Guilin Liangjiang International Airport

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Guilin Liangjiang
International Airport

Gveilinz Unggyangh Gozci Gihcangz
桂林两江国际机场

Guìlín Liǎngjiāng Guójì Jīchǎng
GuilinAirport.jpg
IATA: KWLICAO: ZGKL
Summary
Airport type Public
Location Guilin, Guangxi, China
Elevation AMSL 174 m / 571 ft
Coordinates 25°13′05″N 110°02′21″E / 25.21806°N 110.03917°E / 25.21806; 110.03917Coordinates: 25°13′05″N 110°02′21″E / 25.21806°N 110.03917°E / 25.21806; 110.03917
Map
KWL is located in China
KWL
KWL
Location of airport in China
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
01/19 2,800 9,186 Concrete
Statistics (2013)
Passengers 5,875,321
Source: List of the busiest airports in China
Guilin Liangjiang International Airport
Traditional Chinese 桂林兩江國際機場
Simplified Chinese 桂林两江国际机场

Guilin Liangjiang International Airport (IATA: KWLICAO: ZGKL) is the airport serving the city of Guilin in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China. It is located in Liangjiang, about 28 km (17 mi) southwest of the city center.[1]

In 2013, Guilin Liangjiang International Airport was the 33rd busiest airport in China with 5,875,321 passengers.[2] Around 4 million passengers transit through Liangjiang International annually, traveling to one of the 48 domestic and international destinations served nonstop from Guilin.[1][3]

History[edit]

During World War II, the airport was known as Kweilin Airfield and was used by the United States Army Air Forces Fourteenth Air Force as part of the China Defensive Campaign (1942–1945). Kweilin was the headquarters of the 23d Fighter Group, the "Flying Tigers" during late 1943 and through most of 1944 and also its command and control unit, the 68th Composite Wing. The unit flew P-40 Warhawk and later P-51 Mustang fighter bombers from the airport, attacking Japanese targets and supporting Chinese army units. In support of the combat units, Kweilin was also the home of the 8th Reconnaissance Group, which operated unarmed P-38 Lightning aircraft equipped with an array of mapping cameras to gather intelligence over Japanese-held areas. The Flying Tigers departed the base in late 1944, being replaced by elements of the Chinese-American Composite Wing (CACW), which flew B-25 Mitchell and P-51 Mustang fighters from the airport on combat missions until the end of the war in September 1945. The Americans closed their facilities after the war ended in September 1945.[4][5]

In September 1991, the State Council of China and the Central Military Commission approved a 1.85 billion yuan project to transform Kweilin Airfield into a commercial airport. Construction began in July 1993, and the airport was opened to the public on 1 October 1996.[3] It had replaced the Guilin Qifengling Airport.

Liangjiang International Airport now features a 2,800 meter-long runway, a 150,000 square meter large parking apron, 20 gate positions, and a 50,000 square meter large terminal building.[1][3] The airport has also invested 20 million yuan into improving Liangjiang International's aesthetics and making the airport more environmentally-friendly. The airport has received several awards for their efforts.[3]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

A China Southern Airlines 737-800 boarding
Airlines Destinations Terminal/
Concourse
AirAsia Kuala Lumpur International
Air China Beijing-Capital, Chengdu, Hangzhou, Shanghai-Pudong Domestic
Asiana Airlines Seoul-Incheon International
Beijing Capital Airlines Haikou, Hangzhou, Hohhot, Jinan, Taiyuan, Xiamen, Xi'an, Zhengzhou Domestic
Chengdu Airlines Chengdu, Kunming, Shenzhen, Xiamen Domestic
China Eastern Airlines Changzhou, Hefei, Nanjing, Sanya, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shanghai-Pudong, Xi'an Domestic
China Express Airlines Baise, Beihai, Chongqing, Guiyang Domestic
China Southern Airlines Beijing-Capital, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dalian, Guangzhou, Hangzhou, Jieyang, Kunming, Nanjing, Nanning, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Taiyuan, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Xi'an Domestic
China Southern Airlines Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Singapore,[6] Taipei-Taoyuan
Seasonal: Muan[7]
International
Dragonair Hong Kong International
EVA Air Taipei-Taoyuan International
Far Eastern Air Transport Kaohsiung International
Grand China Air Beijing-Capital Domestic
Hainan Airlines Chongqing, Shenzhen, Haikou, Taiyuan, Xi'an Domestic
Hebei Airlines Shijiazhuang, Xi'an Domestic
Hong Kong Airlines Hong Kong International
Juneyao Airlines Shanghai-Pudong Domestic
Korean Air Charter : Jeju International
Lucky Air Kunming, Xiamen Domestic
Okay Airways Tianjin Domestic
Shandong Airlines Chongqing, Fuzhou, Hangzhou, Jinan, Qingdao, Zhengzhou Domestic
Shanghai Airlines Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shanghai-Pudong Domestic
Shenzhen Airlines Nanjing, Shenzhen Domestic
Sichuan Airlines Chengdu, Sanya, Yinchuan Domestic
Spring Airlines Shanghai-Pudong Domestic
Tianjin Airlines Guiyang, Haikou, Lanzhou, Tianjin, Zhengzhou, Zhuhai Domestic
Tigerair Singapore (begins 15 November 2014) International
Xiamen Airlines Chongqing, Fuzhou, Xiamen Domestic

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  1. ^ a b c http://www.travelchinaguide.com/cityguides/guangxi/guilin/airport.htm
  2. ^ (Chinese)"2013年民航机场吞吐量排名". Civil Aviation Administration of China. 2013-03-24. Retrieved 2013-03-29. 
  3. ^ a b c d http://www.airport-gl.com.cn/aboutus/aboutus_a.htm
  4. ^ Maurer, Maurer. Air Force Combat Units of World War II. Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama: Office of Air Force History, 1983. ISBN 0-89201-092-4
  5. ^ USAFHRA Document Search – Kweilin
  6. ^ "China Southern Airlines launches Singapore-Guilin-Nanning flights" (Press release). China Southern Airlines. 12 December 2013. Retrieved 12 December 2013. 
  7. ^ http://airlineroute.net/2014/04/10/cz-kwlmwx-apr14/

External links[edit]