Demographics of Venezuela

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The Demographics of Venezuela are the condition and overview of Venezuela's peoples. Demographic topics include basic education, health, and population statistics as well as identified racial and religious affiliations.

Overview[edit]

The Venezuelan people comprise a combination of heritages. The historically present Amerindians, Spanish colonists, and African slaves have all contributed to varying degrees. Later, waves of European groups (Italians, Portuguese and Germans) migrated to Venezuela in the 20th century, influencing many aspects of Venezuelan life, including its culture, language, food, and music.

About 51.6% of the population is Mestizo, while 43.6% are full white of European ancestry and/or Middle Eastern ancestry. Another 3.7% is black/African, while 2.7% is of full Amerindian ancestry, and 1.0% other races ( principally Asian people).[1][2]

Three Amerindian tribes located in the country are the Wayuu, located in the west, in Zulia State, and the Timoto-cuicas, also in the west, in Mérida State, in the Andes.

About 85% of the population live in urban areas in the northern portion of the country and currently resides in the urban conglomerations (Caracas, Maracay, Maracaibo, Valencia, etc.) that are concentrated in Venezuela's northern coastal mountain strip. Nearly half of Venezuela's geographic area lies south of the Orinoco River; however, this region contains only 5% of the Venezuelan population.

The World Factbook 2011 estimate puts Venezuela's total population at 27,635,743 inhabitants.[3] Additionally, over the past five years, Venezuelan society's general age structure has been trending towards the homologous structure found in Cuba, Western Europe, Japan, and other healthy and rapidly aging societies. Notably, there has been a significant increase in the proportion and gross numbers of elderly Venezuelans (aged 65 and up), as well as a corresponding drop in the total fertility.

Population[edit]

Census population
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1873 1,732,411 —    
1881 2,005,139 +1.84%
1891 2,221,572 +1.03%
1920 2,479,525 +0.38%
1926 2,814,131 +2.13%
1936 3,364,347 +1.80%
1941 3,850,771 +2.74%
1950 5,034,838 +3.02%
1961 7,523,999 +3.72%
1971 10,721,522 +3.61%
1981 14,516,735 +3.08%
1990 18,105,265 +2.48%
2001 23,232,553 +2.29%
2011 27,227,930 +1.60%

According to the 2010 revison of the World Population Prospects the total population was 28,980,000 in 2010, compared to only 5,094,000 in 1950. The proportion of children below the age of 15 in 2010 was 29.5%, 64.9% was between 15 and 65 years of age, while 5.6% was 65 years or older .[4]

Total population
(x 1000)
Proportion
aged 0–14
(%)
Proportion
aged 15–64
(%)
Proportion
aged 65+
(%)
1950 5 094 43.5 54.6 1.9
1955 6 221 44.8 53.1 2.0
1960 7 562 45.6 51.9 2.4
1965 9 067 46.4 51.0 2.6
1970 10 681 45.7 51.5 2.8
1975 12 681 43.3 53.6 3.0
1980 15 036 40.7 56.2 3.2
1985 17 269 39.0 57.6 3.4
1990 19 685 38.0 58.3 3.7
1995 22 035 36.0 59.9 4.1
2000 24 348 33.7 61.7 4.5
2005 26 664 31.3 63.7 5.0
2010 28 980 29.5 64.9 5.6

Vital statistics[edit]

Registration of vital events is in Venezuela not complete. The Population Departement of the United Nations prepared the following estimates. [4]

Period Live births
per year
Deaths
per year
Natural change
per year
CBR* CDR* NC* TFR* IMR* Life expectancy
total
Life expectancy
males
Life expectancy
females
1950-1955 263 000 69 000 193 000 46.5 12.6 34.1 6.46 107 54.3 52.9 55.8
1955-1960 309 000 73 000 236 000 44.9 10.9 34.2 6.46 89 57.1 55.6 58.7
1960-1965 375 000 77 000 298 000 45.1 9.5 35.7 6.66 73 59.9 58.2 61.7
1965-1970 397 000 76 000 320 000 40.1 8.0 32.4 5.90 60 62.6 60.5 64.9
1970-1975 411 000 76 000 334 000 35.1 6.7 28.6 4.94 49 65.0 62.4 67.7
1975-1980 476 000 81 000 395 000 34.2 5.8 28.4 4.47 39 67.3 64.6 70.4
1980-1985 519 000 89 000 430 000 32.0 5.3 26.5 3.96 34 68.9 66.0 72.0
1985-1990 561 000 92 000 468 000 30.3 4.9 25.3 3.65 27 70.5 67.7 73.5
1990-1995 563 000 101 000 461 000 26.9 4.8 22.1 3.25 23 71.5 68.7 74.5
1995-2000 569 000 114 000 457 000 24.5 4.9 19.7 2.94 21 72.1 69.3 75.1
2000-2005 585 000 129 000 457 000 22.9 5.0 17.9 2.72 19 72.7 69.9 75.8
2005-2010 598 000 142 000 401 000 21.4 5.1 14.4 2.55 17 73.7 70.8 76.8
* CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births; TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman)

CIA World Factbook demographic statistics[edit]

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.

Total population[edit]

  • It has a population of 31,292,000 as of 2014.

Population growth rate[edit]

  • 1.508% (2009 estimate).

Sex ratio[edit]

Age Ratio
(males/females)
Total: 1.02
At birth: 1.07
Under 15: 1.07
15-64: 1.01
Over 65: 0.83

Literacy and education[edit]

The accepted formal and demographic definition of the literacy rate is that proportion or percentage of the Venezuelan population older than age 15 that can both read and write. The below are 2006 estimates from the INE.

Population group %
Total population: 95.1%
Male: 95.4%
Female: 94.8%

Ethnicity[edit]

According to an autosomal DNA genetic study conducted in 2008 by the University of Brasilia (UNB) the composition of Venezuela's population is: 60.60% of European contribution, 23% of Amerindian contribution and 16,30% of African contribution.[5]

Religious affiliation[edit]

The overwhelming majority of Venezuelans denote themselves as adherents of Catholicism; this is true nominally if not in practice.

Religion %
Roman Catholic: 96%
Protestant: 2%
Others: 2%

Alternatively, according to government estimates, 92% of the population is at least nominally Roman Catholic, and the remaining 8% are Protestant, a member of another religion, or non-religious. The Venezuelan Evangelical Council estimates that Evangelical Protestants constitute 10% of the population.[6]

References[edit]

  •  This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the CIA World Factbook.
  • Acosta, Maruja. "Urbanizacion y clases sociales en Venezuela." Revista Interamericana de Planificacion Bogota, 7, No. 26, June 1973, 22-44.
  • The article contains a statistical reference from the Wikipedia public domain Mestizos (2006).
  1. ^ "Resultado Básico del XIV Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda 2011 (Mayo 2014)". Ine.gov.ve. p. 29. Retrieved 8 September 2014. 
  2. ^ http://www.ine.gob.ve/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&id=95&Itemid=26 Venezuelan population by 30/Jun/2014 is 30,206,2307 according National Institute of Stadistics
  3. ^ Venezuela World Fact Book. CIA
  4. ^ a b Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, World Population Prospects: The 2010 Revision
  5. ^ Godinho, Neide Maria de Oliveira (2008). "O impacto das migrações na constituição genética de populações latino-americanas". Universidade de Brasília. Retrieved 1 August 2012. 
  6. ^ International Religious Freedom Report 2008: Venezuela. United States Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor (21 December 2008). This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.

See also[edit]