Greenwich Township, Gloucester County, New Jersey

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For other New Jersey townships with the same name, see Greenwich Township, New Jersey.
Greenwich Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Greenwich
Motto: "Home of the Historic Nothnagle Log Cabin!"
Greenwich Township highlighted in Gloucester County. Inset map: Gloucester County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Greenwich Township highlighted in Gloucester County. Inset map: Gloucester County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Greenwich Township, Gloucester County, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Greenwich Township, Gloucester County, New Jersey
Coordinates: 39°49′59″N 75°17′25″W / 39.833175°N 75.29028°W / 39.833175; -75.29028Coordinates: 39°49′59″N 75°17′25″W / 39.833175°N 75.29028°W / 39.833175; -75.29028[1][2]
Country  United States of America
State  New Jersey
County Gloucester
Formed March 1, 1695
Incorporated February 21, 1798
Government[5]
 • Type Township
 • Mayor George W. Shivery, Jr. (term ends December 31, 2014)[3]
 • Administrator Horace Spoto[4]
 • Clerk Lori Biermann[4]
Area[2]
 • Total 12.032 sq mi (31.164 km2)
 • Land 8.969 sq mi (23.231 km2)
 • Water 3.063 sq mi (7.934 km2)  25.46%
Area rank 193rd of 566 in state
13th of 24 in county[2]
Elevation[6] 3 ft (0.9 m)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9]
 • Total 4,899
 • Estimate (2013)[10] 4,872
 • Rank 381st of 566 in state
16th of 24 in county[11]
 • Density 546.2/sq mi (210.9/km2)
 • Density rank 438th of 566 in state
19th of 24 in county[11]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08027 - Gibbstown[12][13]
Area code(s) 856 exchanges: 224, 423[14]
FIPS code 3401528185[15][2][16]
GNIS feature ID 0882142[17][2]
Website www.greenwich-twp.com

Greenwich Township is a township in Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 4,899,[7][8][9] reflecting an increase of 20 (+0.4%) from the 4,879 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 223 (-4.4%) from the 5,102 counted in the 1990 Census.[18]

Greenwich Township was first formed on March 1, 1695, and was formally incorporated as one of New Jersey's initial group of 104 townships by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 21, 1798. Over the centuries, portions of the township were taken to form Woolwich Township (March 7, 1767), Franklin Township (January 27, 1820), Spicer Township (March 13, 1844; now Harrison Township), Mantua Township (February 23, 1853), East Greenwich Township (February 10, 1881) and Paulsboro (March 2, 1904).[19]

Gibbstown (with a 2010 Census population of 3,739[20]) is a census-designated place (CDP) and unincorporated community located within Greenwich Township.[21]

Geography[edit]

Greenwich Township is located at 39°49′59″N 75°17′25″W / 39.833175°N 75.29028°W / 39.833175; -75.29028 (39.833175,-75.29028). According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 12.032 square miles (31.164 km2), of which, 8.969 square miles (23.231 km2) of it was land and 3.063 square miles (7.934 km2) of it (25.46%) was water.[1][2]

The township borders Paulsboro, East Greenwich Township, and Logan Township. Greenwich Township also borders the Delaware River.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 2,526
1810 2,859 13.2%
1820 2,699 * −5.6%
1830 2,657 −1.6%
1840 2,958 11.3%
1850 3,067 * 3.7%
1860 2,199 * −28.3%
1870 2,342 6.5%
1880 2,598 10.9%
1890 1,900 * −26.9%
1900 2,252 18.5%
1910 874 * −61.2%
1920 1,751 100.3%
1930 2,361 34.8%
1940 2,563 8.6%
1950 3,152 23.0%
1960 4,065 29.0%
1970 5,676 39.6%
1980 5,404 −4.8%
1990 5,102 −5.6%
2000 4,879 −4.4%
2010 4,899 0.4%
Est. 2013 4,872 [10] −0.6%
Population sources: 1800-2000[22]
1800-1920[23] 1840[24] 1850-1870[25]
1850[26] 1870[27] 1880-1890[28]
1890-1910[29] 1910-1930[30]
1930-1990[31] 2000[32][33] 2010[7][8][9]
* = Lost territory in previous decade.[19]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 4,899 people, 1,946 households, and 1,352 families residing in the township. The population density was 546.2 per square mile (210.9 /km2). There were 2,048 housing units at an average density of 228.3 per square mile (88.1 /km2). The racial makeup of the township was 93.22% (4,567) White, 4.00% (196) Black or African American, 0.06% (3) Native American, 0.76% (37) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.41% (20) from other races, and 1.55% (76) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 2.35% (115) of the population.[7]

