p.m. All meetings of the Mayor and Council are held in the Council Chambers of City Hall located at 151 Elizabeth Street.
At any meeting, the mayor or mayor pro tem and three (3) of the council members shall constitute a quorum to transact business. It shall take a majority vote of the council members present to pass any measure. The mayor shall vote on all measures only when there is a tie of the council members.
The mayor shall be the chief executive of the City of Canton; shall preside at meetings of the mayor and council; shall see that all laws, ordinances, rules and regulations are faithfully enforced; shall see that all officers and employees shall faithfully discharge their duties; shall sign with the clerk of council any deed, lease, conveyance and contract that may be authorized and directed by the Mayor and Council.
The Administration Department of the City of Canton consists of the Mayor, City Council, City Manager, City Clerk and Administrative Secretaries. The office is located at Canton City Hall at 151 Elizabeth Street in Canton.
The City Manager is the Administrative Executive of the City of Canton and is responsible for overseeing daily operations of all City departments. The City Manager is appointed by the Mayor and City Council, the governing authority of the city, and is responsible for keeping the Mayor and Council informed on all issues. He also advises the council on the financial condition and needs of the City.
The City Clerk serves as the Clerk of Council and is responsible for the minutes and records of all meetings. The City Clerk is responsible for serving as custodian of all legal documents for the City.
Many projects are underway in the city including new construction, renovation, and revitalization. Canton has received millions of dollars in grants for park and sidewalk improvements in the city. The city's public buses have established routes and carry thousands of passengers throughout the city from residential areas to downtown, shopping areas, the medical district, and job sites.
The Historic Canton Theatre on Main Street features plays and other special entertainment events throughout the year, injecting new life into the downtown business district. Streets in the downtown area were recently improved, by the removal of parking spaces, as part of the "Streetscapes" program, bringing brick pavers to sidewalks, lamp posts, lush landscaping and intersection upgrades.
In May 2004, the city held a ribbon cutting ceremony for Heritage Park. Heritage Park is the first phase of the Etowah River Greenway. Heritage Park consists of approximately 30 acres (120,000 m2) of passive use pedestrian and bike trails and a natural amphitheater. The city used to hold concerts and movies in Heritage Park throughout the summer free of charge to its residents.
The city, in partnership with the Metro Atlanta YMCA, constructed an $8 million community center on Waleska Street contiguous to Heritage Park. Now completed, the community center includes an indoor swimming pool, a gymnasium, wellness center, aerobics studio, childcare facilities and the Cherokee Sports Hall of Fame. Although voted in as a "free" community center, it was decided after completion that only members can use it for a fee.
Phase two of the Etowah River Greenway north of Heritage Park consists of active recreation fields for softball, baseball, tennis, and soccer. This phase involves approximately 60 acres (240,000 m2) of property.
In June 2004, the Bluffs Parkway opened off Riverstone Boulevard. This parkway, funded by an $8 million grant from the Georgia Department of Transportation, bisects the Bluffs at Technology Park. The Park which is owned by Technology Park/Atlanta, Inc. will be home to 15,000 high-tech jobs when built out in 10 years. The Park includes a satellite campus of Chattahoochee Technical College which opened Fall of 2011 to train employees of the companies locating there.
The Hickory Log Creek dam project was approved by the US Army Corps of Engineers. The construction and ownership of the Hickory Log Creek Raw Water Reservoir will be shared by the Cobb County / Marietta Water Authority and the City of Canton on a 75% and 25% respective basis and should be completed by December 2007. This water source will provide 44 million US gallons (170,000 m3) of water per day and will be bordered by 15–25 acres of park land with picnic and other public areas.
In 2009, Canton opened the new renovation, the Canton Marketplace. It features a Super Target as well as a Kohl's, Lowe's, Best Buy, Dick's Sporting Goods, and more. Restaurants and other shopping pleasures have been a major boom in Canton industry.
