Keolis

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Industry Rail, road, public transport
Headquarters Paris
Area served France, Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, Denmark, Germany, India, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Sweden, United Kingdom, United States
Key people President & Group CEO: Jean-Pierre Farandou
Group Executive Vice President & CFO: Michel Lamboley
CEO International: Bernard Tabary
CEO France: Patrick Jeantet[1]
Revenue €5.1 billion (2013)
Employees 54,400 (December 2013)
Parent SNCF (70%)
Quebec Deposit & Investment Fund (30%)
Website www.keolis.com

Keolis is the largest private sector French transport group. It runs passenger railways, tramways, bus networks, funiculars, trolley buses, and airport services. Based in Paris, Keolis is owned by SNCF (70%) and Quebec Deposit & Investment Fund (30%).

In 2013, Keolis turned over €5.1 billion.[2] As at December 2013, Keolis employed 54,600 people in France, Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, Denmark, Germany, India, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Sweden, United Kingdom and United States. It is the largest provider of public-transportation services in France.

Operations[edit]

KDR Melbourne trams at Flinders Street station in February 2013

Australia[edit]

Keolis holds a 50% shareholding in KDR Melbourne that has operated the Melbourne tram network since November 2009.[3][4] It also holds a 50% shareholding in KDR Gold Coast that has operated the G:link light rail line on the Gold Coast since July 2014.[5] Both KDR Melbourne and Gold Coast are joint ventures with Downer Rail.

Canada[edit]

In eastern Canada, Keolis is involved in the operation of two intercity bus companies; Orléans Express and Acadian Lines.

France[edit]

Keolis has extensive operations in France. It provides transit services in many cities including Bordeaux, Brest, Dijon, Lille, Lyon, Orléans, and Rennes.

United Kingdom[edit]

In the United Kingdom, Keolis owns 35% of Govia that currently operates the Southern, Southeastern and London Midland franchises.[6] On 15 September 2014, it will commence operating the Govia Thameslink Railway franchise.[7][8] Keolis also has a 45% shareholding in First Transpennine Express.[9]

Keolis in partnership with Eurostar, has been shortlisted to tender for the InterCity East Coast franchise.[10][11]

Keolis is part of a consortium that commenced operating the Nottingham Express Transit tram operation in December 2011.[12] Keolis will commence operating the Docklands Light Rail concession in December 2014.[13]

United States[edit]

On October 16, 2009, the Virginia Railway Express (VRE) Operations Board approved an $85 million contract with Keolis Rail Services America to operate and maintain VRE trains for five years.[14] Keolis began operating VRE on July 12, 2010 after a two-week delay, ending Amtrak's 18 year tenure as operator.[15] Both Amtrak and Keolis had staffed the VRE lines with about 80 employees.[14][15] However, during the bidding, a group of Holocaust survivors and Maryland politician Heather Mizeur called for investigations into SNCF's role in transportation of Nazi prisoners to concentration camps during World War II before the Keolis contracts could move forward.[16] The operator of the train line, Amtrak, also challenged the propriety of hiring a foreign company.[15]

Keolis has also bid to run some California commuter rail segments and two MARC lines in Maryland, even though with the latter, the company is running into similar issues with the VRE bidding. Another group of Holocaust survivors, led this time by Leo Bretholz also requested investigations of SNCF's involvement in the war.[17] As a result a law was passed to enforce this, leading to major criticism because SNCF had already documented their role in the deportation and had in fact released their archives for research and educational purposes in 1996.[18] Eventually however, Keolis would lose to Canadian company Bombardier Transportation.[19]

On November 29, 2011, Keolis Transit America, Keolis's US subsidiary, announced the acquisition of Tectrans Inc., a California-based privately held provider of contract transportation services. Tectrans holdings included in the acquisition included Mobility Plus Transportation, Western Transit Systems, and Diversified Transportation.[20]

In August 2012, Keolis Commuter Services was one of two companies, Massachusetts Bay Commuter Railroad Company (MBCR) and Keolis Commuter Services (KCS),[21] to bid on a commuter rail contract for the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) in Boston, Massachusetts. The contract was to operate 664 miles of passenger service.[22][23] On January 8, 2014 it was released by the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority that Keolis had won the contract for $2.68 billion over eight years, with the possibility for two two-year extensions that could bring the total price to $4.3 billion.[24]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Keolis - organisation Keolis
  2. ^ Keolis' revenue exceeds 5 billion euros in 2013 Keolis March 2014
  3. ^ Melbourne tram and train operators selected Railway Gazette International 25 June 2009
  4. ^ New train, tram operators for Melbourne The Age 25 June 2009
  5. ^ GoldlinQ selected to build Gold Coast light rail Railway Gazette International 6 May 2011
  6. ^ About Us Govia
  7. ^ Govia chosen for new Thameslink contract Railnews 23 May 2014
  8. ^ Govia wins TSGN franchise, beating FirstGroup Rail Technology 23 May 2014
  9. ^ Who we are First TransPennine Express
  10. ^ East Coast rail shortlist revealed BBC News 17 January 2014
  11. ^ InterCity East Coast franchise shortlist announced Railway Gazette 17 January 2014
  12. ^ Consortium Members - Keolis Tramlink Nottingham
  13. ^ French firm wins 7-year Docklands Light Rail franchise] BBC News 4 July 2014
  14. ^ a b Buske, Jennifer (November 6, 2009). "VRE plan to oust Amtrak up for vote". The Washington Post. 
  15. ^ a b c Buske, Jennifer (July 10, 2010). "Amtrak ends role as VRE operator; Keolis to start Monday". The Washington Post. 
  16. ^ Shaver, Katherine (July 7, 2010). "Holocaust group faults VRE contract". The Washington Post. ISSN 0740-5421. 
  17. ^ Holocaust Survivor: Don't Let Train Co. Operate MARC Rails
  18. ^ Lind, Michael (June 5, 2011). The Washington Post. No way to run a railroad".
  19. ^ Shaver, Katherine (17 October 2012). "New company to operate some MARC trains". Washington Post. Retrieved 18 December 2012. 
  20. ^ Keolis Transit America (November 29, 2011). "Keolis expands into the transit market in the United States", Keolis Press Release.
  21. ^ Technically, KCS is a joint venture between Keolis Rail Services America and the SNCF, the French National Railway.
  22. ^ Metzger, Andy, "State House News -- Only two companies vie for commuter rail contract", State House News Service, Aug 06, 2012
  23. ^ "Two transit giants seek MBTA commuter rail deal", Gloucester Daily Times, Gloucester, Massachusetts, September 17, 2012
  24. ^ Powers, Martine (2014-01-08). "French firm Keolis wins commuter rail contract - Massachusetts news". Boston.com. Retrieved 2014-01-12. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 48°52′15″N 2°19′41″E / 48.87083°N 2.32806°E / 48.87083; 2.32806