Dzhankoy

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Dzhankoy
Джанкой
Canköy
City
Skyline of Dzhankoy
Coat of arms of Dzhankoy
Coat of arms
Dzhankoy is located in Autonomous Republic Crimea
Dzhankoy
Dzhankoy
Location of Dzhankoy within Crimea
Coordinates: 45°42′31″N 34°23′36″E / 45.70861°N 34.39333°E / 45.70861; 34.39333Coordinates: 45°42′31″N 34°23′36″E / 45.70861°N 34.39333°E / 45.70861; 34.39333
Country Disputed:
Republic Crimea
Region Dzhankoy city municipality
Area
 • Total 26 km2 (10 sq mi)
Elevation 20 m (70 ft)
Population (2013)
 • Total 36,086
 • Density 1,648.5/km2 (4,270/sq mi)
Time zone MSK (UTC+4)
Postal code 96100 — 96114
Area code(s) +380-6564
Website http://dzhankoi.org.ua/

Dzhankoy, Jankoy[1] (Ukrainian and Russian: Джанкóй, Crimean Tatar: Canköy) is a town of regional significance in the north of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, a territory recognized by a majority of countries as part of Ukraine and annexed by Russia as the Republic of Crimea. It also serves as administrative center of Dzhankoy Raion although it is not a part of the raion (district). Population: 36,086 (2013 population estimate)[2].

The name Dzhankoy is often translated into English from Crimean Tatar as "spirit-village" (can — spirit, köy — village) -Canköy. But real meaning of this name is "new village": canköy < cañı köy (cañı is "new" in the northern dialect of Crimean Tatar).

In the city there are many types of industrial factories, some of which are: automobile, reinforced concrete, fabric, meat, and others. Dzhankoy also contains professional technical schools.

Geography[edit]

Dzhankoy serves as the administrative center of the Dzhankoy Raion. It is located about 93 kilometres (58 mi) from the Crimean capital, Simferopol. Two railroad lines, Kharkiv-Sevastopol and Armyansk-Kerch, cross Dzhankoy. In 1926, Dzhankoy was granted city status.

Transport[edit]

Dzhankoy is a transportation hub. Through the city pass two major railways of the peninsula as well as two major European highways. It has two railroad terminals - the central one, where only passenger and fast trains stop and the suburb one - where only suburb trains, known as elektrichki are allowed.

Demographics[edit]

Year #Inhabitants
1805 173
1926 8,310
1939 19,576
1970 43,000
1989 53,464
2001 42,861

Climate[edit]

Dzhankoy's climate is mostly hot in the summer, and mild in the winter. The average temperature ranges from −1.8 °C (28.8 °F) in January, to 23.3 °C (73.9 °F) in July. The average precipitation is 418 millimetres (16.5 in) per year.

In popular culture[edit]

Dzhankoy is the subject of a popular Yiddish song "Hey! Zhankoye," a Soviet-era song praising the life of Jews on collective farms in the Crimea.[3][4][5]

Other[edit]

Related to the Crimean crisis 2014, there were located the 1st mechanised battalion Vostok of the 18th Evpatorian red flag guards motorised rifle brigade (18-я гвардейская Евпаторийская Краснознаменная мотострелковая бригада). The brigade is usually located in Kalinovskaya (Калиновская) of the Naursky district, Chechnya.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 6 KILOGRAMMES OF MERCURY FOUND OUT IN THE CENTRE OF JANKOY IN CRIMEA
  2. ^ "Чисельність наявного населення України" (in Ukrainian). State Service of Statistics. Retrieved 6 May 2014. 
  3. ^ Kann, Kenneth L. (1993). Comrades and Chicken Ranchers. Cornell University Press. pp. 87–88. 
  4. ^ Silverman, Jerry (2010). Songs of the Jewish People. Mel Bay Publications. pp. 54–55. 
  5. ^ "Video Archives: Yosl Kogan, Bershad Ghetto". AHEYM: Archives of Historical and Ethnographic Yiddish Memories. Indiana University (Bloomington), College of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 27 February 2014. 
  6. ^ "В Джанкое находятся войска Чеченской Республики". IPC-Джанкой (Information Press-Center Dzhankoy). 5 March 2014.