- Autumn Woods
- Barrington Farms
- Bradshaw Estates
- Brooke Park
- Canton Heights
- Carrington Farms
- Copper Creek
- Cottonwood Creek
- Creekside at Prominence
- Curtis Farm
- Deerfield Farms
- Dogwood Farms
- Diamond Ridge
- Eagle Ridge
- Falls at Mill Creek
- Forest Creek
- Fox Hills
- Governors Preserve
- Governors Walk
- Great Sky
- Hampton Station
- Harmony on the Lakes
- Hidden Branches
- Highland View (Cherokee County/Bartow County)
- Holly Mill
- Lakeside at Allatoona
- Manor at Mill Creek
- Manous Manor (A Crown Community, Marble Quarry Rd)
- Mills Ridge
- Mountain View
- Orange Shoals
- Pebble Brooke
- Preserve at Holly Springs
- Prominence Court
- River Brooke
- River Green
- Shoals at Arbor Hill
- Silver Creek
- Smithwick Crossing
- Sugar Mill
- The Springs
- Village at Holly Mill
- View at Holly Mill
- Vose Village
- Walden Crossing
- Walnut Creek
- Waverly Park
- Whispering Hills
- Woodridge Estates
Cherokee County School District
The Cherokee County School District holds grades pre-school to grade twelve, that consists of twenty-three elementary schools, six middle schools, and six high schools. The district has 1,766 full-time teachers and over 28,434 students.
Note that these schools are part of the CCSD and not all of them are in Canton.
- Arnold Mill Elementary School
- Avery Elementary School
- Ball Ground Elementary School
- Bascomb Elementary School
- Boston Elementary School
- Buffington Elementary School
- Canton Elementary School- Situated on Marietta Hwy, next to Cherokee High School and across from Bruster's Ice Cream.
- Carmel Elementary School
- Chapman Intermediate School
- Clayton Elementary School
- Free Home Elementary School
- Hasty Elementary School
- Hickory Flat Elementary School
- Holly Springs Elementary School
- Joseph Knox Elementary School- Located in the River Green Neighborhood across from the Franklin Park Townhomes
- Johnston Elementary School
- Liberty Elementary School- Next to Freedom Middle School off of Bells Ferry Road
- Little River Elementary School
- Macedonia Elementary School
- Mountain Road Elementary School
- Oak Grove Elementary School
- R. M. Moore Elementary School
- Sixes Elementary School
- Woodstock Elementary School
- Booth Middle School
- Creekland Middle School
- Dean Rusk Middle School
- Freedom Middle School- Next to Liberty Elementary School on Bells Ferry Road
- Teasley Middle School- Off of Knox Bridge Hwy near River Green
- Woodstock Middle School
- Cherokee High School
- Creekview High School
- Etowah High School
- River Ridge High School
- Sequoyah High School
- Woodstock High School
The Cherokee County Airport (FAA LOC ID: 47A) is located adjacent to I-575 about six miles (10 km) northeast of downtown Canton, GA.
A redevelopment project currently underway includes:
- an already completed 10,000-square-foot (930 m2) terminal;
- the ongoing lengthening of the runway from its current 3,414 to 5,000 feet (1,041 to 1,524 m);
- a new parallel taxiway;
- instrument landing equipment;
- new hangars.
The new facilities will accommodate 200 hangared corporate aircraft and provide 100 tie-downs for smaller aircraft.
R&B group Audio lives in Canton. Canton was the hometown of Joseph E. Brown. In 1844, Brown served as headmaster at the academy in Canton, which began his lifelong devotion to public education. He was elected governor of Georgia in 1857 and later served as a United States Senator. Brown is the only person ever to have been elected governor of Georgia four times.
Josh Holloway, James "Sawyer" Ford of TV's "LOST" moved to the Blue Ridge Mountains of Georgia when he was two. Josh Holloway attended Cherokee High School in Canton, Georgia. He developed an interest in movies at a very young age. He studied at the University of Georgia for a year, but left to pursue a career as a model.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Canton city, Georgia". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved July 24, 2014.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Hewitt, Janet. Supplement to the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. Part II, Record of Events, Volume 49, Serial No. 61: Broadfoot. p. 766.
- United States, Government. Official Record of the Rebellion. Series 1, Volume XXXIX, Part 2: US Government. p. 553.
- Georgia Board of Education, Retrieved June 3, 2010.
- School Stats, Retrieved June 3, 2010.
- Chattahoochee Technical College, Retrieved June 3, 2010.
- "Joseph E. Brown". About North Georgia. Retrieved August 1, 2008.
- City of Canton Website
- Cherokee County Ga News – The Cherokee Connection
- Cherokee County Democratic Party
- Cherokee County Republican Party
- Libertarian Party of Cherokee & Pickens Counties
- Cherokee Today
- Cherokee County School District Website
- Cherokee County Airport – FAA Master Record