Thorad-Agena

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Thorad-Agena
Thorad Agena-D launching POPPY satellite.jpg
The last Thorad Agena SLV-2G with four Poppy spacecraft
Function Expendable launch system
Manufacturer Douglas
Country of origin United States
Size
Height SLV-2G: 32.9m (107.9 ft)
SLV-2H: 34m (111 ft)
Diameter 2.44m (8 ft)
Mass SLV-2G: 91,400kg (201,500 lb)
SLV-2H: 88,731kg (195,618 lb)
Stages 2
Launch history
Status Retired
Launch sites Vandenberg AFB, SLC-1, SLC-2E, SLC-3W
Total launches 43 (30 SLV-2G, 13 SLV-2H)
Successes 40 (28 SLV-2G, 12 SLV-2H)
Failures 2 (1 SLV-2G, 1 SLV-2H)
Partial failures 1 (SLV-2G)
First flight SLV-2G: 9 August 1966
SLV-2H: 5 June 1969
Last flight SLV-2G: 14 December 1971
SLV-2H:25 May 1972

The Thorad-Agena was an American expendable launch system, derived from the Thor and Delta rockets. The first stage of the rocket was the stretched variant of the Thor which had been developed for the Delta programme. The second stage was the Agena-D, which had already been used in conjunction with the standard configuration Thor, as the Thor-Agena. Three Castor rockets would be used as boosters. Forty-three were launched between 1966 and 1972, of which two failed, and one delivered its satellite into an incorrect, but still usable orbit. Most launches carried Corona (KeyHole) reconnaissance satellites, particularly spacecraft of the KH-4 series, however some scientific and technology development satellites were also flown, mostly towards the end of the programme.

The Thorad-Agena was flown in two different configurations, the SLV-2G, and the SLV-2H. These differed in that the SLV-2G used Castor 1 strap-on boosters, whereas the 2H used Castor 2s.