Ikaroa-Rāwhiti

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Ikaroa-Rāwhiti electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election

Ikaroa-Rāwhiti is a New Zealand parliamentary Māori electorate. It was formed for the 1999 election and held by Parekura Horomia of the Labour Party until his death. A by-election to replace him was held on 29 June 2013 and was won by Labour's Meka Whaitiri, who remains the incumbent after the 2014 election.

Population centres[edit]

As the electorate's name suggests (ika "fish", roa "long", rāwhiti "east"), Ikaroa-Rāwhiti is a long electorate covering the eastern North Island (Te Ika-a-Māui).

The electorate includes the following population centres (from north to south):

In the 2013/14 redistribution, a minor boundary adjustment was undertaken. A small area, including the village of Tuia, was transferred to the Waiariki electorate.[1]

Tribal areas[edit]

The electorate includes the following tribal areas:

History[edit]

The electorate was formed for the 1999 election, which was won by Parekura Horomia of the Labour Party.[2] Horomia's death on 29 April 2013 triggered a by-election,[3] which was held on 29 June and won by Labour's Meka Whaitiri.[4] The Māori Party had nominated tribal leader Na Rongowhakaata Raihania.[5][6] and the Mana Party had selected television presenter Te Hamua Nikora as its candidate.[7][8] The Green Party had selected environmentalist and human rights advocate Marama Davidson.[9][10][11] Further candidates had been Michael Appleby for the Aotearoa Legalise Cannabis Party[9][12][13] plus two independent candidates.[9] Based on preliminary results, Whaitiri more than tripled her 2014 election night majority over Mana's Nikora. Also based on preliminary results, Marama Fox of the Māori Party was elected to Parliament as a list MP.[14]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Key

 Labour    Māori  

Election Winner
1999 election Parekura Horomia
2002 election
2005 election
2008 election
2011 election
2013 by-election Meka Whaitiri
2014 election

List MPs[edit]

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested Ikaroa-Rāwhiti. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

Election Winner
2014 election Marama Fox

Election results[edit]

2013 by-election[edit]

The following table shows the final results of the by-election:[4]

Ikaroa-Rāwhiti by-election, 2013

Notes: Green background denotes the winner of the by-election.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list prior to the by-election.
Yellow background denotes the winner of the by-election, who was a list MP prior to the by-election.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Meka Whaitiri 4,590 40.90 -19.81
Mana Te Hamua Nikora 2,931 26.12 +11.84
Māori Na Raihania 2,229 19.86 -3.24
Green Marama Davidson 1,251 11.15 +11.15
Legalise Cannabis Michael Appleby 176 1.57 +1.57
Independent Maurice Wairau 30 0.27 -1.64
Independent Adam Holland 15 0.13 +0.13
Total Valid votes 11,222
Informal votes 46 0.41 -4.93
Turnout 11,268 33.13 -22.46
Registered electors 34,008
Labour hold Majority 1,659 14.78 -22.83


2011 election[edit]

General election 2011: Ikaroa-Rāwhiti[15]

Notes: Green background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
Labour Green tickY Parekura Horomia 10,558 60.71 +9.22 9,054 49.58 -7.62
Māori Na Raihania 4,017 23.10 -19.86 2,736 14.98 -11.91
Mana Tawhai McClutchie 2,484 14.28 +14.28 1,754 9.60 +9.60
Independent Maurice Wairau 332 1.91 +1.91
Green   1,710 9.36 +6.21
NZ First   1,516 8.30 +2.93
National   1,091 5.97 +1.12
Legalise Cannabis   267 1.46 +0.47
Conservative   73 0.40 +0.40
ACT   36 0.20 -0.04
United Future   14 0.08 -0.01
Libertarianz   7 0.04 +0.02
Alliance   2 0.01 -0.004
Democrats   2 0.01 -0.004
Informal votes 928 470
Total Valid votes 17,391 18,262
Labour hold Majority 6,541 37.61 +29.08

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 32,951[16]

2008 election[edit]

General election 2008: Ikaroa-Rāwhiti[17]