There were 1,946 households, of which 25.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.3% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.5% were non-families. 24.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.01.[7]

In the township, 20.9% of the population were under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 24.8% from 25 to 44, 29.7% from 45 to 64, and 18.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.5 years. For every 100 females there were 95.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.2 males.[7]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $63,817 (with a margin of error of +/- $7,652) and the median family income was $81,250 (+/- $14,406). Males had a median income of $47,927 (+/- $6,567) versus $41,750 (+/- $4,066) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $30,685 (+/- $3,226). About 8.1% of families and 8.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.7% of those under age 18 and 5.9% of those age 65 or over.[34]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[15] there were 4,879 people, 1,866 households, and 1,393 families residing in the township. The population density was 523.7 people per square mile (202.1/km²). There were 1,944 housing units at an average density of 208.7 per square mile (80.5/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 94.55% White, 3.32% African American, 0.10% Native American, 0.68% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.27% from other races, and 1.07% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.54% of the population.[32][33]

There were 1,866 households out of which 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.9% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.3% were non-families. 22.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.05.[32][33]

In the township the population was spread out with 22.8% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 27.9% from 25 to 44, 23.9% from 45 to 64, and 18.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 95.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.0 males.[32][33]

The median income for a household in the township was $53,651, and the median income for a family was $60,565. Males had a median income of $41,875 versus $31,627 for females. The per capita income for the township was $24,791. About 1.3% of families and 3.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.9% of those under age 18 and 5.3% of those age 65 or over.[32][33]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Greenwich Township is governed under the Township form of New Jersey municipal government. The government consists of five members elected at-large in partisan elections to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle.[5] At an annual reorganization meeting, the council selects one of its members to serves as mayor and another as deputy mayor.

As of 2014, members of the Greenwich Township Committee are Mayor George W. Shivery, Jr. (term ends December 31, 2014), Council President Joseph L. DiMenna (2015), William Franklin (2015), Vince Giovannitti (2016) and Raymond Williams (2016).[35][36]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Greenwich Township is located in the 1st Congressional District[37] and is part of New Jersey's 3rd state legislative district.[8][38][39]

The seat for New Jersey's First Congressional District is currently vacant, having formerly been represented by Rob Andrews (D, Haddon Heights), who resigned on February 18, 2014.[40] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[41][42] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus).[43][44]

The 3rd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Stephen M. Sweeney (D, West Deptford Township) and in the General Assembly by John J. Burzichelli (D, Paulsboro) and Celeste Riley (D, Bridgeton).[45] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[46] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[47]

