Baker County, Florida

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Baker County, Florida
Baker County (Macclenny).jpg
Baker County Courthouse in Macclenny
Seal of Baker County, Florida
Seal
Map of Florida highlighting Baker County
Location in the state of Florida
Map of the United States highlighting Florida
Florida's location in the U.S.
Founded February 8, 1861
Named for James McNair Baker
Seat Macclenny
Largest city Macclenny
Area
 • Total 589 sq mi (1,526 km2)
 • Land 585 sq mi (1,515 km2)
 • Water 3.7 sq mi (10 km2), 0.6%
Population
 • (2010) 27,115
 • Density 46/sq mi (18/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.bakercountyfl.org

Baker County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. As of the 2010 census, the population was 27,115.[1] Its county seat is Macclenny, Florida.[2] The county was founded in 1861 and is named for James McNair Baker, a judge and Confederate Senator.

Baker County is included in the Jacksonville, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area.

In 1864 the Battle of Olustee, which was the only major American Civil War battle in Florida, was fought near Lake City, Florida in Baker County. In 2013, Baker County is working to develop a zipline park on 108 acres across from Northeast Florida State Hospital.[3]

History[edit]

Baker County was founded in 1861. It was named for James McNair Baker, a judge and Confederate senator. In 1864 the Battle of Olustee, which was the only major American Civil War battle in Florida, was fought near Lake City, Florida in Baker County. [4]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 589 square miles (1,530 km2), of which 585 square miles (1,520 km2) is land and 3.7 square miles (9.6 km2) (0.6%) is water.[5] The extreme northern part of the county lies within the Okefenokee Swamp and its federally protected areas.

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 1,325
1880 2,303 73.8%
1890 3,333 44.7%
1900 4,516 35.5%
1910 4,805 6.4%
1920 5,622 17.0%
1930 6,273 11.6%
1940 6,510 3.8%
1950 6,313 −3.0%
1960 7,363 16.6%
1970 9,242 25.5%
1980 15,289 65.4%
1990 18,486 20.9%
2000 22,259 20.4%
2010 27,115 21.8%
Est. 2013 27,013 −0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 22,259 people, 7,043 households, and 5,599 families residing in the county. The population density was 38 people per square mile (15/km²). There were 7,592 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 84.04% White, 13.92% Black or African American, 0.38% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.25% from other races, and 0.98% from two or more races. 1.88% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 34.5% were of American, 9.9% Irish, 8.6% English and 6.6% German ancestry according to Census 2000. Those claiming "American" ancestry are of predominantly English ancestry but most people in Baker County who are of English stock have a tendency to identify simply as Americans.[11][12][13][14] 97.2% spoke English and 2.5% Spanish as their first language.

There were 7,043 households out of which 41.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.70% were married couples living together, 13.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.50% were non-families. 17.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.86 and the average family size was 3.20.

In the county the population was spread out with 27.50% under the age of 18, 9.90% from 18 to 24, 30.70% from 25 to 44, 22.70% from 45 to 64, and 9.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 110.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 112.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $40,035, and the median income for a family was $43,503. Males had a median income of $30,240 versus $21,279 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,164. About 11.40% of families and 14.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.20% of those under age 18 and 8.60% of those age 65 or over.

Politics[edit]

Presidential elections results
Year Republican Democratic Other
2012 79% 20.3% 0.7%
2008 78.2% 21.0% 0.8%
2004 77.7% 21.9% 0.4%
2000 68.8% 29.3% 1.8%
1996 55.5% 34.2% 10.2%
1992 50.6% 29.2% 20.2%
1988 71.5% 28.3% 0.2%

Library[edit]

The main library serving Baker County is the Emily Taber Public Library. The building used to be the Old Baker County Courthouse, built in 1908. The current library director is April Teel.[15]

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Town[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 11, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Business Briefs, Baker County Florida Treand magazine October 2013
  4. ^ National Park Service "History". "American Battlefield Protection Program Battle Summary". National Park Service. Retrieved 2007-12-31. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 12, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 12, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 12, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 12, 2014. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  11. ^ Sharing the Dream: White Males in a Multicultural America By Dominic J. Pulera.
  12. ^ Reynolds Farley, 'The New Census Question about Ancestry: What Did It Tell Us?', Demography, Vol. 28, No. 3 (August 1991), pp. 414, 421.
  13. ^ Stanley Lieberson and Lawrence Santi, 'The Use of Nativity Data to Estimate Ethnic Characteristics and Patterns', Social Science Research, Vol. 14, No. 1 (1985), pp. 44-6.
  14. ^ Stanley Lieberson and Mary C. Waters, 'Ethnic Groups in Flux: The Changing Ethnic Responses of American Whites', Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 487, No. 79 (September 1986), pp. 82-86.
  15. ^ "New River Public Library Cooperative". 

External links[edit]

Government links/Constitutional offices[edit]

Special districts[edit]

Judicial branch[edit]

Community Web Pages[edit]

Federal[edit]

Museum and Library Resources[edit]

Coordinates: 30°19′N 82°16′W / 30.32°N 82.27°W / 30.32; -82.27