Kosmos-1

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This article is about the rocket. For the satellite, see Kosmos 1. For the solar sail, see Cosmos 1.
Kosmos-1
Function Orbital carrier rocket
Manufacturer Yangel
Country of origin Soviet Union
Size
Height 26.3 metres (86 ft)
Diameter 2.4 metres (7.9 ft)
Mass 107,500 kilograms (237,000 lb)
Stages 2
Capacity
Payload to
LEO
1,400 kilograms (3,100 lb)
Launch history
Status Retired
Launch sites Site 41/15, Baikonur
Total launches 8
Successes 7
Failures 1
First flight 18 August 1964
Last flight 28 December 1965
First Stage - R-14
Engines 1 RD-216
Thrust 1,740 kilonewtons (390,000 lbf)
Specific impulse 292 sec
Burn time 130 seconds
Fuel HNO3/UDMH
Second Stage - S3
Engines 1 11D49
Thrust 156 kilonewtons (35,000 lbf)
Specific impulse 303 sec
Burn time 375 seconds
Fuel HNO3/UDMH

The Kosmos-1 (GRAU Index: 65S3,[1] also known as Cosmos-1) was a Soviet carrier rocket, derived from the R-14 missile, which was used to orbit satellites in 1964 and 1965. It served as an interim, and was quickly replaced by the Kosmos-3. Eight were flown, and all launches occurred from Site 41/15 at the Baikonur Cosmodrome.

Initial development was authorised in October 1961,[2] leading to a maiden flight on 18 August 1964, carrying three Strela satellites. Strela-1 satellites were flown on seven flights, with three satellites on each of the first four flights, and five satellites on the next three flights. The eighth, and final, flight carried a single Strela-2 satellite. All flights were successful except the second.[1][2]

Launch history[edit]

Date/Time (GMT)[2] Serial No Payload[1] Kosmos
designations[3]
Outcome Remarks
18 August 1964, 09:15 02L 3 x Strela-1 Kosmos 38
Kosmos 39
Kosmos 40
Successful
23 October 1964 01L 3 x Strela-1 N/A Failure Cause of failure unknown
21 February 1965, 11:00 03L 3 x Strela-1 Kosmos 54
Kosmos 55
Kosmos 56
Successful
15 March 1965, 11:00 04L 3 x Strela-1 Kosmos 61
Kosmos 62
Kosmos 63
Successful
16 July 1965, 03:31 05L 5 x Strela-1 Kosmos 71
Kosmos 72
Kosmos 73
Kosmos 74
Kosmos 75
Successful
3 September 1965, 14:00 07LS 5 x Strela-1 Kosmos 80
Kosmos 81
Kosmos 82
Kosmos 83
Kosmos 84
Successful
18 September 1965, 07:59 08LS 5 x Strela-1 Kosmos 86
Kosmos 87
Kosmos 88
Kosmos 89
Kosmos 90
Successful
28 December 1965, 12:30 09LP 1 x Strela-2 Kosmos 103[4] Successful

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Krebs, Gunter. "Kosmos-1 (65S3)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 2008-10-24. 
  2. ^ a b c Wade, Mark. "Kosmos 3". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 2008-10-24. 
  3. ^ Wade, Mark. "Strela 1". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 2008-10-24. 
  4. ^ Wade, Mark. "Strela 2". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 2008-10-24.