Gloucester County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, whose seven members are elected at-large to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis in partisan elections, with two or three seats coming up for election each year. At a reorganization meeting held each January, the Board selects a Freeholder Director and a Deputy Freeholder Director from among its members. As of 2014, Gloucester County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Robert M. Damminger (D, West Deptford Township; term ends December 31, 2015),[48] Deputy Freeholder Director Giuseppe "Joe" Chila (D, Woolwich Township; 2015),[49] Lyman J. Barnes (D, Logan Township; 2014),[50] Daniel Christy (D, Washington Township; 2016),[51] Frank J. DiMarco (D, Deptford Township; 2016),[52] Heather Simmons (D, Glassboro; 2014)[53] and Adam Taliaferro (D, Woolwich Township; 2014).[54][55][56][57] Constitutional officers elected countywide are County Clerk James N. Hogan,[58] Surrogate Helene M. Reed (Monroe Township)[59] and Sheriff Carmel Morina (Greenwich Township).[60][61][56]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 3,690 registered voters in Greenwich Township, of which 2,246 (60.9%) were registered as Democrats, 444 (12.0%) were registered as Republicans and 1,000 (27.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were no voters registered to other parties.[62]

In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 51.8% of the vote here (1,564 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 44.8% (1,353 votes) and other candidates with 1.6% (47 votes), among the 3,022 ballots cast by the township's 3,863 registered voters, for a turnout of 78.2%.[63] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 53.9% of the vote here (1,602 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 44.0% (1,308 votes) and other candidates with 0.9% (34 votes), among the 2,972 ballots cast by the township's 3,853 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 77.1.[64]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 49.6% of the vote here (1,103 ballots cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 36.8% (817 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 8.4% (187 votes) and other candidates with 0.9% (20 votes), among the 2,222 ballots cast by the township's 3,169 registered voters, yielding a 70.1% turnout.[65]

Education[edit]

The Greenwich Township School District serves public school students in kindergarten through eighth grade. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's two schools had an enrollment of 504 students and 45.1 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 11.18:1.[66] Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[67]) are Greenwich Township Elementary School[68] with 275 students in grades K-4 and Nehaunsey Middle School[69] with 229 students in grades 5-8.[70][71]

Public school students in ninth through twelfth grades attend Paulsboro High School in Paulsboro as part of a sending/receiving relationship with the Paulsboro Public Schools.[72][73]

Transportation[edit]

Roads and highways[edit]

The township had a total of 38.06 miles (61.25 km) of roadways, of which 23.72 miles (38.17 km) are maintained by the municipality, 8.96 miles (14.42 km) by Gloucester County and 5.38 miles (8.66 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[74]

Only one major county, state, U.S. and interstate passes through the township. The major county road is Route 551 Spur. State Route 44 passes through the center of the township while U.S. Route 130 and Interstate 295 (multiplexed together) pass near the southern center of town, with at least two interchanges: Exits 15 and 16, and 17 (on the border with neighboring East Greenwich Township).

Public transportation[edit]

New Jersey Transit bus service is available between the township and Philadelphia on the 402 route.[75]

The Port of Paulsboro includes marine transfer operations at PBF Energy's Paulsboro Refinery[76] in Gibbstown and at Thompson Point,[77] and is served by SMS Rail Lines for the rail spur to the refinery[78] and the freight rail Penns Grove Secondary.

Points of interest[edit]

Nothnagle Log House is believed to be one of the oldest standing wooden structures built by European settlers in the Eastern United States.[79] It is believed that it was built by early Finnish-Swedish settlers at some time after 1638 and before 1700, but its precise age has not been determined with scientific methods. A plaque at the house indicates that the structure was built between 1638–1643, while the National Register of Historic Places web site states: "Period of Significance: 1650-1699".

The one-room cabin is constructed of square-hewn logs with a low-beamed ceiling with a large corner fireplace in a rear corner.[80]

References[edit]

