Indian River County, Florida

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Indian River County, Florida
Indian River County (Vero Beach).JPG
Indian River County Courthouse in Vero Beach
Seal of Indian River County, Florida
Seal
Map of Florida highlighting Indian River County
Location in the state of Florida
Map of the United States highlighting Florida
Florida's location in the U.S.
Founded May 30, 1925
Named for Indian River Lagoon
Seat Vero Beach
Largest city Sebastian
Area
 • Total 617 sq mi (1,598 km2)
 • Land 503 sq mi (1,303 km2)
 • Water 114 sq mi (295 km2), 18.5%
Population
 • (2010) 138,028
 • Density 274/sq mi (106/km²)
Congressional district 8th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.ircgov.com

Indian River County is a county located in the Treasure Coast region in the U.S. state of Florida. As of the 2010 census, the population was 138,028.[1] Its county seat is Vero Beach, Florida.[2] It is Florida's 6th richest county and one of the top 100 richest counties in the U.S.[3]

Indian River County comprises the Sebastian-Vero Beach, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Port St. Lucie, FL Combined Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Prior to 1821 the area of Indian River County was part of the Spanish colony of East Florida. In 1822 this area became part of St. Johns County, in 1824 it became part of Mosquito County (original name of Orange County), and in 1844 its portion of Mosquito County became part of newly created St. Lucia County. In 1855 St. Lucia County was renamed Brevard County. In 1905 St. Lucie County was formed from the southern portion of Brevard County; in 1925 Indian River County was formed from the northern portion of St. Lucie County.[4] It was named for the Indian River Lagoon, which runs through the eastern portion of the county.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 617 square miles (1,600 km2), of which 503 square miles (1,300 km2) is land and 114 square miles (300 km2) (18.5%) is water.[5]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1930 6,724
1940 8,957 33.2%
1950 11,872 32.5%
1960 25,309 113.2%
1970 35,992 42.2%
1980 59,896 66.4%
1990 90,208 50.6%
2000 112,947 25.2%
2010 138,028 22.2%
Est. 2013 141,994 2.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 112,947 people, 49,137 households, and 32,725 families residing in the county. The population density was 224 people per square mile (87/km²). There were 57,902 housing units at an average density of 115 per square mile (44/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 87.43% White, 8.19% Black or African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.74% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 2.15% from other races, and 1.21% from two or more races. 6.53% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 49,137 households out of which 21.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.50% were married couples living together, 8.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.40% were non-families. 28.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.72.

In the county the population was spread out with 19.20% under the age of 18, 6.00% from 18 to 24, 22.30% from 25 to 44, 23.30% from 45 to 64, and 29.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47 years. For every 100 females there were 93.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,635, and the median income for a family was $46,385. Males had a median income of $30,870 versus $23,379 for females. The per capita income for the county was $27,227. About 6.30% of families and 9.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.60% of those under age 18 and 5.70% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation[edit]

Bus systems[edit]

Goline is Indian River County's main method of public transportation. The program was introduced in 1994, to introduce an alternative option to driving. In the mid-2000s, Indian River county had planned for a series of routes for the Buses from Barefoot bay to the south end of Vero Beach, due to the mass population in the early and mid 2000's. In 2006, Goline (formally Indian River Transit) was introduced with more stops along and through the Treasure Coast. By 2010, it had a total of 14 stops with 3 or 4 more stops planned for 2011/2012. There is no fee to board the bus, though people are encouraged to donate to the system. Currently the times are from 8:00 am to 5:00 pm on Weekdays and from 9:00 am to 3:00 pm on Saturdays. On some routes, there are extended hours.[11] For route listings please refer to this website http://www.golineirt.com [12]

Train[edit]

There is a planned Amtrak station in Vero Beach.[citation needed] Details for the meetings for the initial process are on this page.[13] There are also planned stations in Melbourne and Ft. Pierce, connecting the Space Coast and Treasure Coast regions with the rest of the country.[14]

Economy[edit]

It is home to general aviation manufacturer Piper Aircraft and Velocity Aircraft [1], CVS distribution Center. Indian River County is home to the world famous Indian River Citrus, a locally harvested fruit, that is sold world wide.[15]

Libraries[edit]

Education[edit]

Indian River County School District operates public schools. Public high schools include:

Private schools[edit]

  • Glendale Christian School
  • Indian River Christian School
  • Master's Academy
  • St. Edwards Lower School
  • St. Edwards Upper School
  • St. Helen's Catholic School
  • Tabernacle Baptist School
  • The Willow School

Colleges and universities[edit]

Politics[edit]

Presidential elections results
Year Republican Democratic Other
2012 60.8% 38.5% 0.7%
2008 56.7% 42.0% 1.3%
2004 60.2% 39.0% 0.8%
2000 57.7% 39.8% 2.5%

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 14, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Florida locations by per capita income
  4. ^ According to the Historical Records and State Archives Surveys, published by Florida Works Progress Administration, and available in the digital historical maps of Florida section of the UF library. And the Indian River County Historian, Ruth Stanbridge
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 14, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 14, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 14, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 14, 2014. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  11. ^ "Indian River Transit - GoLine Information". GoLineIRT.com. Retrieved 2012-12-18. 
  12. ^ http://www.golineirt.com/GoLineGuide.pdf
  13. ^ http://www.irmpo.com/Documents/Amtrak.pdf
  14. ^ "Home". irmpo.com. 2012-07-01. Retrieved 2012-12-18. 
  15. ^ "Indian River Citrus". Indian-river.fl.us. Retrieved 2012-12-18. 

External links[edit]

Governmental[edit]

Coordinates: 27°42′N 80°35′W / 27.70°N 80.58°W / 27.70; -80.58