Notes: Green background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
Labour Green tickY Parekura Horomia 9,927 51.49 11,328 57.20
Māori Derek Fox 8,282 42.96 5,326 26.89
Green Bevan Tipene 1,070 5.55 625 3.16
NZ First   1,064 5.37
National   962 4.86
Legalise Cannabis   196 0.99
Family Party   77 0.39
Bill and Ben   68 0.34
ACT   47 0.24
Progressive   35 0.18
Kiwi   25 0.13
United Future   17 0.09
Workers Party   16 0.08
Pacific   7 0.04
Libertarianz   4 0.02
Alliance   3 0.02
Democrats   3 0.02
RONZ   2 0.01
RAM   0 0.00
Informal votes 439 284
Total Valid votes 19,279 19,805
Labour hold Majority 1,645 8.53

2005 election[edit]

General election 2005: Ikaroa-Rāwhiti[18]

Notes: Green background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
Labour Green tickY Parekura Horomia 9,502 53.75 -24.31 10,639 58.28
Māori Atareta Poananga 7,570 42.80 +42.80 5,122 28.06
Destiny Tauha Te Kani 614 3.47 360 1.97
NZ First   846 4.63
National   499 2.73
Green   443 2.43
Legalise Cannabis   147 0.81
United Future   70 0.38
Progressive   54 0.30
ACT   33 0.18
Family Rights   14 0.08
Christian Heritage   7 0.04
99 MP   5 0.03
Alliance   5 0.03
One NZ   3 0.02
RONZ   3 0.02
Democrats   2 0.01
Libertarianz   2 0.01
Direct Democracy   1 0.01
Informal votes 472 240
Total Valid votes 17,686 18,255
Labour hold Majority 1,932 10.92 -61.33

References[edit]

  1. ^ Report of the Representation Commission 2014 (PDF). Representation Commission. 4 April 2014. p. 11. ISBN 978-0-477-10414-2. Retrieved 1 October 2014. 
  2. ^ "Hon Parekura Horomia". New Zealand Parliament. 2013. Retrieved 23 May 2013. 
  3. ^ Small, Vernon; Chapman, Kate (29 April 2013). "MP Parekura Horomia dead". Stuff.co.nz. Retrieved 29 April 2013. 
  4. ^ a b "Results of the Ikaroa-Rāwhiti by-election". Electoral Commission. Retrieved 3 September 2014. 
  5. ^ "Maori Party selects by-election candidate". 3 News NZ. 18 May 2013. 
  6. ^ "Na Rongowhakaata Raihania announced as candidate". Scoop. 18 May 2013. 
  7. ^ "Te Hamua Nikora is the MANA Party Candidate for the Ikaroa Rawhiti By-Election". Mana Movement. 22 May 2013. 
  8. ^ "Mana announces Ikaroa-Rawhiti candidate". Radio New Zealand. Retrieved 23 May 2013. 
  9. ^ a b c "Ikaroa-Rāwhiti By-election Candidates Announced". Elections New Zealand. Retrieved 5 June 2013. 
  10. ^ Bennett, Adam (26 May 2013). "Greens select child abuse campaigner for Ikaroa-Rawhiti". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 26 May 2013. 
  11. ^ "Marama Davidson selected as Green Party candidate for Ikaroa-Rāwhiti" (Press release). Green Party. Retrieved 26 May 2013. 
  12. ^ "Vote Michael Appleby in the Ikaroa Rawhiti By-election". Aotearoa Legalise Cannabis Party. Retrieved 5 June 2013. 
  13. ^ "Aotearoa Legalise Cannabis Party launch By-Election campaign" (Press release). Aotearoa Legalise Cannabis Party. Scoop. Retrieved 5 June 2013. 
  14. ^ Laing, Doug (20 September 2014). "Meka Whaitiri wins Ikaroa-Rawhiti". Hawke's Bay Today. Retrieved 2 October 2014. 
  15. ^ 2011 election results
  16. ^ "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 28 November 2011. 
  17. ^ 2008/electorate-65.html 2008 election results
  18. ^ 2005 election results

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°25′00″S 176°49′00″E / 39.4167°S 176.8167°E / -39.4167; 176.8167