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  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 12, 2013.
  4. ^ a b Municipal Information, Township of Greenwich. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  5. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 19.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Greenwich, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 5, 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Greenwich township, Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  8. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 2. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Greenwich township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  10. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 - 2013 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2014.
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  12. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Gibbstown, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  13. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed September 9, 2013.
  14. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Gibbstown, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed September 9, 2013.
  15. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
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  18. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  19. ^ a b Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 139. Accessed October 26, 2012.
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  25. ^ Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 257, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed September 9, 2013. "Greenwich township contained a population in 1850 of 3,067; in 1860, 2,199; and in 1870, 2,342. Berkeley (or Sandtown), Paulsboro' and Billingsport, the former named after Lord Berkeley, and the latter after Edward Byllinge, are in this township."
  26. ^ Debow, James Dunwoody Brownson. The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, p. 138. R. Armstrong, 1853. Accessed September 9, 2013.
  27. ^ Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 258. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed September 9, 2013.
  28. ^ Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 98. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed September 9, 2013.
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  30. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 716. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  31. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed November 7, 2012.
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  33. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Greenwich township, Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  34. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Greenwich township, Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  35. ^ Mayor & Council, Greenwich Township. Accessed July 26, 2014.
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  37. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  38. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 58, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  39. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
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  41. ^ Cory A. Booker, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  42. ^ Nutt, Amy Ellis (October 31, 2013). "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in". NJ.com/Associated Press. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  43. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
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  45. ^ Legislative Roster 2014-2015 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 16, 2014.
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  48. ^ Robert M. Damminger, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  49. ^ Giuseppe (Joe) Chila, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  50. ^ Lyman Barnes, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  51. ^ Daniel Christy, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  52. ^ Frank J. DiMarco, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  53. ^ Heather Simmons, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  54. ^ Adam J. Taliaferro, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
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  59. ^ Surrogate Helene M. Reed, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  60. ^ Sheriff Carmel M. Morina, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
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  66. ^ District information for Greenwich Township School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed July 26, 2014.
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  68. ^ Greenwich Township Elementary School, Greenwich Township School District. Accessed September 9, 2013.
  69. ^ Nehaunsey Middle School, Greenwich Township School District. Accessed September 9, 2013.
  70. ^ About GTSD, Greenwich Township School District. Accessed September 9, 2013.
  71. ^ New Jersey School Directory for the Greenwich Township School District, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed September 9, 2013.
  72. ^ Staff. "Gloucester County municipal snapshots", Courier-Post, February 28, 2008. Accessed November 7, 2012. "Greenwich is Gloucester County's oldest township, incorporated in 1694.... About 650 students attend Greenwich's two local schools, the Broad Street School and the Nehaunsey Middle School. High school students attend Paulsboro High School."
  73. ^ Paulsboro Public Schools, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed July 26, 2014. "The district schools serve just under 1,200 students including high school students from Greenwich Township."
  74. ^ Gloucester County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 25, 2014.
  75. ^ Gloucester County Bus / Rail Connections, New Jersey Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of July 26, 2010. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  76. ^ History, Borough of Paulsboro. Accessed July 26, 2014. "Just before World War I, the export business of Vacuum Oil required a refinery on the east coast. A location near Paulsboro seemed most suitable and Vacuum purchased it in April 1916. The Paulsboro Plant, which began in 1917, was designed to manufacture lubricating oil. Gasoline and kerosene were considered by-products. ....the plant's present name, is actually located in Gibbstown and it pays taxes to that municipality (Penn's boundary), but it is referred to as the Paulsboro plant and many of its employees live in Paulsboro. ... Some of the great advances in petroleum processing were first used commercially at the Paulsboro refinery."
  77. ^ "Schedule A, Statistical Classification of Commodities Imported Into the United States", United States Census Bureau (United States Government Printing Office), January 1, 1960: xxiv, "11.05 Paulsboro, NJ including Billingsport, Eagle Point, Mantua Creek, Thompson Point, and Westville" 
  78. ^ http://www.smsrail.com/locations-pa-nj-sms-rail.html
  79. ^ Staff. "Log Cabin in Greenwich may be Oldest in County", Courier-Post, February 23, 2000. Accessed September 9, 2013. "The Nothnagle log cabin in Greenwich, Gloucester County, is believed to be the oldest log cabin in the United States."
  80. ^ Nothnagle Log Cabin, Gibbstown, accessed December 16, 2006.

External links[edit]