Cinema of Venezuela
|This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Spanish Wikipedia. (July 2011)|
|Cinema of Venezuela|
|Number of screens||448 (2011)|
|• Per capita||1.7 per 100,000 (2011)|
|Main distributors||Cinematográfica Blancica
The Walt Disney Company
Empresas Cines Unidos
|Produced feature films (2011)|
|Number of admissions (2011)|
|National films||1,358,244 (4.9%)|
|Gross Box Office (2011)|
|Total||VEF 681 million|
|National films||VEF 30.2 million (4.4%)|
Venezuelan cinema dates back to the late nineteenth century, but has never enjoyed the success of some other Latin American cinema. Recent years have seen Secuestro Express (2005), which was distributed internationally by Miramax, and El Caracazo (2005), a costly historical film about the Caracazo of 1989. Villa del Cine, a large state-owned TV and film studio, was opened in 2006. Venezuela produces between ten and fifteen full-length films each year.
Landmarks of Venezuelan cinema include the 1959 documentary Araya, by Margot Benacerraf, the 1976 Soy un delincuente by Clemente de la Cerda (which earned more at the box office than Jaws) and the 1977 film El Pez que Fuma, by Román Chalbaud. Araya was entered into the 1959 Cannes Film Festival, where it shared the Cannes International Critics Prize with Alain Resnais's Hiroshima mon amour. 1985's Oriana won Fina Torres the Caméra d'Or Prize at the 1985 Cannes Film Festival as the best first feature.
Venezuela has entered films for consideration as nominees for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film since 1978. In the first two decades, none of its submissions were nominated for the award.
- "Table 8: Cinema Infrastructure - Capacity". UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Retrieved 5 November 2013.
- "Table 6: Share of Top 3 distributors (Excel)". UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Retrieved 5 November 2013.
- "Table 1: Feature Film Production - Genre/Method of Shooting". UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Retrieved 5 November 2013.
- "Table 11: Exhibition - Admissions & Gross Box Office (GBO)". UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Retrieved 5 November 2013.
- "The films inspired by Venezuela's 1999 disaster". BBC News. Retrieved 2010-02-09.
- Andrea López (2005-05-25). "Mañana en la Cinemateca Nacional homenaje a Clemente de la Cerda, el cineasta de la barriada". Aporrea.org. Retrieved 2010-11-10.
- "Festival de Cannes: Araya". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved 2009-02-14.
- Araya, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. Accessed online 2009-11-15.
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